Assembly Bill 405 puts teens at risk
Nevada politicians are trying pass a law (Assembly Bill 405) that would require a teenager to notify her parents if she wants to have an abortion. And, make no mistake, despite how it may sound, this law is unsafe for teens. Leading health organizations – including the AMA, SAHM, APHA, ACOG and AAP – agree that AB 405 is bad public health policy. (Reno Gazette Journal, 5/9)





Millennials More Tolerant, Less Promiscuous Than Their Parents
Millennials aren’t pairing off with as many sex partners as Baby Boomers and Gen Xers, but they’re more accepting of premarital sex and same-sex relationships. That’s the conclusion of a new review that charted Americans’ evolving views on sex, relationships and behavior. The researchers looked at results of a national survey conducted most years between 1972 and 2012. (HealthDay News, 5/6)
Study shows measles vaccine thwarts other infectious diseases
The measles vaccine provides benefits beyond merely protecting against that highly contagious viral respiratory disease that remains a leading childhood killer in parts of the world, scientists say. By blocking the measles infection, the vaccine prevents measles-induced immune system damage that makes children much more vulnerable to numerous other infectious diseases for two to three years, a study found. (Reuters, 5/7)
Canadian Teens Trying E-Cigarettes as Often as Cigarettes: Study
Canadian teens are trying electronic cigarettes as often as they are experimenting with tobacco cigarettes, a new study shows. Researchers found that about 20 percent of Canadian teens have tried e-cigarettes, the same rate as those who experiment with tobacco cigarettes. More than 2.5 million Canadians have tried e-cigarettes, with smokers and young people accounting for the largest number of ongoing users. (HealthDay News, 5/7)
Bigger health bills for diabetes patients—especially kids
Annual health-care spending on people with diabetes is more than three times higher on average than for those without the disease—and costs for children with diabetes are rising particularly sharply as they are more apt to use pricier versions of insulin, a new study found. The study also revealed that those with diabetes, on average, pay more than double the out-of-pocket health costs than others. (CNBC, 5/7)
Sexual orientation, gender identity tied to eating disorder risk
Transgender and non-transgender lesbian, gay and bisexual college students seem to be at the highest risk for eating disorders, according to a new study. As reported in the Journal of Adolescent Health, the study involved students at 223 U.S. universities - including more than 200,000 heterosexuals, 5,000 who are “unsure,” 15,000 who are gay, lesbian or bisexual and 479 who are transgender. (Reuters, 5/8)
Despite Recent Measles Outbreak, Resistance To Vaccinations Persists
A measles outbreak linked to Disneyland has exposed gaps in immunization against the highly infectious disease. With the recent measles cases in mind, NPR asked more than 3,000 Americans about their attitudes toward vaccination in the latest Truven Health Analytics Health Poll. Adults in 28 percent of households with kids said they had concerns about vaccines compared with about 13 percent in households without kids. (NPR, 5/8)
Food ads during children’s TV don’t meet proposed guidelines
On TV, during shows aimed at kids under age 12, the vast majority of commercials are for products with too much added sugar, saturated fat or sodium, according to a new study. Researchers compared the foods advertised to proposed U.S. nutrition guidelines for foods marketed to kids. The proposal was not adopted, and it’s not surprising to see that most foods advertised on TV would not comply with it, said lead author. (Reuters, 5/8)
Peanut Allergy Exposure Occurs Most Often at Home, Study Says
For children with peanut allergies, home is more dangerous than school, researchers say. The Canadian study also found schools that ban peanut products are not less likely to have an accidental exposure occur than schools that don’t have these policies in place. Of the exposure incidents that occurred during follow-up incidents, 11 percent were classified as severe, and half were considered moderate reactions. (HealthDay News, 5/11)
Active Video Games Offer Health Benefit for Children/Teens
Active video games (AVGs) are a good alternative to sedentary behavior, and can provide health benefits comparable to laboratory-based exercise or field-based physical activity, according to research published in Obesity Reviews. Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to examine the effects of AVGs on children/adolescents’ health-related outcomes. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/11)
Obese teens at increased risk for Alzheimer’s, dementia
A new study has found that obese teens are at increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia in their senior years. The study was published in the journal Pediatrics. The study group comprised 176 boys who were normal weight, 135 who were overweight, and 129 who were obese. The researchers measured the serum levels of two molecules that are likely associated with development of diabetes. (The Examiner, 5/11)
Family Doctors Who Do More, Save More
Is a good family doctor one who treats your knee pain and manages your recovery from heart surgery? Or is it one who refers you to an orthopedist and a cardiologist? Those are questions at the heart of a debate about primary care – one with serious health and financial implications. A study from the AAFP suggests that family doctors who provide more care themselves save the health system money. (NPR, 5/11)
Shortened Fasting Feasible for Children Undergoing Surgery
The incidence of pulmonary aspiration is low in children undergoing elective surgery, even when allowed free clear fluids until called to the operating suite, according to research published in Pediatric Anesthesia. Researchers retrospectively reviewed anesthesia charts, X-rays, and discharge notes in the electronic medical record system for elective pediatric procedures (January 2008 to December 2013). (Physician’s Briefing, 5/11)
Kids and parents worry about schoolwork after concussions
Kids and teens who suffer a concussion worry about their academic skills in the weeks afterward, and older kids and those with more severe symptoms worry the most, according to a new study. Studies in the last five years have focused on the athletic side of the equation - “taking them off the field, not putting them back on the field with symptoms, but this is really looking at the student side of the equation,” said study author. (Reuters, 5/11)
Parents’ decision-making in HPV vaccination of daughters analyzed
Scientists have identified key determinants in parents’ decision-making about HPV vaccination of their daughters. Parents of 9- to 10-year-old girls responded to a questionnaire, which was analyzed using the Health Belief Model. Parents who had their daughters vaccinated (88%) differed from those who did not do so in perceived susceptibility to the disease, benefits and barriers of the vaccine, and cues to action. (Medical Xpress, 5/11)
Chlorofluorocarbon Ban Tied to Sharp Rise in Inhaler Cost
Federal action to protect the ozone layer has resulted in a dramatic increase in the cost of asthma inhalers in recent years, according to new research. In 2008, the FDA banned inhalers containing chlorofluorocarbons, substances that contribute to the depletion of ozone in the upper atmosphere. Following the ban, the mean cost of albuterol inhalers rose from $13.60 per prescription in 2004 to $25 in 2009, the authors said. (Physician’s Briefing, 5/11)
HPV Vaccination for Girls May Help Prevent Cancers in Males
Males benefit indirectly when girls are immunized against HPV, according to a new Dutch study. However, males still have a risk of developing HPV-related cancers, the authors said. And while giving the vaccine to boys would further reduce the burden of HPV infection in men, it may not be cost-effective as hundreds of boys would need to be vaccinated to prevent one case of cancer from HPV, the researchers found. (HealthDay News, 5/12)
Girls with Autism Fare Worse Than Boys, Study Finds
While girls are far less likely than boys to be diagnosed with autism, girls with the developmental disorder show more impairments compared to their healthy female peers than comparable sets of boys do, new research suggests. Scientists contend that girls with autism may suffer from greater social deficits than boys with the condition, which is characterized by problems with emotional and communication skills. (HealthDay News, 5/13)
Questions still outnumber answers on bullying, says researcher
A leading researcher says remedies for school bullying remain elusive, although four decades of study have yielded many more clues to its devastation. A special issue on bullying for American Psychologist, is intended to give psychologists the latest information on the status of the field—and hopefully encourage more innovative and translational research to root out bullying. (Medical Xpress, 5/14)
Bullying Doesn’t Always Win: How Victims Conquer Childhood Trauma as Adults
The new collaborative study covered 40 years of research on the lifetime consequences of “peer victimization,” or bullying, in order to give an accurate description of long-term implications of being the recipient of such behavior. Notably, there is no cookie cutter profile for the adult who experienced adolescent bullying, the study explains, and many factors play a role in how an individual will recover from the abuse. (Medical Daily, 5/14)

Junk food marketers find boys more susceptible than girls, survey shows
Australian teenage boys are more susceptible to junk food marketing than girls and consume more fast food, salty snacks and sugary drinks, according to a new survey. The findings of the 2012-13 national secondary students’ diet and activity survey, involving 8,888 children from 196 schools, has prompted a call for more education and less TV advertising up to 9pm. (The Guardian, 5/14)       



White House Moves to Fix 2 Key Consumer Complaints About Health Care Law
The White House is moving to address two of the most common consumer complaints about the sale of health insurance under the ACA: that doctor directories are inaccurate, and that patients are hit with unexpected bills for costs not covered by insurance. Federal health officials said that they would require insurers to update and correct “provider directories” and hope to provide an “out-of-pocket cost calculator”. (New York Times, 5/8)
Fed investment in rural health IT initiatives reaches $1B
Since 2012, HHS and the U.S. Department of Agriculture have invested nearly $1 billion in financing rural health IT projects, according to HHS. In 2011, President Obama announced the White House Rural Council initiative that aimed to support rural communities adopt health IT systems, as financing is a top-cited challenge for physicians and hospitals serving remote and poor communities. (Becker’s Health IT & CIO Review, 5/11)
State Legislatures Quarrel Over Whether To Expand Medicaid
Five years after the ACA passed, the law’s provision allowing the expansion of Medicaid coverage to more people is still causing fights in state legislatures. Twenty-four states and D.C. said yes to Medicaid expansion when the law went into effect. Since then, six more have signed on. States that say yes get billions of additional dollars, but many Republican lawmakers are loathe to say yes to the Obama administration. (NPR, 5/12)                      




Drug-resistant ‘superbug’ strain of typhoid spreads worldwide
An antibiotic-resistant “superbug” strain of typhoid fever has spread globally, driven by a single family of the bacteria, called H58, according to the findings of a large international study. The research, involving some 74 scientists in almost two dozen countries, is one of the most comprehensive sets of genetic data on a human infectious agent and paints a worrying scene of an “ever-increasing public health threat”, they said. (Reuters, 5/11)
Scotland: Deprivation and mental health link ‘strong and consistent’
People from Scotland’s most deprived areas are more than three times as likely to be treated for mental illness than those in more affluent communities, according to a report. The study looked at the numbers of people treated for mental health problems during 2013 and 2014. The figures also revealed that almost 3,500 patients were resident in a psychiatric hospital last year. (BBC, 5/13)
Philippines: Health advocates worry about HPV vaccination in August
The health department will roll out in August an adolescent immunization program that includes free vaccine against the HPV, but advocates are worried not enough informed discussions have been made about the virus that causes cervical cancer. While advocates say they are not against the HPV vaccine, one said it is a “very complex” issue that needs more discussion. (Rappler, 5/13)
UN picture book warns 100 million child farm workers of pesticides
A new picture book aims to help show the nearly 100 million children who labour on farms how best to handle the toxic pesticides many are exposed to in their work. The easy-to-follow pictures are adapted for audiences in eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Asia and Latin America. Nearly 100 million boys and girls between the ages of five and 17 work on farms, according to the International Labour Organization. (Reuters, 5/14)



Report Outlines Pediatric EHR Necessities
Despite the fact that pediatric EHRs need to be designed with specific functionalities to support the work of children health care providers, vendors are paralyzed by meaningful use requirements. This was among the core findings of a report issued by the AHRQ. The report, a “technical brief,” aimed to provide an overview of the state of practice and the current literature around core functionalities for pediatric EHRs. (Healthcare Informatics, 5/11)



Resources on e-cigarettes now available
The AAP Julius B. Richmond Center, dedicated to the elimination of tobacco and secondhand smoke, has created a webpage dedicated to offering pediatricians resources about electronic nicotine delivery systems, or e-cigarettes. Included on this page are fact sheets, presentations, and information about the AAP’s actions on these products. (AAP, 5/8)


Call for Abstracts Now Open: 2015 AHRQ Research Conference 
AcademyHealth is excited to join AHRQ as cohosts for the 2015 AHRQ Research Conference, which will be held October 4–6. This call for abstracts intends showcase the breadth and depth of AHRQ-sponsored work. AHRQ is pleased to invite organizations and individuals, AHRQ grantees and contractors to submit original research, including implementation research and evaluation, for display as posters. (AHRQ, 5/12)
Renewing the National HIV/AIDS Strategy
The White House Office of National AIDS Policy (ONAP) is working to update the National HIV/AIDS Strategy for 2016-2020 and just launched an online feedback forum to collect ideas about updating the Strategy. The deadline for sharing your own ideas, vote, or comment on the recommendations of others is Friday, May 22, 2015. (CDC, 5/14)

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