ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
      RECENT RESEARCH
      NATIONAL
      INTERNATIONAL
RECENT PUBLICATIONS
NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE
CONFERENCE ANNOUNCEMENTS
UPCOMING WEBINARS
 


 

ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

 

Mindfulness Shows Promise in Eating Disorder Prevention
Mindfulness may be a promising approach for prevention of eating disorders among adolescent girls, according to a study published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders. Researchers conducted a school-based cluster randomized trial involving 347 adolescent girls from 19 classes who were allocated to a three-session mindfulness-based intervention, dissonance-based intervention, or classes as usual control. (Physician’s Briefing, 6/12)
 
Obesity Ups Risks in Pediatric Procedural Sedation
For pediatric patients undergoing procedural sedation, obesity is associated with increased risk of adverse respiratory events and frequency of airway interventions, according to research published in Pediatric Anesthesia. Researchers queried the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium database of prospectively collected procedural sedation encounters to examine the impact of obesity on pediatric procedural sedation. (Physician’s Briefing, 6/12)
 
Most Americans Back Ban on Powdered Alcohol, Poll Finds
Most Americans support banning powdered alcohol because of its potential misuse by teens, a new survey finds. Powdered alcohol was approved in March by U.S. regulators but some states have already banned it, the poll’s authors said. Sixty percent of adults favor a complete ban on powdered alcohol in their states, and another 84 percent support banning online sales of the product, according to the poll. (HealthDay News, 6/15)
 
U.S. hospitals seeing more adolescents with self-inflicted injuries
A growing number of U.S. kids are landing in the ER because of self-inflicted injuries, a new study finds. Between 2009 and 2012, self-injuries accounted for a rising percentage of children’s emergency room trips—increasing from 1.1 percent to 1.6 percent of all visits. Most of the time, researchers found, the injuries were not life-threatening, and included acts such as cutting, piercing and burning. (Medical Xpress, 6/15)
 
Rheumatology evaluation screenings help identify celiac disease in children
Thirty-six cases of previously unrecognized celiac disease were found among children in a rheumatology evaluation, according to a study published in Pediatrics. A total of 2,125 pediatric patients who came for an initial evaluation by a division of pediatric rheumatology were screened for CD. The most common complaints among patients diagnosed with CD were myalgia, arthralgia and rash. (Becker’s GI & Endoscopy, 6/15)
 
Low-fat milk is scarce in poor neighborhoods
Less than half of U.S. shops where milk is sold carry lower-fat or skim varieties, and this healthier option is most scarce in poor and minority communities that tend to have higher rates of obesity, a large study found. Part of the problem, researchers say, is a lack of supermarkets in poor communities, leaving residents reliant on smaller convenience stores and drugstores. (Reuters, 6/15)
 
Short Boys Three Times More Likely to Get Growth Hormone: Study
Short boys are much more likely than short girls to receive growth hormones, a new study finds. Researchers examined the medical records of more than 283,000 children and teens in the United States and found that short boys were up to three times more likely than short girls to receive recombinant human growth hormone treatment. Males accounted for 74 percent of patients who got the hormone to treat idiopathic short stature. (HealthDay News, 6/16)
 
For college athletes, leg and foot injuries may double after concussion
n the year following a concussion, college athletes are almost twice as likely to suffer serious lower body injuries like ankle sprains compared to the year before their head injury, according to a new study. Concussions may cause lingering changes to balance or gait, or may slightly slow the pathways in the brain related to muscular reaction time, according to some theories, researchers stated. (Reuters, 6/16)
 
Teens ‘more likely to engage in risky sex’ if they have weak working memory
Individual differences in working memory may predict early sexual activity and unprotected sex during adolescence, according to a study of impulse control and risky sexual behavior among 12-15-year-olds. In the new study - published in Child Development - researchers examined the relationship between cognitive abilities and impulse control. (Medical News Today, 6/17)
 
Most Children with Migraines Don’t Get Proven Treatments: Study
Despite the availability of medications proven to ease migraines in children, most kids seeking care for severe headaches are not given these drugs, a new study suggests. Using data from electronic health records to analyze care given to nearly 40,000 children aged 6 to 17, the researchers also found that half presenting with severe headaches for the first time weren’t prescribed or recommended any pain medicine at all. (HealthDay News, 6/17)
 
Acid-reducing medications sharply raise risk of C. diff. bacteria infection in kids
Infants and children who are given prescription acid-reducing medications face a substantially higher risk of developing Clostridium difficile infection, a potentially severe colonic disorder. The findings suggest that pediatricians may do more harm than good by prescribing these drugs for children who have non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms such as occasional vomiting. (Medical Xpress, 6/17)  
 
Trained that ‘No Means No,’ young men act to stop rape
After training in a gender-violence prevention program, Kenyan boys and young men were three times more likely than their untrained classmates to report that they’d successfully intervened to prevent an assault on girls or women, a new study found. More than 1,200 male high school students in the slums of Nairobi spent 12 hours in a six-week gender-violence educational program called “Your Moment of Truth.” (Reuters, 6/17)         
 
Teens may be misled by crisis pregnancy center websites
Teens are likely to find false information about condoms, STIs, and other sexual health issues published on crisis pregnancy center websites, according to a new U.S. study. The so-called crisis-pregnancy centers are run by private organizations, but listed in state resource directories for pregnant women, which implies to users that the information is reliable, researchers say. (Reuters, 6/18)           

 

NATIONAL


Health Insurance Premiums Will Go Up In 2016, But By How Much?
Some health insurance companies are asking for big price increases next year, and that has again riled critics of the federal health care law. But early analysis shows those steep hikes may not affect the majority of consumers. The numbers released last week came out of a deadline, under the ACA, that requires insurance companies to tell government regulators when they’re requesting price hikes of more than 10 percent. (NPR, 6/12)
 
GAO finds ‘underperformance’ in HHS’ IT initiative
A recent dive by the Government Accountability Office into HHS and the federal government’s annual IT spend found a general lack of discipline, effective management and executive-level oversight, leading to significant cost overruns and schedule delays. Each year, the federal government invests more than $80 billion in IT projects, according to the GAO’s testimony. (The Hill, 6/12)
 
American Heart Association petition aims to save school lunch rules
The American Heart Association has launched a petition to keep first lady Michelle Obama’s school lunch regulations in place. The health group is fighting back against special interest groups lobbying Congress to roll back requirements that now force schools to serve 100 percent whole grain-rich products, further reduce sodium content by 2017 and make students take a half-cup of fruit or vegetables with each meal. (The Hill, 6/15)
 
Most Americans want Congress to ensure Obamacare subsidies: poll
A majority of Americans say Congress should make sure Obamacare subsidies to buy health insurance are available nationwide if the Supreme Court rules that the payments in at least 34 states are illegal, according to a new poll. The Kaiser Family Foundation poll surveyed 1,200 people from June 2 to June 9 in both English and Spanish. (Reuters, 6/16)
 
Legalization of medical marijuana ‘has not increased use in adolescents’
Many have expressed concern that the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes makes the drug both more accessible and acceptable to teenagers. However, a new study states that there is no evidence that such legislation leads to increased use in adolescents. The study, published in The Lancet Psychiatry, involves an analysis of data for more than one million American adolescents across the US from 1991-2014. (Medical News Today, 6/16)
 
The Teen Birth Rate Is Now At an All-Time Low
The teen birth rate has hit a new record low, according to federal data released. Researchers from the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics looked at birth certificates for the year 2014 from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories and found that the teen birth rate is the lowest ever recorded. And, for the first time in seven years, the general fertility rate in the U.S. increased. (Time, 6/17)
 
Young adults find health insurance enrollment on HealthCare.gov challenging
When trying to enroll in a health insurance plan through HealthCare.gov, young adults were confused by unfamiliar health insurance terms, concerned about the affordability of plan options, and unsure how to seek good primary care. Those findings were among the results of a study that followed a group of well-educated young adults as they shopped for health insurance on HealthCare.gov. (Medical Xpress, 6/16)                     

 

INTERNATIONAL


Violence is common in Western Cape teen relationships
An ambitious school programme has been able to cut violence in teen relationships by 11% but is unable to realise full potential as WCED won’t allow it during school time. Over 45% of Grade 8 learners in the Western Cape have already been victims of violent behaviour from their partners. Meanwhile, a quarter of learners – average age 13 – admitted to being violent towards their partners. (Health-E News, 6/12)
 
Kids still admitted to adult mental health units
Children who need to be admitted to mental health facilities are still being sent to adult units, a new report has shown. According to the 2014 Annual Report of the Mental Health Commission, last year saw 431 admissions of 357 children to approved mental health centres nationwide. However, 89 of these admissions - that is 20% - were to adult units. (Irish Health, 6/15)
 
EMR for highly infectious medical outbreaks under development
A partnership between ThoughtWorks and Save the Children has resulted in the development of an EMR with a specific purpose: To rapidly collect and manage the medical records of patients under stressful and potentially dangerous situations, such as a highly infectious outbreak. The open-source software platform is the most comprehensive clinical EMR built for a medical emergency in a resource-limited environment. (Becker’s Hospital Review, 6/16)
 
No need to worry about kids’ ‘low’ radiation exposure in Fukushima city: study
Elementary and junior high school students’ average radiation exposure in a city near the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant was mostly beneath the government-set safety limit in the year beginning April 2012, according to the results of a new study. The 881 students in the study had lived in the city of Minamisoma in locations from 10 to 40 kilometers from the crippled nuclear plant. (The Mainichi, 6/19)


RECENT PUBLICATIONS


Implants, signing let deaf kids be bilingual: experts
Parents of deaf children face a critical responsibility to learn and use sign language, according to a majority of hearing experts quoted in the journal Pediatrics, although the question of whether or not to sign has grown increasingly controversial. While some specialists advise that all deaf children learn sign language, others fear that learning sign language will interfere with the rehabilitation needed to maximize the cochlear device. (Reuters, 6/15)
 
AHRQ Stats: Behavioral Medication Use
This Statistical Brief presents 2012 estimates of the percentage of children and teenagers ages 5–18 in the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population taking one or more behavioral medications by select person characteristics.  The percentage of boys ages 5-18 taking one or more behavioral medication in 2012 was more than double that of girls: 6.0 percent versus 2.3 percent. (AHRQ, 6/16)

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE


OAH Picks: Dive into Summer with Four Teen Health Resources
This month’s OAH Picks include resources regarding stress and teens, outdoor summer fun and safety, supporting young men’s health, and preventing alcohol and drug abuse. (OAH, 6/12)

 

CONFERENCE ANNOUNCEMENTS


Join Us for the 2015 National HIV Prevention Conference
The CDC is pleased to announce that the 2015 National HIV Prevention Conference will be held December 6–9, 2015 in Atlanta, GA. It is the preeminent conference for state and local health departments, community-based organizations, federal agencies, researchers, clinicians, people living with HIV, and others to share the latest advancements, strategies, and accomplishments in HIV prevention and care. (CDC, 6/17)


UPCOMING WEBINARS


New Webinar Series for Pink Book
The webinar series will present summaries of the relevant sections of the 13th edition of “Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases” (The Pink Book). Each webinar in the series (15 in total) will last approximately 1 hour and cover topics as noted in the online schedule. Continuing education will be available. Participation requires advance registration. The first webinar will be held on July 8th. (CDC, 6/18)

 



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