School Violence, Gun-Related Injury Among Top 10 Child Health Concerns Nationally
Childhood obesity remains the top health concern for children in 2014, but when asked about national concerns, adults put school violence, gun-related injuries, and teen pregnancy in the top 10, according to a new University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health.  In the poll’s annual top 10 list, a nationwide sample of adults were asked to identify the biggest health concerns for kids in their communities, as well as kids nationwide. (Red Orbit, 8/12)
Report urges planning now to curb youth sports injuries
new survey by the non-profit advocacy group Safe Kids Worldwide finds “an alarming gap” in what is known about sports safety and what is being done to reduce the risk of injury to young athletes.  42 percent of players report that they have hidden or downplayed an injury during a game so they could keep playing; 62 percent say they know someone else who has done so. (USA Today, 8/12)
Medicaid-Insured Children Have Higher Prescription Use
Regional variation exceeds payer-related differences in prescription use among children, according to a new study.  Researcher quantified overall and drug group-specific prescription use among children aged 0 to 17 years. Northern New England all-payer administrative data enabled the evaluation of prescription use by payer type and within payer type across 69 hospital service areas. (HealthDay News¸ 8/13)
Worker Layoffs Tied to Rise in Teen Suicides, Study Finds
When large numbers of workers lose their jobs, suicide attempts increase among certain groups of teens, a new study finds.  Researchers analyzed the results of a survey of more than 403,000 American teens conducted from 1997 to 2009, along with nationwide data about layoffs. (HealthDay News, 8/14)
Gene Mutations Reveal Biological Workings of Most Common Childhood Leukemia
Leukemia remains the most common type of cancer among children and teens. Estimates show that this health issue accounts for about 1 out of 3 cancers. Now, recent findings published in the journal Nature Communications examine recently discovered gene mutations that lead to acute lymphoblastic leukemia--the most common type found in children. (Science World Report, 8/14)
Later Age-of-Onset ADHD Criterion May Bring More Youth to Treatment
A new study from the NIMH supports the shift from DSM-IV to DSM-5 regarding the age-of-onset criterion for ADHD.  Extending the age-of-onset criterion from age 7 to age 12 increases the 12-month prevalence rate of ADHD from 7.38 percent to 10.84 percent, but that difference may reflect factors other than the disorder itself, according to researchers from the NIMH. (Psychiatry Online, 8/14)
‘Climate of Coercion’: Study Reveals Young Mens’ Attempts at Anal Sex
A recent study found that many young males felt that it was acceptable to coerce a partner into anal sex. For the study, researchers interviewed 130 teenagers between ages 16-18.  Findings revealed that for many, anal heterosex appeared to be “painful, risky and coercive, particularly for women.” Meanwhile, male partners often talked of their expectations to coerce reluctant partners. (Science World Report, 8/15)
Teens’ Risky Behavior May Result From Imbalances In Brains’ Emotional Networks, Scans Show
A new study published in Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging found that any injuries sustained from risky behavior may be a result of how the different parts of our brain are connected. Researchers compared risky behaviors (drug and alcohol use, sexual promiscuity, physical violence) among risk-taking teens and non-risk-taking teens aged 12 to 17. (Medical Daily, 8/16)
HPV Vaccine May Have Staying Power
A recent study found that the immunity provided by the HPV vaccine lasted at least eight years. The researchers followed 1,661 children and teens, aged 9 to 15, for eight years.  The blood samples showed that all the participants — those who got the HPV vaccine from the start and those who got it later on in the study — still had antibodies to protect against the four strains of the virus. (Daily Rx, 8/17)
Parent-reported cases of disability in children rise
More parents — especially upper-income ones — are reporting that their children have a physical, developmental or mental health disability, a study finds.  The number of non-institutionalized children age 17 and younger with disabilities rose 16% between 2001 and 2011, with nearly 6 million children (8% of the population) reported as having a disability, according to the analysis. (USA Today, 8/18)
Sex Abuse Risk Higher For People With Autism, Prompting Calls For Better Sex Education
People with autism are much more likely to be raped or sexually abused. They’re also more likely to learn about sex from television than from a teacher. When psychologists in Canada asked 95 adults with autism spectrum disorder whether they had been raped, coerced into sex or otherwise sexually abused, 78 percent of them said yes. That rate of sexual victimization is significantly higher than the rate for those without autism. (Medical Daily, 8/18)
U.S. Children With Cystic Fibrosis Are Living Longer
In the U.S., children born in 2010 with CF are projected to live longer than those born earlier, according to a study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.  If mortality remains at 2010 levels, the median survival per child born and diagnosed with CF in 2010 is projected to be 37 and 40 years for females and males, respectively. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/18)
UW Study Finds No Difference in Concussion Risk for Players with Different Helmets
Manufacturers of protective football equipment claim their latest products are designed to better protect young athletes from concussion risk, but a new study suggests these marketing claims may do a better job at exploiting parents’ fears than protecting players’ heads.  The results of a two-year study suggest that neither specific brand, age nor the recondition status of helmets were associated with fewer sport-related concussions (SRC) in adolescent athletes. (Health Canal, 8/18)
Does vitamin D help with asthma? More study needed
Asthma sufferers who received vitamin D supplements for six months, in addition to their regular inhalers, could breathe a little easier than those who relied only on the inhalers, in a recent study in Iran.  The researchers say the results might help the both adolescents and adults who sometimes have troublesome asthma symptoms even though they use medication. (Reuters, 8/18)
Are Children Who Play Violent Video Games at Greater Risk for Depression?
While much attention has focused on the link between violent video game playing and aggression among youths, a new study finds significantly increased signs of depression among preteens with high daily exposure to violent video games. (Health Canal, 8/18)
How parents juggle work hours may influence kids’ weight, research shows
The way parents balance their work schedules may affect their adolescent children’s eating habits, according to researchers.  Adolescents with moms and dads who spend more time at home, especially at breakfast and dinner time, generally have healthier eating behaviors and in some cases better exercise habits than most adolescents, according to the researchers. (Medical Xpress, 8/19)
Juvenile Delinquency, Violent Behavior In Adolescent Boys A Result Of Childhood Neglect
Several stereotypes have been attributed to violence among adolescent boys: sexual/physical abuse, hereditary factors, exposure to violence at home, etc. But the single largest factor that leads to violent behavior among adolescent boys is physical neglect by parents, according to a new study, presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association. (Medical Daily, 8/19)

Doctors may be missing chances to talk to teens about smoking
Less than a third of teens say their doctors have spoken to them about tobacco use, according to a new study.  Every year, 400,000 U.S. youth under age 18 smoke their first cigarette, they add, with about a quarter of those becoming new daily smokers. (Reuters, 8/19)
Maturing brain flips function of amygdala in regulating stress hormones
In contrast to evidence that the amygdala stimulates stress responses in adults, researchers at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University have found that the amygdala has an inhibitory effect on stress hormones during the early development of nonhuman primates. Much of what is currently known about the amygdala comes from research on adults. (Medical Xpress, 8/20)
Sleep-Deprived Teens Face Higher Obesity Risk
Teenagers receiving less than six hours of sleep at night are at an increased risk of becoming obese by the time they are 21 years old, a new study reveals.  The researchers state that 16-year-olds with sleep apnea, who feel sleepy during the day, face a 20 percent increased risk of becoming obese at the age of 21 years as compared to their peers who slept for more than eight hours. (Science World Report, 8/21)
Heavy pot use in teen years may predict later-life disability
A long-term study of Swedish men finds that those who smoked marijuana at age 18, especially the heaviest users, were more likely to end up on the nation’s disability rolls by age 59.  It’s unclear whether the pot use in adolescence may have led to more severe substance abuse or was an early sign of psychiatric or social factors that contributed to later disability, the researchers caution. (Fox News, 8/21)
Pregnant Teens Displaying Pica Behavior Have Low Iron Levels
Teens who engage in pica behavior are known to have significantly reduced levels of iron, a new study reveals.  Pica is characterized by the persistent and compulsive craving to consume non-food items with absolutely no nutrition. In the latest study that included 158 pregnant teens, researchers found that nearly 50 percent of them engaged in pica. (Science World Report, 8/21)
Most Teens Believe Pornography can Lead to Unrealistic View About Sex
A majority of teenagers in Britain report that access to pornography online leads to unrealistic and often, damaging views about sex.  Around eight out of ten 18-year-olds, who participated in a recent survey, said that it has become easy for young people to access porn. A survey, released by the Institute for Public Policy Research, shows that teens start watching porn around the age of 13-15 years. (Nature World News, 8/21)



Bacterial Meningitis Cases Drop in US                                
The introduction of two preventive vaccines and a new treatment for bacterial meningitis has led to a large drop in prevalence and mortality of the disease, according to a study in The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Researchers analyzed a national inpatient database of more than 50,000 people treated for bacterial meningitis between 1997 and 2010 in the United States. (Becker’s Hospital Review, 8/14)
Burwell names former Citigroup exec HHS senior counselor
HHS Secretary Sylvia M. Burwell has appointed Kevin Thurm as an HHS senior counselor.  Mr. Thurm will work closely with HHS senior staff on a range of strategic initiatives, policy challenges and engagement with external partners. Overall, he has more than 25 years of business, executive management, legal and policy experience. (Becker’s Hospital Review, 8/14)
FDA taps YouTube star to fight teen smoking
The Food and Drug Administration’s latest weapon to fight teen smoking goes by the name “SkyDoesMinecraft” and can tout more than 10.3 million subscribers on YouTube.  The FDA said Friday they have hired Adam Dahlberg, a 21-year-old YouTube star to post anti-smoking public service announcements targeting kids. (The Hill, 8/15)

U.S. Attorney: It’s Criminal the Way Adolescents Are Treated At Rikers
Ratcheting up the pressure on the beleaguered Department of Correction, U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara last week said that Rikers Island inmates ages 16 to 18 are at risk of harm from both correction officers and other inmates and that the city needs to do something about it.   “For adolescent inmates, Rikers Island is broken,” Mr. Bharara said at a press conference. (The Chief, 8/19)
FDA accepts Pfizer’s meningococcal vaccine license application
Pfizer, Inc., announced on Friday that the U.S. FDA accepted the company’s Biological License Application for its meningococcal disease vaccine candidate for review.  The FDA also granted the bivalent recombinant vaccine, which is intended for people ages 10-25, a Priority Review designation. (Vaccine News Daily, 8/19)
The Danger of Parental Notification of Abortion Laws
Forced parental notification, like many anti-abortion bills, are deliberate barriers designed to keep those who already face barriers, including low-income people, immigrants, communities of color, queer and young people from accessing safe abortion care from affordable and licensed abortion providers.  38 states require parental notification and/or consent for young women seeking to terminate a pregnancy. (Ebony, 8/20)
Teen birth rates plummet, says CDC
U.S. teen birth rates fell dramatically during the past two decades, plummeting 57 percent and saving taxpayers billions of dollars, a new government report shows.  An estimated 4 million fewer births occurred among teenagers as a result of the decline, according to researchers from the CDC. The decline in teen birth rates has occurred in all 50 states, with all race and ethnic groups experiencing a reduction in teenage parenthood. (CBS News, 8/20)



Media urged to advocate for sex education in school curriculum
The media has been urged to advocate for sex education to be included in the school curricula. This will address the issue of teenage pregnancy particularly among girls in basic schools.  The Executive Director of Youth Harvest Foundation Ghana said countries where sex education is part of school curricula, those countries have made tremendous progress in the area of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health. (Ghana Web, 8/16)
Project to improve services for adolescents launched in state
A project has been launched in Goa, under Goa University’s Centre for Women’s Studies, where a network will be formed of organizations in the state working with adolescents between the ages of 10 to 19.  The project is being funded by the Union government’s ministry of women and child development and will be introduced in other parts of the country if the Goa project proves useful. (The Times of India, 8/18)
UAE teens’ bad eating habits can lead to suicide, warns doctor
It is no secret that the UAE has one of the highest obesity rates in adolescents, and according to medical practitioners, eating disorders have the highest mortality rate amongst all mental health disorders, most often due to suicide or medical complications.  In addition to the risk of chronic lifestyle conditions; adolescents face yet another health-related threat with binge eating disorders. (Emirates 24/7, 8/19)



OAH Picks: 10 Resources for Adolescent Health
This end of summer issue from the OAH features 10 resources for adolescent health.  Topics include improving child health care, new report on young adults, evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention models, answering girl’s questions about their bodies, and sustaining youth-serving programs. (DHHS, 8/21)
2014 Guide to Clinical Preventive Services e-Book
For the first time, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has released an e-book version of its Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, an authoritative source that can help primary care clinicians and patients decide together what preventive services are right for a patient’s needs. The 2014 Guide includes all active Task Force evidence-based recommendations since 2004. (AHRQ, 8/20)
Child Health Care Quality Measures Posted
A listing of children’s health care quality measures that are now available has been posted to the AHRQ Web site. The measures were developed through the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services/AHRQ Pediatric Quality Measures Program. A second list describes measures that are now in development. (AHRQ, 8/20)


Teens, Technology and Social Media: Impacts on Healthy Relationship Development
Attend this free 60 minute webinar from the Dibble Institute on Wednesday, September 10, 2014 at 4 pm EST, 1 pm PDT.  Presenters will share how social media impacts the relationships and interactions of teens and young adults and introduce a just-released supplementary lesson from Relationship Smarts PLUS on Technology and Social Media, using the new Dibble Digital platform.



Be part of SAHM’s 2015 annual meeting - submit a research abstract
The Program Committee is seeking your submission of research abstracts for poster and oral presentation at the 2015 Annual Meeting. We welcome submissions on the full range of topics related to adolescent medicine and health, and particularly those that relate to our theme: Embracing Transitions: Promoting Health Throughout Adolescence and Young Adulthood. (SAHM, 8/4)


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A Weekly Digest of Adolescent Health News in Traditional and New Media


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