Researchers find differences in brain wiring between children with SPD and those with autism
Researchers have found that children with sensory processing disorders have decreased structural brain connections in specific sensory regions different than those in autism, further establishing SPD as a clinically important neurodevelopmental disorder.  (News Medical, 7/31)
Religious fasts feasible for diabetic children
Children with Type 1 diabetes can successfully participate in religious fasts, a study suggests.  The study authors found that a total daily insulin dose of about 0.2 U/kg was optimal to cover the fast day, “although there is considerable variability between patients.”  (Medwire News Focus Paediatric Endocrinology, 7/31)
Excessive Sleepiness Caused by Learning, Attention and School Problems
Children with learning, attention and behavior problems may be battling excessive daytime sleepiness, despite having sufficient sleep at night, a new study reveals.  The researchers at the Penn State found that children with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) were more vulnerable to experience learning, attention/hyperactivity and conduct problems when compared to children without EDS. (Science World Report, 8/2) 
A little video gaming ‘linked to well-adjusted children’
Playing video games for a short period each day could have a small but positive impact on child development, a study by Oxford University suggests.  Scientists found young people who spent less than an hour a day engaged in video games were better adjusted than those who did not play at all.  But children who used consoles for more than three hours reported lower satisfaction with their lives overall.  (BBC News, 8/2)
Abuse of Prescription Painkillers on the Rise Among High School Athletes: Survey
Abuse of prescription painkillers is on the rise among high school athletes, and football players are among the worst offenders, a new study shows.  Generally, the student athletes used illegal substances more often than their peers who did not play sports, the study showed. Overall, substance abuse was more common among boys than girls. (HealthDay News, 8/4)
When Colds, Flu Lead to Complications in Kids
About one-third of children with viral infections severe enough to land them in the hospital end up with serious complications, a new study finds.  The study followed kids who had to be admitted to a pediatric hospital for the flu and other respiratory infections. Researchers stressed that they are much different from the vast majority of children who fall ill during cold-and-flu season. (HealthDay News, 8/4)
Model Can Predict Risk of Renal Scarring in Children
A model including temperature, ultrasonographic findings, and etiologic organisms is able to predict renal scarring in children with a first urinary tract infection, according to new research.  Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to identify independent prognostic factors for the development of renal scarring. Individual patient data from nine cohort studies for patients aged 0 to 18 years were pooled. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/4)
Risk-Glorifying Video Games Increase Deviant Behaviors in Some Teens
A recent study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, found that teenagers who play mature-rated, risk-glorifying video games are more likely to engage in a wide range of deviant behaviors, ranging from alcohol use, delinquency, smoking and risky sexual activity.  Researchers found that this was especially true for teens who played games with anti-social, protagonistic characters.  (Science World News, 8/4)                                                              
Removing Vending Machines from Schools May not Help in Lowering Soda Consumption
Removing vending machines from schools might not be effective in lowering soda consumption among students, a new study has found.  Researchers evaluated whether vending machines in schools affected the daily intake of soda and other unhealthy fast foods outside schools when combined with factors such as tax rates and soda bans in schools. The finding was based on the evaluation of 8,245 high school students in 27 states.  (Science World Report, 8/4)
‘Love Hormone’ Oxytocin May Play Key Role in Kids’ Social Skills
 The “love hormone” oxytocin has a tremendous effect on kids’ ability to function socially, Stanford University researchers report.  Children blessed with naturally high levels of oxytocin are more savvy at communicating with others and interpreting social signals or situations, said study author Karen Parker. (HealthDay News, 8/4)
Study: Interventions can reduce pediatric medication errors
Interventions can reduce pediatric medication errors, although optimizing intervention is still elusive, according to a study in Pediatrics.  Studies of computerized provider order entry systems with clinical decision support compared with studies of CPOE systems without clinical decision support showed a 36 percent to 87 percent reduction in prescribing errors. (Becker’s Infection Control and Clinical Quality, 8/5)
Alcoholism increasing in Indian adolescents: Study
Teenage boys in India are increasingly taking to alcohol, risking their lives, health and social behaviour, found a new study.  Analysing the alcohol consumption pattern in adolescents, public health researchers from India and abroad found that the proportion of men who start drinking alcohol in their teens surged nearly four-fold in the past few decades in India. (Deccan Herald, 8/5)
Kids May Not Eat Enough Fruits and Veggies
Although children have been eating more fruit in recent years, they still may not be eating enough fruits and vegetables overall.  The CDC recently released guidelines for fruit and vegetable consumption per age group and tracked average intake.  Based on the newest data, most children needed to increase both fruit and vegetable consumption to meet the guidelines. (Daily Rx, 8/6)
More Teens Are Seeking Help For Marijuana Addiction
Marijuana may be more addictive than state legislatures realize, according to Columbia University’s Center for Addiction and Substance Abuse, which released its analysis of data from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Treatment Episode Data Set from 2012.  The analysis indicates that in 2012, teens admitted to treatment were diagnosed with addiction involving marijuana far more frequently than other substances. (Business Insider, 8/6)
Canada: LGBs more at risk of teenage pregnancy, says British Columbia study
A new study of teenagers in Canada has found that LGB students are more at risk than heterosexuals when it comes to teenage pregnancy.  Unpublished results of the 2013 British Columbia Adolescent Health Survey show that gay and bisexual boys are nearly four times as likely to cause a pregnancy, and lesbian and bisexual girls are more than twice as likely to get pregnant, than their straight peers. (Pink News UK, 8/6)
How Gaza conflict will traumatise a generation of adolescents
A new study has examined adolescent victims of conflict in the Gaza strip - and has found that exposure to war-torn environments has a lasting and damaging effect on the psychology of young people.  The study investigated types of traumatic events experienced by Palestinian adolescents exposed to war in Gaza in relation to PTSD, anxiety and coping strategies and has found that a substantial number of adolescents in these situations develop a range of long-lasting emotional and behaviour problems. (Medical Express, 8/6)
Target self-perceptions to help kids with healthy weight loss: study
Many kids are prone to underestimate their weight problem if they have one, according to a new study, but kids who recognize they are overweight or obese are more likely to try to lose weight.  The study also found that healthy-weight kids who overestimate their own weight are more likely to diet, suggesting that getting kids - and their parents - to have an accurate perception of the child’s body weight is essential to promoting healthy behaviors, researchers say. (Reuters, 8/6)
Aggressive Adolescents More Likely to Abuse Alcohol
Researchers evaluated the association between psychological problems and alcohol use in 4074 Finnish adolescents aged between 13-18 years. They found that aggressive behavior increased adolescent drinking; however, they found no association between depression and anxiety to increased alcohol use.  Around 60 percent of the total number of participants consumed alcohol. (Science World Report, 8/7)    




House bill would create soda tax
Legislation introduced Wednesday in the House would establish a tax on soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks, reprising a national debate over the role of government in shaping the diets of Americans.  The bill authored by Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.) would amend the Internal Revenue Code to establish an excise tax on the beverage. The revenue would be directed toward prevention, treatment and related public health research. (The Hill, 7/30)

Senate passes autism bill
The Senate passed a bill Thursday night that reauthorizes federal support for autism programs.  The Autism CARES Act, H.R. 4631, requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services to designate an official to oversee national autism spectrum disorder research. It also extends autism education programs through 2019. (The Hill, 7/31)
House Dems move to avoid cancellation of kids’ insurance
Top House Democrats proposed legislation Thursday to prevent the expiration of healthcare coverage for 8 million children next year, when funding for a popular government program will expire unless lawmakers act.   Henry Waxman (D-Calif.) and Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. (D-N.J.) are proposing to extend funding for the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) for four years. The program is authorized through 2019, but its funding is set to expire on Oct. 1, 2015, unless Congress intervenes. (The Hill, 7/31)
47% of providers offer online patient consultations
About half of healthcare providers currently offer direct-to-consumer online medical services, according to a recent poll from the American Telemedicine Association.  The most-reported telemedicine delivery methods included video (77 percent), audio (57 percent) and a peripheral device (28 percent). (Becker’s Hospital CIO, 7/31)
Pediatric Guidelines Need Improvements for EHR Era
Substantial work lies ahead to convert the AAP Bright Futures guidelines into computerized prompts for physicians, find researchers.  Currently, Bright Futures is not organized to easily translate into computerized prompts, according to a new study published in Applied Clinical Informatics. (Health Management Data, 8/4)
New HHS advisory committee to focus on pediatric health needs in disasters
A new federal advisory committee has been established that will focus on health needs of children in disasters, according to an HHS report.  The National Advisory Committee on Children and Disasters will provide advice and consultation to the HHS Secretary on policies to meet the needs of children before, during and after a disaster, from natural disasters to bioterrorism incidents. (Becker’s Hospital Review, 8/5)




Uganda Court Throws Out Anti-Gay Law on Technicality
Uganda’s Constitutional Court invalidated the country’s controversial anti-gay law, finding that the legislature violated its own procedural rules when passing the bill earlier this year.  The five-judge panel found that the speaker of the parliament did not have a quorum—sufficient members present—to vote on the bill. At least three objections were made over a lack of quorum when the bill was passed, the Associated Press reports.  (Time, 8/1)
Kabul Doctors Report Rising Teen Suicides
Societal pressures and post-conflict trauma aree blamed for increase in young people trying to kill themselves.  Staff at the capital’s Ibn Sina hospital say that last year they dealt with 113 suicides and attempted suicides – a figure they had already reached within the first few months of this year.  With many attempts as well as deaths from suicide going unreported, doctors believe the real numbers are much higher. (Institute for War and Peace Reporting, 8/6)



Asthma specialists issued new guidelines to help asthma patients know signs of trouble
An organization of allergists and asthma researchers has issued updated guidelines designed to help asthma patients know when they’re in good health, when an asthma crisis may be close at hand and when they’re in trouble.  A task force of doctors and members of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology; the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology; and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology has issued guidelines to help cut the number of asthma attacks.  The study was published in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. (Daily Rx, 8/1)



ACIP Live Meeting Archive - June 2014
Video of June 25-26, 2014 ACIP meetings is now posted to the CDC Streaming Health channel on YouTube.  The discussion of the HPV vaccine is posted here.
Continuing-Education Video Addresses Children Exposed to Trauma and Interventions for Maltreatment
According to a new CE video by AHRQ, an urgent need currently exists to augment the evidence base on interventions addressing child maltreatment. Several interventions show promise in improving child well-being and child welfare outcomes.  The video, based on the 2013 comparative effectiveness review “Child Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Maltreatment,” explores major research gaps and highlights the need for collaborative clinical trials supported by a multisite research network. 



Webinar -- As Seen on TV: Integrating Tobacco Education Campaigns into Your Clinical Practice 
Join a webinar on Thursday August 7th at 2:00 pm ET hosted by the AAP.  This webinar will provide information about tobacco education campaigns currently airing -- the CDC’s Tips From Former Smokers campaign and FDA’s The Real Cost campaign. The webinar will feature a discussion about how campaigns can be used to bolster discussions with patients and families about cessation issues.



Join the Family-Centered Care Assessment pilot project 
The National Center for Medical Home Implementation in the AAP is recruiting 30 pediatricians for a pilot project focused on family-centered care. The project involves: administering the Family-Centered Care Assessment for Families (FCCA-F) to measure patient perceptions of family-centered care; and participating in a series of educational offerings related to family-centered care. The goal of the project is to increase primary care pediatricians’ knowledge of concepts and strategies related to family-centered care.  Applications are due August 15.
Public Comment on Draft Research Plan: Screening for Celiac Disease
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted a draft research plan on screening for celiac disease. The draft research plan is available for review and public comment from July 31 through August 27, 2014. Please review the draft research plan and submit comments.  


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A Weekly Digest of Adolescent Health News in Traditional and New Media


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