ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
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ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH


Cognitive process speed in teen years affects depression risk in adulthood
Teens with slower performance on a test of “cognitive processing speed” are more likely to have depression and anxiety symptoms as adults, reports a paper in Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine.  The researchers analyzed data from 705 Scottish participants in a study including follow-up from adolescence into adulthood. (Medical News Today, 5/20)
 
Pediatric telemedicine consults save $4,600 per use, study finds
For children in rural emergency departments, telemedicine consultations can help significantly lower costs and reduce the number of patient transfers, according to a study in Medical Decision Making. Researchers conducted an economic evaluation to analyze the cost, effectiveness and return of investment of telemedicine consultations to children in rural EDs. (Becker’s Health IT & CIO Review, 5/22)
 
Young Athletes With ACL Injuries Often Need Repeat Surgery: Study
Many young athletes who undergo surgery for a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) need a second operation later on, a new study shows. Torn ACLs are widespread among people younger than 21, said researchers at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. Using a New York state database, her team identified 23,912 cases of ACL reconstruction in patients younger than 21. (HealthDay News, 5/22)
 
Animals May Ease Social Anxiety in Children with Autism
Being around animals may help reduce social anxiety in children with autism, new research suggests. The findings could lead to new treatment approaches that use pets such as dogs, cats and guinea pigs to help children with autism improve their social skills and interactions with other people, the researchers said. The study included 38 children with autism and 76 children without the disorder. (HealthDay News, 5/22)
 
Obesity in adolescence linked to bowel cancer risk, says study
Being overweight in adolescence is linked to a greater risk of bowel cancer later in life, a study suggests. Researchers followed nearly 240,000 Swedish men for 35 years. The analysis, published in the journal Gut, showed overweight teenagers went on to have twice the risk of bowel cancer. The figures were even higher in obese teens. The World Cancer Research Fund said the link between obesity and cancer was “strong”. (BBC, 5/26)
 
Just two sessions of CBT may prevent or delay cannabis use among teenagers
In a new study of British youth, published in the journal Addiction, researchers report success in preventing, reducing or delaying cannabis use among at-risk teenagers. The researchers studied 1,038 ninth-grade British students across 21 high schools in London. The students took part in two 90-minute cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) sessions that were personalized to their specific personality type. (Medical News Today, 5/26)
 
Return to Sports Starts at Three Months Post Scoliosis Surgery
For patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), surgeons are allowing return to sports starting at three months after corrective surgery, according to research published in The Spine Journal. Researchers conducted a questionnaire-based survey to identify current recommendations for return to sports and athletic activities after surgery in AIS. Twenty-three expert deformity surgeons completed the survey. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/26)
 
Research reveals social media skews drinking habits
Social media is a cause, and a solution to young people’s binge drinking habits according to new research. The study reveals that exaggerated ‘boozy’ Facebook profiles are exacerbating drinking habits in young people, but correcting these misperceptions among peer groups can reduce drinking by up to 50 per cent. The researchers used Facebook to deliver personalised private messages to students identified as risky drinkers. (Medical Xpress, 5/27)
 
Earning a college degree before, but not after, getting married protects against obesity
People who earn a college degree before getting married are much less likely to become obese than those who graduate from college after getting married, according to a new study.  The study, which appears in the June issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, relies on data on nearly 14,000 individuals from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. (Medical Xpress, 5/28)
 
New technology can detect depression in adolescents
RMIT PhD graduate Brian Ooi has developed new technology that has potential to detect depression in adolescents. Originally from Malaysia, and with an early interest in the mechanics of signals, Dr. Ooi used his electronic engineering background to create a facial and speech recognition system that can detect whether or not an adolescent has depression. (Health Canal, 5/28)

 

NATIONAL


Meaningful use payments pass $30B mark
As of March 2015, CMS has paid out more than $30 billion in meaningful use payments to eligible professionals and eligible hospitals participating in both the Medicare and Medicaid EHR incentive programs. According to CMS data, there are 447,842 providers participating in meaningful use programs as of March. (Becker’s Health IT & CIO Review, 5/21)
 
House committee approves bill to speed new drugs to market
A U.S. House of Representatives committee on Thursday unanimously approved a bill to speed new drugs to the market, overcoming last-minute wrangling over how to pay for the legislation. The bill, known as the 21st Century Cures Act, requires the FDA to incorporate patient experience into its decision-making, streamline its review of drugs for additional uses, and consider more flexible forms of clinical trials. (Reuters, 5/21)
 
Some Obamacare insurers want massive premium hikes
A debate over Obamacare premiums is likely to heat up, with several health insurers proposing to boost rates by as much as 51 percent in 2016. While some insurers are asking for sizable premium increases, it’s not certain that state and federal authorities will approve the increases. In some cases, insurance regulators will be able to ask insurers to pare back premium increases. (CBS News, 5/22)
 
Four Words That Imperil Health Care Law Were All a Mistake, Writers Now Say
They are only four words in a 900-page law: “established by the state.” But it is in the ambiguity of those four words in the Affordable Care Act that opponents found a path to challenge the law, all the way to the Supreme Court. How those words became the most contentious part of President Obama’s signature domestic accomplishment has been a mystery. (The New York Times, 5/25)
 
Feds unveil long-awaited overhaul of Medicaid managed care
The federal government on Tuesday unveiled a long-awaited regulatory package that sets national standards for managed care under Medicaid, marking the biggest changes to the growing program in more than a decade. The nearly 700-page rule, described by some groups as an “uber rule,” contains instructions about what state Medicaid programs must do regarding managed care. (The Hill, 5/26)

 

INTERNATIONAL


Zambia: World Bank Supports Education of Poor Girls and Livelihoods of Vulnerable Women in Zambia
Adolescent girls from extremely poor households in Zambia will now have an opportunity to access secondary education while poor and vulnerable women will be economically empowered through a US$65 million loan approved today by the World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors. The financing is for the Girls’ Education and Women’s Empowerment and Livelihoods Project. (All Africa, 5/22)
 
Girls in Tanzania are more prone to HIV infection than boys
Young women aged 15 – 24 years are estimated to account for 45% of new HIV infections in Tanzania. This was said on Wednesday this week here by the Minister for Health and Social Welfare in Tanzania Dr. Seif Rashid when giving Tanzania experience on promoting increased attention to the specific needs of adolescent girls to achieve health and well-being and hence achieve the future a gild child deserves. (IPP Media, 5/23)
 
Nigeria: 160,000 Nigerian Adolescents HIV Positive - NACA
A report presented by Ms Victoria Isiramen of the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), has revealed that about 160,000 Nigerian adolescents are infected with the HIV virus while 11,000 have died from the epidemic.  According to the presentation, adolescents contribute 70 per cent of AIDS deaths globally, while in Nigeria, adolescents contribute 8 per cent of HIV deaths. (All Africa, 5/27)
 
South Africa: Parliament Decriminalises Consensual Sex Amongst Adolescents
The Portfolio Committee on Justice and Correctional Services has adopted a bill which decriminalises consensual sex between adolescents. Chairperson Mathole Motshekga says in the past children between the ages of 12 and 16 could be sent to jail for having sex. Motshekga says the adoption of the amendment returns the responsibility to society to teach children to refrain from sexual activity at a young age. (Eyewitness News, 5/27)
 
Zimbabwe: In Incentive Funding Request, Zimbabwe Prioritizes Young People
New funding model early applicant Zimbabwe submitted a $40.2 million request for incentive, seeking additional financial support for interventions that specifically target people under age 24: the fastest growing demographic group in sub-Saharan Africa for new HIV infections. Zimbabwe will receive some $437.2 million from the Global Fund through 2016 for its HIV response. (All Africa, 5/27)
 
More than four espressos a day can harm health: EU
Drinking the caffeine equivalent of more than four espressos a day is harmful to health, especially for minors and pregnant women, the EU’s EFSA food safety agency said. “It is the first time that the risks from caffeine from all dietary sources have been assessed at EU level,” the agency said in a statement, recommending that an adult’s daily caffeine intake remain below 400 milligrammes a day. (Business Insider, 5/27)

 


RECENT PUBLICATIONS


Heed the Warning Signs of Teen Suicide, Experts Say
Youth suicide is a major problem in the U.S., but being alert to the warning signs can help avert tragedy, experts say. Thousands of teens take their own lives every year, according to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15- to 24-year-olds, and the sixth leading cause of death among 5- to 14-year-olds, the academy explained. (HealthDay, 5/26)

 



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