Kids’ Eye Injuries From Air, BB and Paintball Guns on the Rise
Eye injuries in children from certain types of guns - such as air guns, BB guns and paintball guns - increased dramatically between 2010 and 2012 in the United States, according to new research. The study found that injuries from “non-powder” guns surged a 511 percent during that time period. A non-powder gun is one that doesn’t use gunpowder to fire but instead use compressed air, springs, and other methods. (HealthDay News, 5/1)

When Restaurants Offer Healthy Kids’ Fare, Children Eat It
Children ate healthier meals at a restaurant chain after the kids’ menu got a makeover with healthy options replacing soda and fries, new research indicates. “Our study showed that healthier children’s menu options were ordered a lot more often when those options were more prevalent and prominent on kids’ menus, highlighting the promise of efforts to make healthier options the new norm,” said study lead author. (HealthDay News, 5/1)

Preteen Whooping Cough Vaccine Loses Strength Over Time, CDC Finds
A booster shot of the whooping cough vaccine that is given to preteens loses a large measure of effectiveness within a few years, new research reveals. “Among adolescents, within the first year following immunization the vaccine effectiveness was 73 percent,” said study author Dr. Anna Acosta. “But by two to four years out, it had fallen to about 34 percent effectiveness.” (US News and World Report, 5/4)
Cuts in Epilepsy Drugs Boost Children’s Post-Op IQ
Withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in children is tied to higher IQ post-epilepsy surgery, according to a study in the Annals of Neurology. Researchers analyzed neuropsychological assessment data before and after epilepsy surgery for children. The effect of AED withdrawal on postoperative IQ was assessed. The researchers found that mean interval to latest neuropsychological assessment was 19.8 months. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/4)
Sleepwalking Parents Likely to Have Sleepwalking Kids
More than 60 percent of children with two sleepwalking parents go on to develop the condition, new research shows. “These findings point to a strong genetic influence on sleepwalking and, to a lesser degree, sleep terrors,” the authors wrote. “Parents who have been sleepwalkers in the past, particularly in cases where both parents have been sleepwalkers, can expect their children to sleepwalk and should prepare.” (HealthDay News, 5/4)
Laws on junk food in schools fail to help poor fight obesity, study says
Since state laws made it harder for California elementary school kids to get their hands on sugary drinks and junk food snacks on campus, researchers found, students’ risk of becoming overweight or obese fell slightly — but mostly if they came from higher-income neighborhoods. “The magnitude of improvements depended on levels of school neighborhood socioeconomic advantage,” the study authors wrote. (LA Times, 5/4)
Comprehensive Swedish research study reveals family, neighborhood impact on mental health
A team of researchers from Sweden and the United States have examined the potential role of the family environment and neighborhood factors on mental health outcomes in a new study published in Journal of Psychiatric Research. The study includes highly detailed data on over 500,000 children in Sweden and covers a timespan of more than a decade. (Medical Xpress, 5/4)
High Doses of Triptorelin Needed for Ovarian Suppression in SLE
For female patients with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who require treatment with cyclophosphamide, sustained complete ovarian suppression is achieved in 90 percent of the patients with triptorelin at a weight-adjusted dose of 120 µg/kg body weight, according to a study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/4)
Fathers have big influence on teens’ drinking habits
Parents’ influence on teens’ drinking varies in girls and boys, suggests a new study. While the drinking behaviors of both genders were mostly influenced by fathers, the behaviors of girls were also somewhat influenced by their mothers, researchers found. The study used data from a long-term study of adolescent behavior, including almost 4,000 students who were in grade nine between 2006 and 2009 in Taiwan. (Reuters, 5/5)
Healthy relationships may prevent depression in child abuse survivors
Child abuse survivors who find stable romantic relationships as adults may also find that these relationships help protect against depression, a study suggests. Researchers followed a group of 485 young adults for 12 years to see how exposure to neglect or maltreatment during childhood would influence their ability to have satisfying relationships with intimate partners and their susceptibility to depression. (Reuters, 5/5)
Lesbian, gay, bisexual kids bullied more throughout school
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adolescents are more likely to be bullied and victimized throughout elementary and high school than heterosexual students, according to new research. “Bullying in general decreases as kids go through school, but the disparity does not,” said Dr. Mark Schuster, the lead author. “We found this persistent pattern across all the grades for bullying and victimization,” said Schuster. (Reuters, 5/6)
Youth who receive tobacco coupons may be more susceptible to smoking
Middle and high school students exposed to tobacco coupons were more likely to find smoking “cool” and less likely to feel confident in quitting if they already smoked, according to recent U.S. survey data. Some kids may encounter the coupons for free or discounted tobacco products passively, via direct mail campaigns aimed at their parents, but the coupons are also often sent by email and are readily available on the Internet. (Reuters, 5/6)
CXO survey: Physician leaders play increasingly important role in the patient experience
Physician engagement is a critical component to improving the patient experience, as they are the ones on the frontlines actively engaging with and delivering care to patients. Specifically, hospitals and health systems are taking greater measures to develop physician leaders as part of patient experience improvement efforts, according to Experience Innovation Network’s 2015 CXO survey report. (Becker’s Hospital Review, 5/6)
Acupuncture Effective for Post-Tonsillectomy Pain in Children
Acupuncture, in addition to conventional analgesic treatment, is an effective treatment for post-tonsillectomy pain in children, according to a new study. Researchers examined whether acupuncture, in addition to conventional analgesic treatment, would be effective for post-tonsillectomy pain in children. The researchers found that those assigned to the acupuncture group had less pain and less analgesic drug consumption. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/6)
Obese kids face stigma, flunk school: European research
Obese children are far less likely to finish school than peers of normal weight, according to research which also highlighted body image problems in kids as young as six. And these problems are likely to become bigger and bigger as the waistlines of European children expand -- led by Ireland with 27.5 percent of under-fives classified as overweight, according to findings presented at a European Congress on Obesity. (Yahoo News, 5/6)             



Almost 12 million gained Medicaid coverage under ObamaCare
More than 11.7 million more people have health insurance through Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance through ObamaCare, new data show. The new report from the Obama administration shows that as of the end of February, there were over 11.7 million more people enrolled in the programs compared to the period before October 2013, when ObamaCare’s coverage expansion went into effect. (The Hill, 5/1)
GOP prepares list of demands if justices rule against ObamaCare
Republicans believe a Supreme Court ruling against the ACA this summer would give them leverage to force President Obama to scrap the healthcare law’s central pillars. Sen. John Barrasso, who is leading the Senate GOP’s response to King v. Burwell, said Republicans will be willing to strike a deal with Obama to ensure that the 7.5 million people who stand to lose their subsidies are protected, at least until the 2016 elections. (The Hill, 5/1)
ER visits climb under ObamaCare, poll finds
ER visits have increased under ObamaCare despite the law’s intention to reduce their use for standard medical care, a new survey finds. The survey of ER doctors finds that three-quarters say their number of patients has increased since ObamaCare’s insurance mandate took effect. The ACEP pointed to the shortage of primary care doctors and the low payment rates from Medicaid. (The Hill, 5/4)
U.S. Birth Rate Hovers at All-Time Low, CDC Reports
The U.S. birth rate remained at an all-time low in 2013, due largely to a significant drop in teen births, new research shows. More than 3.9 million births occurred in the United States in 2013, down a bit less than 1 percent from the year before, according to the annual report from the U.S. NCHS, part of the CDC. The report, first released in January, was published in the journal Pediatrics. (HealthDay News, 5/5)
Senate Passes Cost-Cutting Budget Plan
The Senate gave final approval Tuesday to the first joint congressional budget plan in six years, ratifying a 10-year blueprint that would cut spending by $5.3 trillion, overhaul programs for the poor, repeal President Obama’s health care law and ostensibly produce a balanced budget in less than a decade. Along party lines, the Senate passed the nonbinding blueprint 51 to 48, with only two Republicans voting no. (New York Times, 5/5)




Europe’s obesity crisis expands to ‘enormous proportions’
Europe faces an obesity crisis of “enormous proportions” as unhealthy diets and physical inactivity inflate waistlines and health costs, the WHO has stated. Nearly all adults in Ireland—one of Europe’s fattest nations—will be overweight by 2030, the European Congress on Obesity in Prague was told. Among children younger than five, 42 million were overweight or obese in 2013, according to the WHO. (Medical Express, 5/5)
India: Hindu, Muslim Girls Marry Earliest; Jains, Christians Later
If you are a girl, educated, from an economically stable family, from an urban area, and either Jain, Christian or upper-caste Hindu, the chances are you will not be married before adulthood (18 years), according to a new report from the Nirantar Trust.  Women from cities marry two years later than rural counterparts; the richest women marry four years later than the poorest. (India Spend, 5/6)
Botswana: Official Urges Media to Focus On Women, Children
The media has been called upon to raise awareness on neglected issues of women and children and cover difficult and not always pleasant issues to influence change in policies. The assistant representative at the UNFPA head office, Ms Mareledi Segotso, said the media, as the watchdogs, should monitor progress on implementation of policies and programmes for adolescents and youth. (All Africa, 5/6)
Canada: Teens heading to ER for mental health care called ‘exceedingly frustrating’
Children and young people with mental disorders increasingly turned to emergency departments for care, a finding a psychiatrist worries reflects lack of treatments in the community. The rate of emergency department visits by young Canadians increased by 45 per cent from 2006 to 2014, according to Thursday’s report from the Canadian Institute for Health Information. (CBC News, 5/7)



Vital Signs: Leading Causes of Death, Prevalence of Diseases and Risk Factors, and Use of Health Services Among Hispanics in the United States — 2009–2013 
Hispanics and Latinos are estimated to represent 17.7% of the U.S. population. Published national health estimates stratified by Hispanic origin and nativity are lacking. Four national data sets were analyzed to compare Hispanics overall, non-Hispanic whites, and Hispanic country/region of origin subgroups for leading causes of death, prevalence of diseases and associated risk factors, and use of health services. (CDC, 5/5)
Increases in Hepatitis C Virus Infection Related to Injection Drug Use Among Persons Aged ≤30 Years — Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia, 2006–2012
To better understand the increase in acute cases of HCV infection and its correlation to IDU, CDC examined surveillance data for acute case reports in conjunction with analyzing drug treatment admissions data from the Treatment Episode Data Set-Admissions (TEDS-A) among persons aged ≤30 years in four states (Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia) for the period 2006–2012. (CDC, 5/7)



AHI Releases Video, “Voices of Transgender Adolescents in Healthcare”
The University of Michigan Health System’s Adolescent Health Initiative (AHI) has released a short video that offers perspectives from transgender and gender non-conforming youth about their experiences and what they want from a healthcare system. AHI supports and trains healthcare professionals who work with teens to optimize their care, using a youth-friendly, adolescent-centered care model. For more information, contact Jenni Lane, at, or visit their website.
Asthma Resources for Health Professionals
CDC’s National Asthma Control Program helps people with asthma and their caregivers learn how to manage asthma. In the U.S., 25 million people live with asthma—about half of them do not have control over preventable attacks. Many factors contribute to poor asthma control. Access these resources and help patients learn how to better manage their asthma. (CDC, 5/1)
Ask a Tween video series
This video series from The Atlantic asks tweens for their thoughts on everything to middle-school jargon to what it’s like growing up in the digital age.  The first three videos focus on favorite slang words, what it means to popular, and what tweens want to be when they grow up. (The Atlantic, 5/1)


Current Issues in Immunization NetConference
Register now for the CIINC on May 20, 2015, 12 noon - 1 pm Eastern. Topics include an HPV vaccination update for 2015 and vaccine administration errors reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. (CDC, 5/7)
Webinar on Care Coordination Quality Measures
Registration is now open for this webinar about new measures of the quality of care coordination for children with medical complexity. There is no cost, but space is limited. The webinar will take place May 12, 2015, from 1:30-3 p.m. EDT/10:30-12 p.m. PDT. (AHRQ, 5/1)


USPSTF: Not Enough Data on E-Cigarettes as Cessation Aid
There’s not enough data to decide whether or not electronic cigarettes can help smokers quit, according to the USPSTF. E-cigarette use is continuing to boom in popularity, and some proponents of the device say it provides a safer alternative to cigarettes and a potential bridge to quitting. However, the USPSTF said there simply isn’t enough good research for the panel to make a decision about whether e-cigarettes are a good idea for adults who wish to stop smoking. The task force will accept public comment on its recommendations until June 1. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/5)
Public Comment on Draft Research Plan: Serologic Screening for Genital Herpes
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted a draft research plan on serologic screening for genital herpes. The draft research plan is available for review and public comment from April 30 through May 27, 2015. Those interested can review the draft research plan and submit comments online. (AHRQ, 5/1)

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A Weekly Digest of Adolescent Health News in Traditional and New Media


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