There’s Yet Another Male-Birth-Control Concept in the Works
Last month, we heard about a scrotal injection called Vasalgel that physically blocks the sperm from entering through the vas deferens, the ductal highway to the urethra. Now researchers have come up with yet another concept they hope will be free of side effects. The study reported that they were able to manufacture an enzyme found only in sperm that affects its motility. (New York Magazine, 4/15)
How Your DNA Influences Your Sex Life
A new study identifies 38 specific places in the human genome that appear to be associated with the age at which people first had sex. These spots affect a range of genes, including some that seem to affect the timing of puberty and others that have been linked with risk-taking behavior. (The Los Angeles Times, 4/18)
Surprising Advantage to a Vaccine that Protects Against the Most Common STI in the US
A new study suggests that using the HPV vaccine will be a cost-effective way to prevent future cases of cervical cancer, even though it comes in at a higher cost per dose. The new vaccine costs about $13 more than the vaccines for the 4 strains and $18 more than the vaccines for the 2 strains, but that using the Gardasil 9 vaccine would actually come out at about the same cost if not lower in the long run. (The Business Insider, 4/18)
Strong Evidence for Double Standards Among Adolescents Regarding Sex
Adolescence is a developmental period of immense social, physical, and emotional change. In the midst of it all, both boys and girls face double standards regarding how peers react to sexual experiences, new research shows. Girls experienced a 45% decrease in friends after having sex for the first time, while boys enjoyed an 88% increase in popularity after having sex. (Penn State News, 4/20)
How Students’ Emotions Affect Their Schooling
Emerging studies presented at the American Educational Research Association national conference suggest new ways of supporting students emotionally during transitions. Students who frequently distracted themselves, accepted their emotions, asked for help, and reappraised the situation to change their perspective had higher levels of what the researchers called “school and general well-being.” (Education Week, 4/20)
Vitamin D Deficiency Observed in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes
A study found a high percentage of vitamin D deficiency in a large population of children with type 1 diabetes. Researchers looked to examine the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and blood glucose levels among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and found 41% of the participants had levels below 50 nmol/L. (, 4/21)
Knowing your Kid is Overweight Might Make Things Worse
When parents think their child is overweight, that may put the kid at increased risk of packing on even more pounds, a new study suggests. For the roughly one in five overweight kids whose parents saw them as heavy, their odds of becoming even heavier relative to their height by the end of the study were much greater than if their parents didn’t see them as overweight at the beginning. (Reuters, 4/21)
Rich-Poor Life Expectancy Gap Shrinking for U.S. Youth
If you’re an American aged 20 or under, your expected life span is now less affected by whether you’re rich or poor than it used to be, a new study finds. Researchers report that the life expectancy gap between rich and poor youth for both sexes in the U.S. narrowed between 1990 and 2010, especially in poorer counties. (HealthDay News, 4/21)
Online Program May Reduce Bullying Behavior
Promising new research finds that an online program can help to reduce behaviors that enable bullying among adolescents. Researchers designed the program to address verbal, physical, sexual, and cyberbullying, and found that after completing the program, students reported significantly reduced odds of bystander passivity to both emotional and physical bullying. (Psych Central, 4/21)

U.S. Suicide Rate Rises, Especially Among Adolescent Girls
According to a recent report, suicide in the United States has surged to the highest levels in nearly 30 years, a federal data analysis has found, with increases in every age group except older adults. Researchers also found an alarming increase among girls 10-14, whose suicide rate, while still very low, had tripled. (The New York Times, 4/22)

Chronic Conditions Tied to Low Wellbeing in Childhood Cancer Survivors
Chronic conditions appear to be causing a poorer quality of life for childhood cancer survivors, according to a new study. Young adults who survived cancer as children had health and wellbeing comparable to that of people nearly two decades older than them, researchers found. 40 percent of survivors face severe ongoing health problems, according to the study. (Reuters, 4/22)

Heavy Cannabis Use in Teen Years Tied to Earlier Mortality
Men who were heavy cannabis smokers in their teens may not live as long as those who did not use cannabis when they were young, according to a recent study. During the 42-year study period, those who were heavy cannabis users in their late teens were 40% more likely to die by age 60 than those who never used the drug. (Physician’s Briefing, 4/22)

Teens Most Drawn to E-Cigarettes by Online Ads
While many forms of e-cigarette advertising increase the odds that teens will try the devices, a new study suggests that this generation of digital natives is most enticed by promotions they see online. Middle schoolers who routinely viewed e-cigarette ads online, were almost three times more likely to use the devices than their peers who never saw ads. High schoolers were about two times more likely to use e-cigarettes. (Reuters, 4/25)

Certain Cancers Seem Less Likely for Kids of Hispanic Moms Born Outside U.S.
According to a study, children of Hispanic mothers who were born outside the United States were less likely than those of U.S.-born Hispanic mothers and U.S.-born white mothers to have cancers such as glioma (brain), astrocytoma (brain), neuroblastoma (a type of solid tumor) and Wilms tumor (kidney), the researchers found. (HealthDay News, 4/25)

Plateau But No Decline: Child Obesity Rates Hold Steady
A new study published in the journal Obesity concludes that though the prevalence of obesity among U.S. children has plateaued in recent years there is no indication of a national decline. Researchers see a pretty consistent increase in obesity across all-aged children, and to a continued increase in the rate of severe, or morbid, obesity among teens, which rose from 6% in 1999 to about 10% in 2014. (NPR, 4/26)

Caring for a Pet Could Improve Type 1 Diabetes Management in Children and Adolescents
Young people with type 1 diabetes who actively help care for a family pet are more likely to have well-controlled blood glucose levels, research suggests. The children who actively cared for at least one household pet were 2.5 times more likely to have good control of their blood glucose levels compared to children who didn’t care for a pet. ( , 4/26)    

Gender Differences, Relationship Power Could be Key in Preventing HIV in South African Adolescents
Millions of those infected with HIV worldwide are young women, ages 15-24, according to the World Health Organization. Because the HIV epidemic overlaps with an epidemic of intimate partner violence against women and girls, researchers have suspected a correlation between inequities in relationship power and the risky sexual behavior that can lead to HIV transmission. (Science Daily, 4/26)

‘Leave Us Alone’: Teens Plea to Parents Suffering from Exams Stress
Britain’s stressed out teenagers just want their parents to leave them alone during exam time, according to a new report. the latest research shows that exam stress will affect 8 in 10 teens’ behaviour, health or appearance this summer. But the study warns that parents can also be a key distraction or even frustration, with many teens pleading to be left alone to revise. (The Telegraph, 4/27)




Texas is One Step Closer to Concussion Tracking System
Texas may be one step closer to a statewide system to track concussions in school sports. The University Interscholastic League voted to move forward in creating a concussion database that would track the number of concussions happening in high school sports in Texas. (NBC, 4/18)

Evil, Degrading, Addictive, Harmful’: Utah Officially Deems Porn a Public Health Crisis
It’s official: Pornography is a public health crisis. At least in Utah. The governor signed off on a resolution that deems pornography “a public health hazard” that can result in wide-ranging harm to individuals and society at large. The resolution, passed through the state legislature, recognizes a need for education, research, prevention and changes to policy to address the issue. (The Washington Post, 4/19)
Six Years After Recession, Many Rural Families Still Rely on School Pantries
Economic recovery has been slow to reach this corner of the country and many other rural areas, where one in four children was living in poverty in 2014. More than 22 million children in the United States receive free or reduced lunch during the school year, but that number drops to fewer than 2.7 million in the summer. In-school food pantries are helping to fill this gap by staying open year-round. (Take Part, 4/19)
Proposal Could Cut School Meal Access for 3 Million Students Across the U.S.
Some 3 million children nationwide could lose their school meals if a drafted proposal to change the National School Lunch and Child Nutrition acts becomes law. The proposal, made in a House Education and Workforce Committee discussion draft of a bill that would reauthorize the school lunch and child nutrition acts, suggests tightening schools’ eligibility, according to the report. (NBC, 4/20)
Using Novel Line-Item Veto, Ark. Governor Extends Medicaid Expansion
Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson Thursday signed an appropriation bill into law and used a line-item veto to insure continuation of the state’s Medicaid expansion, ending a two-week budget standoff. The Medicaid expansion covers more than 267,000 Arkansans who make less than 138% of the federal poverty level. (Kaiser Health News, 4/21)
Tennessee Enacts Law Letting Therapists Refuse Patients On Religious Grounds
Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam has signed legislation that allows mental health counselors and therapists to refuse to treat patients based on religious objections or personal beliefs. Critics of the law say it could result in discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. (NPR, 4/27)

HIV/AIDS Cases Up Among Minnesotans in Their 20s, People of Color
Cases of HIV among people in their 20s, injection-drug users and people of color are on the rise in Minnesota, according to the Minnesota Department of Health. Cases among people aged 20-29 increased 24 percent with 108 new cases. Higher rates are reported for people of color and men who have sex with men. (ABC News, 4/27)




An Icelandic Success Story of Prevention of Adolescent Substance Use
In 1998 substance use amongst adolescents in Iceland was one of the highest in Europe. By 2015, it was amongst the lowest. Dr. Inga Dora Sigfusdottir introduced this twenty year success story at the United Nations General Assembly on the world drug problem in New York last week. The “Youth in Europe: A Drug Prevention Program” (YiE) is based on primary prevention work which originated in Iceland in 1998. (EurekAlert, 4/26)




New Guidelines Issued on Breast, Genital Plastic Surgery for Teen Girls
A growing interest among teenaged girls in plastic surgery on their breasts or genitals has prompted ACOG to recommend that doctors first talk to these young women about “normal” sexual development. The new recommendations also suggest that physicians screen these patients for body dysmorphic disorder, which is an obsession with an imagined or slight defect in appearance. (HealthDay News, 4/22)
U.S. Funding for International Family Planning & Reproductive Health
A recently published brief provides an overview of U.S. funding for family planning and reproductive health, including trends in bilateral and multilateral funding and top country recipients of U.S. funding, and places the U.S. within the larger context of overall donor support for the sector. (Kaiser Family Foundation, 4/25)




Sexual Assault Awareness Campaign Puts A Dark Twist On College Acceptance Letters
“Unacceptable Acceptance Letters” campaign includes six videos of fictional high school students opening their acceptance letters. As they read the exciting news to family and friends, the copy of the letter reveals what could happen to them once they get to school. ”We are delighted that you have chosen us but we won’t choose to protect you from your rapist this coming fall.” (The Huffington Post, 4/19)
Resources on E-Cigarettes Now Available
The AAP Julius B. Richmond Center, dedicated to the elimination of tobacco and secondhand smoke, has created a webpage dedicated to offering pediatricians resources about electronic nicotine delivery systems, or e-cigarettes. Included on this page are fact sheets, presentations, and information about the AAP’s actions on these products. (AAP, 4/27)




2016 School Health Conference
The 2016 School Health Conference is scheduled on Oct. 6-8 in Baltimore, MD and is a great resource for school health professionals across the US and internationally to learn, meet, and share ideas with like-minded professionals. Attendees represent schools, districts, state, communities, government, and other school health committed entities. (ASHA, 4/26)
2016 AAFP Family Medicine Global Health Workshop
Attend the 2016 AAFP Family Medicine Global Health Workshop, September 8-10, 2016 in Atlanta Georgia. Explore opportunities to engage in global health, prepare for overseas experiences, and seek to broaden clinical knowledge about global health concerns. (AAFP, 4/27)




Promoting Healthy Relationships and Responding to Adolescent Relationship Abuse
This two-part series sponsored by NYPATH, Physicians for Reproductive Health, and Futures without Violence, is designed to address adolescent relationship abuse, how it affects adolescent health, identify vulnerable communities, and develop strategies to support patients. Part 1 takes place on Wednesday, May 20th at 12:00pm EST and Part 2 on Friday, June 10th at 12:00pm. (NYPATH, 4/27)
Female Genital Mutilation & Cutting: Strategies for Education and Prevention
Join ASHA on Tuesday, June 7th at 2:00pm EST to address the rapidly growing number of girls in the U.S. at risk of FGM/C, especially in certain cities. The webinar will discuss warning signs, the four types of FGM/C, the federal and state laws that apply, and ways to discuss FGM/C with girls and families. (ASHA, 4/27)




Call for Papers on Indigenous Child Health
Proposals are being until May 9th for the International Meeting on Indigenous Child Health in Denver on March 31 to April 2, 2017. The meeting focuses on innovative care models and community-based public health approaches for children in American Indian, Alaska Native, and other indigenous communities worldwide. (CPS, 4/27)

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