ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
      RECENT RESEARCH
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RECENT PUBLICATIONS
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UPCOMING WEBINARS
 



 

ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH


Health Law Shows Little Effect In Lowering Children’s Uninsured Rate, Study Finds
The uninsured rate for kids under age 18 hasn’t budged under the health law, according to a new study, even though they’re subject to the law’s requirement to have insurance just as their parents and older siblings are. Many of those children are likely eligible for coverage under Medicaid or CHIP. The Urban Institute’s health reform monitoring survey analyzed data on approximately 2,500 children. (Kaiser Health News, 9/12)
 
Bullied Children More Likely to Suffer from Night Terrors
Children who are bullied at a young age may be at an increased risk of having frequent nightmares, bouts of night terrors or even sleepwalking. In the latest study, researchers found that children who are bullied during the ages of 8-10 are more vulnerable to experiencing episodes of sleepwalking, night terrors or nightmares by the time they reach 12 years of age. (Science World Report, 9/12)
 
Opioid Overdose Prevention Needed in Young Adult Users
Many young adult nonmedical prescription opioid (PO) users are relatively uninformed about overdose awareness, avoidance, and response strategies, according to a study published. “There is a pressing need to develop innovative outreach strategies and overdose prevention programs to better reach and serve young PO users and their network contacts,” conclude the authors.  (Physician’s Briefing, 9/12)
 
Botox ‘may stunt emotional growth’ in young people
Giving young people Botox treatment may restrict their emotional growth, experts warn. Writing in the Journal of Aesthetic Nursing, clinicians say there is a growing trend for under-25s to seek the wrinkle-smoothing injections. But the research suggests “frozen faces” could stop young people from learning how to express emotions fully. (BBC News, 9/12)
 
A meta-analysis of three types of peer norms and their relation with adolescent sexual behavior
Researchers collaborated on a meta-analysis, published in Personality and Social Psychology Review, on adolescent sexual behavior. The goal was to analyze how this behavior is related to adolescents’ perceptions of three types of sexual peer norms, including how sexually active their peers are, how much their peers would approve of being sexually active, or how much they feel pressured by their peers to have sex. (Medical Xpress, 9/12)
 
Having a Mentor at a Young Age Boosts Career Success
Researchers have found that young adults who have had mentors are more likely to have a financially sound and personally rewarding career. According to the latest study, such people are also more likely to find work early in their careers that offers them more responsibility and autonomy. (Science World Report, 9/13)
 
Many Pediatricians Are Skipping the Sex Talk With Teens
Talking to teenagers about sex is tough—so tough that many pediatricians appear to be avoiding the topic all together. Health experts recommend that teens receive regular care relating to their sexual health, including screening and vaccination for sexually transmitted infections, but studies show that few pediatricians offer these services regularly. (The Wall Street Journal, 9/14)
 
One in Five Young Men Unable to Purchase Emergency Contraception
A “mystery shopper” survey conducted in New York City showed that males had a 20 percent likelihood of not being able to purchase emergency contraception. Nearly three-quarters of the pharmacies in the study created barriers for the males to get the contraception. This is the first research to specifically target males’ accessibility to emergency contraception. (Health Canal, 9/15)
 
Teens Use Marijuana to Manage Negative Moods
Occasional pot smokers may be lighting up for a quick high or to have a good time with friends. But some teens and young adults could be turning to marijuana to self-medicate their negative moods away. In the new study, published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, researchers followed 40 men and women between the ages of 15 and 24 for two weeks. (Healthline News, 9/15)
 
Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Children Higher Than Expected
Just over one-quarter of U.S. children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) have bacterial illness, yet antimicrobials are prescribed twice as frequently as expected during ARTI outpatient visits, according to a new study.  Researchers conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to identify ARTI bacterial prevalence rates. (Physician’s Briefing, 9/15)
 
Study Sees Differences in Brain Connections of Kids With ADHD
Key connections between brain networks seem to mature more slowly in young people with ADHD, a new study says. These connections within and between certain brain networks control internally directed thought and influence the ability to focus on external tasks. This slower development of these connections could shed light on why those with ADHD are easily distracted or have trouble staying focused, the researchers said. (HealthDay News, 9/15)
 
New study may help fight childhood obesity
Researchers have found that although children have stronger cravings than teens and young adults, they may be able to control them. In the study, researchers took MRI scans of 105 young people between the ages of 6 and 23 as they showed them images of different foods. The researchers found that the participants reduced their cravings by 16 percent  when they didn’t imagine the taste of the foods. (Tech Times, 9/15)
 
HPV Vaccine Knowledge Doesn’t Predict Vaccination
Neither parents’ nor adolescents’ knowledge about HPV vaccines predicts vaccination compliance, according to a new study. Researchers surveyed residents from low-income, predominantly African-American neighborhoods. Clinic reporting data were used to track adolescent vaccination. Neither parental nor adolescent knowledge was predictive of adolescent vaccination. (Physician’s Briefing¸9/15)
 
Poverty-Obesity Link is More Prevalent for Women Than Men, Study Shows
Adolescent girls living in economically disadvantaged families are more likely than their male counterparts to become overweight or obese, according to new research. The study, published online this month in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, shows long-lasting consequences of economic hardship in childhood for the risk of obesity in adulthood. (Health Canal, 9/15)
 
Is the influenza vaccine safe for cystic fibrosis patients?
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are particularly susceptible to complications if they acquire a respiratory infection. The live-attenuated influenza vaccine can significantly reduce the risk of infection. Therefore, Canadian researchers conducted a study to evaluate the safety of the vaccine in CF patients. They published their findings in the journal Pediatrics. (The Examiner, 9/15)
 
Kids Prescribed Antibiotics Twice as Often as Needed, Study Finds
Pediatricians prescribe antibiotics about twice as often as they’re actually needed for children and teens with ear and throat infections, a new study indicates. This excess antibiotic use not only fails to eradicate children’s viral illnesses, researchers said, but supports the dangerous evolution of bacteria toward antibiotic resistance. (HealthDay News, 9/15)
 
Study highlights flaw in tobacco industry’s “informed adult choice” stance
Flaws in the tobacco industry’s argument that smokers exercise “informed adult choice” when they start smoking have been highlighted in new study. The research involved 15 in-depth interviews with 18-25 year olds who had started smoking since turning 18. Results showed that, despite a general awareness that tobacco causes harm, it is difficult for young adults to make an informed choice. (Health Canal, 9/15)
 
Changes for sexual minority youth
A study investigating what has changed for sexual minority youth in New Zealand shows that they are important, vibrant and generous members of our communities. Key findings in the research also highlighted that a greater proportion of students were ‘out’ in relation to their sexuality in 2012. (Health Canal, 9/15)
 
Fewer U.S. Teens Using Illegal Drugs and Alcohol, Report Finds
Illegal drug use among teens in the United States is on the decline, according to a new federal report from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Encouragingly, the new study also found that alcohol use, binge drinking and the use of tobacco products among young people between the ages of 12 and 17 also dropped between 2002 and 2013. (HealthDay News, 0/16)
 
Eight Percent of Children Account for 24 Percent of ER Visits
Eight percent of children account for nearly one-quarter of emergency department visits and 31 percent of costs, according to a study published in Pediatrics. Researchers conducted a retrospective study involving 1,896,547 0- to 18-year-olds with 3,263,330 visits to 37 emergency departments in 2011. (Physician’s Briefing, 9/16)
 
Food companies’ U.S. calorie-cutting pledge could stall -researchers
A campaign by 16 of the world’s largest food and beverage companies to dramatically cut the number of calories sold in the U.S. may have stalled after initial success, researchers reported. An independent analysis published underlines how difficult it may be for voluntary corporate action to move the needle on America’s weight problem. (Reuters, 9/17)
 
Rare Genetic Disorder Connected to Autism
The rare genetic disorder known as Jacobsen syndrome has now been linked to autism, according to recent findings published in the journal Genetics in Medicine. Researchers are now suggesting better treatment options for people with Jacobsen syndrome, which also offers more clues into the genetic underpinnings of the complex neurodevelopmental disorder that typically appears during the first three years of life. (Science World Report, 9/17)
 
Artificial sweeteners linked to diabetes in study
Using artificial sweeteners may set the stage for diabetes in some people by hampering the way their bodies handle sugar, suggests a preliminary study done mostly in mice. The authors said they are not recommending any changes in how people use artificial sweeteners based on their study, which included some human experiments. (CBS News, 9/17)
 
FDA to Study How Teens View Drugs
The FDA has announced it is undertaking a study to better understand how teens view prescription medications. This information is important because some drugs, such as Adderall, may be frequently prescribed to teens, who may not fully understand or appreciate the risks of side effects or adverse reactions. (Lawyers and Settlements, 9/17)
 
‘Make this all go away’: Cyberbullying multiplies teen pain
With social media the dominant platform for communication among young Americans, taunting is no longer confined to school hours and can spread beyond the classroom. The potential for emotional damage to the victim is compounded, especially for young girls, who are more likely to experience cyberbullying than boys, according to a study recently published in School Psychology Quarterly. (Al Jazeera America, 9/17)
 
Body Image Issues In Middle School Teens Worsen In Presence Of Older Girls
Researchers studied the social interactions, eating habits, attitudes on appearance, and the body conscience feelings of middle school girls, and published their findings in the journal Psychology of Women Quarterly. The study revealed that fifth and sixth graders who were attending a school with seventh and eighth graders were less satisfied with their body and more self-conscious by almost twice as much. (Medical Daily, 9/18)         
 
Tests on “artificial pancreas” described as the “next revolution” in diabetes care
New research into diabetes care has found that a so-called “artificial pancreases” can be nearly 20% more effective in keeping blood sugar at the correct levels. This new study published in The Lancet focused on how the devices perform outside the lab, in free living conditions over the course of 28 nights.  The analysis included 40 participants with type 1 diabetes, 24 adults and 16 adolescents. (The Journal, 9/18)    


NATIONAL


Senate Dems ask CDC for progress of gun violence study
Senate Democrats are asking the CDC how research is coming on gun violence. Democratic Sens. Ed Markey (Mass.), Charles Schumer (N.Y.), Kirsten Gillibrand (N.Y.), Richard Blumenthal (Conn.) and Brian Schatz (Hawaii) sent a letter to CDC Director Tom Frieden asking for a progress report on the current state of research at the agency on the causes and prevention of gun violence. (The Hill, 9/12)
 
Children’s respiratory illness spreads to a dozen U.S. states: CDC
A serious respiratory illness sickening U.S. children has spread to 12 states, the CDC said on Tuesday, as it predicted that more states will report cases in coming weeks. The growing list of states with confirmed cases now includes Alabama, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, New York, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania, the CDC said. (Reuters, 9/16)
 
States Move Forward With Expanded ABA Coverage
Months after federal officials ordered them to do so, states are starting to include coverage of treatments like applied behavior analysis for kids with autism within their Medicaid programs. California is believed to be the first state to roll out the new coverage in response to a mandate this summer from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (Disability Scoop, 9/16)
 
House clears bill providing emergency medical services for children
The House cleared legislation by a vote of 410-4 on Tuesday that would reauthorize the Emergency Medical Services for Children Program. The measure, which the Senate passed by unanimous consent last week, would reauthorize the program through fiscal 2019. Rep. Joe Pitts (R-Pa.) said that the program was necessary to ensure that children receive medical care tailored to their needs. (The Hill, 9/16)
 
Pro-pot activists launch first U.S. ‘Consume Responsibly’ campaign
Pro-pot activists launched a campaign urging adults to “consume responsibly” in states where the drug is legal. The Marijuana Policy Project, the largest U.S. pot policy organization, opened the drive in Colorado, which, along with Washington state, allows recreational weed sales to adults under a highly regulated and taxed system. (Reuters, 9/17)
 
CDC Launches HIV Treatment Works, a new Act Against AIDS Campaign
The CDC launched HIV Treatment Works, a new national communication campaign to increase the proportion of Americans living with HIV who stay in care and on treatment. HIV Treatment Works includes online, print, TV, and outdoor ads; social media outreach; and a dedicated website with information and resources for people living with HIV. (CDC, 9/17)

 

INTERNATIONAL


Ghana: Abortion, neglected tragedy
In Ghana, an overwhelming number of young girls and women are having abortions. Currently, girls as young as eight are indulging in active sex leading to pregnancies, some of which end up being unsafely aborted. Disturbing data on unsafe abortions presented by the Media Action Team for Reproductive Health revealed that abortion-related maternal mortality is one of the biggest neglected tragedies in the country. (Ghana Web, 9/12)
 
Calls for youth-friendly services in health facilities in Uganda
The government has been called on to embark an inclusive health care system to help reduce the number of unsafe abortions among mostly young Ugandans. In fact, youths and the civil society are demanding for a law to legalize abortion for cases that are extreme and unavoidable. (The National, 9/15)
 
Africa: Investing in Adolescent Girls for Africa’s Development
Today’s adolescents, connected to each other like never before, can be a significant source of social progress and cultural change. But they are also facing multiple challenges that seriously impact their future. And nowhere in the world do adolescents confront as formidable barriers to their full development as in Africa. (All Africa, 9/ 17)
 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

 

Release of “Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: Guide for Health Care Sector” Part 1
The Institute of Medicine and National Research Council has recently released an abridged version of the 2013 “Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States” specifically developed for the health care sector. This guide was created for health care professionals including doctors, nurses, dentists, mental health specialists, school and community providers, and clinics. (ScienceBlog, 9/17)

NEW RESOURCES AVAILABLE


Eight More Child Health Care Quality Measures Posted
Eight measures have been added to the listing of children’s health care quality measures posted to AHRQ’s Web site. These measures focus on continuity of coverage for children (three measures) and the quality of emergency department and hospital treatment of sepsis in children (five measures). The measures were developed through the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)/AHRQ Centers of Excellence program. (AHRQ, 9/12)
 
New Recommendations for Preventing Cardiac Death in Youth
Sudden death from heart problems among young people is a rare but tragic health issue. But new health recommendations may help prevent such events. Two heart health groups released a statement on how to best prevent sudden death from heart disease among young people. The statement included recommendations for screening young people from ages 12 to 25 for heart defects. They recommended further testing with more advanced technology only for people with a raised risk of heart disease. (DailyRx, 9/16)

UPCOMING WEBINARS


PREA in Action: Committing to Safety and Respect for LGBTI Youth and Adults in Correctional Settings: Lessons from the Field
The Vera Institute, in collaboration with the National PREA Resource Center, is holding a free webinar on committing to a culture of safety and respect for LGBTI youth and adults in correctional institutions. The webinar will be held on Thursday, September 25, 2014, 3:00pm-4:30pm EST.  The webinar will cover the importance of having strong policies and practices geared toward keeping LGBTI adults and youth safe. Presenters will also discuss steps their agencies have taken to create cultures of safety and respect for LGBTI people in their custody. (Vera Institute of Justice, 9/17)
 
What’s In a Name? Defining dating violence for teens
The Dibble Institue is offering a free, 60 minute webinar on Wednesday October 8, 2014 at 4:00 pm Eastern, 1:00 pm Pacific time.  Join Katherine Hillgren MA, LPC, as she shares her work using the Love Notes curriculum to address DV and IPV, shares her work in alternative schools, at a runaway shelter, and with pregnant and parenting teens, and demonstrates how this education becomes a community project. Register in advance.


 



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