ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
      RECENT RESEARCH
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      INTERNATIONAL
RECENT PUBLICATIONS
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UPCOMING WEBINARS
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ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

 

Protein-packed breakfast prevents body fat gain in overweight teens
Researchers compared the benefits of consuming a normal-protein breakfast to a high-protein breakfast and found the high-protein breakfast - which contained 35 grams of protein - prevented gains of body fat, reduced daily food intake and feelings of hunger, and stabilized glucose levels among overweight teens who would normally skip breakfast. (Medical Xpress, 8/12)
 
Vaccine Sharply Curbs Chickenpox Cases in U.S.
Chickenpox cases in the U.S. have dropped sharply since a vaccine against the disease became available in 1995, a new study shows. Also, hospitalizations and outpatient visits for chickenpox have continued to fall since 2006, when a second dose of the vaccine was recommended to boost protection against the disease, the researchers found. For this study, CDC researchers analyzed national health insurance claims data. (HealthDay News, 8/13)
 
Hospital-Acquired Conditions Lengthen Stays, Add Costs in Kids
Hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism and catheter-associated urinary tract infection are associated with increased length of stay and costs in pediatric inpatient populations, according to a study published in Pediatrics. Researchers utilized the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify children (ages 1 to 17 years) with inpatient discharges and determined hospital-acquired conditions. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/13)
 
Ultrasound Overused for Undescended Testicle Care
Ultrasound has limited value for the management of an undescended testicle, but remains widely overused, according to a study published in Pediatrics. The researchers found that ultrasound was used in 33.5 percent of provincial referrals and 50 percent of institutional referrals. There was an approximate three-month delay in definitive surgical management among children who underwent ultrasound. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/14)
 
Child Cancer Survivors Face Risk of Bowel Obstruction Requiring Surgery
Survivors of childhood cancer have an increased long-term risk of intestinal obstruction requiring surgery (IOS), according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. “The long-term risk of IOS and its association with subsequent mortality underscore the need to promote awareness of this complication among patients and providers,” the authors write. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/14)
 
Vitamin D supplements offer limited benefit to obese teens
A new study suggests that vitamin D offers no benefits to obese teens in terms of heart health or diabetes risk. In addition, the findings of the study suggest that vitamin D could even increase levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. The study, published in Pediatric Obesity, is part of a series conducted by researchers from the Mayo Clinic investigating obesity in childhood. (Medical News Today, 8/15)
 
Neglecting Teen Health May Lead to Bigger Problems as Adults
Nearly one in five teens has specific health care needs that are not receiving attention, and this may set them up for poorer physical and mental health in adulthood, a new study contends. The researchers analyzed data from 14,800 participants in a long-term U.S. study of teen and adult health. In the teenage questionnaire, 19 percent reported they had some kind of health care need that did not get treatment. (HealthDay News, 8/17)
 
Family Struggles May Affect Boys’ Brain Development
Family problems early in life might raise boys’ risk of depression and anxiety, which is also tied to altered brain structure in their late teens and early 20s, a new study suggests. Those boys who faced family problems during those early years were more likely to have depression and anxiety at ages 7, 10 and 13, the study found. They also were more likely to have lower volume of “gray matter” in the brain by ages 18 to 21. (HealthDay News, 8/17)
 
Protective gear cuts eye injuries in high school field hockey
A 2011 mandate requiring high school field hockey players to wear protective eyewear reduced eye injuries due to hits from balls and sticks, according to a new study. The mandate from the National Federation of State High School Associations applied only to high school field hockey players.  Researchers compared girls’ injuries in national and regional databases from the two seasons before and after the mandate. (Reuters, 8/17)
 
Kids’ headaches spike in back-to-school season, researchers say
A new study finds headaches in children do increase in the fall, when academic stress, changing bedtime routines and other triggers may kick in. Researchers analyzed about 1,300 visits to the hospital’s emergency department from 2010 to 2014. They found the number of visits for headaches among children ages 5 to 18 stayed about the same for most of the year, but jumped more than 31 percent in the fall. (CBS News, 8/17)
 
Military kids may be more apt to smoke, drink and carry guns
Teens with parents or caregivers in the military may be more likely to drink, smoke, and carry weapons than other kids, a U.S. study suggests. Researchers also found that adolescents with close ties to the military were more apt to be victims of physical violence and harassment. More than one million school-aged children currently have parents in the military, Sullivan and colleagues note in JAMA Pediatrics. (Reuters, 8/17)
 
Physician Score Cards Cut Resource Use in Pediatric ER
An intervention that provides comprehensive physician feedback on practice patterns relative to peers can reduce resource use in the pediatric emergency department, without compromising efficiency or quality of care, according to a study published in Pediatrics. Researchers developed a tool for comprehensive physician feedback on practice patterns relative to peers and examined its impact. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/18)
 
Quality counts in adolescents’ and young adults’ romantic relationships
Although the links between having a romantic relationship and psychosocial adjustment change with age, a new longitudinal study has found that it’s not just having a relationship that matters, but the quality of the relationship: Higher-quality romantic relationships are associated with fewer psychosocial difficulties across adolescence and young adulthood. The study appears in the journal Child Development. (Medical Xpress, 8/18)
 
Study Finds Ninth-Graders Who Used E-Cigarettes More Likely to Smoke
Ninth-graders who used electronic cigarettes were more likely to smoke cigarettes, cigars or hookahs than peers who never tried them, a study found. The study focused on ninth-graders who had tried e-cigarettes. Researchers discovered that they were about 2½ times as likely as their peers to have smoked traditional cigarettes, five times as likely to have smoked cigars, and three times as likely to have smoked hookahs. (Wall Street Journal, 8/18)
 
Study shows certain moods are contagious
Having friends may be good for your health. A new study shows that a healthy mood spreads among friends, but depression does not. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers examined how moods spread among networks of teens. They found that having friends with a healthy mood reduces a teen’s chance of developing depression, and increases the chance of recovering from depression. (CBS News, 8/19)
 
Most Patients Undergo Follow-Up After Pediatric Pyeloplasty
Most patients are followed up after pediatric pyeloplasty, with ultrasound being the most common imaging modality, according to a study published in The Journal of Urology. “Following pediatric pyeloplasty there is variation in modality and frequency of imaging follow-up,” the authors write. “The majority of patients are followed with renal ultrasound, with less frequent use of functional imaging.” (Physician’s Briefing, 8/19)
 
Teenage smokers experience guilt and shame
A recent study, based on survey results from 1,017 young people, explored smoking, self-image, and exercise.  Levels of body-related guilt and shame were lowest among those who exercised regularly and never touched a cigarette. Smokers who were active and met the guidelines reported higher levels of body-related guilt. The unhealthiest group, non-active smokers, reported higher levels of body-related shame. (News Medical, 8/20)

 

NATIONAL


Health law sign-ups keep growing; uninsured rate declines
Nearly a million people signed up for health insurance under President Barack Obama’s law even after the official enrollment season ended, helping push the share of uninsured Americans below 10 percent. HHS said that 943,934 new customers have signed up since open enrollment ended on February 22, benefiting from “special enrollment periods” keyed to life changes and other circumstances. (Medical Xpress, 8/13)
 
More American Children Diagnosed With ADHD
The number of American children with ADHD is rising, U.S. government experts say. The number of American children aged 4 to 17 diagnosed with ADHD rose from about 8 percent in 2003 to 11 percent in 2011, the CDC has found. Parents who think a child has ADHD should consult their family doctor or pediatrician, Dr. Tiffany Farchione, a child psychiatrist, said. (HealthDay News, 8/14)
 
FDA Approves OxyContin for Children As Young As 11
Limited use of the widely abused painkiller OxyContin in children as young as 11 years old has been approved by the FDA. Studies by OxyContin maker Purdue Pharma “supported a new pediatric indication for OxyContin in patients 11 to 16 years old and provided prescribers with helpful information about the use of OxyContin in pediatric patients,” said Sharon Hertz, M.D. of the FDA. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/14)
 
For Hospitals, Sleep and Patient Satisfaction May Go Hand In Hand
It’s a common complaint — if you spend a night in the hospital, you probably won’t get much sleep. An increasing number of hospitals are rethinking how they function at night so that more patients can sleep relatively uninterrupted. The American Hospital Association doesn’t track how many hospitals are reviewing their patient-sleep policies, though it’s aware a number are trying to do better, said an AHA spokeswoman. (Kaiser Health News, 8/17)
 
More Americans support farm-to-school programs, report says
Americans agree that food from local farms belongs in school cafeterias. Nearly nine out of 10 people want to see an increase in farm-to-school food programming in the U.S., according to national survey results released Tuesday. The poll asked 1,200 adults across the country for their opinions on school nutrition standards and healthy food educational programs. (USA Today, 8/18)

 

INTERNATIONAL


UK: Prescriptions for Ritalin and other ADHD drugs double in a decade
Nearly a million prescriptions for Ritalin and related drugs for ADHD were dispensed last year – more than double the number of a decade ago. The figures have prompted a damning indictment of the system from experts who claim that the running down of mental health services has led to children being misdiagnosed and inappropriately prescribed drugs. (The Guardian, 8/15)
 
South Africa: Adolescent Suicides - South Africa’s Preventable Tragedy
Last week, 14-year-old Klara Göttert jumped to her death from Northgate Mall in what is believed to have been a suicide. Just months ago, a 16-year-old boy’s body was found hanging from a tree at St Stithians College in Bryanston. South Africa’s suicide rates are among the highest in the world, and our teens are particularly at risk. (All Africa, 8/19)


RECENT PUBLICATIONS


AHRQ Stats: Pediatric Hospital Stays
This AHRQ Statistical Brief details potentially preventable pediatric hospital inpatient stays for asthma and diabetes.  Among pediatric asthma and diabetes patients, the rate of hospital stays that could have been prevented increased 21 percent from 2008 to 2012. That reversed trends in 2003 to 2008, when the rate of preventable hospital stays declined 34 percent for asthma patients and 16 percent for diabetes patients. (AHRQ, 8/12)

Investigation of Tuberculosis in a High School — San Antonio, Texas, 2012
On February 21, 2012, the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District Tuberculosis Clinic was notified that two students at Madison High School had laboratory-confirmed pulmonary TB. During March–September 2012, public health officials collaborated with the school district to conduct an outbreak investigation that included performing tuberculin skin tests on high-risk contacts of active TB patients. (CDC MMWR, 8/14)

QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 19–25 Years with a Usual Place of Care, by Race/Ethnicity— National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2010 and 2014
This CDC QuickStats highlights the percentage of persons aged 19-25 who had a usual place to go for medical care by race/ethnicity. The figure included demonstrates that from 2010 to 2014, the percentage of persons aged 19-25 years who had a usual place to go for medical care increased for Hispanics (50.7% to 65.1%) and non-Hispanic blacks (65.4% to 74.3%). (CDC MMWR, 8/20)

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE


New Fitness resource from girlshealth.gov
The newly updated Fitness section of girlshealth.gov, from the HHS Office on Women’s Health, offers girls information on such topics as workout intensity, preventing injuries, and aerobic, bone strengthening, and muscle strengthening exercises. It includes an expandable tool on each type of exercise, a safety gear infographic, and tips for overcoming exercise obstacles.

 
Newsletter on children and disasters now available
The August 2015 AAP Children & Disasters newsletter includes announcements and updates related to AAP and federal disaster preparedness and response efforts, including articles on National Preparedness Month, influenza and hurricane season. To receive future newsletters, free print materials, and other disaster-related communications, e-mail DisasterReady@aap.org. (AAP, 8/19)
 
OAH Picks Heads Back-To-School with Four Teen Health Resources
This month’s OAH Picks includes teen health resources on planning important life transitions, promoting learning as a family affair, preventing risky sexual behavior, and creating health nutrition habits in adolescents that will set the foundation for future healthy eating. (OAH, 8/20)

UPCOMING WEBINARS


Register Now: Introduction to AHRQ’s New Practice Facilitation Curriculum
AHRQ is hosting its final webinar in a series designed to share tools and resources developed for training primary care practice facilitators. This online event is being held on Tuesday, August 25 from 3:00 – 4:00 p.m. ET. During this webinar speakers will provide insights on the development of AHRQ’s new and expanded primary care practice facilitation training curriculum. This webinar is free and open to the public. (AHRQ, 8/18)
 
Webinar on the importance of addressing weight-based bullying
The webinar, Importance of Addressing Weight-based Bullying with Your Pediatric Patients, was conducted by the AAP Institute for Healthy Childhood Weight, the Alliance for a Healthier Generation, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and Obesity Alliance. The archived CME-bearing webinar includes a discussion about weight-based bullying including testimonials from practice, discussion of resources available to support healthcare professionals and an expert panel on this important topic. (AAP, 8/18)

CALL FOR PRESENTATIONS AND PAPERS


Approaching scientific presentation submission deadline for SAHM ‘16
The Program Committee is seeking cutting-edge research in a variety of areas of adolescent health. We invite trainees and professionals in adolescent and young adult health and medicine to submit proposals for scientific presentations, which include the following: Platform Research Oral Presentations, Research Poster Presentations, Successful Advocacy Poster Presentations and Poster Symposia. (SAHM, 8/18)



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