Could Energy Drink 'Shots' Raise Teens' Diabetes Risk?
Caffeine-laden energy shots appear to trigger short-term insulin resistance in teenagers, Canadian researchers report in preliminary findings, suggesting that this effect might lay the foundation for developing type 2 diabetes later in life. When teens drank caffeinated 5-hour Energy, they experienced a 24.6% greater increase in blood glucose levels and a 26.4% greater increase in insulin levels during the glucose tolerance test. (HealthDay News, 12/2)
Birth Defect Rates High in Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Pregnancies
Congenital anomalies were "strikingly" high among the infants of young females with type 2 diabetes participating in a large clinical trial who became pregnant despite repeated counseling to use contraception according to a study. During the study participation of nearly 4 years, 46 (10.2%) of the females had 63 pregnancies. Among the 39 live births, six were preterm and eight had major congenital anomalies. (Medscape, 12/2)

Anemia a Risk in Children With Atopic Disease
Atopic disease raises the risk of anemia in children and adolescents, according to data from two large population-based surveys. In the NHIS, a history of eczema, asthma, hay fever, and food allergy was associated with increased likelihood of anemia. In the NHANES, childhood asthma and were associated with higher likelihood of anemia, particularly microcytic anemia. (Medscape, 12/2)
Romantic Partners are More Influential in Drinking Habits than Friends, Study Claims
Findings published in Developmental Psychology show that those who are in relationships were more similar to their partners than to friends on measures of alcohol abuse. Similarity between friend reports of alcohol abuse declined after one or both of the adolescents, ages 12 to 19 years old, became involved in a romantic relationship, to the point where they became more similar to their romantic partners than to their friends. (International Business Times, 12/3)
Most High School Heroin Users Started with Prescription Opioids
Non-medical use and abuse of prescription opioid painkillers has grown significantly in recent years, concurrent with a rise in heroin use. A new study solidifies that link, as researchers found that three-quarters of high school heroin users took prescription opioids before trying the more addictive illicit drug. Overall, 12.4% of the 67,822 students surveyed reported using medical opioids for non-medical reasons. (UPI, 12/3)
Risky Sexual Behaviors Put Many Young Gay Men at Risk of HIV
Young men between the ages of 13 and 29 who are gay or bisexual are particularly vulnerable to infection with HIV and now account for more than 25 percent of new infections in the United States each year. A recent study found that young American gay and bisexual men who have detectable blood levels of HIV are also more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior that might spread the virus. (HealthDay News, 12/7)
Girls, Hispanic Children Account for Biggest Boosts in ADHD Diagnoses
A growing number of U.S. children have been diagnosed with ADHD, and girls and Hispanic children are showing the biggest increases of all, a new study finds. Researchers found that in 2011, an estimated 12% of U.S. kids aged 5 to 17 had ever been diagnosed with ADHD and between 2003 and 2011, the prevalence among Hispanic children rose by 83%, compared with a 46% increase among white children. (HealthDay News, 12/8)
Kids With Allergies May Have a Higher Risk of Heart Disease Later
Reporting in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, researchers found in a recent study that children who suffered from asthma, eczema or hay fever showed higher rates of obesity, hypertension and high cholesterol compared to children without allergies. All of these are known risk factors for heart disease and may prime these young people for heart problems later in life. (Time, 12/8)

Mental Disorders Increase Risk for Eventual Chronic Pain in Adolescents
Affective, anxiety and behavioral disorders in adolescents are early risk factors for eventual development of chronic pain, according to research reported in The Journal of Pain. Results showed that a fourth of the adolescents reported having chronic pain or a mental disorder in their lifetime. All types of pain were related to mental disorders, but the most substantial associations were found in cases showing mental disorders preceded the onset of chronic pain. (News Wise, 12/8)
More Exercise at School May be Key to Improving Teens' Health
Public health experts recommend that kids spend at least 30 minutes of the school day engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity. That would get them halfway to the goal of exercising for at least an hour each day. To make that happen, a typical school would need to devote 7.5% of its instructional time to physical fitness. Instead, students in the study were physically active for a mere 4.8% of their school day (23.2 mins.). (The Los Angeles Times, 12/9)
Childhood Bullying Can Have Lasting Effects on Mental Health
A new study finds that children who were bullied frequently when they were 8 years old were more likely to develop a psychiatric disorder that needed treatment as an adult, compared with kids who were not bullied. The study also found strong evidence that being bullied as a child puts kids at high risk for depression as a young adult according to the study, published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. (Live Science, 12/9)
Affluent Teens Twice as Likely to Drink Regularly, Study Finds
A new study shows that affluent teens were twice as likely to drink regularly as those from poorer backgrounds. About 70% of 15-year-olds from the least deprived backgrounds had tried alcohol, compared with approximately half from the most deprived, according to a study of 120,000 teens published by the Health and Social Care Information Centre. (The Guardian, 12/9)




On World AIDS Day, Condom Maker Calls for Safe-Sex Emoji
Condom maker Durex says it’s time for an official safe-sex emoji and presented a formal to get coding consortium Unicode to adopt one. In an age of smartphones and tablets, emoticons are "crucial" to how young couples communicate. Citing its own research, the company reported 80% of 16-25 year olds find it easier to express themselves with emojis, and 84% felt more comfortable using icons when talking about sex. (Reuters, 12/1)

Research Making Progress on Why Young Non-Smokers Get Lung Cancer
Little attention has been paid historically to the small population of younger adults with lung cancer. Yet as science begins to link many lung cancers to genetic mutations, a group of researchers is trying to identify more abnormalities among younger patients. They are finding disease types that are treatable with existing medications, giving people hope they did not have before. (The Washington Post, 12/5)

Millions of Teens are Using a New App to Post Anonymous Thoughts, and Most Parents have No Idea
The After School app has exploded in popularity this school year and is now on more than 22,300 high school campuses. Envisioned as a safe space for high schoolers to discuss sensitive issues without having to reveal their names, After School has in some cases become a vehicle for bullying, crude observations and alleged criminal activity, all under a cloak of secrecy with many parents and administrators clueless. (The Washington Post, 12/8)

1 in 5 American Kids Has Abnormal Levels of Cholesterol
New federal data shows that about one child or adolescent out of every five has at least one abnormal cholesterol measurement, including high cholesterol levels or low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol. The report released by the National Center for Health Statistics looked at the prevalence of high total cholesterol, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high non-HDL cholesterol among those ages 6-19. (Time, 12/10)

The CDC Gives U.S. Schools Low Marks In Sex Ed
Fewer than one-fifth of middle schools and half of high schools are teaching all of the sex education topics recommended by the CDC. The CDC School Health Profiles report found that, for every age group, the least likely topics to be taught were how to get and use condoms. The findings offer a glimpse inside thousands of classrooms to reveal that what gets taught about sex is often decided at the district level and varies widely nationwide. (NPR, 12/10)




Women’s Health Must be Protected in Crisis Situations, Urges UNFPA
Women’s health must be protected in crisis situations and during conflicts, the UN Population Fund said in a new report that reveals the lack of access to, and provision of health services for, women and girls in emergencies, a time they are needed most. During such crises, women and girls are at heightened risk of sexual- and gender-based violence, STIs, unintended or unwanted pregnancies, and maternal death and illness. (Inter Press Service, 12/3)
A Popular Gay Dating App is Modernizing its Safe Sex Messaging
Users of a popular global dating app, Hornet, will be quizzed with a short series of yes/no questions that encourage healthy sexual behavior regardless of HIV status. It asks about PrEP and undetectable viral load, plus HIV testing, stigma, disclosure and other prevention methods. Based on their answers, those who qualify will get a blue ribbon icon on their profile while others will be offered recommendations for ways to protect and improve their sexual health. (Same Same, 12/10)




Promoting Health Equity Through Education Programs and Policies: Effectiveness of School-Based Health Centers in Improving Educational and Health Outcomes
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recently posted new information on its website endorsing the implementation and maintenance of school-based health centers (SBHCs) in low-income communities, based on sufficient evidence of effectiveness in improving educational and health outcomes. If targeted to low-income communities, SBHCs are likely to reduce educational gaps and advance health equity. (The Community Guide, 12/4)

Pediatricians Unveil New Recommendations for Office Visits
AAP is releasing an updated schedule that details what should happen at each regular office visit for children and teens, including recommendations that all children and young adults, ages 11-21, should be screened for high blood cholesterol levels at checkups. Additional changes include dropping a recommendation that 18-year-olds undergo routine vision screening and screening all young people for depression and HIV. (Live Science, 12/7)




Growth Charts for Children With Down Syndrome in the United States
A study in Pediatrics, funded by CDC, includes growth charts that pediatric health care providers can use to monitor growth among children with Down syndrome and assess how well the children are growing when compared to their peers with Down syndrome. Sex-specific growth charts were generated for the age ranges birth to 36 months and 2 to 20 years. (AAP, 12/3)
Vaccine Education Center Updates its Fact Sheets for Parents and Patients on HPV and Meningococcal Vaccines
The Vaccine Education Center at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia provides complete, up-to-date and reliable information about vaccines to parents and healthcare professionals. They have recently updated two fact sheets for parents and patients that are also available in Spanish. The fact sheets are titled HPV: What You Should Know and Meningococcus: What You Should Know. (CHOP, 12/10)




Call for Posters for the 2016 Conference on Adolescent Health
The University of Michigan Health System’s Adolescent Health Initiative has issued a Call for Posters Abstracts for the 2016 Conference on Adolescent Health. Researchers, those who have created and implemented an innovative program, and/or professionals or students with an innovative approach or solution to a problem in adolescent health are welcome to submit an abstract for review. Abstracts are due on December 18, 2015. (Conference on Adolescent Health, 12/9)

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