CDC: 1 in 10 Children Diagnosed With ADHD
One in 10 children and teens has been diagnosed with ADHD, according to a new government report. That number has remained relatively steady since 2007, according to government estimates. The CDC report offers a snapshot of how many children and teens currently have ADHD. However, it’s tough to draw conclusions from this data about the reasons for the findings, said lead author Patricia Pastor. (HealthDay News, 5/14)

Pregnancies more common among lesbian, gay, bisexual youths
Pregnancies are more common among lesbian, gay, bisexual youths than among their heterosexual counterparts, suggests a new study of New York City high school students. Overall, sexual-minority students who were sexually active were about twice as likely as other students to report becoming pregnant or getting someone pregnant, researchers found. (Reuters, 5/14)

Obesity may increase stroke risk in young adults
Obese young adults may be more likely to have a stroke than people who aren’t overweight, a U.S. study suggests. Researchers studied about 2,350 residents of the greater Baltimore and Washington, DC, region and found that after accounting for age, gender and ethnicity, obesity increased the odds of a stroke for young adults by 57 percent. (Reuters, 5/15)

Clowning Around May Be Good Medicine for Kids Facing Surgery
If laughter is the best medicine, that may be doubly true for kids undergoing surgery who were cheered up by visiting clowns, a new Israeli study suggests. This study included children ages 2 to 16 undergoing outpatient urologic surgery. The children were divided into two groups - in one group, the surgical team included a “medical clown” in the operating room to help entertain the kids. (HealthDay News, 5/15)

Many Kids with Asthma Also Sensitive to Peanuts: Study
Sensitivity to peanuts is common among children with asthma, yet many children and their parents are unaware of the problem, a new study finds. There’s been little research into the link between childhood asthma and peanut allergy, according to the study authors. The study findings were scheduled to be presented at the American Thoracic Society meeting in Denver. (HealthDay News, 5/17)

Ballet Isn’t Good Exercise for Kids — but Hip-Hop Is, Study Says
Signing up your kid for ballet class might seem like a great way to get them some exercise. But when ranked against other forms of dance in terms of how much exercise it provides, ballet class didn’t even come close to first position. A new study found that only 8% of children and 6% of adolescents achieved the 30-minute recommendation for after-school moderate-to-vigorous exercise in dance classes. (Time, 5/18)

Nearly half of all pediatric patient harms are preventable
A study published in Pediatrics found that nearly half (45 percent) of pediatric patient harms were potentially or definitely preventable. For the study, researchers evaluated 600 patient charts from six academic children’s hospitals for patients discharged during February 2012. From the 600 charts, 240 patient harms were identified, and at least one harm was identified in 146 patients, or 23.4 percent. (Becker’s Infection Control and Clinical Quality, 5/18)

Parents of Child Cancer Patients Prefer Honesty, Study Finds
It’s better for doctors to be open with parents about their child’s cancer prognosis, even if the news is bad, researchers say. Doing so is more likely to give parents peace of mind and hope rather than increase their anxiety or cause them to become despondent, the study found. Researchers asked 353 parents of children with cancer about their discussions with their child’s doctors and if they had a negative or positive effect. (HealthDay News, 5/18)

Brain Differences Seen in Teenage Heavy Drinkers
Teens who drink heavily appear to have significant abnormalities in brain development, a new study finds. Heavy drinking by teens may also be associated with a gene mutation linked to impulsiveness, according to another new study. The brain regions examined in these studies play a critical role in the addiction cycle of binge drinking and preoccupation with drinking. (HealthDay News, 5/18)

History of Teenage Acne Tied to Increased Risk for Melanoma
Having a history of teenage acne is associated with an increased risk of melanoma, independent of known risk factors, according to a study published in Cancer. Researchers found that among women with a history of severe teenage acne, there was an increased relative risk for melanoma (multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio, 1.44) after full adjustment for previous known risk factors for each cancer. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/18)

Teaching life skills improves future prospects for young adults with autism
For many teens with autism, the transition to adulthood is difficult and leads to unemployment and isolation. However, the future prospects for these children improve when they learn practical life skills, according to research presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research. Children and young adults with adaptive behavior skills have higher levels of employment, less social isolation and better quality of life. (The Examiner, 5/18)

Adolescents Who Stay Up Late At Increased Risk of Substance Abuse
New findings published in the journal Sleep Health suggest that teens with sleep problems are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol, with are synonymous with previous findings that link increased risk of substance abuse to sleep disorders or insomnia.  The study included 2,539 teens who self-reported their total sleep time and bedtime via a Web survey that included alcohol or marijuana use when the teens were in high school. (Science World Report, 5/19)

Many parents fail to recognize kids’ temper tantrums, anxiety as medical issues
A new study has found that many parents don’t realize that their children’s beyond the norm temper tantrums, mood swings or homework trouble are medical issues. The C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health found that many parents of children age 5-17 wouldn’t discuss behavioral or emotional issues that could be signs of potential health problems with their doctors. (Business Standard, 5/19)

E-Reminders May Boost HPV Vaccination Rates
Using electronic health records to issue reminders about HPV vaccination for young females significantly increased the number of patients who got the vaccine, which protects against cervical cancer. That’s the finding of a new study that included more than 6,000 patients who, along with their doctors, received reminders via electronic health records. A control group of more than 9,000 did not receive reminders. (HealthDays News, 5/19)

Study finds ‘epidemic’ of sexual assault among first-year women at one U.S. college
More than 18 percent of female freshman at one upstate New York university say they were either raped or the victims of an attempted rape within a year of starting at the school, according to a new survey tracking the risk of sexual assault on first-year college women. The survey compiles the experiences of 483 freshmen women who self-reported rapes and attempted rapes to a team of researchers in a series of questionnaires. (Washington Post, 5/20)

Bullied as a Kid, Obese as a Grown-up?
Adults who were bullied in childhood may be at an increased risk for obesity, heart disease and diabetes, a new British study suggests. By age 45, more than one-quarter of women who were occasionally or frequently bullied during childhood were obese, compared to 19 percent of those who never experienced bullying, the study found. Both men and women who were bullied during childhood were more likely to be overweight. (HealthDay News, 5/20)

Snacking on protein can improve appetite control and diet quality in teens
Although eating high-protein, afternoon snacks can aid appetite control in adults, little information exists to guide parents on what types of snacks might benefit their adolescent children. Now, researchers have found that afternoon snacking, particularly on high-protein-soy foods, reduces afternoon appetite, delays subsequent eating and reduces unhealthy evening snacking in teenagers. (Medical Xpress, 5/21)

Workplace intervention improves sleep of employees’ children
A workplace intervention designed to reduce employees’ work-family conflict and increase schedule flexibility also has a positive influence on the sleep patterns of the employees’ children. The intervention, Support-Transform-Achieve-Results (STAR), includes training supervisors to be more supportive of their employees’ personal and family lives. The youth in the study were ages 9 through 17. (Medical Xpress, 5/21)

Cultural stressors increase risk of smoking, binge drinking and poor mental health among Hispanic teens
Researchers have found that social interactions such as ethnic discrimination and other cultural stressors can have a negative effect on a range of outcomes such as smoking tobacco, binge drinking and mental health among Hispanic teens. Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, Hispanic teens have higher levels of depressive symptoms and a higher prevalence of cigarette smoking and binge drinking. (Medical Xpress, 5/21)                  



Watchdog: HHS program lacks transparency
The Department of Health and Human Services lacks transparency in how it makes approval decisions about billions of dollars in experimental projects in the Medicaid program, the nonpartisan Government Accountability Office said. The GAO report concerns so-called 1115 waivers that the federal government grants to allow states to run test programs that would not otherwise be allowed under Medicaid. (The Hill, 5/13)
California Senate votes to end beliefs waiver for school vaccinations
California parents who do not vaccinate their children would have to home-school them under a bill passed Thursday by the state Senate, the latest move in a battle between public health officials and “anti-vaxxers” who fear vaccines are dangerous. The bill eliminates the so-called personal beliefs exemption allowing parents to forego vaccinations if opposed to them for any reason. (Reuters, 5/14)
More kids getting medical health treatment
The number of U.S. children and teens being treated for mental health issues has risen by about 50 percent in the past 20 years - with most of those kids having relatively mild symptoms, a new study finds. The research, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, comes at a time of growing concern over young people’s mental health treatment. (CBS News, 5/21)



Cayman Islands: Our youth are plagued with issues
The Ministry of Health released to the public an Adolescent Health and Sexuality Survey Report for the Cayman Islands, which was conducted by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). The report focused on findings of matters related to adolescents and reveals that issues related to sexuality, abuse and mental ill-health are serious problems in the Cayman Islands. (The Cayman Reporter, 5/15)

SALWACO Takes Water and Sanitation Hygiene to Schools
The Sierra Leone Water Company, (SALWACO) in collaboration with the National Social Security and Insurance Trust (NASSIT), has provided support to Health Network-Sierra Leone geared towards the promotion of school hygiene programme in schools in the rural and urban of the Western Area. SALWACO will continue to support the network to promote Water and Sanitation Hygiene (WASH) in schools. (Africa Young Voices, 5/20)

UNICEF-Philippines hosts global meet on Adolescent Development and Participation
This week UNICEF Philippines hosts the Global Network Meeting on Adolescent Development and Participation to develop the organization’s strategic direction with regard to adolescents’ needs and development, with focus on those most disadvantaged and marginalized. The Philippines have a strong history of adolescent programming and have pioneered innovative adolescents programming in emergencies. (GMA News, 5/21)



New FAQ’s on Birth Control Coverage
This week the Departments of Health and Human Services, Labor, and Treasury issued frequently asked questions (FAQs) to help insurance companies better understand the scope of coverage that is required (including contraceptive care) under the ACA and to help people better the ACA and benefit from it as intended. (CDC, 5/14)

An Introduction to the Autism Case Training (ACT): A Case-Based Curriculum to Teach Physicians-in-Training about Autism Spectrum Disorder
This webinar, geared toward pediatric residents and residency training programs, will provide an overview of the AAP endorsed Autism Case Training. During the webinar, participants will learn how this flexible curriculum can be integrated into a pediatric residency training program to improve the identification, diagnosis, and management of autism spectrum disorder. This webinar will be held at noon ET on May 19th. (AAP, 5/15)

Free course: 2014-2015 influenza season in review
The new, free PediaLink online course “Influenza: The Flu Season” from the AAP reviews the 2014-2015 influenza recommendations, discusses this year’s flu season (focusing on the importance of vaccination), and provides information about when antiviral treatment should be offered and circumstances when it should be considered. Course takes about 30 minutes. (AAP, 5/18)



Connecting the Dots: Healthy Romantic Relationships in Adolescents’ Lives
This Dibble Institute webinar will provide participants with a better understanding of the multiple dimensions of adolescent relationships and how these relationships influence other areas of teen and young adult lives. This webinar also identifies commonalities among healthy relationship education programs and other youth interventions.  This 60 minute free webinar will be held on Wednesday, June 10 at 4:00 pm Eastern. 


13th World Congress of Pediatric Dermatology call for courses, symposia and seminars 
The Society for Pediatric Dermatology will host the 13th World Congress of Pediatric Dermatology (WCPD 2017), July 6 - 9, 2017, at the Hyatt Regency in Chicago, Illinois. Pediatric dermatologists, pediatricians and dermatologists from all over the world will attend this special event, and proposals for courses, symposia and seminars are now being accepted for potential presentation at WCPD 2017. The deadline is July 1. (AAP, 5/21)

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