SAHM IN THE NEWS
ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
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SAHM IN THE NEWS

 

Pregnancy Resources for Cochise Women Limited
Many reproductive health resources in Cochise County focus on preventing teen pregnancies and promoting family planning, leaving abortion and sex education limited. Limitations include a slant toward abstinence-only, Christian-based education in some schools and organizations, and a bias against homosexuality in HIV education. Organizations such as the AMA, AAP, SAHM and APHA have endorsed and supported comprehensive sex education that includes abstinence education, but also information about contraception. (Arizona Sonora News, 4/8)

Latest Research on Sexual Assault for Physicians
There are approximately 293,000 victims of sexual assault each year, according to the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. Marking Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month, Healio Internal Medicine presents the latest research and information on sexual assault, including SAHM’s guidelines for emergency contraception for health care providers. (Healio, 4/13)

 

ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

 

Going Down: Gender Inequality Exists When It Comes To Teen Attitudes About Oral Sex
A new study found that men and women both view cunnilingus as a “bigger deal” than fellatio. The study interviewed 71 heterosexual men and women aged 16-18 on their attitudes and approach towards oral sex. Both genders described it as more “distasteful” for a man to perform oral sex than a woman, and believed that it is physically easier to go down on a man than it is to go down on a woman. (Medical Daily, 4/5)
 
Distress Still High After Chemo Completion in Childhood ALL
Emotional distress is common in children during and after therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), according to a recent study. The researchers found that at 3 months post-therapy, 24% of survivors had at-risk/clinically elevated anxiety scores and 28% had elevated depression scores. (Physician’s Briefing, 4/6)
 
Uncircumcised Boys May have Foreskin Problems
When parents choose not to circumcise baby boys, some of the children may later need surgery to address foreskin problems, a Danish study suggests. In Denmark, where circumcision is rare, parents still need to consider the possibility that around 5% of boys may have foreskin problems requiring treatment and a third of these may need foreskin surgery for medical reasons. (Reuters, 4/6)
 
Few Children get 60 Minutes of Vigorous Physical Activity Daily
Children are far from meeting national guidelines for physical activity, and girls are at greatest risk of falling short of recommendations according to a recent study in Massachusetts. Researchers found that across the entire sample of 453 children, only 15% achieved 60 minutes of daily MVPA and even fewer, 8%, met the HMD recommendation of 30 minutes of MVPA during school. (Medical News Today, 4/6)
 
Teen Vapers have Easy Time Buying Supplies Online
Even though it’s illegal for teens to buy cigarettes in the U.S., nothing stops online stores from selling nicotine-infused liquids for kids to use with electronic cigarettes. When researchers tested a random selection of 120 popular e-cigarette websites, only four virtual stores prevented the sale of e-liquids to minors, the study found. (Reuters, 4/7)
 
Smoking Rates Stall Among Young Blacks
Little progress has been made to reduce smoking among young black Americans over the past two decades, likely due to aggressive marketing by the tobacco industry, researchers report. Before 1982, smoking rates were falling among black high school seniors, but progress has since stalled. The rate was 8.7% in 1982 and 9% in 2014. (HealthDay News, 4/8)
 
Schools in Most States Skimp on Physical Education Study Finds
Most states don’t provide students with enough physical education, a new report finds. Just 19 states require elementary school students to take P.E. classes for a set amount of time, and only 15 set minimum rules for middle school students. Only Oregon and D.C. require the amount of physical education time recommended by national experts, 150 minutes a week for elementary students, and 225 minutes for older kids. (HealthDay News, 4/8)
 
Sleep Duration and Injury-Related Risk Behaviors Among High School Students
Insufficient sleep is common among high school students and has been associated with an increased risk for motor vehicle crashes, sports injuries, and occupational injuries. The likelihood of five risk behaviors was significantly higher for students who reported sleeping ≤7 hours on an average school night. (MMWR, 4/8)
 
Driving Curfews May Curb Teen Crime
Teen driving curfews can not only cut car crashes, they may also lower youth crime rates, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed FBI national data from 1995 to 2011 and found that arrests of the teens fell 4-6% all states with driving curfews, and reductions were even higher, 5-8% in those states with the strictest restrictions on new drivers. (HealthDay News, 4/8)
 
Increased Risk of Substance Abuse in Adolescents With Mental Disorders
Adolescents with prior mental disorders have a greater risk of transitioning to alcohol and illicit drug use, according to research from the US National Institutes of Health, which suggests that treatment of mental disorders may help curb subsequent substance abuse disorders in youth. (Psychiatry Advisor, 4/8)
 
Tracking Youths’ Eye Movements Might Shed New Light on Autism
New findings about where children with autism look during conversations could lead to changes in treatment programs, researchers say. The researchers used special technology to monitor the eye movements of children, ages of 6-12. The researchers found that children with autism tended to focus more on a speaker’s mouth instead of the eyes when the conversation turned to emotional topics. (HealthDay News, 4/8)
 
Life-Saving Health Care in Poor Nations Would Cost $5 Per Person
The cost of health care that could save the lives of millions of children and their mothers every year would be less than $5 per person, researchers report. The money would expand basic health services, such as birth control, nutritional supplements and medication to treat serious illnesses such as pneumonia and malaria, in 74 low and middle-income countries. (HealthDay News, 4/10)
 
School Water Fountains Could be Key to Ending Childhood Obesity, NYU Study Finds
The battle against childhood obesity could be won with a simple and cheap weapon. According to research, water dispensers in public schools could be the key to lowering the number of children and adolescents who are struggling as part of the obesity epidemic. After only 3 months with the water jets, students had a reduced BMI by about .02 to .025%. (Daily Rx News, 4/11)
 
Rural Kids Face Special Challenges When Seriously Ill
Sick children from rural areas in the United States have more complex medical problems and cost more to treat than urban or suburban kids, a new hospital study finds. Rural children were more likely to require readmission, tended to be from poorer homes and traveled five times as far, on average, for specialized health care. (HealthDay News, 4/11)
 
Study shows HPV Vaccine Effective in Adolescents with Kidney Disease
The HPV vaccination stimulates robust and sustained immune responses in girls and young women with chronic kidney disease and those on dialysis, but less optimal responses to the vaccine were observed among those with a kidney transplant. The findings will appear in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. (Nephrology News, 4/11)
 
Formal Sex Education Declines Significantly Among US Adolescents
Receipt of formal sex education regarding pregnancy prevention and infectious diseases has declined nationwide, especially for girls, between 2006 and 2013, according to research in the Journal of Adolescent Health. Formal instruction related to birth control declined from 70% to 60%, while instruction about saying no to sex fell from 89% to 82%. (Healio, 4/11)
 
Teenage Girls Now Try Alcohol Before Boys Do
Teenage girls in the United States now start to drink alcohol sooner than boys do, a new study shows. Among the possible explanations include drinking has become more socially acceptable, girls typically reach puberty sooner and start engaging in risky behaviors such as drinking earlier, and that younger girls are spending time with older boys. (HealthDay News, 4/12)
 
Efficacy of DTaP, Tdap Holds Despite Pertactin Deficiency
Despite an increased proportion of Bordetella pertussis isolates lacking pertactin, vaccine effectiveness (VE) is still high in Vermont for the five-dose diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) series and the tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap), according to research.
 
Obesity in Teens Seems to Raise Risk for Illness, Death in Middle Age
Overweight teenagers may face an increased risk of dying from heart disease or stroke by the time they reach middle age, a large new study suggests. The study of more than 2 million Israelis found that those who were overweight or obese as teenagers were 2 to 3 times more likely to die prematurely of cardiovascular causes, compared to those who’d been thin as teens. (HealthDay News, 4/13)

 

NATIONAL

 

Why So Many States Are Fighting Over LGBT Rights in 2016
The Supreme Court’s same-sex marriage ruling was supposed to settle the fight over LGBT rights, right? Not a chance. In 2016, states across the nation have been divided by a raft of new legislation, more than 200 bills advocates consider anti-LGBT have been introduced so far this year, according a tally by the HRC. (Time, 3/31) 
 
Counselors Versus Cops
Many of America’s biggest school districts have prioritized security officers over counselors. In Houston, that means there’s only one counselor for every 1,175 students. School-security officers outnumber counselors in four out of the 10 largest public-school districts in the country including New York City, Chicago, Miami-Dade County, and Houston schools. (The Atlantic, 4/4)
 
States Will Have to Comply with ESSA Guidelines on Supporting Homeless Students By Next School
The Department of Education announced that it will be enacting one of the provisions of the Every Student Succeeds Act earlier than others; by October 2016, schools across the country must enforce revised policies to better support students who are homeless. Services must increase school stability for homeless children, and offer college counseling and information about obtaining financial aid. (Education World, 4/6)
 
‘It’s Everyone’s Worst Fear’: How a Small College Survived an Outbreak
About dawn one Sunday morning, a health official at a small Jesuit college in California got an alarming phone call: A student had been rushed to the hospital. The ER staff quickly suspected meningitis. And while they treated and tested for the highly contagious, often fatal disease, scores of other students were streaming into the emergency room, frightened by their own symptoms. (The Washington Post, 4/7)
 
Doubts Remain as California Allows Girls and Women to Get More Birth Control without a Prescription
As of last Friday, girls and women in California can pick up hormonal contraceptives, including pills and patches, at pharmacies without first visiting a doctor. Supporters believe easing access could reduce unintended pregnancies. However, some worried that patients would miss out on important medical advice or lose the opportunity to have a problem diagnosed by a doctor if they instead relied on a pharmacist. (Los Angeles Times, 4/8)

Backers Fight for Children’s Health Insurance in Arizona
A fight is intensifying in the Arizona Legislature over the Senate leader’s refusal to restore a program providing health insurance to poor children, a stance that would maintain the state’s position as the only one in the nation that doesn’t participate in the plan. Arizona froze its KidsCare program in 2010 to save money. It once covered more than 63,000 children, but fewer than 1,000 now have the insurance. (The New York Times, 4/11)
 
‘Scarier than We Initially Thought’: CDC Sounds Warning on Zika Virus
Public health officials used their strongest language to date in warning about a Zika outbreak in the United States, as the Obama administration lobbied Congress for $1.9 billion to combat the mosquito-borne virus. As summer approaches, officials are warning that mosquito eradication efforts, lab tests and vaccine research may not be able to catch up. There are 346 cases of Zika confirmed in the continental U.S. (USA Today, 4/11)
 
Kansas Supreme Court to Consider Right to Abortion
The Kansas Supreme Court has agreed to consider whether the conservative state’s constitution guarantees the right to an abortion as part of an appeal of a groundbreaking appeals court ruling. The appeal comes after the Kansas Court of Appeals refused to implement the state’s first-in-the-nation ban on a common second-trimester abortion method. (The New York Times, 4/12)
 
The Real Education for Healthy Youth Act
Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ) and Congresswoman Barbara Lee (D-CA) have introduced the Real Education for Healthy Youth Act (REHYA), legislation that supports the health and well-being of young people by providing the comprehensive sexuality education they need to make informed, responsible, and healthy decisions throughout their lives. (SIECUS, 4/13)

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Should You Be Using Yoga in Your Classroom?
April 8th marked the world’s first annual Kid’s Yoga Day, endorsed by over 100 global ambassadors. There is a wealth of current research that suggests that yoga is a great tool for the classroom because of the positive effects it has on children who practice it including increased student achievement and reduced suspensions. (Education World, 4/6)
 
Adolescents in Developing Countries Face Numerous Health Threats
From smoking to the ravages of war, adolescents in developing countries face numerous threats to their health. Experts discussed these threats—and possible policy responses—at the third annual State of Global Health Symposium, hosted on March 29, 2016 by the Department of Global Health and Population at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (Harvard, 4/8)

 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

 

New Report from the HBSC Study
Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), a WHO collaborative cross-national study, has provided information about the health, wellbeing, social environment and health behaviour of 11, 13, and 15-year-old boys and girls for over 30 years. The latest international report from the study presents findings from data collected from almost 220,000 young people in 42 countries in Europe and North America. (The Lancet Youth, 4/12)

Call to Action: Addressing New and Ongoing Adolescent Vaccination Challenges
On behalf of the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, this Call to Action provides information about the risks and ways to improve vaccination rates. Persistent gaps in vaccination coverage leave adolescents at risk for HPV-related cancers, meningitis, and annual outbreaks of influenza among other infectious diseases. (National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, 4/12)

Shape of the Nation
The 2016 report provides a current picture of physical education in each state across the country. The survey and state policy analysis finds areas of both improvement and decline since 2012. A majority of states have adopted legislation, requirements or guidance for physical education programs, but most do not require a specific amount of instructional time and more than half allow exemptions, waivers, or substitutions. (Shape America, 4/14)

 

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE

 

3 Basic Counseling Skills for Working With Teens
Working with teens has its own unique set of challenges and often times providers are relegated to positions of listener, mentor, and guide, regardless of whether or not they are actual therapists or counselors. This blog, from the Center for Adolescent Studies, reviews different techniques for communicating with teens. (Center for Adolescent Studies, 4/7)
 
National Youth Week: April 8-17
Australia’s biggest event for young people, National Youth Week, held from 8th April to 17th April 2016, celebrates young people and is an opportunity for youth to express their ideas and views and act on issues that affect their lives. Visit the website to find out what is happening in your local region. (The Lancet Youth, 4/7)

 

UPCOMING WEBINARS

 

Understanding the Medicaid Family Planning Benefit Program (FPBP)
This webinar on May 6th at 12:00pm EST is designed for medical providers involved in providing healthcare services to adolescents in New York. FPBP is a public health insurance program for New Yorkers that helps them access family planning services they may not be able to afford and can provide your adolescent patients with insurance coverage for confidential sexual and reproductive health services. (NYPATH, Physicians for Reproductive Health, 4/7)

 

CALL FOR FELLOWSHIP APPLICANTS

 

AAFP Seeks 2016 Vaccine Science Fellowship Applicants
The AAFP is accepting applications for its 2016 Vaccine Science Fellowship program that runs from May 1 to April 1, 2017. The program pairs fellows with mentors who will help them gain knowledge about vaccine science and policy. Applications should be submitted by April 22. (AAFP, 4/7)



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