Teen Birth, Mental Health Lead Child Hospitalizations in Texas
From 2004 to 2010 in Texas, mental illness was the most common reason for the hospitalization of children ages 10-14 at a cost of $51 million per year, and the second most common reason for the hospitalization of adolescents ages 15-17. Pregnancy/birth was the most common reason for the hospitalization of adolescents ages 15-17, at a cost of $72 million a year according to the research. (UT Health, 7/13) 

Plump Cartoon Characters Prompt Unhealthy Eating in Kids
A first-of-its kind study finds that children consume more low-nutrition, high-calorie foods after observing plump cartoon characters. All of the kids, age 6 to 14 years old, perceived egg-shaped or ovoid characters as being overweight, despite being imaginary and kids almost twice as much candy or cookies when they saw the overweight character than those exposed to a thinner cartoon character or no cartoon at all. (CBS News, 7/14)

Mental Health Problems in Childhood Linked to Adult Woes
Poor mental health in childhood may lower the chances of success in adulthood, a new study suggests. Duke University researchers found that children with mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and/or behavioral problems were six times more likely than those with no psychiatric problems to have difficulties in adulthood. (HealthDay News, 7/15)

Hospital Volume Impacts Pediatric Post-Urologic Operation Complications
For pediatric patients hospitalized for urological procedures, the risk of postoperative complications is increased at non-high volume hospitals, according to research published in The Journal of Urology, in which a retrospective review of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (1998 to 2011) for pediatric hospitalizations for urological procedures was conducted. (Physician’s Briefing, 7/15)

Risk Factors for In-Hospital Mortality among a Cohort of Children with Clostridium difficile Infection
Identifying risk factors for in-hospital mortality can help detect subpopulations of children that may benefit from targeted CDI prevention and treatment strategies, according to research on a cohort of children with CDI, aged 1–18 years.  Independent risk factors for death included older age, underlying malignancy, CVD, hematologic/immunologic condition, gastric acid suppression, and severity of illness. (Cambridge Journals, 7/15)

Summer Break Promotes ‘Obesity’ in Kids
Children on summer break consume more sugar, watch more television, and eat fewer vegetables than the rest of the year, says a study based on data from US children in grades 1-12. “The school environment remains essential for shaping healthy eating and active living behaviors, and schools can play a leadership role in fostering a healthy transition from the school year to summer breaks,” said one of the researchers. (Business Standard, 7/15)

Birth Order Has No Meaningful Effect On IQ Or Personality, Massive Study Finds
Some people believe that birth order within a family can have an effect on a person’s IQ or personality, but researchers at the University of Illinois say their large-scale study of 377,000 high school-age students suggests otherwise. First-borns do display a higher IQ and often have differing personality traits than their younger siblings, but that the differences are so slight they have no significant impact on their lives. (Tech Times, 7/16)

‘Very Light’ Smoking Is Increasing Among Young American Women
For a large swath of young American women, light smoking is growing in popularity, according to a new study. While heavy smoking has decreased in the US, researchers found that 27% of all people in the study and 62% of the current smokers, identified as very light smokers, 5 or less cigarettes a day. Casual smoking, or “only smoking when drunk” has become more predominant, due to its perceived lack of health effects. (Time, 7/16)

Childhood Stress May Spur Weight Gain in Women
Childhood stress, which included family-related issues that occurred up to age 16, appears to play a significant role in some women’s weight gain, a new study suggests. Childhood may be a critical time for establishing patterns that affect women’s weight over time, said study author Hui Liu. Women with higher levels of childhood stress gained weight more rapidly than those with less childhood stress, the study found. (HealthDay News, 7/16)

What are the Causes and Effects of Increased Gaming in Adolescent Girls and Boys?
Adolescents increasingly use gaming for a significant part of their leisure time. New research examines WHO data on adolescent well-being collected from over 4,000 children aged 11-15 to determine why some adolescents gaming habits are escalating. For both genders higher levels of game playing was associated with early adolescence, opposite sex friends and minimal parental mediation. (Science Daily, 7/17)

Could Antibiotics Raise a Child’s Risk for Juvenile Arthritis?
A recent study found that children and teens who were prescribed antibiotics had about twice the risk of developing juvenile arthritis compared to children the same age who were not prescribed the drugs. “This risk was greatest within a year of receiving antibiotics and increased with the number of antibiotic courses children were prescribed,” said study lead author Dr. Daniel Horton. (HealthDay News, 7/20)

Clinical Signs of Citrin Deficiency (CD) Mimic Anorexia Nervosa (AN)
The clinical features of CD may mimic those of AN, according to a case report published of a 12 year old female presenting with severe anorexia and weight loss in Japan. The patient was given a drip infusion of glucose solution and high-calorie drinks, but her condition declined further. Having a history of neonatal hepatitis, she was suspected of having a CD and a diagnosis was made after genetic analysis. (Physician’s Briefing, 7/20)

New Adolescent Friendship Study Confirms ‘Birds of a Feather Flock Together - Stay Together’
No one likes to lose a friend, especially adolescents. But why do friendships end? Researchers examined in a recent study whether adolescent friendships end because of undesirable characteristics of friends, because of differences between friends, or both. They tracked friendships over 6 years, and found that compatibility is a function of similarity between friends rather than the presence or absence of a particular trait. (Science Daily, 7/21)

Mental Illness Afflicts Many Juveniles in Jail
Hospitalization for mental health issues is far more common among kids behind bars than among teens in the general population, a new study finds. Juvenile inmates also have longer hospital stays, which suggests they have more serious underlying mental health problems. Researchers found that mental health disorders accounted for 63% of hospitalizations among juvenile inmates, compared to 19% for those not in jail. (HealthDay News, 7/21)

2009 Pap Guidelines Linked to Drop in Chlamydia Testing
Some young women are missing out on screening for chlamydia, according to a report, that indicated chlamydia screening among 15- to 21-year-olds dropped significantly after national guidelines in 2009 were changed to discourage routine Pap screening for cervical cancer before age 21, because of evidence that showed it did not benefit young women. (Physician’s Briefing, 7/21)

Social-Media Cyberbullying Not Uncommon Among Youths
Data from 36 studies of cyberbullying on social media were analyzed in a recent report. Participants were mostly US middle and high school students ages 12-18, and on average, about 23% reported cyberbullying, but those rates varied among the studies from 11- 43%. Relationships were the most commonly cited reason for cyberbullying, and girls were also most likely to be on the receiving end of the cyberbullying. (Reuters, 7/21)

U.S. Teens Waiting Longer to Have Sex: CDC
Less than half (44 % of girls and 47% of boys) of US teens aged 15 to 19 are having sex, a rate dramatically lower than it was a quarter-century ago, a new federal government report shows. The drop in teen sexual activity is most likely due to the AIDS epidemic and the cultural shift that resulted from increased awareness of sexually transmitted diseases, said Dr. Jill Rabin. (HealthNews Daily, 7/22)           



California, Oregon To Allow Hormonal Contraceptives Without A Doctor’s Prescription
California and Oregon will be the first states in the nation to allow women to get birth control pills and other hormonal contraceptives directly from their pharmacists without a doctor’s prescription. California’s law has no age restrictions on patients, while Oregon pharmacists may only give new birth control prescriptions to women 18 or older, and women under 18 must show proof of prior birth control prescriptions from a doctor. (Kaiser Health News, 7/15)

To Address College Sexual Assault Issue, Some Say Kids Need More Sex Education
A little-noticed measure tucked into the Senate’s bill to rewrite No Child Left Behind, which passed Thursday, would require high schools to report how they teach students about safe relationships, what it means to consent to sex, and how to avoid sexual violence and coercion. Many believe US schools need to do more to educate young people about sex and relationships before they ever set foot on a college campus. (Washington Post, 7/19)

Report Suggest US Children Left Behind in Economic Recovery
A new report on child welfare found more US children living in poverty than before the Great Recession, 22% in 2013 compared with 18% in 2008, according to the latest Kids Count Data Book with poverty rates nearly double among minority groups. The report showed some signs of slight improvement, including high school graduation rates at an all-time high and a falling percentage of uninsured children. (Yahoo News, 7/21)



First Case of Long-Term HIV Remission in French Teen Revealed
A French teenager born with HIV and treated until age 6 is still free from infection 12 years after stopping the treatments, suggesting the first case of long-term remission in a child infected from birth. The girl is one of a small group who have achieved remission from the virus, after early treatment with ART aimed at keeping the virus from building up lasting reservoirs of the virus, which can reignite the infection. (Reuters, 7/20)

Self-Testing Helps Combat HIV in Adolescents
Today only half of people living with HIV are aware of their status. This “testing gap”, coupled with the importance of early treatment for HIV, is driving interest in of the role of self-testing for HIV. Evidence is growing on the role HIV self-testing could play in helping countries reach the 90-90-90 UN targets, which call for a scale-up of HIV testing so that 90% of people with HIV are aware of their infection. (WHO, 7/22)



Diabetes MILES Youth Launch
The Diabetes MILES Youth report was released, highlighting the psychological, wellbeing and quality of life issues facing young Australians with type 1 diabetes and their parents. This is the first, large national Australian survey of its kind focused on how young people with type 1 diabetes and their parents feel about and manage the condition as they transition through childhood into adulthood. (Diabetes Australia, 7/16)

Developing U.S. Recommendations for Providing Quality Family Planning Services
The American College of Preventive Medicine has released a supplement to their August issue of the American Journal of Preventative Medicine, which includes various clinical recommendations and systematic reviews on strengthening parent-adolescent communication about reproductive health, youth-friendly family planning services, and confidentiality in family planning services for young people. (ACPM, 7/16)

Progress For Children 
The 11th edition of Progress for Children is UNICEF’s final report on the child-related MDGs. It presents latest data that show while the MDGs helped drive tremendous advances in the lives of the world’s children, development efforts in the past 15 years failed to reach millions of the most disadvantaged. The report spotlights where the international community must now focus attention and action needed. (UNICEF, 7/20)



AM:STAR - Sports Medicine & Sports Injuries Now Available
With more than 30 million US children and teenagers participating in recreational and team sports, the adolescent physician is faced with medical, parental and community questions and concerns regarding diagnosis, treatment and prevention of sports injuries. This issue for $60 provides physicians with comprehensive, practical and up-to-date information regarding diagnosis and treatment of sport injuries. (AAP, 7/16)

AAP Quality Connections Newsletter Now Available
The Summer 2015 issue of AAP Quality Connections is now available. AAP Quality Connections is a newsletter of the Council on Quality Improvement and Patient Safety that communicates timely information and increases awareness of the importance of quality improvement. The newsletter also provides updates on current AAP quality improvement programs and projects. (AAP, 7/17)

UTHealth, UCLA Develop First Assessment for Grieving Youth
The first test ever constructed to assess Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder—a problematic syndrome of grief—has been jointly published by researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and The University of California, Los Angeles. The new assessment tool, called the PCBD Checklist for Youth, was developed for children who are having difficulty coping with a death. (UT Health, 7/22)



2015 Violence, Abuse and Toxic Stress: An Update on Trauma-informed Care in Children and Youth
Many children and youth are exposed to trauma and adverse experiences that, if left unaddressed, can lead to toxic stress and affect lifelong health, wellness and development. This course taking place in San Francisco, CA, from July 30th, 2015 – August 2nd, will help health care providers to identify who has experienced adversity and toxic stress and to understand trauma, its presentation and risk factors. (AAP, 7/20)


Vaccines for Young Adults
Join NFID and Carol J. Baker, MD, professor of pediatrics and molecular virology and microbiology at Baylor College of Medicine, for a webinar on Wednesday August 5th at 12:00pm EST. Dr. Baker will discuss important vaccines recommended for young adults, including meningococcal and HPV and will also answer questions about the new meningococcal B and 9-valent HPV vaccine recommendations. (NFID, 7/17)

The Dibble Institute: Guiding Teens and Young Adults to Successful Relationships
Join the staff of The Dibble Institute on August 12th at 4:00pm EST for an free hour-long webinar as they explore the “inside scoop” on effective tools to help youth develop the skills and knowledge needed for growing satisfying and healthy romantic, family, and work relationships. (The Dibble Institute, 7/20)


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