UR Teen Health and Success Partnership Receives International Honor
The University of Rochester Teen Health and Success Partnership received the 2015 Hilary E.C. Millar Award for Innovative Approaches to Adolescent Health Care awarded by the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. The honor was presented at the SAHM Annual Meeting in Los Angeles on March 20. (University of Rochester Medical Center, 4/1)




Making time for kids? Study says quality trumps quantity.
New research shows that it appears the sheer amount of time parents spend with their kids between the ages of 3 and 11 has virtually no relationship to how children turn out, and a minimal effect on adolescents, according to the first large-scale longitudinal study of parent time published in the Journal of Marriage and Family. The finding includes children’s academic achievement, behavior and emotional well-being. (Washington Post, 3/28)

Young People at Risk of Second Injury after Knee Surgery
One-third of young athletes who have surgery to repair the ACL in the knee suffer another ACL injury later in life, new research finds. “Our study shows that young knees are more prone to re-injury than the adult population when compared to other research, and is the first study to examine the incidence and risk factors for further ACL injury in a solely juvenile population over the long term,” study author Dr. Justin Roe said. (HealthDay News, 3/28)
Processed Foods the Biggest Chunk of Calories in U.S. Groceries: Study
Highly processed foods account for more than 60 percent of the calories in products Americans routinely buy in grocery stores, a new study finds. These foods tend to have more fat, sugar and salt than less-processed foods, the researchers said. The study team analyzed at least one year of grocery store purchases by more than 157,000 households between 2000 and 2012. (HealthDay News, 3/29)
Majority of text message health interventions are effective, study review finds
Text message health interventions are proving to be an effective tool for health management. According to a study review published in The Annual Review of Public Health, the majority of text message intervention studies found texting was effective when addressing diabetes self-management, weight loss, physical activity, smoking cessation and medication adherence for antiretroviral therapy. (Becker’s Hospital Review, 3/30)
Many parents may not recognize child obesity
New research says many parents in the UK may not be aware that their children have a weight problem unless they are extremely obese. The finding has prompted suggestions that more needs to be done to help parents understand official measures of overweight and obesity, the health risks associated with childhood obesity, and how to promote healthier lifestyles in their children. (Medical News Today, 3/30)
Teens with HIV fare worse when parents don’t come to clinic appointments
Teens with HIV do better at keeping the virus in check when their parents or guardians come with them for clinic visits, a study from Botswana suggests. HIV medication regimens can be very complicated. And for more than 90 percent of HIV-infected children and teens in sub-Saharan Africa, there are few government services to support them when parents or other caregivers can’t help, said lead study author. (Reuters, 3/31)
Exploding head syndrome could affect 1 in 5 young people
Exploding head syndrome might not be a condition that people are familiar with, but according to new research published in the Journal of Sleep Research, a surprisingly high percentage of young people could experience the psychological phenomenon. In the study, 211 undergraduate students were assessed for both exploding head syndrome and isolated sleep paralysis through interviews. (Medical News Today, 3/31)
E-Cigs Tied to Drinking, Other Risky Teen Behaviors
Electronic cigarettes are used by both smoking and nonsmoking teens, and are associated with drinking and other risky behaviors, a new study finds. “We found that e-cigarette access is strongly related to alcohol use in teenagers,” said study author Karen Hughes. The researchers from the university surveyed more than 16,000 students, aged 14 to 17, in England and found that 20 percent of them had used e-cigarettes. (HealthDay News, 3/31)
Common virus linked to children’s partial paralysis
At the end of last summer a common respiratory virus known as enterovirus D68 began to make the rounds in the U.S., landing more than 1,000 children and teens in hospitals. Some children diagnosed with enterovirus D68 also developed sudden partial paralysis. But a new genetic analysis published indicates that the illness may actually be caused by a mutated strain of enterovirus D68 that’s akin to polio. (CBS News, 3/31)
Mobile Health App Use Continuing to Increase
The number of mobile health apps is continuing to increase and doctors are embracing this trend, with more than one-third of physicians recommending their use in the past year, according to an article published in Medical Economics. Noting that there are more than 40,000 health-related apps available, the lack of evidence to support apps means most doctors are unsure which ones to prescribe. (Physician’s Briefing, 3/31)
Poverty linked to brain structure in children, new research shows
A provocative new study suggests that poverty affects brain structure in children and teenagers, with children growing up in the poorest households having smaller brains than those who live in affluence. In the largest study of its kind to date, the researchers worked with a team of neuroscientists around the country to record the brain images of 1,099 children and teens from ages 3 to 20. (The Washington Post, 3/31)
Shift to gay, lesbian, bisexual identities in early adulthood tied to depressive symptoms
People whose sexual identities changed toward same-sex attraction in early adulthood reported more symptoms of depression in a nationwide survey than those whose sexual orientations did not change or changed in the opposite direction, according to a new study. The findings suggest that a sexual identity change toward same-sex attraction may continue to be a stressful life event. (Medical Xpress, 3/31)
Kids allowed sips of alcohol are more likely to drink in high school, study says
A new study, published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, found that children who had sipped alcohol by the sixth grade were about five times more likely to have a full drink by the time they were in high school and four times more likely to binge drink or get drunk. Only a quarter of the sippers reported consuming a full drink by the ninth grade and that less than 10% said they got drunk. (CNN, 4/1)
Dangers of adolescent energy drink consumption for the heart
The rapid rise in popularity of energy drinks (EDs), particularly among adolescents and young adults, has serious implications for cardiac health, according to a new study. Researchers focus on the pharmacology of EDs, adverse reactions to them, and how the marketing of these drinks as a means to relieve fatigue and improve physical and cognitive performance may be ignoring real dangers. (Medical Xpress, 4/1)
Adolescent mental healthcare improved through pediatric primary care training
Training pediatric primary care providers to screen and assess depression and suicide risk in adolescent patients improved providers’ confidence and knowledge of these conditions and increased frequency of screenings for this critical patient population. The study, published in Academic Pediatrics, demonstrates an effective tool for improving recognition of adolescent depression. (Medical Xpress, 4/1)

Plasma B12 Levels Tied to Anorexia Nervosa Severity
In patients with anorexia nervosa, plasma levels of vitamin B12 might be an early marker of liver dysfunction and are possibly related to more severe psychopathological aspects, according to a new study published. “The identification of patients with higher fasting plasma vitamin B12 levels could therefore lead to earlier and more careful refeeding interventions,” the authors write. (Physician’s Briefing, 4/1)

Obesity Ups Respiratory Events in Peds Procedural Sedation
Obesity is associated with increased odds of respiratory events and more frequent need for airway intervention in patients undergoing pediatric procedural sedation, according to a study published in Pediatric Anesthesia. Researchers queried the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium database to compare sedation-related outcomes, adverse events, and therapeutic interventions for obese and nonobese patients. (Physician’s Briefing, 4/1)

More Americans Survive Childhood Cancers, But Health Problems Persist
More Americans are surviving childhood cancers than ever before, but many suffer lingering health problems as adults, a new study finds. About 70 percent of adults who survived cancer in childhood have a mild or moderate chronic condition. And nearly one-third have a severe, disabling or life-threatening condition, the researchers found. (HealthDay News, 4/1)

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Teenagers Face Early Death, on Their Terms
A national push to have end-of-life discussions before a patient is too sick to participate has focused largely on older adults. When patients are under 18 and do not have legal decision-making authority, doctors have traditionally asked parents to make advanced-care choices on their behalf. More recently, providers have begun approaching teenagers and young adults directly, giving them a voice in these difficult decisions. (The New York Times, 3/28)
Dem bill establishes kids’ weekend meals program
Rep. Dina Titus (D-Nev.) has unveiled legislation to establish a program, so schools and food banks can offer meals to low-income students on weekends and holidays. Titus’s bill would create a five-year pilot program for providing food to students eligible for free or reduced lunch during the week, when school is out. Students who rely on meals provided during the school day consequently might not have enough to eat. (The Hill, 3/30)
Kids’ fast food consumption on the decline
Between 2003 and 2010, the number of U.S. kids eating fast food on any given day went down, and the calories from some types of fast foods have declined as well, according to a new study. According to data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, in 2003, almost 39 percent of U.S. kids ate fast food on a given day, which dropped to less than 33 percent by the 2009-2010 survey. (Reuters, 3/30)
36K sign-ups so far in special ObamaCare enrollment period
About 36,000 people have signed up for ObamaCare plans through March 29, during a special extended enrollment period, the administration announced.  The enrollment number for the extra period is relatively small. ObamaCare sign-ups expert Charles Gaba had estimated that 220,000 people would have signed up by March 29. (The Hill, 4/1)
We Should Have a Better Condom by Now. Here’s Why We Don’t.
Since the introduction of the rolled latex condom in the 1920s, not much about condoms had changed. Condoms are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, which considers condoms medical devices and dictates how they are manufactured and labeled. Three publicly traded companies—the makers of LifeStyles, Durex, and Trojan—control almost the entire market. (Slate, 4/2)   



Mishandling Teen Pregnancies in Sierra Leone
Pregnant teenagers and their right to education are in the spotlight again, this time as Sierra Leone tries to ban “visibly pregnant” girls from taking their exams in primary and secondary school. The “ban” comes just two weeks after President Jacob Zuma of South Africa recommended that teen mothers be separated from their children until they have completed their education. (All Africa, 3/31)
Tanzania: Encouraging Girls to Work Hard for Future
The Tanga Women Development Initiative (TAWODE) was established to enhance the quality and capacity of adolescent girls and young women to determine their personal growth and development plans in Tanzania. More than one in five Tanzanians are adolescents, aged between 10 and 19 years. For some, adolescence is a time of increasing vulnerability and risk that can have a lifelong impact. (All Africa, 4/2)


Use of 9-Valent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine: Updated HPV Vaccination Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
During its February 2015 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (9vHPV) (Gardasil 9, Merck and Co., Inc.) as one of three HPV vaccines that can be used for routine vaccination. (CDC, 3/27)
Experts caution against random drug testing in schools
Schools should not be using random drug tests to catch or deter drug abusers, the AAP advises in an updated policy statement. The Academy recommends against school-based “suspicionless” drug testing in Pediatrics. Identifying kids who use drugs and entering them into treatment programs should be a top priority, but there is little evidence that random drug testing helps accomplish this, said Dr. Sharon Levy, lead author. (Reuters, 3/30)
Measure kids’ medicines in metric units, not spoonfuls, doctors say
Children’s liquid medicines should only be measured in metric units to avoid overdoses common with teaspoons and tablespoons, U.S. pediatricians say. Tens of thousands of kids wind up in emergency rooms after unintentional medicine overdoses each year, and the cause is often badly labeled containers or unclear directions, said Dr. Ian Paul, lead author of new metric dosing guidelines from the AAP. (Reuters, 3/30)
Recommendations for Point-of-Care Ultrasound in Peds ER
Pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians should be trained in point-of-care ultrasonography, according to a policy statement published in Pediatrics. Jennifer R. Marin, M.D., from the AAP Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine, and colleagues developed recommendations for use of point-of-care ultrasonography among PEM physicians caring for patients in the emergency department. (Physician’s Briefing, 3/30)
AHRQ Stats: Hospital Stays for Teen Pregnancy
Hospital stays for teen pregnancy, delivery and post-delivery care decreased 47 percent from 2000 to 2012, from 196,200 stays to 104,700 stays over the 12-year time period.  The source for this data is the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #187. (AHRQ, 4/1)
Driving Among High School Students
During 2004–2013, the number of passenger vehicle drivers aged 16–19 years involved in fatal crashes in the United States declined by 55% from 5,724 to 2,568. In addition to graduated driver licensing programs and safer vehicles, other possible contributors to the decline include adolescents waiting longer to get their driver licenses and driving less. (CDC, 4/2)


Immunization Works! Newsletter
The March issue of the CDC’s Immunization Works! newsletter is now posted online. (CDC, 4/1)
CDC Learning Connection: Public Health 101
The Public Health 101 Series provides foundational teaching tools and learning products covering critical sciences essential to public health practice. The fundamental scientific components are wide and varied, spanning topics from the fields of epidemiology, health economics, data management, and laboratory science, to public health policy. (CDC, 4/1)
FastStats - Mobile Application
The CDC FastStats app puts public health statistics at your fingertips. Topics include diseases and conditions, family life, health care and insurance, health status and risk factors, injuries, life stages and populations, and reproductive health. Content is updated automatically when the device is connected to the internet, giving the user the most up-to-date health statistics available. (CDC, 4/1)
National Youth HIV and AIDS Awareness Day — April 10, 2015
National Youth HIV and AIDS Awareness Day on April 10 is the first awareness day to recognize the specific impact of HIV/AIDS epidemic on young persons. The day is a component of CDC’s efforts to 1) prevent HIV, other STDs, and teen pregnancy and promote lifelong health among young persons, and 2) acknowledge and address the needs of young persons related to HIV/AIDS prevention.  (CDC, 4/2)


HPV Vaccine Recommendation Update Webinar
CDC has rescheduled its previously postponed webinar for Friday, April 3, 2015 from 11:00am to 12:00pm (ET). CDC’s Drs. Lauri Markowitz and Tom Shimabukuro will provide an update on HPV vaccine recommendations and an overview of HPV vaccine safety. This webinar will review the HPV vaccine session at last month’s meeting of the ACIP, when the ACIP voted on use of 9-valent HPV vaccine. (CDC, 3/30)
On-Demand Continuing Education Webinars Available for Nurses, Nurse Practitioners and Nurse Educators
AHRQ offers free CE for nurses, nurse practitioners, case managers, staff educators and nurse practitioner faculty. Eligible professionals can view recorded webinars that highlight resources such as the National Guideline Clearinghouse, the Electronic Preventive Services Selector and the Improving Patient Safety in Long-Term Care Facilities training modules. The webinars offer practical insights on how these resources can be integrated into education and practice. (AHRQ, 4/1)


AHRQ Seeks Nomination of New Members to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) welcomes nominations for new members to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Each year, the Director of AHRQ appoints new members to serve 4-year terms and replace those who are completing their service. Learn more about the nomination process, how to nominate an individual for consideration, or how to self-nominate online. Nominations must be received by May 15, 2015 to be considered for appointment with an anticipated start date of January 2016. (AHRQ, 3/31)
AAP Provisional Section on Tobacco Control accepting abstracts for NCE
The AAP Provisional Section on Tobacco Control is accepting abstract submissions for its poster session at the 2015 AAP National Conference and Exhibition. Abstracts can describe ongoing or completed projects and/or present original research findings focused on any aspect of tobacco control. Section membership is not required to submit an abstract, but is always free for AAP members. Abstracts are due by April 10. (AAP, 4/1)

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