ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS
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ADOLESCENT HEALTH IN THE NEWS

 

RECENT RESEARCH

 

Kids Who Eat More Fat May Have More Belly Fat
A recent study found that, the more calories adolescents consumed from fat, the more abdominal fat they had. This was true even in physically active teens. Adolescents who ate the highest-fat diets had 38 to 42 percent more belly fat than the kids who ate the least fat. (Daily Rx, 8/28)
 
Less Sleep in Teen Years Tied to More Pounds at 21
Lack of sleep not only puts teens at risk for poor grades, it also puts them at increased risk for obesity, researchers warn. Although lack of exercise and too much time spent watching television were also risk factors for obesity, these behaviors did not account for the link between lack of sleep and obesity, according to the study. (HealthDay News, 8/28)
 
Taxing sugary sodas could help fight childhood obesity
Can charging a penny more an ounce for soda keep childhood obesity away? Yes, says a new study. The study estimated the impact three potential federal policies might have on childhood obesity rates, projecting 20 years in the future. The policies included a one cent per ounce excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages; after school physical activity programs; and a ban on fast food advertising targeting kids. (CBS News, 8/28)
 
Lack of food behind half of TB cases
Poor nutrition is the biggest contributor to India’s burden of TB and explains why the number of new patients each year has remained nearly static despite TB control efforts, a research study has suggested. The study has found that the infections in about 55 percent of patients — including 67 percent in girls between 15 and 19 years and 62 percent in adolescent boys — appear linked to under-nutrition. (The Telegraph of India, 8/29)
 
Family Dinners Protect Against The Effects of Cyberbullying
A recent study shows that eating dinner as a family may actually protect against some of the negative effects of being bullied. Researchers surveyed 18,834 students between the ages of 12 and 18 in the Midwest. Their findings showed a positive association between cyberbullying and problems like anxiety, depression and self-harm as well as substance abuse like frequent drinking and prescription drug abuse. (Time, 9/1)
 
Obese youngsters are at nearly six fold risk of hypertension
A new research has suggested that obese youngsters have higher risk of hypertension. The study showed that compared with normal weight children and adolescents, the risk of prehypertension was significantly higher in youths with an elevated BMI and the risk was 1.6 fold higher in overweight and 2.4 fold higher in obese boys, and 1.8 fold higher in overweight and 3.3 fold higher in obese girls. (Business Standard, 9/1)
 
More Evidence That ADHD Drugs Don’t Curb Ultimate Height
More and more kids are being diagnosed with ADHD, and many are medicated. With so many children taking these drugs, plenty of parents and doctors are concerned about potential side effects, including the possibility of curbed growth. Research published in Pediatrics found that children who took ADHD medicine didn’t have height deficits in adulthood. (NPR, 9/1)
 
Switching to ‘adult doctor’ sometimes hard for kids with chronic illness
Chronically ill kids who “graduate” from their pediatrician to an “adult” doctor often feel dissatisfied with the transition, says a new study. Young patients who believed their “adult” doctors were “patient-centered” seemed to feel the most positive about their experience. (Reuters, 9/2)
 
Facebook, Online Surveys Track HPV Vaccinations at Local Level
Facebook-based recruitment and online surveys are effective in estimating local variation in HPV vaccine uptake among young men and women, according to researchers. In a recent study, men and women 18-30 years of age were recruited by location via a targeted Facebook advertisement campaign to complete an online survey about HPV vaccination practices. (Health Data Management, 9/2)
 
The Prominence of Childhood Abuse and With It, Increased Risk of Obesity
Childhood abuse may increase the risk of adult obesity, according to recent findings. Researchers from found that children who experienced excessive hardships early in life were more prone to negative eating habits that contributed to being overweight or obese later in life. (Science World Report, 9/2)
 
Obese and Overweight Teens More Likely to Become Regular Cigarette Smokers
Overweight or obese teens are more likely to smoke cigarettes regularly, a new study has revealed. Researchers conducted a survey of American teens and were surprised to see that there existed no correlation between weight status and use of alcohol or marijuana, but a strong association existed between excess body weight and regular cigarette smoking. (Science World Report, 9/2)
 
Booze, Pot Bad for Teens in Different Ways, Study Suggests
Drinking and marijuana may lead to different types of harmful consequences for teens, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed 2007 to 2011 data gathered from more than 7,400 U.S. high school seniors who said they had used alcohol or marijuana at least once.  Among other things, drinking was related to unsafe driving, and marijuana use linked to poorer academics and job performance. (HealthDay News, 9/2)
 
Cannabis withdrawal symptoms common among teens
Although cannabis is broadly believed to be nonaddictive, a new study found that 40 percent of cannabis-using adolescents receiving outpatient treatment for substance use disorder reported experiencing symptoms of withdrawal, which are considered a hallmark of drug dependence. Study participants reporting withdrawal were more likely to meet criteria for severe substance use and for mood disorders. (Science Blog, 9/2)
 
E-Cigarette Vapor May Be Less Toxic Than Tobacco Smoke: Study
Secondhand vapor created by one brand of electronic cigarette harbors fewer hazardous chemicals than regular cigarette smoke, although the researchers report the finding doesn’t leave e-cigarettes in the clear.
The study has caveats; it doesn’t examine which hazardous chemicals in e-cig vapor actually make it into the lungs of people nearby and only looks at indoor smoking. (HealthDay News, 9/3)
 
Children, Adolescents Exposed to Antipsychotics are at an Increased Risk of Developing Diabetes
A new study has found that children and adolescents with a psychiatric disorder had a greater risk of developing diabetes if they were exposed to antipsychotics.  Researchers evaluated the data retrieved from the Danish register that included 48,299 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders, recording the frequency as well as possible predictors of type-II diabetes. (Science World Report, 9/3)
 
Skin Cells Used to Create Heart Valve for Growing Kids
Making permanent heart valves for children has been challenging because kids’ bodies keep growing. But researchers say they’ve found a way around that, using a child’s skin cells to make a new pulmonary valve for the youngster’s heart to replace a faulty one. Using a child’s own skin cells to create the new valve reduces the risk of rejection, the researchers explained, and means the valve can grow with the patient -- reducing the need for future valve replacements. (HealthDay News, 9/3)
 
Short-term antiinflammatory treatment may reduce airway hyperresponsiveness
Short-term treatment with budesonide and montelukast may decrease airway hyperresponsiveness to exercise and mannitol challenge in children and adolescents with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, study data show. The study included 26 individuals, mean age of 13.5 years, who were undergoing a structured multimodal treatment programme for their asthma. (Medwire News, 9/3)
 
E-Cigarettes May Promote Illicit Drug Use and Addiction
Nicotine, no matter the source, may function as a gateway to marijuana and cocaine.  Like conventional cigarettes, e-cigarettes may function as a “gateway drug” according to the 120th Shattuck lecture, presented to the Massachusetts Medical Society and published today in the online edition of the New England Journal of Medicine. (Health Canal, 9/4)
 
MOC Watch: If You Credit It, They Will Come
Offering maintenance of certification (MOC) Part 4 credit for quality improvement activities to clinical trial site investigators can help broaden research enrollment, researchers with the AAP found. Now, a study published in Pediatrics suggested that giving pediatricians MOC Part 4 credit for participating in adolescent tobacco cessation counseling study increased enrollment from “medically underserved areas”. (MedPage Today, 9/4)

NATIONAL


Steer Clear of Dietary Supplements for Concussions: FDA
As the fall sports season starts and young players face the risk of concussions, the FDA warns that dietary supplements that claim to prevent, treat or cure concussions are untested, unproven and possibly dangerous.  These products are being sold on the Internet and in stores by companies attempting to exploit parents’ increasing concerns about concussions, the agency said. (HealthDay News, 8/26)
 
GOP rep: Let local officials regulate school lunches instead of feds
Rep. Adrian Smith (R-Neb.) said that school boards and local education officials should manage lunch programs instead of having to comply with federal rules. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 requires school lunch programs that receive federal dollars to provide healthier meals in an effort to combat childhood obesity.  Smith argued that the federal regulations weren’t working. (The Hill, 8/29)
 
Durbin: CVS decision may help prevent kids from smoking
Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) said the decision of pharmacy chain CVS to stop selling tobacco products was “good business.”  Wednesday marked the first day that CVS stopped selling tobacco products in its stores. Durbin said he hoped other drugstores would follow the example.  President Obama weighed in, saying the company is “setting a powerful example that we hope others in the industry will follow. (The Hill, 9/3)
 
Can Big Data and patient-informed consent coexist?
A research network funded with millions by the ACA will begin conducting vast studies next year to compare standard medical treatments. Bioethicists, scientists and health care officials are debating how to bring the question of patient informed consent into the 21st century. Many comparative studies are planned by the National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network, funded by PCORI. (Politico, 9/4)
 
Disturbance Breaks Out at Nashville Detention Center
A violent disturbance broke out overnight at the same Nashville juvenile detention center where more than 30 escaped earlier this week. The detention center has a long history of violence, accusations of sexual abuse and previous efforts to escape. In 2010, the Department of Justice ranked it as 13th in the country among juvenile facilities where there had been reports of sexual abuse by staff members. (The New York Times, 9/4)

 

INTERNATIONAL


Mega deworming scheme for kids
In a bid to reduce the incidence of anemia among children in India, the government is set to launch a mega scheme for “worm treatment”. Aimed at children between the ages of 1 and 19 years, the Union health ministry has decided on bi-annual deworming in this age group. The first round is expected to take place this October. (The Asian Age, 8/30)
 
China struggles with children ‘left behind’ by government’s one-child policy
Chinese authorities hope tips on childhood development will help to stem mental health problems among the country’s young. While budgets for child and adolescent mental health services are being frozen or cut in the UK, China is seeking to expand provision, promote psychotherapeutic approaches and adopt preventative measures. (The Raw Story, 8/31)
 
Let’s renew our mindset on sexual health – Vicky Okine
Reproductive Health activist and the Executive Director of the Alliance for Reproductive Health Rights, Vicky T. Okine, has called for renewed national consciousness on sexual and reproductive health matters in Ghana. Ms Okine believes public discourse on sexual health must be encouraged among the youth to reduce the risks associated with it. (Ghana Web, 9/4)

 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS


Preexposure prophylaxis for the prevention of HIV Infection in the United States - 2014. 
This publication updates a previously published guideline summary. It serves to provide comprehensive clinical practice guideline for the use of PrEP for the prevention of HIV infection in the U.S.  It specifically covers weighing the risks and benefits of PrEP use for adolescents. (AHRQ, 9/1)
 
Screening for suicide risk in adolescents, adults, and older adults in primary care
This recommendation statement from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force updates a previously published guideline summary. This update is the product of a review of the evidence on the accuracy and reliability of instruments used to screen for increased suicide risk, benefits and harms of screening for increased suicide risk, and benefits and harms of treatments to prevent suicide. (AHRQ, 9/1) 

 

 

CALL FOR PARTICIPANTS


Participate in a focus group about e-cigarettes 
Pediatricians, sub-specialists, residents and fellows are needed to participate in focus groups at the 2014 AAP National Conference and Exhibition. Discussions will focus on electronic cigarettes and information gained will be used to develop clinical resources. Groups will be held Sunday, Oct. 12, and Monday, Oct. 13. Participants will receive a $50 gift card. For details, contact Kristen Kaseeska at 847-434-4269 or kkaseeska@aap.org. (AAP Smartbrief, 9/4)

 



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