All Adolescents Deserve Routine Conversations about Sexual Activity and Pregnancy Prevention
In the recent publication of Pediatrics, Erica Gibson cites SAHM among other professional societies that have provided specific recommendations for addressing adolescent relationships and sexual activity. She reports that it is essential that physicians who take care of adolescents learn to routinely address adolescent sexuality and reproductive health care. (Pediatrics, 12/17)
AAP: Action Needed to Bump Up MCV4 Booster Rates
Adolescents need a big boost to raise the national percentage of patients who have completed the two-dose meningococcal ACWY vaccine (MCV4) series. To help raise awareness of the need for a second MCV4 dose, AAP joined a call to action along with the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine, among others. (AAP, 1/7)
Registration Now Open for the SAHM Annual Meeting
Join the adolescent health community in Washington DC March 9-12 to explore the importance of the diverse issues outside of health and medicine that affect youth development. The meeting will highlight the importance of advocacy for adolescents and young adults. Adolescent healthcare providers, educators, researchers, or those just interested in acquiring knowledge about the unique needs of teens and young adults are welcome. (SAHM, 1/7)






Kids Now Find More Anti-Anorexia Videos on YouTube Than ‘Pro-Ana’ Ones
A new Finnish study found that now, the vast majority of anorexia-themed videos posted to YouTube actually encourages recovery and warn viewers about the dangers of the eating disorder. The study showed that anti-anorexia videos were in fact more popular and more positively rated. (HealthDay News, 12/16)
Families can Safely Choose Antibiotics Over Appendix Surgery for Kids
Researchers found new U.S. in a new U.S study that when families chose antibiotic treatment for kids ages seven to seventeen with simple appendicitis, instead of surgery, the children often recovered without ever needing the surgery, were out of commission for fewer days and ended up with a smaller healthcare bill. (Reuters, 12/16)
Girls Given Risky Meds Don’t Get Contraceptive Advice
New research suggests a wide majority of teen girls and young women fail to get information about contraceptives when they take medications that could cause birth defects. “Teratogenic” medications, used for conditions ranging from acne to anxiety that boost the risk of birth defects when taken during pregnancy. (HealthDay News, 12/16)
Prevalence of Diabetes, Diabetic Nephropathy Up in U.S. Children
According to a new study, in pediatric patients with diabetes, the annual prevalence of diabetic nephropathy increased from 2002 to 2013: from 1.16 to 3.44% for all cases and from 0.83 to 2.32% for probable cases only. Patients aged 12 to under 18 years had the highest prevalence of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/17)

Teen Drinking Continues to Fall, Study Shows
A new national survey finds that 40% of teens consumed alcohol in 2015, including 22% who did so in the 30 days before they were questioned. Those figures, published in the annual Monitoring the Future report, are the lowest they’ve been since the survey began in 1975. (Los Angeles Times, 12/17)
School-Based Mindfulness Training May Reduce Stress, Trauma
Middle-school students in urban areas may benefit from in-school mindfulness programs, a new study suggests. Students taking a mindfulness-based stress reduction program during the school day ended up with less symptoms of stress and trauma than children attending classes on health topics, researchers found. (Reuters, 12/18)
Study Touts Benefits of Group Prenatal Care for Young Mothers
Young mothers and infants might get significant health benefits from group prenatal care, a new study indicates. Women ages 14 to 21 in group prenatal care were 33% less likely to have infants who were small for gestational age, had a lower risk of preterm delivery, and their infants spent less time in the neonatal ICU. (HealthDay News, 12/21)
Distinct Syndrome of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Identified
Researchers quantified disease incidence and identified potential etiologies of acute flaccid paralysis cases with evidence of spinal motor neuron injury. The researchers identified 59 cases, with a median age of 9 years (50 cases were younger than 21 years). (Physicians’ Briefing, 12/22)
Better Info Needed in Transfer From Peds to Adult Care for T1DM
For young adults with type 1 diabetes transitioning from pediatric care to adult endocrinologists, information transfer seems to be inadequate. While about 70% of respondents reported that often/always reviewing pediatric records and receiving summaries for transitioning young adults with type 1 diabetes was important, only 36 and 11% of respondents, respectively, did so. (Physicians’ Briefing, 12/28)
Efficacy of Azithromycin in Chlamydia Remains High
Azithromycin is not noninferior to doxycycline for treatment of urogenital chlamydia infection among adolescents; however, the efficacy of both types of treatment is high, according to a recent study. They found treatment failure did not occur in any patients in the doxycycline group, compared with 3.2% treated with azithromycin. (Physicians’ Briefing, 12/28)
Allergies May Boost Chances of Anxiety or Depression Symptoms
Kids who have allergies at an early age are more likely than others to also have problems with anxiety and depression, according to a new study. As the number of allergies increase, so do internalizing behavior scores, the researchers found, including disorders, like anxiety or depression, that develop when internalize their problems. (Reuters, 12/30)
ADHD Meds May Raise Risk for Psychotic Side Effects in Some Kids
Stimulant medications, such as those used to treat ADHD may raise the risk for psychotic side effects among young patients ages 6 to 21 who have a parent with a history of serious mental illness, new research suggests. Nearly two-thirds of those prescribed stimulant medications in the study had a psychotic side effects. (HealthDay News, 12/30)
Earlier First Sexual Intercourse Tied to Higher Risk of STIs in South Korea
For adolescents, earlier age of sexual initiation is tied to a dramatically higher risk of contracting a STI, according to a new study in South Korea. About 7% of the teens who had sex said they had experienced an STI, and as age at first intercourse went down, the proportion of teens who had experienced an STI went up. (Reuters, 12/31)
About 1 in 3 Adolescents Report Back Pain, Research Shows
Statistics show that close to 1 in 3 adolescents report back pain, according to new research study. During their research, the study authors found that even with advanced and expensive tests, including MRI scans, they were not always able to determine the exact cause of the pain. (Science World Report, 1/4)
Strong Social Connections Linked to Better Health
A lack of social connection may have a negative impact on your physical health, new research suggests. Adolescents and teens ages 12 to 18 who felt socially isolated had a 27 percent increased risk of inflammation, compared with those who did not feel socially isolated, the researchers found. (Live Science, 1/4)
New School Lunch Program Lets Kids Select More Nutritious Meals
Students are choosing more nutritious school lunches under the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act, new research suggests. The research team examined changes in more than 1.7 million lunches at 3 middle and 3 high schools. The study found a significant increase in the nutritional quality of the foods and the energy density of foods decreased. (HealthDay News, 1/4)
Vital Signs: Exposure to Electronic Cigarette Advertising Among Middle School and High School Students
Approximately 7 in 10 U.S. middle and high school students were exposed to e-cigarette advertisements in 2014. Exposure to e-cigarette advertisements might contribute to increased use of e-cigarettes among youths, and approaches are warranted to reduce youth e-cigarette use and exposure to e-cigarette advertisements. (MMRW, 1/5)




Fighting Skin Cancer: FDA Acts to Ban Tanning Beds for Minors
The U.S. FDA is proposing a ban on the use of tanning beds for people under 18, along with new preventive measures that would reduce the risks from tanning beds to adults, and requiring sunlamp manufacturers and tanning facilities to improve the overall safety of the devices. The AAP responded to the FDA’s proposal with a statement of support. (Live Science, 12/18)
FDA Wants More Information on Caffeinated Peanut Butter Safety
STEEM is a caffeinated peanut butter being sold in retail stores and online. The FDA however remains concerned about the possibility for harmful effects when multiple caffeinated products are eaten simultaneously, especially in products that are attractive to children. (Food Safety News, 12/18)
Northern Kentucky Warns of Whooping Cough Outbreak
Cases of whooping cough in Northern Kentucky have more than quadrupled this year over last year, public health officials said Monday in urging parents to get children inoculated against pertussis. Most of these cases have been in school age youth age 10 and older. (The Cincinnati Enquirer, 12/21)
More Confusion About Who Should Take A Statin
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force attempts to address the question of who should take statins. The panel also looked at evidence for using statins in young children, and concluded that there isn’t strong enough scientific data to support prescribing the drugs in children and adolescents. (Time, 12/21)
Turtles Kept in Many Schools and Homes Again Tied to Salmonella
Tiny turtles, a staple of many school science labs and an appealing family pet for people allergic to cats and dogs, may also be responsible for a growing number of salmonellosis outbreaks. In a current U.S. study, Children under 18 years old accounted for 74 percent of the cases of salmonella. (Reuters, 12/23)
FDA Expands Gardasil 9 Licensure to Include Males Age 16–26 Years
On December 14, FDA expanded its approval of Merck’s 9-valent HPV vaccine, Gardasil 9 vaccine to include use in males age 16–26 years. Gardasil 9 already was licensed for males ages 9–15 and females ages 9–26. The 9vHPV vaccine contains the four HPV types in 4vHPV and 5 additional “high risk” types. (IAC, 12/23)
More Computer Time May Be Causing Nearsightedness in U.S. Kids
Children who spend lots of time indoors, away from natural light and on computers and other electronic devices may be raising their risk for nearsightedness, a panel of U.S. ophthalmology experts suggests. The prevalence of Americans with nearsightedness has nearly doubled over the last 50 years. (HealthDay News, 12/24)
Hispanic Teen Births: A Big Problem Struggling for Attention in Texas
Slightly more than 38,000 Texas teenagers gave birth in 2013, the most recent year for state data. Nearly two-thirds, 24,518, were Hispanic. Texas has one of the nation’s highest Hispanic teen birth rates, but puts few resources into preventing teen births, and few organizations have the wherewithal to mount far-reaching campaigns that target Latinos. (My Statesman, 12/26)
Doctors Don’t Strongly Recommend HPV Vaccinations
Many pediatricians and doctors in the U.S. are not strongly recommending the cancer-preventing HPV vaccine to preteens and their parents, contributing to low vaccination rates. Even if doctors are discussing the vaccine to their 11-12 year old patients, more than one-third don’t strongly recommend it for those ages. (The Denver Post, 1/4)           




In the U.S., Rich Kids See the Doctor More. In the Netherlands, Poor Kids Do
Both the U.S and the Netherlands spend a lot more on health care than the average rich country. But all that money has a highly unequal impact. Statistics show that Dutch children get a lot more routine and preventive care. They visit or call the doctor and dentist about twice as often as American children, and the poorest have more doctor’s visits and just as many visits to the dentist as rich children in the Netherlands. (The Washington Post, 12/29)
Cuts to Sexual Health Services will Lead to STI ‘Explosion’, Warn Experts
Their warning comes as Labour claims that local councils in England will spend as much as £40m less than planned this year on services such as testing and treating infections such as herpes and syphilis as a result of George Osborne’s decision to cut £200m from the public health budget. (The Guardian, 1/3)
Giving Women Choices: Family Planning Options Increase in Rural Ethiopia
All women have access to free family planning services from any health facility, part of a national strategy to increase women’s access to family planning. Family planning as well as adolescent reproductive health care is a key part of the Ethiopian Health Extension Programme package, supported by funds from UNFPA. (UN Population Fund, 1/5)




National Vital Statistics System: Birth Rates Among Females Aged 15–19 Years
This report shows the decline in birth rate for females aged 15-19 years old in the United States from 1991 to 2014. The birth rate declined 61%, from 61.8 to 24.2 births per 1,000, the lowest rate ever recorded for the U.S. Despite the declines among all groups, teen birth rates by race continued to reflect wide disparities. (CDC, 12/23)

Sleep: What Every Parent Needs to Know
From infants and toddlers, to school-age kids and adolescents, sleep time problems can affect everyone in the family. This AAP book, available at a reduced price to members, helps parents and caregivers better understand sleep, answers questions and examines conflicting theories. (AAP, 12/23)

NCC’s New Expert Commentary Focuses on USPSTF 2014 Chlamydia Screening Recommendation
The National Chlamydia Coalition’s Research Translation Committee has released a new Expert Commentary on changes to the 2014 United States Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for chlamydia screening, and their implications for clinical practice and chlamydia control in the population. (NCC, 1/5)

Fact Sheet: New Executive Actions to Reduce Gun Violence and Make Our Communities Safer
The White House published a press release related to the Obama Administration’s announcement on a series of commonsense executive actions to reduce gun violence including background checks, increasing mental health treatment, and developing of smart gun technology. (The Whitehouse, 1/5)

2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
The federal government's new dietary guidelines have been released, after a year of arguments, lobbying and directives from Congress. For the first time, the guidelines recommend limiting added sugar to 10 percent or less of calories, and that people eat more fruit, vegetables and whole wheat. (Health.Gov, 1/7)




Addressing the Bigger Picture in Pediatric Settings: Adverse Childhood Experiences
In this free module describes predictable effects of ACEs on children’s physical, mental, and behavioral health. Strategies for a trauma-informed approach in the pediatric setting are described. The impact of ACEs on parenting is examined and educational resources including a safety card and video are provided. (Network of Care, 12/23)
Office on Women’s Health Launches STD Prevention Campaign Aimed at Teen Girls
Know the Facts First campaign, launched by the HHS office on Women’s Health aims to provide teen girls, ages 13-19, with accurate information about STDs and prevention methods so that they can make informed decisions about sexual activity. The website includes STD information, resources, tools, and support. (GirlsHealth.Gov, 1/5)
STI Patient Education Tool for Clinicians
The Family Planning National Training Centers has created Your Guide to Understanding the Most Common Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). This two page patient education resource lists ten STIs, some basic information about transmission and prevention, and treatment for each infection. (FPNTC, 1/5)




Asking the Right Questions: Clinicians & Tobacco Cessation in the Clinical Encounter
The AAP Richmond Center is seeking applicants for summer workshops that will educate clinicians about messages, tools, and counseling techniques to screen and counsel patients and families about tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure including coding and tackling e-cigarette use. Submissions are due January 8th.  (AAP, 12/23)
Infant, Child, and Adolescent Medicine Live Course
Join AAFP on March 30 – April 2 in Las Vegas, NV to enhance care for your younger patients with a comprehensive review of the latest information on pediatric medicine. Discover methods to improve your adherence to evidence-based clinical guidelines in practice and communicate effectively with your patients and their caregivers. (AAFP, 1/5)




Effective Screening and Referral Processes for Tobacco Use in Adolescents
Join the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services for the next installment of their webinar series that addresses successful practices in screening, referral, and overall care of adolescents. The next webinar will take place on February 11th at 4:00pm EST and will cover screening and referral process for tobacco use. (Adolescent Health, 1/5)


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