Daily bathing of pediatric patients with antiseptic cuts bloodstream infections by 59 percent
Daily bathing of pediatric patients with disposable cloths containing 2 percent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) reduced central line-associated bloodstream infections by 59 percent and saved approximately $300,000 in one hospital over a six-month period, according to a new study. The study is to be presented at the 42nd Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control. (Medical Xpress, 6/26)

Nearly four of 10 U.S. kids exposed to violence
Phone-based surveys show that nearly four of every 10 kids and teens in the U.S. were exposed to violence or abuse over the previous year, researchers have found. “Children are the most victimized segment of the population,” said study leader David Finkelhor. Through the survey, the researchers collected information on 4,000 kids age 17 and younger in 2013 and 2014. (Reuters, 6/29)

‘Novice Driver’ Car Decals Don’t Cut Crash Rates: Study
Adding decals to the license plates of drivers with learner permits doesn’t reduce their rate of crashes, a new study finds. The experimental safety strategy was implemented in New Jersey in 2010 as part of its graduated driver-licensing policy for drivers under 21. Red reflective decals were placed on the license plates of drivers with learner permits or intermediate licenses. (HealthDay News, 6/29) 

Surgery may help adolescents with frequent migraines
Migraine surgery may be an effective choice for adolescents who haven’t gotten relief from standard treatment, a small study suggests. The findings were published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Researchers reviewed the medical records of 14 patients, with an average age of 16. The study’s lead author, Bahman Guyuron, M.D., developed the techniques used in the migraine surgery. (Medical Xpress, 6/29)

Parents, Stop Hovering: ‘Risky’ Play May Have Benefits for Kids
Children may benefit, physically and socially, from being allowed to play with less monitoring from mom and dad, a new research review finds. There is such a thing as too much caution, experts say. The new review found that when kids were allowed to play in ways that involved some sense of “risk” -- such as climbing trees or exploring their neighborhood -- it seemed to benefit their development. (HealthDay News, 6/29)

Sugary drinks linked to 180,000 deaths a year, study says
Scientists are linking the consumption of sugary drinks to an estimated 184,000 adult deaths each year, including more than 25,000 Americans.  One in every 100 deaths from obesity-related diseases is caused by sugary beverages, according to a study in Circulation. The study found that the beverages would be responsible for 133,000 deaths from diabetes, 45,000 from cardiovascular disease and 6,450 from cancer. (Washington Post, 6/29)

Guinea Pigs Are Autistic Child’s Best Friend
When playing with guinea pigs at school, children with autism spectrum disorders are more eager to attend, display more interactive social behavior and become less anxious, according to a series of studies, the most recent of which was just published in Developmental Psychobiology. In this report, the researchers analyzed physiological data pointing to the animals’ calming effect on the children. (The New York Times¸ 6/29)

Boys more likely to have antipsychotics prescribed, regardless of age
Boys are more likely than girls to receive a prescription for antipsychotic medication regardless of age, researchers have found. Approximately 1.5 percent of boys ages 10-18 received an antipsychotic prescription in 2010, although the percentage falls by nearly half after age 19. Among antipsychotic users with mental disorder diagnoses, ADHD was the most common among youth ages 1-18. (Medical Xpress, 7/1)

Are Too Many Young Americans Getting Antipsychotics for ADHD?
A growing number of teens and young adults are being prescribed powerful antipsychotics, even though the medications aren’t approved to treat two disorders - ADHD and depression - they are commonly used for, a new study shows. Researchers found that antipsychotic use rose among children aged 13 and older from 1.1 percent in 2006 to nearly 1.2 percent in 2010. Antipsychotic use increased among young adults as well. (HealthDay News, 7/1)

Adolescent women ‘more likely to have unsafe sex’ if obese
A new study has suggested that obese adolescent women who are sexually active are less likely to use contraception than their peers with healthy weights. Those that did use contraception were less likely to use it consistently. Researchers assessed the sexual practices and contraceptive use of 900 women aged 18-19. Their findings indicate that obese adolescent women could be at an increased risk of unintended pregnancy. (Medical News Today, 7/1)

Additional Years of Secondary Schooling Can Cut HIV Risk
Additional years of secondary schooling provide a cost-effective HIV prevention measure in Botswana, according to a study published in The Lancet Global Health. “Increasing progression through secondary school could be a cost-effective HIV prevention measure in HIV-endemic settings, in addition to yielding other societal benefits,” the authors write. (Physician’s Briefing, 7/2)    



Same-Sex Marriage Can Be Good for Kids, Pediatricians Say
Same-sex marriage can be good for kids, pediatricians say. The AAP welcomed the Supreme Court decision on gay marriage and reaffirmed that any kind of marriage can be good for the children involved. “Every child needs stable, nurturing relationships to thrive, and marriage is one way to support and recognize those relationships,” said Dr. Sandra Hassink, president of the group. (NBC News, 6/26)
Burwell says payment policies next push in Obamacare implementation
HHS Secretary Sylvia Burwell said the Obama administration will focus on improving quality over quantity in the nation’s healthcare system in the implementation of the ACA. The Supreme Court ruled to uphold the nationwide availability of tax subsidies that are crucial to President Obama’s healthcare law. In a conference call with reporters, Burwell said the administration planned to push further on a patient-centered approach. (Reuters, 6/26)
How to Take Charge of Your Medical Records
It’s your health. So it’s time you took control of all the information about it. That’s the message that a growing number of patient advocates are trying to spread to American health-care consumers. For most people, of course, it’s all too easy to simply leave their health records in the hands of doctors and hospitals. But that’s a big mistake, the advocates argue. (Wall Street Journal, 6/29)
When Transgender Kids Transition, Medical Risks are Both Known and Unknown
The last couple of years have seen burgeoning awareness in society of what it means to be transgender as an adult. Now doctors are helping children who identify as transgender negotiate their journey into adulthood. New medical options allow transgender children to start the process of transitioning at younger ages. But doctors tread carefully, navigating medical interventions that carry risks that are both known and unknown. (PBS, 6/30)
California governor signs vaccine bill that bans personal, religious exemptions
California Gov. Jerry Brown signed legislation outlawing a family’s personal and religious beliefs as reasons to exempt their children from school vaccinations. “The science is clear that vaccines dramatically protect children against a number of infectious and dangerous diseases,” Brown said to the state Senate. The proposal would allow medical exemptions deemed appropriate by the State Department of Public Health. (CNN, 7/1)
Attorneys seek to challenge California’s new school vaccination law
Opponents of California’s new law tightening school vaccination rules said they had put together a team of attorneys to challenge the measure, which was prompted by a measles outbreak at Disneyland that sickened more than 100 people. The lawyers are strategizing ways to seek an injunction against the law, said Melissa Floyd, a spokeswoman for the California Coalition for Health Choice. (Reuters, 7/1)
CDC awards $216 million to community-based organizations to deliver the most effective HIV prevention strategies to those in greatest need
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that it has awarded $216 million over five years to 90 community-based organizations nationwide to deliver effective HIV prevention strategies to those at greatest risk, including people of color, men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, and people who inject drugs. (CDC, 7/1)
Obamacare Customers Get Younger as Drug Costs Fall, Study Finds
Obamacare is attracting younger and healthier people to its coverage plans this year, according to research by Express Scripts Holding Co., a trend that could help balance and sustain the law’s insurance markets. According to the report, which looked at people enrolled in drug coverage administered by Express Scripts, drug costs were 36 percent lower than in 2014. (Bloomberg, 7/1)



Zimbabwe teen pregnancies fuel demand for illegal abortions
The death of a 15-year-old Zimbabwean schoolgirl during an apparent botched abortion this month has spurred calls for stronger efforts to prevent teenage pregnancies and unsafe terminations. Health campaigners in Zimbabwe say the girl’s death in a Bulawayo township highlights the inadequate sexual and antenatal health care available to teenagers, whose parents are reluctant to accept they are sexually active. (Reuters, 6/26)
Millions of children face disease, malnutrition in war-torn Yemen - U.N.
Escalating violence in Yemen has devastated the country’s health system and exposed millions of children to the threat of preventable diseases including measles, pneumonia and diarrhea, the United Nations children’s agency UNICEF said on Tuesday. Since fighting intensified in March, many hospitals and health centers have been unable to function properly and vaccination services have been disrupted, according to UNICEF. (Reuters, 6/30)
UNICEF envoy, actor Priyanka Chopra bats for anaemia prevention in adolescents
Goodwill ambassador of UNICEF, actor Priyanka Chopra on Thursday raised the pitch for iron and folic acid supplements for adolescent girls and boys to prevent anaemia. “India is a young country and it can achieve progress only when the young people are healthy and able to chip in to the development process,” the actor said, while interacting with reporters in Bhopal on Thursday. (Hindustan Times, 7/2)


AAP publishes updated recommendations for HPV vaccination
In December 2014, HPV9 (Gardasil 9) was approved by the FDA for use in females ages 9 through 26 and in males ages 9 through 15. This new vaccine is one of three HPV vaccines recommended by the AAP and CDC. HPV9 will replace HPV4 over a period of 12-15 months. To help with the implementation of HPV9, see the AAP implementation guidance. (AAP, 6/26)
Doctors: Childhood obesity prevention must start sooner
New guidelines published by the AAP seek to reverse that trend by placing greater emphasis on the prevention of childhood obesity, not just the treatment. The guidelines urge pediatricians to prioritize and play a more active role in children’s weight management. The group says that training pediatricians to recognize children at risk for obesity early on may be more effective than focusing on treatment later. (CBS News, 6/29)
AAP Evaluates Potential Impact of Telemedicine in Pediatrics
Telemedicine can address access and physician workforce shortages and should be encouraged within the framework of the medical home, according to a policy statement issued by the AAP and published in Pediatrics. Authors of the policy statement describe the expected and potential impact that telemedicine will have on pediatric physicians’ efforts to improve access and physician workforce shortages. (Physician’s Briefing, 6/29)
ASHG issues position statement on genetic testing in children and adolescents
The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) Workgroup on Pediatric Genetic and Genomic Testing has issued a position statement on Points to Consider: Ethical, Legal, and Psychosocial Implications of Genetic Testing in Children and Adolescents. Published in The American Journal of Human Genetics, the statement aims to guide approaches to genetic testing for children in the research and clinical contexts. (Medical Xpress, 7/2)


New coding and payment tip sheet for transition from pediatric to adult care
To support the delivery of recommended health care transition services in pediatric and adult primary and specialty care settings, the AAP and Got Transition developed a tip sheet that includes a summary of payment methodologies and a listing of transition-related CPT codes with corresponding Medicare fees. Visit for more resources. (AAP, 6/30)
June Immunization Works! Newsletter
The June issue of the CDC’s Immunization Works! newsletter is now available. It includes updates on Serogroup B Meningococcal vaccines, influenza activity, and new resources. (CDC, 6/30)
ACIP-VFC: Vaccine Resolutions
The Vaccine Resolution for Meningococcal from the CDC has recently been updated and is now available online. (CDC, 7/1)
“You Call the Shots”: HPV module
The HPV module of the CDC’s “You Call the Shots” web-based training course is now available.  These modules are regularly updated to include the latest guidelines and recommendations in vaccine practice.  After viewing the modules, participants can go to the CDC’s online learning system to register for and obtain CE credit. (CDC, 7/1)
New CDC/ATSDR eBook Offers Free CE
A Story of Health, a project between CDC and partner organizations, is told through the lives of fictional characters— Brett, a boy with asthma; Amelia, a teenager with developmental disabilities; and Stephen, a toddler diagnosed with leukemia. This case-based learning opportunity features the latest research about disease origin and helpful facts about disease prevention. Earn free CE; each story is accredited separately. (CDC, 7/1)



Webinar: Lung Infections in Indigenous American Children
This free 60-minute webinar sponsored by the AAP, “Lung Infections in Indigenous American Children: A Hidden Disparity,” will be presented by Rosalyn Singleton, MD, MPH, FAAP, on August 25 at 1 p.m. Central Time. (AAP, 6/19)
Register Now: July 15 Webinar on Implementing Shared Decision-Making in Varied Practice Settings
AHRQ will host a webinar July 15 from 12:30 to 1 p.m. ET to discuss how a variety of health care organizations — ranging from a busy primary care clinic in an urban hospital to a network of small clinics in rural communities — have implemented shared decision-making in their respective settings. Determination of continuing education credit through Professional Education Services Group is pending. (AHRQ, 6/30)
Register Now: July 15 Webinar Introducing the AHRQ Ambulatory Surgery Center Survey on Patient Safety Culture
AHRQ is hosting a webinar on July 15, 3:30-4:30 p.m. ET about the AHRQ Ambulatory Surgery Center Survey on Patent Safety Culture. This measurement tool provides a means for staff in ambulatory surgery centers to provide opinions about the culture of patient safety in their facilities, enabling them to assess areas of strength and identify areas for improvement as part of their own quality improvement activities. (AHRQ, 6/30)


SAHM is now accepting proposals for Scientific Presentations for our 2016 Annual Meeting in Washington, DC
The Program Committee is seeking cutting-edge research in a variety of areas of adolescent health. We invite trainees and professionals in adolescent and young adult health and medicine to submit proposals for scientific presentations, which include the following: Platform Research Oral Presentations, Research Poster Presentations, Successful Advocacy Poster Presentations and Poster Symposia. (SAHM, 6/29)

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A Weekly Digest of Adolescent Health News in Traditional and New Media


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