SAHM NEWS: IN MEMORIAN:
ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
      RECENT RESEARCH
      NATIONAL
      INTERNATIONAL
RECENT PUBLICATIONS
NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE
CONFERENCE & EVENT ANNOUNCEMENTS
UPCOMING WEBINARS



 

SAHM NEWS: IN MEMORIAN

 

Dr. Lawrence Neinstein
It is with great sadness that we share news of the death of Dr. Larry Neinstein. Dr. Neinstein was a past president of SAHM (1999-2000) and the 2007 recipient of the SAHM Outstanding Achievement Award. He was the editor of Adolescent Health Care, A Practical Guide, now in its 6th edition, as well as the editor of the Handbook of Adolescent Health Care. In 2003, Dr. Neinstein worked with Euteach (European Training in Effective Adolescent Care and Health Programs) leading to the development of an adolescent health curriculum that is accessed annually by over 250,000 individuals worldwide. After more than 36 years of service to the University of Southern California and its students, Neinstein died April 27 of cancer. He was 66. (USC News, 4/29)

 

ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

 

Female Pelvis Widens, Then Shrinks Over a Lifetime, Study Finds
A woman’s pelvic structure keeps adapting over her lifetime, first widening to accommodate childbirth, then later narrowing, a new study suggests. Overall, they found that early in life, the pelvis develops similarly in girls and boys. Then around the age of 10, the sexes go off in distinct directions. By age 25, a woman’s pelvic bone structures have changed to provide a wide birth canal. (HealthDay News, 4/25)
 
Does a Week of Little Sleep Undo Lots of Studying?
Teenagers who sleep five hours a night for a week experience significant cognitive degradation, new research shows. These findings suggest that staying up to study may backfire for students. The researchers also discovered that two nights of nine-hour recovery sleep could not fully reverse some of these cognitive deficits. (Futurity, 4/25)
 
Skateboarding Mishaps Send 176 U.S. Kids to ERs Every Day
Researchers examined data spanning two decades and found that more than 64,500 U.S. children and teens were treated in hospital emergency rooms each year, about 176 a day, for skateboarding-related injuries. Fractures and dislocations were among the most common injuries, the study indicated. (HealthDay News, 4/26)
 
Rates of Severe Obesity Among U.S. Kids Still Rising
Obesity continues to plague American kids, with a new study finding rates of severe obesity climbing over a 15-year period. Examining national data from 1999 through 2014, researchers found that one-third of American children aged 2 to 19 were overweight, nearly one-quarter were obese, and more than 2 percent were severely obese. (HealthDay News, 4/26)
 
U.S. Health Report Card Finds Racial, Ethnic Disparities Persist
A report card on Americans’ health finds that racial and ethnic disparities persist, with significant gaps in obesity, cesarean births and dental care. But advances have been made in some important areas, including infant death rates, women smokers and numbers of uninsured, according to a new report from the U.S. HHS. (HealthDay News, 4/27)
 
Study Examines Link Between Family Income, Food Allergy Care in Youths
Low-income families with children who have food allergies spent 2.5 times as much on average in annual emergency and hospital expenses, compared with those with annual incomes of more than $100,000. The findings, involved 1,643 caregivers of youths with food allergies, also showed that black families, regardless of income, had lower annual direct medical and out-of-pocket costs than other groups. (Los Angeles Times, 4/27)
 
When Pornography Uses Condoms, Those Watching Have Safer Sex
Men who view more sexually explicit pornography where condoms were used were less likely to have anal sex without a condom themselves. The study shows evidence that suggests pornography can have an important protective function by encouraging men to use condoms. (Columbia University, 4/27)
 
Atomoxetine Use Doesn’t Up Suicide Risk in Children
Treatment with the selective noradrenalin-reuptake-inhibitor atomoxetine is not associated with increased suicide risk compared with stimulant use in children and adolescents, according to a study. The researchers found that in the first-line treatment cohort the adjusted hazard ratio for current atomoxetine use versus stimulant use was 0.95 during the first year of follow-up. (Physician’s Briefing, 4/27)
 
CDC: Teen Birth Rates Plunge, but Racial Disparities Persist
Birth rates are falling dramatically for black and Hispanic teenagers, but they continue to be much higher than the birth rate for white teens. The Hispanic teen birth rate fell by half over about eight years, and the black teen birth rate dropped nearly that much. But even with those declines, the white teen birth rate is still only half as high, the CDC reported. (The New York Times, 4/28)
 
Teens with Celiac Disease May Face Difficult Transition
Teens with celiac disease, or any chronic disease, face extra hurdles transitioning into the adult healthcare system, but there are very few guidelines for how to make this transition smoother, according to report. Teens with celiac disease should gradually assume exclusive responsibility for their own care, learning how to follow a gluten-free diet and the consequences of not following it. (Reuters, 4/28)
 
Review Compares Metformin, OCPs for Teens With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
For adolescents with PCOS, treatment with metformin and oral contraceptive pills can be beneficial, according to a recent study.  Researchers found that the pill correlated with a modest improvement in menstrual cycle frequency and mild reduction of acne. Metformin correlated with a greater BMI reduction, a decreased prevalence of dysglycemia and improved total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. (Physician’s Briefing, 4/28)
 
E-Cigarettes ‘In’ at Some Schools
Teens are more likely to give e-cigarettes a try if they attend schools where use of the devices is common, a new study suggests. The researchers found that differences in e-cigarette use between schools increased over time. This finding suggests that certain schools play a larger role in increasing teen use of e-cigarettes than other schools do, and that there’s something in the culture of those schools that encourages their use. (HealthDay News, 4/29)
 
Even As Birth Rates Fall, Teens Say They Are Getting Less Sex Education
Teenage girls are catching up to teenage boys in one way that does no one any good: lack of sex education, according to a recent report. The proportion of teenage girls between the ages of 15 and 19 who were taught about birth control methods declined from 70 to 60 percent over two time periods, from 2006-2010 and 2011-2013, the analysis of federal data found. (Kaiser Health News, 4/29)
 
Jello Shots While Underage, Bigger Booze Problems Later?
Many underage Americans down jello shots, and these young drinkers are more likely to binge drink, drink heavily and get into alcohol-fueled fights, researchers found. Compared to those who did not consume jello shots, users consumed alcohol an average of slightly more than two more days per week and had more drinks per month. (HealthDay News, 4/29)
 
Tighter Alcohol Curbs For All Help Reduce Teen Motor Vehicle Deaths
According to a study to be presented this month,  the stronger a state’s restrictions on alcohol overall, the lower the teen death toll, and policies aimed at the general population were more effective than those targeting teens, a study found. They included regulations limited hours of alcohol sales, the density of alcohol outlets in a particular area, and alcohol sale taxes. (NPR, 4/30)
 
Kids With Two Dads as Well-Adjusted as Other Kids
Children of gay fathers are as well-adjusted as kids of heterosexual parents, a new preliminary survey finds. The gay fathers’ responses were nearly identical to those of parents in a national general survey. 88% of gay fathers and 87% of those in the general survey said their child was not unhappy or depressed. And, 72% of gay fathers and 75% of parents in the general survey said their child does not worry a lot. (HealthDay News, 4/30)
 
More U.S. Kids Have Chronic Health Problems
The number of American kids suffering from asthma and ADHD is on the increase, with poor children being hit the hardest, researchers preliminarily report. Children living in extreme poverty who had asthma and ADHD were nearly twice as likely to have at least one other chronic medical condition, including developmental delays, autism, depression, anxiety, behavioral issues, speech and language problems, and epilepsy. (HealthDay News, 4/30)
 
Fireworks-Related Burns And Hospitalizations Skyrocket Among Children As Sales Rules Loosen
While states began to loosen laws related to firework sales during the last decade, new researcher reveals that emergency doctors observed an increase in both the number of fireworks-related injuries among children and the severity of these injuries. There was a increase in injuries for patients under the age of 21 requiring admission to the hospital for treatment, from 29%vof cases in 2006 to 50% in 2012. (Headlines and Global News, 5/2)
 
Playground-Related Brain Injuries on Rise in U.S.
Playground-related brain injuries have risen significantly in the United States over the last decade, health officials say. Despite improvements in playground safety and design, between 2001 and 2013, emergency rooms treated an average of 21,000 playground-related traumatic brain injuries annually among kids 14 and younger. (HealthDay News, 5/2)
 
Does TV Influence Which Alcohol Teens Favor?
The more teens see alcohol brands on TV shows, the greater the chances they’ll choose those brands, preliminary findings report. The brands that appeared most often in the shows tended to be the brands preferred by the teens in the study. Additionally, teens who spent more time watching shows with more prominent alcohol brand placement had higher levels of problem drinking. (Health Day News, 5/2)
 
Study Looks at Climate Change Concern in Adolescents
A study of middle schoolers found that concern about climate change was linked to whether students had a personal belief in human-caused climate change and how often they discussed the topic with family and friends, even those who disagreed. The study found a higher level of climate change concern among female students. (Phys Org, 5/3)
 
Social Networks May Cause Stress to Children and Adolescents
A research team has determined that children and adolescents physically react to their social networks and the stress those networks may cause. Cortisol and salivary alpha-amylase are secreted in response to outside pressure or tension, and the study found children who were stressed about the size/density of their perceived social networks had elevated anticipatory cortisol levels, and responded by secreting more alpha-amylase. (News Medical Net, 5/3)

Teens Say They’re Addicted to Technology
A new report by Common Sense Media, found that half of all teens say they feel addicted to their mobile devices. That’s right, 50 percent of teens actually admitted that they feel addicted. Just imagine what the real number is. Not only do teens feel they can’t put their devices down, but their parents know it (59%) and many parents themselves can’t put their own devices down (27%). (The Washington Post, 5/3)
 
The Unintended Consequences of Purity Pledges
A new study suggests teens who vow to be sexually abstinent until marriage, and then break that vow, are more likely to wind up pregnant than those who never took the pledge to begin with. The study found that 18% of the girls who had never taken virginity pledges became pregnant within 6 years after they began having sex, while 30% of those who had taken a pledge and broken it got pregnant while not married. (The Atlantic, 5/4) 

 

NATIONAL

 

Why So Many Young Women Love The ‘Pull-Out Method’
The IUD, a method that works more than 99% of the time, is more popular than ever; birth control is covered under the ACA; and in a few states, pharmacists can now give women a full year’s worth of the pill without a doctor’s prescription. Women’s access to a range of reliable contraceptive options is arguably the best it’s ever been. Why, then, do many straight women still turn to the “pull-out method,” the world’s oldest, most rudimentary form of birth control? (Huffington Post, 4/27)
 
Schools Get Clarity on Transgender Student Restroom Access
A federal appeals court’s decision to side with a transgender student who sued after his school restricted his restroom access could have far-reaching implications for schools around the country that have lacked legal clarity on this divisive issue. The decision was called “a major turning point” by GLSEN, and it could help set the tone for discussions about accommodations for transgender students nationwide. (Education Week, 4/27)
 
Massachusetts Senate Approves Under-21 Ban on Tobacco Sales
The Massachusetts Senate voted overwhelmingly Thursday to raise the minimum age for purchasing cigarettes and other tobacco products across the state, which could make it the second to raise its threshold to 21 years old. The higher age is already in effect in Boston and more than 100 other cities and towns, covering about half the state’s population. (The Washington Post, 4/28)
 
Arizona Doesn’t Restore Federal Child Health Care Program
Lawmakers reaffirmed Arizona as the only state to not participate in a program that offers health care to children of the working poor. A proposal to restore the federal Children’s Health Insurance Program, known in Arizona as KidsCare, stalled in the State Senate this week as lawmakers passed a $9.6 billion budget. (The New York Times, 5/4)
 
Solitary Confinement Is Now Banned In Country’s Largest Juvenile Justice System
The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors agreed to outlaw solitary confinement for young offenders doing time in the country’s largest juvenile justice system. That means 1,200 juveniles will be kept out of dirty and “deplorable” restrictive housing in 16 juvenile halls and camps, come September. (Think Progress, 5/4)
 
House Bill Would Curb Regulation of E-Cigarettes, Cigars
Increasingly popular e-cigarettes and cigar varieties could be exempt from some government safety regulations if House Republicans have their way. It’s a move that alarms Democrats and public health advocates who argue that it could lead to unsafe products. Legislation approved by a House committee last month would ease rules proposed by the FDA to regulate e-cigarettes for the first time. (The Washington Post, 5/5)
 
Can A Hospital Tell A Doctor To Stop Talking About Abortion?
One of the country’s most outspoken abortion providers has filed a civil rights complaint against the hospital where she works, saying that it has wrongly banned her from giving media interviews. Diane Horvath-Cosper, an obstetrician and gynecologist, did a lightning round of media interviews after the Planned Parenthood shooting, raising new safety concerns at health care facilities that perform abortions. (NPR, 5/5)
 
California Governor Signs Bill Raising Tobacco-Purchase Age to 21
California Gov. Jerry Brown on Wednesday signed into law a bill raising the legal purchase age for cigarettes and other tobacco products to 21 years from 18. The new law, which takes effect June 9, is a big boost to a  movement that is turning into the next major challenge to the $100 billion tobacco industry. (The Wall Street Journal, 5/5)

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Mental Health Champion for UK Schools Axed after Criticizing Government
The government has dropped its mental health champion for schools after she publicly criticized current education policies, in particular the testing regime, which she claims is detrimental to children’s mental health. Natasha Devon was appointed to raise awareness of and reduce the stigma surrounding young people’s mental health, but her firing has raised concerns that the government was attempting to silence her. (The Guardian, 5/4)

 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

 

Leading U.S. Pediatricians Oppose Transgender Bathroom Bill
North Carolina’s new transgender bathroom law will harm already vulnerable children, says a leading group of U.S. pediatricians that wants the law repealed. AAP joined other professional groups and business leaders in urging repeal of the law, which requires transgender people to use bathrooms and locker rooms that match the gender on their birth certificate. (HealthDay News, 4/22)

 

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE

 

Incarceration Affects Education, Panel Says as Education. Dept. Releases New Resources
Schools need better resources and guidance to help youth with incarcerated parents feel supported and to help them navigate changing family dynamics when their parents are released. The discussion was held as the U.S. DOE announced $5.7 million in new grants targeted at assistance for students who have been involved in the criminal justice system and a new toolkit with resources for educators. (Education Week, 4/25)

National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month Supporter Kit
In honor of National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month (NTPPM), the HHS Office of Adolescent Health has provided a Supporter Kit to get 12 unique ideas for getting involved, as well as sample language for news releases, newsletters, and social media, everything you need to participate in NTPPM right at your fingertips. (OAH, 4/29) 

Take the First Step…Out of the Exam Room: Helping Your Teen Navigate Healthcare
The UMHS Adolescent Health Initiative released the latest in their series of videos for teens, parents and providers. This video targets parents and teen perspectives along with helpful strategies on helping teens build independence in a healthcare setting. There is also an Extended Version, as well as a companion video, Teen Self-Advocacy: How to be your own healthcare advocate. (University of Michigan Health Initiative, 5/3)

 

CONFERENCE AND EVENT ANNOUNCEMENTS

 

Live Training in Dibble’s Evidence-Based Programs
Join the Dibble Institute in Columbus, OH June 27-30, 2016 for a cost-effective, hands-on training in our most popular curricula. Love Notes and Relationship Smarts PLUS were created to help teens and young adults learn, often for the first time, how to make wise choices about relationships, dating, partners, sex, and more. (The Dibble Institute, 4/27)

The Lancet Youth Symposium Launch Live Streaming
Interested in Adolescent Health and Wellbeing but cannot attend the Symposium Launch in London on Tuesday May 10th? Don’t worry, the launch will be filmed and will be available for live streaming on the Lancet Youth website. Our Future: A Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing report brings together perspective from a variety of fields and provides recommendations for action. (The Lancet Youth, 4/28)

 

UPCOMING WEBINARS

 

Reducing Disparities in Teen Birth Rates: A National Snapshot from CDC and Examples from the Field      
A webinar on Thursday, May 19 at 1:00PM from the CDC’s Division of Reproductive Health (DRH), will highlight new findings on reductions in teen birth rates and persistent disparities. Program partners from the OAH/CDC Teen Pregnancy Prevention Community-Wide Initiative and federal speakers will present. (OAH, 4/28)
 
Office of Adolescent Health Digital Town Hall
Join OAH May 11 at 2pm ET for a Digital Town Hall webinar discussing the importance of a continued focus on teen pregnancy prevention.  Panelists will include speakers from OAH who will share information about the program, grantees who will discuss their successes during the program, and experts from the field of teen pregnancy prevention who will share outside-the-box ways to get involved and support efforts. (OAH, 4/28)
 
STD Prevention Science Series
The CDC and the American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association will host a webinar on Thursday, June 2 from 1:00 - 2:00 pm ET. “A Journey through Syphilis: How does Treponema pallidum cause such a complex disease?” is the latest in the STD Prevention Science Series that will discuss how the host’s immune system and bacteria interact, and their implications for syphilis control. (ASTDA, 4/28)

 



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