ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
      RECENT RESEARCH
      NATIONAL
      INTERNATIONAL
NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE
CONFERENCE ANNOUNCEMENTS
UPCOMING WEBINARS
CALL FOR GRANT APPLICATIONS



 

 

ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

 

Gonorrhea Becoming More Resistant to One Antibiotic
One of several antibiotic treatment options for the STD gonorrhea seems to be losing its effectiveness, U.S. health officials warn in a new report. The CDC latest tracking suggests that although resistance to the antibiotic treatment cefixime went down between 2011 and 2013, it started to creep back up in 2014.  The CDC noted that gonorrhea is particularly common among youth and young adults, ages of 15-24. (HealthDay News, 11/3)
 
Foods Causing The Childhood Obesity Epidemic: Everything From French Fries To Candy Bars
Recent findings revealed the types of food most heavily associated with the biggest weight gains in children up to age 13. They included fat spreads, breaded or battered poultry and fish, potatoes cooked in oil, processed and unprocessed meats, desserts and candy, milk, and sugar-sweetened beverages. However, the researchers did single out one specific food as particularly troublesome to the young children’s waistline: potato chips. (Medical Daily, 11/3)
 
Children of Stressed Parents May Be Prone to Obesity
Hispanic children, ages 8-16 years old, are more likely to be obese if their parents have high levels of stress, a new study suggests. The children’s obesity rates rose according to the amount of stress their parents faced, from 20 percent among kids whose parents had no stress to 34 percent among those whose parents had three or more stress factors. Stress factors included difficulties at work or in a relationship, among others. (HealthDay News, 11/4)
 
Using A Weight-Loss App? Study Says It Doesn’t Help Much
Young American adults own smartphones at a higher rate than any other age group. Researchers wanted to see if capitalizing on that smartphone usage with a low-cost weight-loss app might help the 35% of young adults in the U.S. who are overweight or obese. However, the research reported the app didn’t help young adults, ages 18-35, lose any more weight than if they hadn’t been using the app at all. (Kaiser Health News, 11/6)
 
Seizures in Children and Adolescents Aged 6–17 Years
The CDC analyzed combined data on children and adolescents aged 6–17 years from the NHIS. They found overall, 0.7% of children and adolescents were reported to have had at least one seizure during the preceding year. A higher percentage of those with seizures were socially and economically disadvantaged and had higher prevalence of various mental, developmental, physical, and functional co-occurring conditions. (MMWR, 11/6)
 
Stomach Bypass Surgery Shows Dramatic Long-Term Improvement in Obese Teens
Giving stomach bypass surgery to severely obese teens cuts their weight by an average of 27% while often eliminating high blood pressure, cholesterol problems, abnormal kidney function and diabetes, according to a large study. The dramatic improvements are tempered by the fact that 13% required additional surgery, usually having their gall bladder removed, and more than half took vitamin supplements for low iron levels. (Reuters, 11/6)

Don’t Even Talk About It: ‘Food Words’ Can Make You Overeat
Certain food words can interact with stress and genetics to trigger unhealthy eating, two new studies suggest. The first study found that stress made obese participants more likely to want high-calorie foods, while the second study found a link between responses to food words and obesity risk in teens with genetic variants that increase the risk of obesity. (HealthDay News, 11/6)
 
Most Allergy Sufferers Not Getting Relief from Over-the-Counter Meds
Many hay fever sufferers are turning to over-the-counter allergy medications to relieve their symptoms, but they may not be happy with the results they are getting from these medicines, a new study reveals. The researchers studied 500 adults and 501 children ages 12-17, all of whom had been diagnosed with allergic rhinitis. Only 33% who take an allergy pill sold over-the-counter reported satisfaction with the drug. (Live Science, 11/6)
 
Moving During Childhood Linked to Poor Mental Health
Kids who move many times during childhood may be more likely to experience mental health problems than children who don’t change addresses, an Irish study suggests. After five or more moves, children are more than three times as likely to experience mental health problems, according to the report. Overall, about half of the children moved at least once during the 10-year study, and about 13% moved at least three times. (Reuters, 11/6)
 
Adolescent E-Cigarette Use Tied to Breathing Problems
Adolescents who reported using e-cigarettes were about 30% more likely to report respiratory symptoms than those who never used e-cigarettes in a study from China. The increased risk of a cough or phlegm varied depending on whether or not the adolescents also smoked traditional cigarettes. E-cigarettes deliver nicotine by a vapor containing propylene glycol and chemicals known to be bothersome to the respiratory system. (Reuters, 11/9)

#FOMO Leads To Depression And Anxiety In Teen Social Media Users
A report revealed that most teenagers today suffer from the fear of missing out or FOMO which is generated when they use social media. Experts from the Australian Psychological Society found FOMO elevates anxiety levels of teenagers and may contribute to depression. FOMO is more common in heavy users of social media with about 50% of the respondents feeling FOMO on their friends’ inside jokes and events. (Tech Times, 11/9)
 
Insulin Pumps Give Kids and Teens Better Control of Type 1 Diabetes
As insulin pump use has increased, so has blood sugar control for kids and teens with type 1 diabetes, according to data from Europe and the U.S. In England and Wales, where only 14% of those in the registry used an insulin pump, blood sugar control was notably poorer than in Germany and Austria or the U.S., where 41 and 47 percent of kids used a pump, respectively. (Reuters, 11/10)
 
Obese Kids as Young as 8 Show Signs of Heart Disease
Obese children can develop signs of heart abnormalities as young as age 8, which might drive up their risk for early death as adults, new research suggests. For the study, researchers conducted MRI scans of 40 children between 8 and 16 years old. The obese kids had an average of 27% more muscle mass in the left ventricle region of their heart, and 12% thicker heart muscle overall. Both are indicators of heart impairment. (HealthDay News, 11/10)
 
Too Much Self-Weighing May Cause Depression in Adolescents
In the wake of the obesity epidemic the US is currently facing, keeping an eye on one’s weight may be viewed as a positive health choice. But a new study looks at the other side of the coin and reveals that for adolescents and young adults - who are still forming their behaviors and beliefs around physical activity and food - self-weighing can have adverse psychological outcomes. (Medical News Today, 11/10)

Bystander CPR Helps Some Kids Survive Cardiac Arrest
More American children who suffer cardiac arrest at home or in public places are getting CPR from bystanders, a new study finds. The researchers looked at data from nearly 2,200 youngsters (infants to age 18) who had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. About half of the children received bystander CPR, and those who received bystander CPR had an 11% chance of surviving with little or no brain damage. (HealthDay News, 11/10)
 
Teasing Girls About Weight Is No Laughing Matter
A new University of Houston study finds that what may seem like harmless playground antics, teasing, can have long-lasting and harmful effects on a young girl’s perception of herself and of food. The study surveyed 135 girls who were all about 11-years-old with high body fat.. When teasing was added to the climate about body size and weight, researchers said, it sparked unhealthy “disordered” eating behavior. (Psych Central, 11/12)
 
Teens Are Happier Than in the Past — Why Are Adults So Miserable?
It’s a good time to be an American teenager, but not so much an American adult. Happiness levels are on the rise in adolescents, a new study finds, but adults over age 30 are becoming less happy over time. Though people used to report greater happiness with age that correlation vanished after 2010, according to the study which found the 8th, 10th, and 12th-graders of today are happier than that same group of  previous decades. (Live Science, 11/12)

 

NATIONAL

 

220 Sexual Assault Victims’ Groups Warn Against Safe Campus Act
A coalition of 220 organizations working with sexual assault victims sent a letter Monday to the House of Representatives in opposition to a bill that would limit college sexual assault investigations. The bill, sponsored by Matt Salmon (R-Ariz.), would restrict colleges from investigating sexual assault cases unless police are involved. It would allow schools to use higher standards of proof in determining guilt. (Huffington Post, 11/2)
 
More Women Opt For IUD, Contraceptive Implant For Birth Control
The new survey found that while use of the pill, condoms and female sterilization all dipped between 2002 and 2013, the number of women using long-acting contraception more than quadrupled. Interviews with young 20 year-olds found that these long-lasting methods are a very reasonable options. Many stated having so much on their plate, and not being able to remember to take the pill every day. (NPR, 11/10)

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Sexting Becoming ‘The Norm’ for Teens, Warn Child Protection Experts
Sending and distributing indecent pictures of under 18 year olds is illegal in UK, but youngsters say there is still pressure to share pictures. Sexting is increasingly becoming normal among teenagers, who often don’t realize they may be acting illegally. Authorities in the US are similarly concerned recently claimed to have uncovered what was described as a “sexting ring” involving hundreds of explicit photographs of students at a Colorado high school. (The Guardian, 11/10)
 
Guatemala Bans Child Marriage
Guatemala has raised the minimum age for marriage to 18, but women’s rights campaigners said enforcing the new law would be a challenge in a country where nearly one-third of girls are currently married by that age. The law raised the minimum marriage age from 14 for girls and 16 for boys, but said 16-year-old girls would still be able to marry with a judge’s permission under some circumstances. (The Guardian, 11/11)
 
HIV/AIDS Cases Increase Among Adolescents in Ghana
HIV and AIDS cases among adolescents increased slightly last year over the previous year’s, the Programme Manager of the National AIDS/STIs Control Programme said. The increase, which had been found among young people between 15 and 19 years could be attributed to the low use of condoms among adolescents, as well as the reduction in the HIV and AIDS prevention and awareness campaigns by NGOs. (Graphic Online, 11/11)

 

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE

 

AAFP Launches Tobacco and Nicotine Toolkit for Members
As part of its Healthy Interventions program, the Academy’s Health of the Public and Science (HOPS) Division has launched a Tobacco and Nicotine Toolkit to better support family physicians’ efforts to prevent and control tobacco and nicotine use in their patients. The toolkit includes tips for integrating tobacco cessation efforts into practices, coding and payment information, and patient education materials. (AAFP, 11/6)

 

CONFERENCE ANNOUNCEMENTS

 

Advanced Pediatric Emergency Medicine Assembly
Attend this conference in Lake Buena Vista, F L on March 8-10, 2016 to learn about the latest advances in the diagnosis, treatment and clinical skills needed for the practice of pediatric emergency medicine. The conference features a variety of formats, including case presentations, evidence-based medicine, literature reviews, and in-depth coverage of the latest clinical controversies. (ACEP, 11/11)

 

UPCOMING WEBINARS

 

Register Now for Upcoming Webinar, HPV and HPV Vaccine in Adolescents
NYPATH and Physicians for Reproductive Health invite you to join this one hour free webinar on Wednesday, November 18 at 12:00pm EST. The webinar is designed for clinicians who provide healthcare services to adolescents and young adults and will describe the extent of HPV infections among adolescents, describe how to diagnose and manage HPV, and will help clinicians understand how to prevent HPV. (NYPATH, 11/11)
 
Immunizations for Adolescents: Improve Rates, Improve Outcomes
For AAFP members, this hour long free webcast offers the latest evidence-based recommendations and guidelines to help improve adolescent immunizations. It will help providers develop an action plan to increase adolescent immunization rates in the practice’s daily office routines, implement communication tools, and review current immunization schedules for adolescents. (AAFP, 11/12)
 
Identifying Opportunities for Prevention and Intervention in the Youth Depression Cascade
Initiation of timely depression treatments is crucial since youth with depression who do not achieve remission are more likely to relapse and have more impaired long term functioning. This webinar on November 19th at 2:00pm EST will explore using the continuum of care model to effectively track and increase the proportion of youth at risk for Major Depressive Episodes who receive prevention interventions. (The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 11/12)

 

CALL FOR GRANT APPLICATIONS 

 

Apply Now for Community Access to Child Health (CATCH) Grants
Grants of up to $10,000 for pediatricians and fellowship trainees and $2,000 for pediatric residents are available now from the CATCH program for innovative initiatives that will ensure all children, especially underserved children, have medical homes, timely immunizations, and access to health services not otherwise available in their communities. Applications may be submitted from Nov. 9 until Jan. 29, 2016. (AAP, 11/12)



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