Fast-Food Consumption in Children Linked to Poorer Academic Outcomes
The research team found that the higher the frequency of fast-food consumption in 5th grade, the worse children performed on math, reading and science tests in 8th grade. The study results revealed that children who consumed fast food 4-6 times a week or every day scored up to 20% lower on math, reading and science tests in eighth grade than those who did not eat any fast food. (Medical News Today, 8/2)
Doctors Seek Cause Behind Dramatic Increase in ER Trips for Kids with Food Allergies
The rate of emergency room visits and hospitalizations of children with severe food allergy reactions nearly tripled in Illinois over five years, a recently released study by Northwestern Medicine reported. The increase raises questions about the cause of such a dramatic upswing and offering an especially comprehensive data that may supply insights for what is a growing nationwide issue. (The Journal Times, 8/4)
Guidelines Provided for Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis Management
Guidelines have been developed for the management of pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis at the primary care level. Researchers assessed recent treatment guidelines in terms of evaluation criteria, treatment recommendations, usability, accessibility, and applicability to non-specialists. They then integrated current clinical evidence into the guidelines to present a streamlined severity-based treatment model. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/6)

Exercise in Early Adolescence May Ward Off Diabetes Later On
High levels of physical activity during the early teen years might reduce the risk of diabetes later in life, according to a new study. The research included 300 children who were checked for insulin resistance every year from ages 9 to 16. The researchers found that at the age of 13, insulin resistance was 17% lower among those who were more physically active compared to those who were less active. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/7)
Most Teens Start School Too Early in Morning to Get Enough Sleep
Eighty-three percent of schools in the U.S. start before 8:30 in the morning, which contributes to two-thirds of high school students not getting the recommended 8.5 to 9.5 hours of sleep every night, according a CDC report.  Failure to get enough sleep can put teens at higher risk of being overweight, depressed and using alcohol, tobacco or illegal drugs, and also can lead to type 2 diabetes and heart disease later in life. (USA Today, 8/7)
Eating Oily Fish May Help Kids Avoid Nasal Allergies
Children who eat certain types of fish may be less likely to develop nasal allergies, according to a study from Sweden. Researchers studied what children ate at age eight and then monitored whether they developed nasal inflammation due to allergies or colds by age 16. Regular consumption of oily fish like salmon was linked a reduced risk of allergic rhinitis, or inflammation of the mucus membrane inside nasal passages. (Reuters, 8/7)
Tiotropium Therapy Shown As Safe and Effective Treatment for Adolescents with Asthma
A study recently published dshowed that inhaled tiotropium is a safe and effective therapy for adolescents with moderate to severe asthma. Researchers conducted a systematic review of placebo-controlled, randomized trials based on the use of inhaled tiotropium in adolescents experiencing moderate to severe asthma. In total, three studies were considered, comprising 895 patients aged 12 to 18 years. (Lung Disease News, 8/7)
Exercise Boosts Obese Kids’ Heart Health
When obese kids get moving, their cardiovascular health quickly improves even if they don’t lose weight, a new review finds. Australian researchers looked at 6 studies on the effects of exercise for obese children and teenagers. On average, the studies found no impact on kids’ weight in the short term (6-12 weeks) However, a clear benefit was seen when it came to kids’ fitness levels and blood vessel function. (HealthDay News, 8/10)
‘Body’ Report Cards Aren’t Influencing Arkansas Teenagers
It is one of the boldest and most controversial tactics in the battle against childhood obesity: A growing number of schools are monitoring their students’ weight and sending updates home, much like report cards. Ten states now require schools to send such notifications. But a new study of the first state to adopt the practice shows that the letters have had almost no effect, at least on older teenagers. (New York Times, 8/10)
Kids, Teens Win When Mental Health Providers Team with Pediatricians, Family Doctors
Health care providers and researchers have increasingly pushed to integrate care for mental health and substance use problems within primary medical care. In a study published in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers found that children and adolescents who receive integrated mental health and medical treatment are 66% more likely to have a good outcome than those who receive more traditional primary care. (Medical Express, 8/10)
Acute CNS Complications After Breath-Hold Diving in Teens
Acute central nervous system complications can occur in children after breath-hold diving, according to a case report published in Pediatrics. Researchers reported 2 cases, one from a 12 year old who presented with unilateral leg weakness and paresthesia after diving about 25 m beneath the water surface and the other from  a 13 year old with acute dizziness, personality changes, confusion, and headache. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/10)
Mini Payments May Help Teens Manage Type 1 Diabetes
Teenagers with type 1 diabetes might take better care of themselves if they’re rewarded, new research suggests. At the end of a 3-month pilot study, teens with type 1 diabetes who got 10 cents every time they tested their blood sugar did so more often and had lower blood sugar levels. And their A1C levels, a common measure of longer-term blood sugar control, remained lower for a year after treatment. (Reuters, 8/11)
Behaviors Linked to Adult Crime Differ in Abused Girls and Boys, Study Finds
Research from the University of Washington suggests that troubling behaviors exhibited by abused children can be predictors of later criminal activity, and that those indicators differ between boys and girls. The study found that boys who show “externalizing” behaviors are more likely to commit crimes as adults, while girls who exhibited signs of “internalizing” behaviors were more likely to commit crimes as adults. (University of Washington, 8/11)
Sexting, Internet Safety for Kids Big Concerns in Survey
Sexting and online safety are now some of the leading health concerns adults have for children, an annual poll finds. Concerns about Internet safety rose to fourth from eighth in 2014, and sexting climbed from 13th to sixth, the survey found. Childhood obesity, bullying and drug abuse remained the top three child health concerns among adults. (HealthDay News, 8/11)  



Depressed Teens at Risk of Heart Disease, Early Monitoring Urged
For the first time, experts urge early monitoring for heart and blood vessel disease among teens with major depression or bipolar disorder, according to an AHA scientific statement. Major depression and bipolar disorder are common mood disorders, affecting about 10% of U.S. adolescents. This statement makes recommendations to consider these mood disorders as independent, moderate risk factors for CVD. (AHA Newsroom, 8/10)
Chlamydia Screens Dropped After Cervical Cancer Screening Change
After a recent increase in chlamydia infections in the US, researchers are now recommending uncoupling chlamydia screening from both cervical cancer screening and pelvic examinations and pursuing new screening opportunities, as well. Chlamydia screening for women ages 24 and younger can be done with a noninvasive urine test or self-swab instead of by pelvic exam and physician-collected swab. (AAFP, 8/10)
Judges Weigh In Against Shackling of Youth in Courtrooms
A national association of judges wants to stop the indiscriminate shackling of youth in juvenile court. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges released a resolution that supports a policy against shackling children, with exceptions made on a case-by-case basis. The group is the latest to oppose the policy, citing concerns for children’s health and development, as well as their due process rights. (Juvenile Justice Information Exchange, 8/11)
U-M and Kohl’s Launch Campaign to Reduce Distracted Driving Among Teens
It’s a contract full of such vows as “I will find sunglasses before driving,” “I will wait until stopped to search for music” and “I will rely on passengers to make calls or text for me”  signed by teens before hitting the road as new drivers. The teen-parent driving agreement is just one of the many free online tools offered to young drivers, parents, families, schools and communities through the new Kohl’s Drive Smart Initiative. (University of Michigan, 8/12)




Pious Philippines Rolls Out Reproductive Health Law Amid Opposition
Teen pregnancies rose by 50 percent in the Philippines over the last decade. Now that predominantly Roman Catholic country has begun implementing a law, contested for years, that requires public health facilities to offer free contraceptive services. (PBS, 8/10)
Global Financing Facility in Support of Every Woman Every Child
The UN, the World Bank Group, and the Governments of Canada, Norway and the US joined country and global health leaders to launch the Global Financing Facility in support of Every Woman Every Child, and announced that $12 billion has already been aligned to country-led five-year investment plans for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health in the four GFF countries of the DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania. (The Lancet Youth, 8/11)  
UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Lays Emphasis on Fighting Adolescent Anemia
UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, Priyanka Chopra addressed youth in a short film released to mark the World Youth Day. She emphasized the importance of stepping up the fight against adolescent anemia, regarded as a major health problem among adolescents in developing countries including India. “One out of two young girls and one out of three young boys in India are anemic.” (Financial Express, 8/12)




Teens, Technology and Friendships
This report, which covers the results of a national survey of teens ages 13-17 explores the new contours of friendship in the digital age. For today’s teens, friendships can start digitally: 57% of teens have met a new friend online with 29% of teens indicating that they have made more than 5 new friends online. Social media and online gameplay are the most common digital venues for meeting friends. (Pew Research Center, 8/6)
Foundations for Young Adult Success: A Developmental Framework
Amid growing recognition that strong academic skills alone are not enough for young people to become successful adults, this comprehensive report offers wide-ranging evidence to show what young people need to develop from preschool to young adulthood to succeed in college and career, have healthy relationships, be engaged citizens, and make wise choices. (The University of Chicago, 8/7)



New Free Issue of Healthy Children E-magazine Available
Published in English and Spanish, the new issue focuses on getting parents and kids ready for the new school year. It features useful information on how reading to children helps brain development, why childhood immunizations are important, and how to connect with kids in today’s digital world. It can be downloaded on iTunes or Google Play stores or downloaded as a PDF. (Healthy Children, 8/7)



2015 Family Medicine Global Health Workshop
Prepare for your next global health experience. Attend the AAFP Family Medicine Global Health Workshop, Oct. 2-4 in Denver. The educational goals are strongly tied back to the 2015 theme, Promoting Health for All: Family Medicine and Global Health. Students and residents, practicing physicians and health professionals, teachers of family medicine, and consultants are all welcome. (AAFP, 8/6)



Engagement, Care, and Retention for HIV+ and At-Risk Youth
Join NYPATH (New York Promoting and Advancing Teen Health), Physicians for Reproductive Health and the NYC STD prevention Training center for an hour-long webinar on September 16, 2015 at 12pm EST. Dr. Alwyn Cohall will be discussing optimizing engagement, linkage to care, treatment and retention for youth living with or at-risk for HIV. (NYPATH, 8/11)
Adolescence: Preparing for Lifelong Health and Wellness
Adolescence is a critical stage of development during which physical, intellectual, emotional, and psychological changes occur.  Join the CDC’s Grand Rounds webinar, Tuesday August 18th 1-2 pm EST as they explore adolescent health, specifically how families, community organizations, schools, and Gov. agencies can work together to encourage adolescents to avoid risk and adopt health-promoting behaviors. (CDC, 8/13) 

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