ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
      RECENT RESEARCH
      NATIONAL
      INTERNATIONAL
RECENT PUBLICATIONS
NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE
UPCOMING WEBINARS
CALL FOR VOLUNTEER POSITION AND TRAINING WORKSHOP



 

ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

 

Live Attenuated Flu Shot Feasible for Children With Egg Allergy
For young people aged 2 to 18 years old with egg allergy, live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is well tolerated, with low risk of systemic allergic reactions, according to a recent study published. The researchers observed no systemic allergic reactions. Mild symptoms were observed in nine participants, potentially consistent with a local, immunoglobulin E mediated allergic reaction. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/9)
 
Imbalanced Gender Ratios Could Affect Views about Casual Sex and Hook-Up Culture
The greater proportion of women than men on college campuses may contribute to a hook-up culture where women are more willing to engage in casual sex and are more aggressive toward other desirable women who are perceived as rivals, according to new research by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. Last year, 57% of college students in the U.S were women with the gender ratio even more imbalanced at some schools. (Medical Xpress, 12/9)
 
Teens with Upbeat Friends May have Better Emotional Health
A recent study found that having a social network made up of friends with a healthy mood cut a teenager’s probability of developing depression in half over a 6-12 month period. It also significantly improved the chances of recovering from depression for teens who already suffered from it. It is important to the note that the data don’t show a direct cause and effect. (Harvard Health Publications, 12/10)
 
Fewer Teens, Young Adults Driving After Drinking, Smoking Pot
Fewer U.S. teens and young adults are driving under the influence of alcohol or a combination of alcohol and marijuana, officials reported. From 2002 to 2014, self-reported driving under the influence of alcohol alone dropped by 59% among those aged 16 to 20 and by 38% among those aged 21 to 25, the study found. Some factors include the decline in drinking overall and the decline in binge drinking among high school students. (HealthDay News, 12/10)
 
Cheerleading Injury Rates Lower than Other High School Sports
Cheerleading injury rates are lower than for many other high school sports, but accidents that do happen may be more severe and more likely to result in concussions, a U.S. study suggests. Cheerleading typically has less than one injury for every 1,000 minutes of participation time. Only track and field and swimming were safer, and injury rates are more than four times higher for football and three times higher for girls’ soccer. (Reuters, 12/10)
 
Kids Eat More Veggies when Salad Bar is in Lunch Line
Middle schoolers eat more fruits and vegetables when the salad bar is in the lunch line than when it’s outside the line, according to a new study. More than 98% of students at schools with salad bars in the lunch line self-served fruit or vegetables, compared to 23% of kids in other schools, but threw more fruit and vegetable items away. Schools should place salad bars inside of the lunch line in the path of students before they pay. (Reuters, 12/11)
 
College Sports–Related Injuries
Sports-related injuries can have a substantial impact on the long-term health of student-athletes. According to the CDC report, 1,053,370 injuries were estimated to have occurred during an estimated 176.7 million athlete-exposures to potential injury from 2009 to 2014. Among all sports, men's football accounted for the largest average annual estimated number of injuries (47,199) and the highest competition injury rate. (MMWR, 12/11)
 
Others' Drug, Alcohol Use May Trigger Bad Behavior in Teens
Seeing other people drink or use drugs can trigger antisocial behavior in kids, a new study suggests. Studying 150 teens ages 11-15, researchers found that on days when teens saw others drink alcohol or use drugs, participants were two times more likely to engage in behaviors such as stealing, damaging property, or hitting or hurting someone. (HealthDay News, 12/11)
 
Early Sexual Maturation Doesn't Always Signal Onset of Puberty
Children who develop certain signs of puberty at an early age are commonly referred to specialists for an evaluation, but this is often unnecessary, according to a new AAP report. The vast majority of children with signs of apparent puberty have variations of normal growth and physical development and do not require laboratory testing, bone age radiographs, or intervention, according to the researcher. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/14)
 
Abuse of Prescription Painkillers, Stimulants Ups Sexual Risks for Teens
Teens who use abuse prescription drugs such as narcotic painkillers are more likely to have sex or to participate in risky sexual behaviors, including having sex with multiple partners, using drugs or alcohol before having sex or having sex without the use of a condom, the research revealed. According to the study, about 1 out of every 5 high school students reported non-medical use of prescription drugs. (HealthDay News, 12/14)
 
Parental Over-Management of Teens' Healthcare can be Harmful
A new study suggests that when it comes to healthcare, handling scheduling, forms and questions may impede teenagers from learning to care for themselves. More than one-third of parents were shown to ask all the questions at their teen's visits to the doctor, limiting their ability to learn to care for themselves and potentially preventing them from asking about health issues their parents are not aware of. (UPI, 12/14)
 
Kids Who Are Better at Tasting Sugar Are More Likely to Be Overweight
Some kids can taste as little as 0.005 tsp of sugar in a fluid ounce of water. Others need three tsp until they register it. A new study released by the Monell Center, which specializes studying taste and smell, found that it was the kids who could taste sugar at lower concentrations who were more likely to be overweight. Those kids also often had a specific gene variant that is known to influence receptiveness to bitter tastes. (Time, 12/15)
 
ADHD Patients Show Weaker Connections in Brain Networks Tied to Focus
Children with ADHD may have weaker connections among brain networks that help the mind focus, a new study suggests. Using MRI brain scans from 180 children with and without ADHD, researchers found that kids with the disorder showed weaker interactions among three brain networks involved in attention. What's more, the more severe a child's attention problems, the weaker those brain connections were. (HealthDay News, 2/15)
 
Adolescents Separated from their Father are More Likely to Suffer from Stress and Transient Depression Symptoms
Family breakdown and the insecure financial situation that may result is more likely to cause worry, anxiety and depressive symptoms in adolescents who are separated from their father when compared with adolescents living with both parents, according to recent research. However, these symptoms can disappear in the 9 month period following the separation. (Medical Xpress, 12/15)
 
Teens Still Intrigued by E-Cigarettes
Cigarette use among teens hit an all-time low, but their fascination with e-cigarettes remains strong, a national survey of nearly 45,000 youth found. The Monitoring the Future survey found that among 8th graders, 9% reported using e-cigarettes in the previous 30 days, while 4% reported using cigarettes, 16% of 10th grader used an e-cigarette and 7% used a tobacco cigarette, and 17% of  high school seniors used e-cigarettes, while 14% smoked a tobacco cigarette. (USA Today, 12/16)

Animal-Assisted Therapy Helps Adolescents With Psychiatric Problems
study randomly allocated patients to either an animal-assisted therapy intervention or no intervention. Both groups continued to receive psychiatric treatment as usual, and those treating them did not know which group they were in. The results are very promising. The intervention group had better school attendance, higher levels of global functioning, and spent less time in the hospital compared to the control group. (Pacific Standard, 12/16)

 

NATIONAL

 

Reservation's Student Suicides Highlight Importance of School, District Roles in Prevention
Trough the spring and summer of 2015, 12 students on South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Reservation committed suicide, and there were 100 suicide attempts last year alone. Some were as young as 12 years old. Last week, the U.S. Department of Education announced it had awarded over $325,000 to help the school district recover via Project School Emergency Response to Violence (SERV) Grants.  (Education Dive, 12/7)
 
Where Are STDs Rampant? Google Wants To Help Researchers Find Out
With STD on the rise, especially among 15-24 year olds, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago are using Google, which has begun giving researchers access to its data troves, to develop analytical models for tracking STDs in real time. Search trends can be broken down by city and state, weighted according to their significance and combined with other data sources to give a snapshot of where disease is spreading. (Kaiser Health News, 12/10)
 
U.S. Abortion Rate Hits Record Low
The U.S. abortion rate has declined by more than one-third over the past two decades to a record low, federal officials reported, falling 35% between 1990 and 2010, reaching 17.7 procedures per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44.  Many factors likely contribute to the reduction in abortions, but increased use of highly effective birth control is one of the most important trends. (HealthDay News, 12/11)

Final FY 2016 Funding Bill Protects TPPP But Doubles Abstinence-Only Funding
The long-awaited negotiated fiscal year (FY) 2016 Omnibus funding bill, theConsolidated Appropriations Act of 2016, was released on December 16th which provides funding for both the Office of Adolescent Health’s (OAH) Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program (TPPP). Unfortunately, The Omnibus doubles the annual funding for abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs up to $10 million. (SIECUS, 12/16)            

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Facebook, Social Media and WhatsApp Could be Banned for Teens if They Don’t get Consent from Parents, According to Draft EU Law
Facebook among others could be asked to lock out children who are under 16 and don’t have permission from parents or guardians to be on the sites, according to reports. A last-minute amendment to new European data protection rules looks to raise the age of digital consent from 13 to 16. That would mean sites could only be used by those over 16, or people under that age who have received permission from a legal guardian. (The Independent, 12/16)

 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

 

HIV Cases Down 20% Overall in U.S., but Up 87% for 2 Groups
While the overall number of HIV diagnoses continues to fall in the United States since the first cases were documented 30 years ago, at least two groups of the population are seeing a sharp increase in those numbers. A report by the CDC released this month shows a nearly 87% increase in the number of HIV diagnoses of African-American gay and bisexual males and Latino gay and bisexual males, aged 13-24. (CNN, 12/9)

Task Force: Screen All Teens, Adults at Risk for Syphilis
All adults and teens at increased risk for syphilis should be screened for the STD, a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force draft recommendation says. The recommendation complements a 2009 task force recommendation that all pregnant women be screened for syphilis. Rates of the disease in the U.S. are on the rise, with nearly 20,000 cases of the earliest stages of syphilis reported in 2014, the highest since 1994. (HealthDay News, 12/14)

 

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE

 

Young People and Resilience
VicHealth has today launched the new VicHealth Mental Wellbeing Strategy 2015–2019. The strategy builds on insights from a series of research evidence reviews and identifies that resilience is an important asset required for all young people to be successful into the future. VicHealth’s priority focus for the next 3 years is to build resilience and social connection, with a particular focus on young people aged 12-25 years old. (The Lancet Youth, 12/16)

Free Tobacco and Nicotine Toolkit
The AAFP provides a free tobacco and nicotine toolkit where users can access tobacco prevention and control resources to support treating tobacco and nicotine use, data and resources to collaborate with community-based organizations, information on advocacy efforts, and evidence based knowledge and education. (AAFP, 12/16)

 

UPCOMING WEBINARS


Generation Unbound: Drifting into Sex and Parenthood without Marriage
Join Generation Unbound and the Dibble Institute on January 13th at 4:00pm EST for a webinar that offers information about births to young adults that occur outside of marriage. The webinar draws on insights from the new field of behavioral economics, showing that it is possible to move from a culture that accepts a high number of unplanned pregnancies to a culture in which adults only have children when they are ready to be a parent. (The Dibble Institute, 12/16)

 

CALL FOR VOLUNTEER POSTITION AND TRAINING WORKSHOPS

 

2016 AAP Advocacy Training Grants
The AAP Community Pediatrics Training Initiative will support four pediatric faculty-resident pairs to attend the 2016 AAP Legislative Conference on April 3 to 5, 2016, and then implement an educational advocacy project in collaboration with their chapter. Grant covers registration, airfare and hotel and provides the chapter with $1,000 maximum to support the project. Applications are due Jan. 13, 2016. (AAP, 12/14)
 
Volunteer Position Announcement: ASHA Conference Chair
The American School Health Association (ASHA) is seeking a dedicated conference chair to serve as the liaison between staff and the Professional Development Committee (PDC). The conference chair also works with the four track leads to ensure quality workshops and sessions for the annual conference. Applications are due by December 31, 2015. (ASHA, 12/16)
 
Now Accepting Applications for Tobacco Cessation Clinical Practice Workshops
The AAP Richmond Center is seeking applicants for workshops that will educate clinicians about messages, tools, and counseling techniques to screen and counsel patients and families about tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure. Sessions will cover topics such as coding, tackling e-cigarette use, and gaining buy-in for systems change from colleagues. Submissions are due Jan. 8 for summer 2016 workshops. (AAP, 12/16)
 

 



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