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Oklahoma doctor featured in documentary that examines science behind vaccinations

Dr. Amy Middleman, adolescent medicine chief in the University of Oklahoma College of Medicine’s pediatrics department, is featured in an upcoming NOVA film, “Vaccines — Calling the Shots” which takes viewers around the world to track epidemics, explore the science behind vaccinations, and hear from parents wrestling with vaccine-related questions. (NewsOK, 9/8)

 

ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH


One in 10 girls sexually abused by the age of 20, says UN report
About 120 million girls around the world - slightly more than one in 10 - have been raped or sexually assaulted by the age of 20, a UN report says. UNICEF also says 95,000 children and teenagers - most of them in Latin America and the Caribbean - were murdered in 2012 alone. It notes that children around the globe are routinely exposed to violence, including bullying. The document draws on data from 190 countries. (BBC News, 9/4)
 
10 Percent of Americans Admit to Illicit Drug Use
Nearly 10 percent of Americans aged 12 and older were illicit drug users in 2013, and almost 20 million said they used marijuana, making it the most widely used drug, U.S. health officials reported. The rate of illegal use of prescription drugs by young American adults is lower than it was a few years ago, as are drinking rates among kids, the report also reveals. (HealthDay News, 9/4)
 
One in five child deaths ‘preventable’
One in five child deaths in England could be prevented, according to a series of three reports in The Lancet looking at child death in high-income countries. Adolescents aged 15- to 17-years-old have the highest proportion of preventable deaths from suicide, accidents, abuse and neglect. Researchers said more could be done to cut future deaths by tackling child poverty and spotting serious illnesses sooner. (BBC News, 9/4)
 
Serious Childhood Burns Tied to Long-Term Mental Health Risks
Adult survivors of childhood burns are at increased risk for depression and suicidal thoughts, a new Australian study finds. “This research demonstrates that being hospitalized for a burn during childhood places that child in an increased risk group. They require further, long-term follow-up beyond the medical attention received for their burns,” said researchers. (HealthDay News, 9/4)
 
E-cigarette criticisms ‘alarmist’ say researchers
Warnings over e-cigarettes are alarmist - and increasing their use could save many lives, researchers have said. For every million smokers who switch to e-cigarettes, more than 6,000 lives a year could be saved, according to the University College London team. Meanwhile another group of London-based experts has attacked criticism of e-cigarettes as “misleading”. (BBC News, 9/5)
 
Couch-potato kids became couch-potato adults: study
The more television children watched at age 10, the more they watched in middle age, according to a new report that suggests the need for earlier interventions to get kids off the couch. The study also found that people who watched more than three hours a day of television in middle age were more likely to be in fair or poor health and to have had a father in a lower occupational class. (Reuters, 9/5)
 
Parents may be putting kids on path to drinking
Teenagers whose parents supply alcohol in early adolescence are three times as likely to be drinking full serves of alcohol at age 16 as children in families that do not supply alcohol, a major new study has found. In the largest study of its kind, researchers followed nearly two thousand parent/child pairs over four years in a bid to provide guidance to parents on how best to moderate their child’s drinking. (Health Canal, 9/7)
 
More Young Adults Insured Since Passage of Affordable Care Act: Study
The number of young Americans with health coverage increased after a provision in the Affordable Care Act enabled them to remain on their parents’ insurance until the age of 26, a new study published in JAMA Pediatrics finds. Although more young adults aged 19 to 25 had health insurance after the law was passed, the rate of health coverage among adults aged 26 to 34 fell during the same period. (HealthDay News, 9/8)
 
Study Finds Drop in Kids’ Hospital-Related Infections
Fewer children are developing infections related to their care in the hospital than they were seven years ago, according to a new study. The rate of bloodstream infections and pneumonia associated with critically ill children’s health care in intensive care units fell by more than 50 percent between 2007 and 2012, researchers found. (HealthDay News, 9/8)
 
ER Use Dropped As Obamacare Kept Young Adults On Parents’ Plans
Emergency department use slowed for young adults up to age 26 once they were allowed to stay on their parents’ health plans under the ACA, according to new research. A new study showed young adults ages 19 to 25 had a decrease of 2.7 emergency department (ED) visits per 1,000 people compared to an older group in the same period. (Forbes, 9/8)
 
Physios on sidelines of sports events should quickly ID symptoms of concussion
Physiotherapists on the sidelines of sports events should quickly identify the symptoms of concussion, according to CQ University’s Physiotherapy Discipline Leader Professor Tony Schneiders. He says that all athletes should be removed from play after receiving a head injury on the sporting field. Professor Schneiders will speak about concussion in sport during the Physiotherapy New Zealand conference. (Health Canal, 9/8)
 
Most asthmatic kids lack health management plans at school
In Chicago, most kids with asthma or food allergies don’t have a health management form on file at school, a new study shows. The problem is typical of other cities, too, experts say – and it puts these children at risk. Researchers analyzed data from 2012/2013 on more than 400,000 Chicago kids, ages 3 through 18, including 18,287 with asthma and 4,250 with a food allergy. (Reuters, 9/8)
 
Sibling Bullies May Leave Lasting Effects
A new study suggests some of the most damaging bullies are close to home: siblings. Youngsters who were bullied by siblings were more than twice as likely to report depression or self-harm at age 18 as those who weren’t bullied by siblings. They were also nearly twice as likely to report anxiety as they entered adulthood, according to new research. (HealthDay News, 9/8)
 
Before 2011 Guidelines, Lipid Screening Rates in Children Low
In the years leading up to the 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular health, lipid screening was uncommon in 9- to 11-year-olds and was performed in a minority of 17- to 19-year-olds, according to a new study. Researchers assessed the frequency and results of lipid testing in 301,080 children and adolescents (aged 3 to 19 years) before the release of the 2011 guidelines. (Physician’s Briefing, 9/8)
 
Thyroid, kidney cancers up in kids but still rare
Children’s kidney and thyroid cancers have increased in recent years, and though the diseases are rare, experts wonder if the rising rates could be related to obesity. The rate for all childhood cancers combined remained stable from 2001 to 2009 although slight increases were seen in blacks and adolescents, according to a report from researchers at the CDC. (The Washington Post, 9/8)
 
Sodium conundrum: Nine in 10 U.S. children eat too much salt
American kids are eating far too much salt, mostly from processed foods sold in stores, putting them at risk for high blood pressure and heart disease later in life, federal health officials said. A report from the CDC found that more than 90 percent of American children ages 6 to 18 consume too much sodium daily. (Reuters, 9/9)
 
Playing Hooky, Failing a Test Go Hand In Hand With Teenage Girls Having Unprotected, Frequent Sex
Do teenagers who skip school or flunk their tests indulge in risky sexual behavior? They do, according to new research that was based on over 80,000 actual diary entries written by 14- to 17-year-old girls. The study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, is based on a 10-year study of the development of 387 teenage girls’ romantic/sexual relationships and sexual behavior. (Medical Daily, 9/9)
 
Sheets, towels, TV remotes key reservoirs for MRSA contamination
Surfaces in households of children with MRSA infections are often contaminated with the same strain of bacteria, according to new findings. Contamination was found most frequently on bed linens, TV remote controls, and bathroom hand towels, researchers report in JAMA Pediatrics. Researchers enrolled 50 children ages 0 – 18 years with active or recent community-acquired MRSA. (Reuters, 9/9)
 
Statins May Help Kids With Genetic Cholesterol Disorder
Cholesterol-lowering statin drugs seem to help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in children who have a genetic cholesterol disorder, according to a new study. Children and teens with familial hypercholesterolemia were prescribed the statin drug pravastatin and followed for 10 years. The results showed that taking the drug prevented premature atherosclerosis. (HealthDay News, 9/9)
 
Teens who live with a single parent likelier to drink, smoke
According to a new study, teenagers who live with single parents are more likely to use alcohol and marijuana than those who live with two college-educated parents. Researchers analyzed data encompassing 14,268 teenagers to determine the impact of family structure and parental education on adolescent substance use. The study appeared in the journal Social Work in Public Health. (The Health Site, 9/9)
 
Weed-Smoking Teens 60 Percent Less Likely to Finish High School, Study Says
According to a new set of studies published in The Lancet Psychiatry, teenagers who smoke pot daily are 60 percent less likely than nonusers to finish high school. The studies also show that daily cannabis  users under age 17 were 60 percent less likely to finish college than teens who didn’t smoke at all, seven times more likely to attempt suicide and eight times more likely to use illegal drugs at some point in their lives. (Newsweek, 9/10)
 
Rapid Antigen Tests Accurate for Strep Diagnosis
Rapid antigen diagnostic tests (RADTs) can be used for accurate diagnosis of group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis for management of sore throat in primary care settings, according to a study published. The researchers identified 48 studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of GAS RADTs using throat culture on blood agar as a reference standard. Estimates for pediatric data were similar. (HealthDay News, 9/10)
 
Transgender teens become happy, healthy young adults
Treatment to delay puberty among adolescents struggling with gender identity seems to boost psychological well-being for those who ultimately pursue sex reassignment, new research suggests. The Dutch study involved 55 transgender young adults. Overall, sexual confusion resolved, and they appeared to be satisfied with their gender-related decisions, the researchers found. (CBS News, 9/10)
 
Exercising Before School May Lower ADHD Symptoms in Kids
Indulging in physical exercise before school helps lower symptoms of ADHD in children who are at a higher risk. A new study, found that offering aerobic activities daily before school helps young children at greater risk of ADHD lower symptoms in classrooms and at home. Children with ADHD display signs of inattentiveness, moodiness and difficulty socializing with others. (Science World Report, 9/10)
 
Many U.S. Kids Missing Out on Preventive Care, CDC Says
Millions of infants, children, and adolescents aren’t receiving recommended medical care aimed at detecting and preventing disease, according to a new report from the CDC. Preventive services that kids and teens are missing out on range from basic medical care to vaccinations and screenings that can have a lifelong impact on their health.  The report also revealed large disparities between groups. (HealthDay News, 9/10)

Teens see different consequences from alcohol and pot: study
Using alcohol leads to unsafe driving and compromised relationships with peers, while using marijuana harms relationships with authority figures, U.S. teens said in a survey. “Our most serious finding was that people who reported drinking alcohol were much more likely to report driving unsafely as a direct effect of use,” said lead author. (Reuters, 9/11)
 
Medications Plus Parent Training May Help Kids With Aggression, ADHD
Combining two medications with parent training appears to improve anger, irritability and violent tendencies in children whose ADHD is coupled with severe aggression, a new study suggests. “Augmented” therapy that consists of stimulant and antipsychotic drugs, along with parent training in behavioral management, was rated more effective by parents than pairing only the stimulant and parent training, researchers found. (HealthDay News, 9/11)
 
Study finds teenagers are far more sensitive than adults to the immediate effect or reward of their behaviors
A new study found teenagers are far more sensitive than adults to the immediate effect or reward of their behaviors. “The rewards have a strong, perceptional draw and are more enticing to the teenager,” says author of the study, which appeared online this week in the journal Psychological Science. (Medical Xpress, 9/11)

 

NATIONAL


Hundreds of children in U.S. states stricken by respiratory illness
Hundreds of children in several states have been stricken by a serious respiratory illness and federal health officials said on Monday that they have confirmed an unusual strain of virus in some children 6 weeks to 16 years old. Clusters of respiratory illnesses have been seen in Kansas City and Chicago, and at least 10 more states are working with the CDC to track the illnesses to determine if they are caused by enterovirus D68. (Reuters, 9/8)
 
Health Chief Seeks to Focus on Insurance Site
Sylvia Mathews Burwell, the secretary of Health and Human Services, said Monday in her first major speech that she wanted to move beyond the politics of health care and work with members of both parties to improve the management and operation of HealthCare.gov, the website used by millions of people to sign up for insurance coverage. (New York Times, 9/8)
 
Poll: GOP parents also back federal school nutrition standards
An overwhelming majority of parents — including most Republicans — back federal school nutrition standards, a new poll found. The findings released by The Pew Charitable Trusts, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the American Heart Association stand in stark contrast to a partisan spat in Congress over the Agriculture Department’s regulations. (The Hill, 9/8)
 
Cheap Drinks And Risk-Taking Fuel College Drinking Culture
There’s no question that alcohol is a factor in the majority of sexual assaults on campus. And alcohol is abundant and very present at most colleges today. In fact, federal health officials say more than 80 percent of college students drink. And about half say they binge drink. This means more than four drinks for women and more than five drinks for men, within a two-hour time frame. (NPR, 9/8)                   
 
Senate passes bills to improve child health, fathers of veterans
The Senate passed a bill Wednesday to extend health service programs for children. Through a unanimous consent agreement, the Senate passed the Emergency Medical Services for Children Reauthorization Act, S. 2154, introduced by Bob Casey (D-Pa.). Both measures now head to the House for further action. (The Hill, 9/10)

 

INTERNATIONAL


Canadian MP beats throat cancer, urges HPV vaccination for boys
Conservative MP Peter Kent was diagnosed with Stage IV tongue and throat cancer caused by HPV and after treatment, as of right now shows no remaining sign of cancer. Kent says his doctors have convinced him it’s important to vaccinate boys against HPV. Some provinces already vaccinate girls for free, funded in part by the federal government, but Kent would like to see funding for boys to be vaccinated too. (CBC News, 9/4)
 
Hospitalizations for Eating Disorders Rise Drastically in Canada
Canadian hospitals have witnessed a drastic surge in the number of admissions of people suffering from eating disorders in the last couple of years. The Canadian Institute for Health Information have reported that the majority of the increase has come from girls between the age of 10 and 19. In this segment of the population, the number of admissions in the last two years has increased by 42 percent. (Liberty Voice, 9/5)
 
Africa: Governments Urged to Prioritise Youth in Sexual Health to End Aids By 2030
The goal to end AIDS by 2030 may go unaccomplished unless young people are prioritized in sexual and reproductive health policy and programs. The advocates, who gathered last month for a youth high-level dialogue in Nairobi, Kenya, argue that SRH services are inaccessible and unfriendly to young people, as a result millions of young women and girls under the age of 20 end up with unplanned pregnancies.  (All Africa, 9/10)
 
India: Stress pushes many students to suicide
A Nimhans study under way has found that 11% of college students and 7%-8% of high school students in India have attempted suicide. High school and college students were studied on suicide prevention. “What’s bothering the current adolescent generation is stress due to academics, relationship with parents, peer groups and romantic relationships,” says Dr M Manjula, who is spearheading the study.  (The Times of India, 9/10)
 
Suicidal tendency surfing up as a cause for concern
Suicidal tendency is becoming common in the age category of 15 and 30 years and is emerging as a cause for grave concern, psychiatrists in India said. On the occasion of World Suicide Prevention Day, Dheep, child and adolescent psychiatrist and founder of TOPKIDS, said, “It is sad and shocking to note that adolescents and youth, who are in the prime of health are becoming mentally weak.” (The Hindi, 9/11)


RECENT PUBLICATIONS


New Guidelines for Sickle Cell Disease
An expert panel has issued new guidelines for managing sickle cell disease, stressing the use of the drug hydroxyurea and transfusions for many with the genetic disorder. Hydroxyurea can be used in infants, children and teens, whether or not they currently have symptoms, according to the guidelines. The expert panel reviewed more than 12,000 scientific articles and sifted through the evidence to issue the new blueprint for care. The new guidelines are published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. (HealthDay News, 9/10)
 
Report Outlines ‘Must-Have’ Sexual Health Services for Men
Compared with women, American men have worse access to reproductive and sexual health care, research shows, a disparity fueled in part by the lack of standard clinical guidelines on the types and timing of exams, tests and treatments that should be offered to all men of reproductive age. Now a report, developed jointly by Johns Hopkins experts and the federally funded Male Training Center for Family Planning and Reproductive Health, aims to fill that need. The report is designed for primary care clinicians, male health specialists and health officials, and outlines steps to fix the problem and highlights areas that merit special attention among male teens. (Health Canal, 9/11)

 

 

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS


Pediatric Surgical Innovation Symposium: Call for applications 
The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation is seeking proposals from inventors in medical institutions, private practices, the business community and academic researchers who have medical device concepts or ideas for use with pediatric patients. Proposals should address a significant, yet unmet need within the pediatric population with a device idea that lends itself to commercialization. Applications are due September 22.

 



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