ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
      RECENT RESEARCH
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ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

   
Adolescents, young adults who fall victim to IPV more likely to experience depressive symptoms
Described by the CDC as "physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse," IPV is a serious public health issue affecting millions of people in the United States. New research from sociologists at Bowling Green State University shows that adolescents and young adults who perpetrate or fall victim to IPV are more likely to experience an increase in symptoms of depression. (News Medical, 3/6)
 
Study: Free birth control does not increase risky sex
Women and teen girls participating in a study that provided free birth control did not take up riskier sexual practices as a result, contrary to fears among some social conservatives, a new study shows. The participants were less likely to have sex with more than one man after the program began. And though they did have sex a bit more often, they were no more likely to be diagnosed with STDs. (USA Today, 3/6)
 
MRI Versus CT Scans to Spot Appendicitis
It seems natural to use the "best" tool for a job. But what if that tool involves extra risks? And what if the risk is to children? That's exactly what researchers investigated in a recent study involving different methods of diagnosing appendicitis. The researchers found that using ultrasounds and MRI was just as effective and accurate to diagnose appendicitis as using CT scans. However, the ultrasounds and MRI, which uses a giant magnet to create an image, do not expose children to radiation as the CT scan does. (Daily Rx, 3/6)
 
Too Little Sleep Increases Heart Disease Risk in Obese Adolescents
Obese adolescents who do not get enough sleep may be at an increased risk of heart disease and other health issues, compared with other obese teens who get more sleep, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at the teens’ risk factors for developing heart disease, diabetes and stroke, and found that the less sleep the adolescents got, the higher their “cardiometabolic risk score.” (Live Science, 3/7)
 
Those with skin cancer by age 25; higher risk of other cancers
People with non-melanoma skin cancer by age 25 and younger have a higher risk of developing melanoma or other cancers later in life. The risk decreased significantly with increasing age, but it remains higher compared with individuals who have never had non-malignant skin cancer. (UPI, 3/7)
 
Antibiotics May Be Linked to Serious Infections in Children
Antibiotics prescribed in doctors' offices are linked with many cases of serious bacterial infections that can cause severe diarrhea in children, according to a new study. Researchers found that 71 percent of cases of Clostridium difficile infection among American children aged 1 to 17 occurred shortly after they took antibiotics that were prescribed in doctors' offices to treat other conditions. (HealthDay News, 3/7)
 
Afternoon exercise linked to next-day hypoglycemia in adolescents with diabetes
In adolescents with type 1 diabetes, a 30-minute increase in afternoon/evening moderate-to-vigorous physical activity increased risk for overnight and next-day hypoglycemia, according to study data. Moreover, they found that those adolescents who are more physically fit have a greater risk for next-day hypoglycemia after afternoon exercise than their less-fit peers. (Healio, 3/7)
 
Asthma doctor visits for children peak in September and dip in Summer
Certain chronic conditions, such as allergies , vary in their symptoms throughout the year. Asthma appears to fluctuate for children during the year. A recent study found that asthma-related visits to the doctor were highest in September compared to other months. In the late fall, children also were more likely to visit the doctor for asthma attacks or to get asthma medications. (Daily Rx, 3/9)
 
How Parents Use Cell Phones at Mealtime
Mobile phones have become an increasingly important and often demanding part of life today. But do they get in the way of parent and child interaction? A recent study began to dig deeper into this question by observing parents eating with their children at fast food restaurants. The researchers found that almost three-quarters of the parents used their phones at least once during relatively short meals with their kids. (Daily Rx, 3/9)
 
Kids' Kidney Transplants Keep Getting Better
Receiving a new organ is a complex and sometimes unsettling process for children and their families. But when it comes to kidney transplants, the news just keeps getting better. A recent study has found that the long-term outcomes for children receiving kidney transplants has continually increased over the past 25 years. (Daily Rx, 3/9)
 
Body-Image Pressure Increasingly Affects Boys
Culturally, we’re becoming well attuned to the pressure girls are under to achieve an idealized figure. But researchers say that lately, boys are increasingly feeling the heat. A new study of a national sample of adolescent boys, published in the January issue of JAMA Pediatrics, reveals that nearly 18 percent of boys are highly concerned about their weight and physique. (The Atlantic, 3/10)
 
Parental death increases odds of lower grades, school failure
Lisa Berg, Ph.D., from Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, and colleagues conducted a register-based national cohort study to examine the correlation between parental death before age 15 years and school performance at age 15 to 16 years. A total of 772,117 subjects born in Sweden between 1973 and 1981 were included in analyses. (Medical Xpress, 3/10)
 
Parents' strong networks not beneficial to all children: Study
Only children living in affluent neighborhoods benefit from their parents' strong networks, said a study from Berlin Social Science Center (WZB). The social contacts of the parents affect the academic success of their children, said the study. Their study shows that close contacts of the parents mainly benefit children in affluent neighborhoods. (Xinhua, 3/10)
 
Teens’ brains make them more vulnerable to suicide
Suicide is the third leading cause of death among teens 15 to 19 years old, according to the National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The percentage of high school students who reported seriously considering suicide increased from 14 percent in 2009 to 16 percent in 2011. Researchers have long known that the basic problem with the teenage brain is the “asymmetric” or unbalanced way the brain develops. (Boston Globe, 3/10)
 
Bullying among kids tied to suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts
School children who are bullied are more than twice as likely to think about killing themselves and to make suicide attempts as their peers who aren't bullied, according to a new analysis. Researchers also found that cyberbullying, such as harassment over the Internet, was more closely linked to suicidal thoughts than in-person bullying. (Reuters, 3/10)
 
Teens with Low IQ may be at Increased Risk for Early-Onset Dementia
A recent study involving data from 1.1 million young Swedish men shows that those with poorer cardiovascular health and/or lower IQs during their teenage years could be more likely to suffer from early-onset dementia. findings showed that those who had poorer cardiovascular fitness were 2.5 times more likely to develop early-onset dementia later in life.  (Science World Report, 3/10)
 
Young Binge Drinkers May Not Need Special Counseling From Family Docs
Special counseling from family doctors had no effect on young people's binge drinking or marijuana use, new research suggests. The study included 33 family doctors and pediatricians in Switzerland and nearly 600 patients aged 15 to 24. About half of the patients reported binge drinking (more than five drinks in one sitting) or marijuana use. (Doctor’s Lounge, 3/10)
 
USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Drug Use Interventions
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has found that there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend primary care interventions to prevent or reduce illicit drug use or nonmedical prescription drug use among youth. The findings are presented in a final recommendation statement published online March 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. (Doctor’s Lounge, 3/11)
 
Obese Girls Prone to Poorer Grades, Study Suggests
Besides the well-known problems associated with being overweight at a young age, a new study suggests that obese teen girls tend to do worse in school than those with a healthy weight. Researchers analyzed data from nearly 6,000 children in the United Kingdom and found that girls who were obese at age 11 had lower academic scores at ages 11, 13 and 16 than those with a normal weight. (HealthDay, 3/11)
 
Autism, ADHD Tied to Gender Concerns in Some Kids: Study
he desire to be another gender appears to be more common among children with autism or ADHD, according to a new study. Researchers looked at children aged 6 to 18 and found that gender identity issues were about 7.6 times more common in those with an autism spectrum disorder and 6.6 times more common in those with ADHD than in those with neither of the disorders. (HealthDay News, 3/12)
 
'Love hormone' may treat anorexia
A hormone released during childbirth and sex could be used as a treatment for the eating disorder anorexia nervosa, scientists suggest. Small studies by UK and Korean scientists indicated patients were less likely to fixate on food and body image after a dose of oxytocin. About one in every 150 teenage girls in the UK are affected by the condition. (BBC, 3/12)
 
Doctors Document Rare Woman-To-Woman HIV Case
A Houston woman infected her girlfriend with the AIDS virus in a rare instance of transmission through woman-to-woman sex, doctors reported Thursday. They said it’s very difficult to prove that a woman has infected another during sex — and very unlikely — but in this case sex that caused injury was the likely culprit. The case underscores the need for everyone with HIV to get treated, even if they don’t believe they are likely to infect someone else. (NBC News, 3/12)  

 

NATIONAL

 

The hard lives — and high suicide rate — of Native American children on reservations
A toxic collection of pathologies — poverty, unemployment, domestic violence, sexual assault, alcoholism and drug addiction — has seeped into the lives of young people among the nation’s 566 tribes. Reversing their crushing hopelessness, Indian experts say, is one of the biggest challenges for these communities. (Washington Post, 3/9)
 
Of Cigs And Selfies: Teens Imitate Risky Behavior Shared Online
Teenagers put a lot of stock in what their peers are doing, and parents are forever trying to push back against that influence. But with the advent of social media, hanging out with the wrong crowd can include not just classmates, but teenagers thousands of miles away on Instagram, Snapchat and Facebook. (NPR, 3/10)
 
Obamacare enrollment in private coverage rises to 4.2 million people
The Obama administration said on Tuesday that 4.2 million people have signed up for private health insurance under Obamacare, and indicated that total enrollment could surpass a 6 million-enrollee forecast by the end of March. New enrollment data for a five-month period from October 1 through March 1 came out as the administration threw its public relations campaign into overdrive, with President Barack Obama appearing for an interview on the comedy website, "Funny or Die," in a direct appeal to the site's audience of young adults. (Reuters, 3/11)
 
2008-12: ADHD drugs prescribed for young women rose 85%
From 2008 to 2012, U.S. adults prescribed medication to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder rose 36 percent, Express Scripts says. The number of males using ADHD drugs plummeted after age 18 while women ages 19 to 25 surpass younger girls' use of these medications. The percentage of boys ages 12 to 18 using ADHD medications reached 9 percent in 2012, an 18 percent increase from 2008. (United Press International, 3/12)

 

INTERNATIONAL

    

Mental health service for young in Wales in 'crisis'
The service which treats children and young people with mental illness in Wales is in a state of crisis, according to child health experts. A BBC Wales investigation has found young people are often left struggling to cope without the appropriate support. One expert said there are only half the required staff in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services. (BBC, 3/10)
 
Self-harm sites and cyberbullying: the threat to children from web's dark side
Fears about self-harm sites have been growing since the suicides of two teenagers who, it emerged, were obsessed with self-harm and depression blogs, with mental health campaigners and experts warning that the UK's teens are at risk of becoming a lost generation if parents and adults cannot reach out to them across the digital divide. (The Guardian, 3/10)

 

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE

 

Primary Care Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Illicit Drug and Nonmedical Pharmaceutical Use in Children and Adolescents
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force released today a final Recommendation Statement on primary care behavioral interventions to reduce illicit drug and nonmedical pharmaceutical use in children and adolescents. 





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