Interdisciplinary Care Can Cut Costs in Peds Aerodigestive Care
An interdisciplinary approach to pediatric aerodigestive disorders can reduce health care costs and exposure to anesthesia, according to research published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. Researchers conducted a retrospective medical record review of 125 pediatric patients  to examine whether an interdisciplinary approach to pediatric aerodigestive disorders reduces health care costs and burden. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/5) 
Teen hookah and snus users more likely to move on to cigarettes
Kids who smoke hookah or use snus are more likely to move on to cigarettes, according to a new study. “Hookah and snus could directly lead to cigarette smoking either by introducing teens to the practice of inhaling smoke, in the case of hookah, or creating an addiction to nicotine that can be better satisfied by cigarette smoking in the case of snus,” said study lead author Samir Soneji. (Reuters, 12/8)
Hard Hit to Chest Triggered A-Fib in Teen Football Player
A hard hit to the chest during a football game resulted in three days of an irregular heart rhythm for a 16-year-old player, researchers report in a new case study. The authors of the paper, published in Pediatrics, describe the first known report of atrial fibrillation in a teenager following blunt force trauma to the chest. The boy was apparently healthy and had no medical history of a heart condition. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/8)
Childhood brain tumours linked to parental solvent use
Children born to parents who work with paints, glues and other industrial solvents are more likely to develop brain tumours, researchers have found. For the first time, scientists have compared the occupations of 306 parents whose children were diagnosed with brain tumours against 950 couples whose offspring do not have cancer. (Medical Xpress, 12/8)
Antibiotic Stewardship Programs in Children’s Hospitals Effective
Formalized antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) effectively reduce antibiotic prescribing in children’s hospitals, according to research published Pediatrics. Researchers examined the impact of formalized ASPs on antibiotic prescribing over time in a group of 31 children’s hospitals. ”This multicenter study strengthens recommendations for universal implementation of ASPs in acute care hospitals,” the authors write. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/8)
Mobile device use leads to few interactions between mother and child during mealtime
Moms who use mobile devices while eating with their young children are less likely to have verbal, nonverbal and encouraging interactions with them. The findings, which appear in Academic Pediatrics, may have important implications about how parents balance attention between their devices with their children during daily life. (Medical Xpress, 12/9)
Study shows cognitive training can improve brain performance of students in poverty
The cognitive effects of poverty can be mitigated during middle school with a targeted intervention, according to researchers. In a paper published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, researchers for the first time examine the efficacy of cognitive training in a large and diverse group of 7th and 8th grade public middle school students as compared to typically developing students who received no specific training. (Medical Xpress, 12/9)
64% of patients may book appointments online in the next five years
About two-thirds of patients — 64 percent — will book medical appointments online by the end of 2019, according to new research from Accenture. This translates to 986 million appointments and a potential $3.2 billion in savings for the healthcare system over the next five years. Health systems that offer self-scheduling capabilities will be able to divert about 80 percent of patient volume through self-scheduling online. (Becker’s Health IT and CIO Review, 12/10)
‘Tis the season for youth to curb binge drinking
While a few extra drinks might be brushed off as holiday cheer, they can signal a problem in young adults. The bad habits we pick up in our youth may stay with us later in life, according to a new study.  Its findings, which were published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, suggest that teenagers who regularly consume alcohol are more likely to binge drink, at least into their mid-20s. (Health Canal, 12/10)
Low income kids eat more fruits and vegetables when they are in school
The fruits and vegetables provided at school deliver an important dietary boost to low income adolescents, according to a new study. In a study released in Preventive Medicine, researchers found that fruit and vegetable intake was higher among low income adolescents on days when they consumed meals at school compared to days when low income adolescent were not in school. (Medical Xpress, 12/11)
In measuring teen nicotine use, public health agencies often rely on data that are too crude
When it comes to measuring teen smoking trends, many public health agencies rely too heavily on reports of monthly cigarette use, a broad statistic that makes it difficult to draw conclusions about current habits and historical changes in behavior, according to a new study. That figure does not describe how many times the respondent smoked that month, for example, and fails to account for new forms of nicotine use. (Medical Xpress, 12/11)
Almost All U.S. Teens Are Sleep Deprived, Study Finds
More than 90 percent of American high school students are chronically sleep-deprived, putting their health and academic performance in jeopardy, a new report finds. The study, based on U.S. national data, finds that most teens don’t get the minimum 9 to 10 hours of sleep per night that’s recommended by standard guidelines. Teenagers do face a number of challenges as they try to get adequate sleep, experts say. (HealthDay News, 12/11)
The Pill Remains Most Common Method of Birth Control, U.S. Report Shows
The pill remains one of the most popular methods of birth control for women, along with female sterilization and condoms, a new report shows. Among the two-thirds of women aged 15 to 44 who used birth control between 2011 and 2013, approximately 16 percent used the pill, according to the report by the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. IUDs and implants, were used by 7.2 percent of women. (HealthDay News, 12/11)
More young adults getting preventive care after Obamacare, study finds
More young adults are using certain types of preventive care since the Affordable Care Act went into effect in the U.S., according to a new study. Significant increases were seen in the numbers of 19- to 25-year-olds getting preventive care, including routine checkups, blood pressure measurement and dental care between 2009 and 2011-12, the study found. (Medical Xpress, 12/11)  



Flu Shot May Offer Less Protection This Winter: CDC
This flu season looks like it could be worse than usual, due to an aggressive strain of influenza virus that might flout the protection provided by this year’s vaccine, U.S. health officials warned. A strain of influenza called H3N2 appears to be circulating most widely this season, and in the past death rates from H3N2 have been more than double that of other flu strains, according to officials from the CDC. (HealthDay News, 12/4)
US Birth Rates Hit Record Low: Why Are Women Waiting To Become Pregnant?
A recent study conducted by the CDC has found that U.S. birth rates among women under the age of 30 hit an all-time low in 2013. Researchers from the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics gathered data from the National Vital Statistics System. After the total number of births in the U.S. hit a peak in 2007, these rates have continued to decline in the past six years until hitting a record low last year. (Medical Daily, 12/5)
HHS doles out $36M in grants for improvements in patient care
HHS is handing out $36.3 million to more than 1,000 health centers across the country that have significantly improved the quality of their patient care. The health centers that received funding have all proven “high levels of quality performance” that aligns with the government’s attempts to strengthen care and cut costs under ObamaCare, according to a release from HHS. (The Hill, 12/9)
FDA Approves Gardasil for Additional Types of HPV
The Gardasil 9 vaccine has been approved by the FDA to treat five additional types of HPV. The approval covers females ages 9 through 26 and males ages 9 through 15, the agency said in a news release. The additional types of HPV -- 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58 -- cause about 20 percent of cervical cancers and weren’t covered by prior approvals of Gardasil. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/10)
Schools’ Discipline for Girls Differs by Race and Hue
There is increasing focus on the way school discipline and criminal justice affect black girls as well as black boys. Data from the Office for Civil Rights at the U.S. DOE show that from 2011 to 2012, black girls in public elementary and secondary schools nationwide were suspended at a rate of 12 percent, compared with a rate of just 2 percent for white girls, and more than girls of any other race or ethnicity. (The New York Times, 12/10)
U.S. falls behind on exercise, gets fatter; teen vaccination improves
Americans got fatter last year and were more slothful too — two outcomes reported in an annual analysis of the USA’s health. America’s Health Rankings, which are issued annually by the United Health Foundation, the American Public Health Association and Partnership for Prevention, is the longest-running state-by-state analysis of the nation’s health. Immunization coverage for adolescents was also up 5%. (USA Today, 12/10)
Millions of U.S. Kids Still Can Buy ‘Harmful’ E-Cigarettes: CDC
More than 16 million children in the U.S. can buy electronic cigarettes legally, even though the devices are not safe for them, a new government report says. The report from the CDC also found that hundreds of millions of Americans are not protected from indoor exposure to secondhand e-cigarette aerosol. Forty states forbid the sale of e-cigarettes to minors, but 10 states and the District of Columbia do permit such sales. (HealthDay News, 12/11)    



Access to sexual, reproductive health services widened
The Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) has established centers where young people can access information and materials on sexual and reproductive health. The centers are being set up in schools, health facilities and communities. The URCS has said they have deployed volunteers to these centers to guide and counsel the youth on sexual and reproductive health issues. (New Vision, 12/6)
HPV vaccination concerns about promiscuity deemed ‘unwarranted’
Vaccinating teenage girls to protect against a virus that causes cervical cancer doesn’t increase risky sexual behaviours, as some parents have feared, indicates a new study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Since 2006, an HPV vaccine has been licensed to protect against the virus. But there have been concerns that the vaccine might give girls and women a false sense of security, and encourage promiscuity. (CBC News, 12/8)
UK: STI hotspots - The places where you’re most likely to catch a sexually transmitted infection
The top 11 places where people are most likely to catch an STI have been revealed, following a report that suggested two fifths of Britons have contracted one. Conducted by UKMedix, the study formed part of a wider investigation into British sex lives, including attitudes towards safe sex and STIs. 41 percent of respondents admitted to having previously caught an STI. (The Independent, 12/11)


New Report Says Interoperability, Data Integration Needed To Improve Individual Health
A new report supported by AHRQ lays out recommendations for a health information technology infrastructure that could not only achieve interoperability among electronic health records but also integrate data. The report examines how health information is used and shared across the health care system and makes recommendations about the use of standards and incentives to allow information sharing. (AHRQ, 12/9)
Updated Recommendations for HIV Prevention with Adults and Adolescents with HIV in the United States
A new evidence-based guideline is now available online.  This guideline was developed by CDC, the HRSA, the NIH, and five nongovernmental organizations.   The recommendations are intended to advance the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States: prevent new HIV infections, increase the proportion of persons with HIV who are aware of their infection, prevent HIV-related illness and death, and reduce HIV-related health disparities. (CDC MMWR, 12/11)


Patient safety tool: AHA’s ambulatory care sensitive conditions toolkit
The American Hospital Association’s Physician Leadership Forum has released its “Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions Toolkit,” which includes resources for hospitals and health systems, clinicians and patients. The toolkit includes guides, fact sheets, frequently asked questions and action plans. The toolkit is a follow-up to the AHA’s 2013 report, Appropriate Use of Medical Resources. (Becker’s Infection Control and Clinical Quality, 12/5)
Adolescent Health in Your State
OAH has combed through adolescent health information and recently updated its state and national summaries of adolescent health and behavior. Highlights of what you can find on these data sheets include: healthy relationships, mental health, physical health, reproductive health, and substance abuse.  OAH has also expanded to include adolescent health summaries for Puerto Rico and Guam. (OAH, 12/11)


Register for the SAHM 2015 Annual Meeting
Join your colleagues for the largest and most comprehensive meeting of adolescent health professionals — the SAHM 2015 Annual Meeting, March 18–21, at the Millennium Biltmore Hotel, in Los Angeles, CA, USA. The program is filled with innovative research, clinical workshops, professional development sessions, and discussion forums for attendees from diverse disciplines. (SAHM, 12/11)


Cutting-Edge Contraception: MPTs and When to Use Them
SAHM is hosting a webinar with Ellen S. Rome, on December 16, 2014, from 1:00 to 2:30 p.m. EST on multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs).  Attend this webinar to learn about simple innovations, such as adding iron to birth control pills (to prevent pregnancy and anemia), or male or female condoms that prevent both pregnancy and STIs. Webinar is free with SAHM member dues renewal for 2015. 

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