Eating Disorders Five Times More Prevalent in Transgender College Students, Study Finds

A new article published in the August issue of The Journal of Adolescent Health, the official journal of the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine finds the prevalence of eating disorders in transgender college students is far greater than any cisgender man or woman. Transgender students responded that they had been diagnosed with an eating disorder in the past year at an alarming rate of 15.82%. (LGBT Weekly, 8/2)





Adolescent ED Visits for Self-Harm Increase
Self-harm among adolescents is growing, according to a study published in Pediatrics, that gathered information using the National Trauma Data Bank, looking at patients ages 10 to 18 from 2009 to 2012. Results showed ED visits for self-inflicted injury increased from 1.1% in 2009 to 1.6% in 2012. Self-inflicted firearm visits decreased from 27.3% in 2009 to 21.9% in 2012. The most common mechanism in males was firearm (34.4%) and in females, cut/pierce at 48%. (, 7/28)
Ethanol Locks May Help Prevent CABSIs in Pediatric Cancer Patients, Study Finds
Ethanol locks have the ability to prevent central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in pediatric cancer patients, according to the results of a randomized trial published in the European Journal of Cancer. Researchers observed that the patients in the ethanol arm of the study experienced a CABSI rate of 10%, whereas those in the heparin arm experienced a CABSI rate of 19%. (Becker’s Infectious Control and Clinical Quality, 7/29)
Most Adolescents Feel Better After Gastric Bypass
Teenagers suffering from severe obesity generally feel worse than their peers, but after undergoing gastric bypass nearly all experience improved mental health. One in five, however, still suffers from symptoms of depression, some quite seriously according to a new study published in Obesity. The study is the largest two-year follow-up in the world regarding mental health in adolescents who have undergone gastric bypass. (Science Daily, 7/30)
Low-Income Teens Have Best Shot At Getting HPV Vaccine
When it comes to getting the HPV vaccine to protect against cervical cancer, teens below the poverty line are doing better than the rest, according to data released by the CDC. Among teenage girls ages 13-17 whose total family income was below the federal poverty line, 67.2% have received the first dose of HPV vaccine, compared to 57.7% for those at or above the poverty line. For teen boys, it’s 51.6% compared to 39.5%. (NPR, 7/30)
New Study Blames Chinese Grandparents For Obese Kids
Chinese children raised by their grandparents are twice as likely to be overweight or obese. The new study’s researchers set out to determine the factors leading to China’s high obesity rate and discovered that grandparents often work at cross-purposes with parents and schoolteachers. Chinese grandparents tend to over feed the kids under their care, believing that obesity indicates that children are well cared for. (Time, 7/30)
Exercise During Teens Reaps Long-Term Benefits for Women, Study Shows
Playing team sports and exercising during adolescence can have long-lasting benefits for women and may even reduce their risk of dying from cancer and other causes later in life, a new study showed. Researchers found that women who were active for just 1.3 hours a week while in their teens had a 16 % lower risk of dying from cancer and a 15% decreased risk of death from all causes. (Reuters, 7/31)
Obese Kids a Universal Target for Bullies
“Being fat” is seen as the most common reason why children are bullied, a new study reveals. Schools should raise awareness about, and take more action to reduce, weight-related bullying, according to 75-87% of the 2,800 adults survived.  About three-quarters of the respondents said governments should strengthen existing anti-bullying laws to include measures to combat weight-related bullying. (HealthDay News, 8/2)
A New Type of ADHD? Head Injuries in Children Linked to Long-Term Attention Problems
Children who suffer an injury to the brain, even a minor one, are more likely to experience attention issues, according to a recent study. Researchers looked at children, ages 6 to 13, who suffered from traumatic brain injuries ranging from a concussion to losing consciousness. They found that those with TBI had more lapses in attention and issues, such as anxiety, a tendency to internalize their problems and slower processing speed. (The Washington Post, 8/3)
Cyberbullying on Rise, Particularly for Teen Girls, Study Says
A study of more than 16,000 Boston-area high school students suggests cyberbullying is on the rise, most sharply with girls as victims and abetted by the prevalence of smartphones among teenagers. The percentage of the students who said they experienced cyberbullying jumped from 14.6% to 21.2% over a six-year period and bullying or harassment of girls on forums such as websites and social networks shot up 10%.  (The Boston Globe, 8/3)
Concomitant Administration of 9vHPV With MCV4/Tdap Feasible
For 11- to 15-year olds, concomitant administration of Gardasil 9 and Menactra or Adacel is noninferior to intermittent administration, according to a study published in Pediatrics. Andrea Schilling, M.D and colleagues compared the immunogenicity and safety of 9vHPV administered concomitantly or nonconcomitantly with MCV4 and Tdap in 11- to 15-year-old boys and girls. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/3)
Case Report: Pediatric Nickel Dermatitis Caused by Belt Buckles
Nickel dermatitis has been observed in a number of patients ranging from 9 to 15 years old whose symptoms resolved after avoiding contact with dimethylglyoxime (DMG)-positive belt buckles. Alina Goldenberg, M.D. and colleagues describe allergic contact dermatitis in 12 children with peri-umbilical nickel dermatitis attributed to DMG-positive belt buckles. Patients were instructed to switch to brass buckles. (Physician’s Briefing, 8/3)
High Rates of Violence, HIV Infection for Adolescents in Sex Trade on U.S.-Mexico Border
Researchers report that more than 1 in 4 female sex workers in two Mexican cities on the U.S. border entered the sex trade younger than age 18. These women were three times more likely to become infected with HIV than those who started sex work as adults. They were also three times more likely to be violently coerced to engage in sex and seven times less likely to use a condom during their first month in the sex trade. (UC San Diego School of Medicine, 8/4)
FOMO Is Making Teens Terrible Drivers
A new study goes beyond bad behaviors of texting while driving to investigate the motivations behind them. When it comes to teen drivers at least, it appears the culprit is an ascendant cultural plague: FOMO or the fear of missing out. Teen drivers said they feel pressure to respond immediately to texts even while driving and that they can’t help but peek at their phones when notifications pop up in their apps. (Time, 8/4)
New Tool Identifies Causes of Pediatric Patient Harm
A new tool to identify the most common causes of harm in pediatric inpatient environments could improve patient safety for hospitalized children. Six academic children’s hospitals used the tool to review 100 randomly selected inpatient records from patients, under the age of 22. Of 600 patient charts evaluated, 240 harmful events (“harms”) were identified, for a rate of 40 harms per 100 patients admitted. (AHRQ, 8/4)
Obesity Awareness May be Causing Overeating, Finds International Study
People who think they are overweight or obese are more likely to pile on the pounds than those who are unaware that they may be heavier than doctors would advise, according to research. It is well-known that many people who are overweight do not realize it because so many others around them look the same size and shape, but this study found feelings of stigmatization may be causing overweight people to stress-eat. (The Guardian, 8/4)
Regular Pot Use as Teen Not Tied to Long-Term Health Problems: Study
Regular marijuana use doesn’t appear to put teens at increased risk for depression, lung cancer or other physical and mental health problems later in life, contends a new study that challenges previous research. Researchers also found no association between teen marijuana use and depression, anxiety, allergies, headaches or high blood pressure later in life. (HealthDay News, 8/4)
Studying Deterrence Among High-Risk Adolescents
The Pathways to Desistance study followed more than 1,300 serious juvenile offenders for 7 years after their conviction. The authors present some key findings on the link between perceptions of the threat of sanctions and deterrence from crime among serious adolescent offenders. They also found there was no meaningful reduction in offending or arrests in response to more severe punishment. (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 8/5)
Curb Online Gaming Sites, Australia Urged
Australia has been urged to adopt tighter curbs on online gambling after a study found social media promotions and casino-style games have been encouraging younger people to take up the habit.  The study, found 28% of youth aged 12-17 who played casino- style games moved to spending more time and money on real gambling. A third of teen game players believed playing would increase their chances when gambling.    (Straits Times, 8/5) 




Sex trafficking: Lifelong Struggle of Exploited Children
It is a world few Americans are aware of, but tens of thousands of American children are thought to be sexually exploited every year. The FBI says child sex abuse is almost at an epidemic level, despite the agency rescuing 600 children last year. People are trafficked into America from Mexico, Central and South America, but the vast majority of children bought and sold for sex every night in the US are American kids. (BBC, 7/30)
Momentum for Senate Bill to Address Sexual Assault in College
A Senate committee explored possible responses to sexual assault in college through a bill that would require colleges to provide confidential advisers to help students who report sexual violence and surveys every 2 years of students to gauge the scope of the problem, with the results published online. It would also establish new penalties for schools that fail to follow federal laws related to campus safety and gender discrimination. (The Washington Post, 7/29)
Kids’ Hemophilia Drugs a Big Part of State Medicaid Spending
Treatment costs for hemophilia, may use up a big chunk of California’s Medicaid budget. Researchers found that treatments for hemophilia accounted for the largest share of spending on outpatient drugs among publicly insured children and young adults under the age of 21 in California with serious chronic illnesses. Overall, outpatient pharmacy costs totaled almost $476 million, or 20% of total health care costs. (HealthDay News, 7/31)
Chlamydia Screening ‘Easier and Cheaper’ with New DNA Smartphone Test
Researchers have created a simple smartphone DNA test that they say can accurately detect chlamydia, the most commonly reported STI in the US. Jeff Tza-Huei Wang, PhD, from Johns Hopkins University and colleagues say the test, called mobiLab, a battery-powered device, works by analyzing genital swab samples, detecting the DNA of chlamydia bacteria via a microfluidics cartridge.  (Medical News Today, 7/30)
Republican Effort to Strip Planned Parenthood Funding Stalls in Senate
Senate Democrats on Monday blocked a Republican-backed effort to end federal funding for Planned Parenthood following the release of undercover videos that raise questions about the practice of harvesting tissue from aborted fetuses for research. The 53-46 procedural vote fell short of the 60 ayes needed to proceed with a bill that would immediately stop funding for the beleaguered women’s health-care provider. (Washington Post, 8/3)
Violence High in U.S. Despite Declines
Violence remains a problem for the U.S. despite substantial progress since the 1980s and 1990s. Using health and law enforcement surveillance systems, the CDC mapped trends in child abuse and neglect, youth, intimate partner, and sexual violence, elder abuse and homicide. The increase may be due to drug abuse, the spread of more powerful firearms, and changes in family structures, cultural norms, and societal dynamics. (Reuters, 8/4)




Colombia Parents Monitoring Children’s Online Activity Not Violating Privacy Rights
Colombia’s Supreme Court ruled that parents who monitor their children’s online activity if suspecting abuse don’t violate the minor’s privacy and social media and email accounts held by children under 18 fall under parents’ legal responsibility. The decision came out of a case in which the parents of a 12-year-old girl submitted emails between their daughter and an adult male documenting sexual abuse. (Colombia Reports, 8/4) 
International Youth Day: August 12, 2015
The 2015 International Youth Day theme is Youth Civic Engagement. Youth Civic Engagement is the main goal of the UN’s System-Wide Action Plan on Youth, which seeks to promote young people’s effective inclusive civic engagement. Recently there has been more focus on youth civic engagement by governments, UN entities, regional and multilateral organizations, youth advocates, researchers, and young people. (The Lancet Youth, 8/4)



National, Regional, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13–17 Years, United States, 2014
The CDC has released its findings from the National Immunization Survey for Teens. Routine immunization is recommended for adolescents aged 11–12 years by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for protection against diseases including pertussis, meningococcal disease, and HPV. Overall coverage among adolescents (13–17 years old) increased for all routinely recommended vaccines. (CDC, 7/31)



Video Series Helps Implement Mental Health Priorities in Practice 
Engaging families to uncover and clarify mental health needs requires skill and practice. The Implementing Mental Health Priorities in Practice consists of 6 videos demonstrating examples of patient/family encounters, including more difficult conversations about depression, disruptive behavior, inattention/impulsivity, social-emotional health, substance use and suicide/self-harm. (AAP, 7/31)
Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs Matter: Two New Video Series Explain Why
The Office of Adolescent Health introduces two new video series that reflect on what works for teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) and the impact of TPP programs on the lives of adolescents across the US. The first video series provides a personal look at TPP programs in local communities and the second video series answers questions about the national, evidence-based TPP Program from OAH staff and partners. (OAH, 8/3)
Resources to Help in Caring for Children and Youth with Epilepsy
The Coordinating Center for Children and Youth with Epilepsy has released their most recent quarterly issue. The center provides continuous learning opportunities for MCHB grantees and other health professionals, including this newsletter. The newsletter includes information on center activities, AAP Section on Neurology resources, medical home resources, grantee achievements, upcoming events and more. (AAP, 8/4)



AHRQ Research Conference October 4-6
Registration is open for the 2015 AHRQ Research Conference, “Producing Evidence and Engaging Partners to Improve Health Care,” scheduled for October 4-6 in Crystal City, VA. The conference will bring together authorities in health care research and policy to participate in sessions focused on addressing today’s challenges in improving quality, safety, access and value in health care. (AHRQ, 8/4)



Webinar on Adaptive Trial Design and Learning Evaluation
AHRQ’s Practice-Based Research Network is hosting a research methodology webinar August 18 from 12:30 to 2 p.m. ET. Presenters will discuss the standards recommended for the design, conduct and reporting of adaptive clinical trials as applied to PCOR. A detailed overview of how to apply the learning evaluation approach to quality improvement assessments across multiple organizations will also be discussed. (AHRQ, 8/4)


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