ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
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RECENT PUBLICATIONS
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ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH


Increased Platelet Activation leads to CV Risk in Adolescents with Type 2 Diabetes
There is data that diabetes, platelet hyperactivity, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are causes of mortality in adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this pilot study was to establish whether the same connection was present in adolescents as in adults with the comparison of non-diabetic control subjects.  (Diabetes in Control, 6/13)
 
Family violence leaves genetic imprint on children
Researchers discovered that children in homes affected by domestic violence, suicide or the incarceration of a family member have significantly shorter telomeres, which is a cellular marker of aging, than those in stable households. The findings are published online in the latest issue of the journal Pediatrics. (Science Daily, 6/17)
 
Glucose lights up the adolescent brain
According to a preliminary study, the developing adolescent brain may be responding differently to sugary drinks, leading to higher consumption of sugars and feeding the childhood obesity epidemic, according to researchers. (Clinical Endocrinology News, 6/17)
 
Teen Suicide Attempts Rise as Warning Cuts Medicine Use
A widely publicized warning by U.S. regulators a decade ago about risks for teens taking antidepressants led to plummeting prescriptions and increased suicide attempts, Harvard University researchers said. Adolescent attempted suicides increased 21.7 percent and a 31 percent decline in antidepressant use was seen. (Bloomberg, 6/18)
 
Anti-depressant, anti-psychotic medication prescriptions for kids on the rise, study finds
University of Sydney researchers looked at prescribing patterns for children and adolescents from 2009 to 2012. The number of children aged between 10 and 14 given antidepressants jumped by more than a third, while anti-psychotic medications rose by almost 50 percent. (ABC News, 6/19)
 
Detained Youths More Likely to Die Violent Deaths as Adults
Those arrested and detained as youths were much more likely to die violent deaths as adults than those who were not, says a new study. The study found that females who had been arrested and detained as youths died violent deaths as adults at nearly five times the rate of the general population, while males arrested and detained as youths died violent deaths at three times the rate of the general population. (Juvenile Justice Information Exchange, 6/19)
 
Menthol cigarettes ARE more addictive: Teenagers who smoke them get through twice as much tobacco every week
Young people who smoke menthol cigarettes smoke almost double the amount of tobacco, new research has revealed. A study found that menthol users smoked an average of 43 cigarettes a week, close to double the 26 smoked by non-menthol users. (Daily Mali, 6/23)
 
Obesity Is Undercounted in Children, Study Finds
A new study finds that the commonly used body-mass-index measure may fail to identify as many as 25% of children, age 4 to 18 years, who have excess body fat. The meta-analysis, scheduled for publication online in the journal Pediatric Obesity on Tuesday, reviewed 37 separate studies involving a combined 53,521 participants. (Wall Street Journal, 6/23)
 
Young Indoor Tanning Increases Early Risk of Skin Cancer
Dartmouth researchers have found that early exposure to the ultraviolet radiation lamps used for indoor tanning is related to an increased risk of developing basal cell carcinomas (BCC) at a young age. Since indoor tanning has become increasingly popular among adolescents and young adults, this research calls attention to the importance of counseling young people about the risk of indoor tanning. (Darthmouth University, 6/23)
 
Severe Concussion Symptoms Offered Few Clues about Recovery
A concussion can be unsettling, especially if the symptoms are severe. But severe symptoms do not necessarily mean a longer recovery. A recent study found that the severity of a child's concussion symptoms did not necessarily explain how long it would take for them to go away. (DailyRx News, 6/23)
 
Authoritarian parents up risk of drug use in adolescents
A new study suggests that having authoritarian parents increases the risk of drug use in adolescents. Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use is very widespread among youths in Spain compared to the majority of European countries, according to the latest data from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (India Today, 6/24)
 
Girls' perceptions drive sexual behavior
Genetic factors related to how sexually mature a girl thinks she is influence her sexual behavior, above and beyond her actual physical development, reports a new study. The study, published in Developmental Psychology , is the first to directly test the link between pubertal timing and involvement in specific sexual behaviors, disentangling the genetic and environmental influences shaping adolescent sexual timing and behavior, the authors say. (Medical Xpress, 6/24)
 
Socioeconomic adversity during childhood increases depression, higher BMI in early adolescence
Socioeconomic adversity during childhood increases the likelihood of both depression and higher BMI in early adolescence, which can worsen and lead to illness for young adults, according to a new report in the Journal of Adolescent Health. They found that adolescents with more socioeconomic adversities had more depressive symptoms and higher BMIs initially and had worse trajectories over time. (New Medical, 6/25)
 
Watching TV for three or more hours everyday can cause premature death, says study
If you watch television for three hours or more everyday, you may die prematurely. A new study by the American Heart Association conducted a study on 13,284 young Spanish university graduates to find out the link between three kinds of stationary behaviour and risk of death: computer accessing, watching television and viewing television, Xinhua reported. (India Today, 6/26)
 
Popular acne treatments pose dangerous allergy risk, FDA warns
If you use an over-the-counter cream, lotion, or face wash to treat pimples, the FDA wants you to be aware that these products can cause rare but life-threatening allergic reactions. Acne medications containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, the FDA warned, have been linked to hypersensitivity reactions such as throat tightness, difficulty breathing, feelings of faintness, and swollen eyes, face, lips, and tongue. (Boston Globe, 6/26)    

 

NATIONAL


Access to students’ online health information a boon to school nurses
Although the school nurse is a familiar figure, school-based health care is unfamiliar territory to many medical professionals, operating in a largely separate health care universe from other community-based medical services. (PBS, 6/10)
 
Teen Marijuana Use Remains Steady in the United States Despite Legalization of Recreational Use
According to the High School Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System survey, 23.4% of teens reported using marijuana within the last 30 days. This percentage is nearly identical to rates from 2011 and is less than rates from 1999. (Science World Report, 6/17)
 
Asthma rates drop but experts not breathing easier
A new survey suggests asthma in the U.S. may finally be on the decline. But the results are so surprising that health officials are cautious about claiming a downturn. The findings come from a large national health survey conducted last year. (Philly, 6/19)
 
The Quiet Crisis in Native American Juvenile Justice
There is a crisis facing the criminal justice system serving Native American youth. The general public has no idea of the challenges facing this group, but when President Barack Obama convened the White House Tribal Nations Conference in November 2013, one of the four major topics on the agenda was violent crime. (Corrections, 6/23)
 
To Protect Young People’s Health, Protect Their Confidentiality
On May 30, Anthony and Eva Jackson filed a lawsuit against the Peekskill school district in New York. They allege that a teacher, James Tosto, “conspired” against them by taking their then 16-year-old daughter to a local clinic where she was prescribed birth control pills without their knowledge or consent. (RH Reality, 6/24)
 
E-cigarettes could stub out tobacco bonds sooner than thought
The rapid growth of electronic cigarette sales poses a rising but under-appreciated risk to holders of as much as $96 billion of bonds tied to payments tobacco companies make to U.S. states from a sweeping legal settlement in 1998. (Reuters, 6/24)

Feds underreporting accidental child gun deaths, study finds
New research from a gun control group finds the federal government is underestimating the number of children killed in unintentional firearm deaths. The report from Everytown for Gun Safety looked at a one-year period beginning in December 2012, and found at least 100 unintentional shooting deaths in that time, or almost two a week. That's 60 percent more than reflected in federal data. (The Hill, 6/25)

 

INTERNATIONAL


Mitigating the global malnutrition crisis, with a focus on adolescence
The period between conception and a child's 2nd birthday (the first 1,000 days) is a particularly critical time for health interventions. However, there are other key, but neglected, tipping points along the lifecycle when it comes to health, and particularly nutrition. (Medical Xpress, 6/12)
 
Malawi: Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights Project to Be Installed in Chikhwawa
The Society for Women and Aids Malawi is going to implement a new HIV/AIDS project in Chikhwawa that will aim at promoting sexual and reproductive health rights among girls and young women in the district. It also aims at reducing susceptibility and vulnerability of young women and girls to HIV/AIDS. (All Africa, 6/19)
 
Fury over Bill on reproductive health
A proposal in a Bill seeking to provide children as young as 10 years with condoms and birth control pills has sparked outrage. That parental consent is not mandatory for the children to access the contraceptives has intensified opposition to the Reproductive Health Care Bill 2014, which is before the Senate. (Standard Media, 6/20)
 
Folic acid tablets for adolescents to prevent iron deficiency
Anaemia caused by iron deficiency remains one of the problems faced by adolescent boys and girls in the state. In order to ensure a healthy society, the state government has woken up to the issue and has launched a programme across the state to ensure consumption of folic acid. (India Times, 6/20)
 
Leaders sharply divided over reproductive health Bill
Sharp divisions emerged during a public forum organised by the Senate in Nairobi to discuss the controversial Bill seeking to allow minors to be given contraceptives. hose opposing the Bill are especially against a clause allowing offering of reproductive health services to adolescents. (Standard Media, 6/23)

Concern over cuts in child mental health
A charity has criticised reductions in funding for adolescent mental health services across the UK, saying it will lead to more problems in the long run. Young Minds submitted a Freedom of Information request to 151 councils regarding their funding for child and adolescent mental health services. (British Psychological Society, 6/23)

NGOCC seeks inclusion of reproductive health in school curriculum
There is need for the government to mainstream sexuality and reproductive health and rights education in the school curriculum to ensure that children are educated on issues of sexuality, says NGOCC executive director Engwase Mwale. (Post Zambia, 6/25)
 
Persistent Cough in Kids Can Often Be Whooping Cough
One-fifth of British school-age children who visit their doctors because of a persistent cough are diagnosed with whooping cough, according to a new study. What's more, most of the children have been fully vaccinated, the study authors reported. (HealthDay News, 6/25)

 


RECENT PUBLICATIONS


Protecting Adolescent Confidentiality Under Health Care Reform: The Special Case of Explanation of Benefits (EOBs)
Health insurance plans automatically and routinely send communications to health plan policy holders regarding services accessed by any family member covered under their plan in the form of EOBs. The intent of EOBs are to hold insurance companies accountable and to reduce insurance fraud. However, the practice of sending EOBs to the primary insurance policyholder threatens the confidentiality of dependents seeking services under the primary policyholder’s plan. 


NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE


Program Requirements for Title X Funded Family Planning Projects
On June 5, 2014, the Office of Population Affairs (OPA) issued a clarification to the new program requirements for the Title X family planning program, which were recently released in April 2014. The OPA Program Policy Notice addresses concerns raised by the field and clarifies that the long-standing protection of adolescent confidentiality remains in effect. The Center for Adolescent Health & the Law and NFPRHA produced a complimentary memo detailing the legal history and requirements in statute, regulation, and case law to protect confidentiality for adolescents who receive Title X-funded services.

First comprehensive pediatric concussion guidelines, available now
Pediatric emergency medicine researchers at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) together with the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (ONF) today launch the first comprehensive pediatric concussion guidelines. The pediatric guidelines were initiated by ONF, managed by CHEO, and developed by an expert panel including over 30 members across Canada and the United States led by Dr. Roger Zemek. (Medical Express, 6/25)

CALL FOR COMMENT


Public Comment on Draft Research Plan: Screening for Syphilis Infection in Nonpregnant Adolescents and Adults
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted a draft Research Plan on screening for syphilis infection in nonpregnant adolescents and adults. The draft Research Plan is available for review and public comment from June 26 to July 23, 2014. 



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