ACP Releases Toolkit for Transitioning Young Adults with Chronic Conditions to Adult Care Settings
The American College of Physicians, in collaboration with numerous other medical organizations including SAHM, has developed guidelines and tools to aid physicians in the transition of patients with chronic diseases from pediatric to adult care settings. The tools include customized worksheets on readiness assessments, transfer summaries and self-care assessments for patients with chronic care conditions. (Healio, 5/7)






High School Football Players Suffer More Symptoms After Concussion
High school football players are more likely to suffer more symptoms after a concussion, and to need more recovery time than their college counterparts, a new study finds. But those who play in youth football leagues are the most likely to get back on the field less than 24 hours after a concussion, the researchers discovered. (HealthDay News, 5/2)

U.S. Spent $1.4 Billion To Stop HIV By Promoting Abstinence. Did It Work?
In the past 12 years, the U.S. has spent more than $1.4 billion funding abstinence programs in Africa. They’re part of a larger program, PEPFAR, aimed at stopping the spread of HIV around the world. Many health officials consider PEPFAR a success. But a recent study finds the abstinence programs have been a failure. (NPR, 5/3)

Some Teen Girls Coerced Into Pregnancy
Girls as young as 14 have boyfriends who’ve pressured them to become pregnant, sabotaged their birth control, or otherwise tried to control their reproductive health, a new preliminary study finds. The study was small, surveying 77 sexually experienced high school girls in NYC. But researchers said the results show that “reproductive coercion” affects not only adult women, but girls, too. (HealthDay News, 5/4)

Family Financial Assets Tied to Child Health, Independent of Income
PCPs should be mindful that economic stability, independent of income, which often gives an incomplete picture as it does not account for debt and cost of living, may be an important socioeconomic determinant of child health, according to preliminary data. Children in families below twice the asset poverty threshold had higher odds of worse health, compared to those in families with sufficient assets. (Healio, 5/4)

Weight Loss Surgery May Boost Good Cholesterol in Obese Boys
Weight loss surgery could help severely obese teenage boys reduce their risk for heart disease by increasing their levels of “good” cholesterol, a preliminary study suggests. The study showed the teens’ levels of HDL had risen by 23% in the year. And their HDL’s ability to remove cholesterol from the arteries increased by 12%. (HealthDay News, 5/5)

1 in 6 Hospital Beds in U.S. is in a Catholic Institution, Restricting Reproductive Care
One in every 6 hospital beds in the country is in a Catholic hospital system, according to a report that suggests the consolidation of health-care systems puts more patients than ever in hospitals where the medical procedures available to them may be dictated by faith. (The Washington Post, 5/5)

Harsh Parenting May Harm a Child’s Physical Health
Harsh parenting may leave more than psychological scars, it might also leave lasting physical problems -- such as obesity, even into young adulthood, new research suggests. When parents were “hostile, angry, and antisocial towards their adolescent,” the kids were more likely to report declines in their physical health and to gain extra weight. (HealthDay News, 5/5)

Child Obesity Rates Drop in Canada
The percentage of Canadian children who are overweight or obese is declining, a new Canadian study shows. The findings showed that rates of overweight/obesity among children aged 2-17 rose from just over 23% in 1978 to nearly 35% in 2004, but rates among those aged 3-19 fell from almost 31% in 2004 to 27% in 2013. (HealthDay News, 5/9)

Teens with ADHD have Special Treatment Needs
Drugs and psychotherapy can help teens with ADHD manage symptoms and improve in school, a new research review suggests, but adolescents still have treatment needs that are quite distinct from younger children. Both stimulants and alternative medications can help reduce symptoms such as restlessness, forgetfulness and lack of motivation, the study found. (Reuters, 5/10)

Bisexual Women Are at Higher Risk for Depression and Suicide
LGBT rights may be moving forward, but bisexual acceptance is trailing far behind. That’s the harrowing message behind a new study from researchers, which found that young bisexual women score significantly higher on a survey measuring current suicidal thought than both straight women and lesbians. (The Daily Beast, 5/10)

Study Links Excess Pre-Pregnancy Weight, Smoking to Heavy Kids
Researchers say two key reasons explain why kids from disadvantaged families are more often overweight and obese than other children: mom smoking in pregnancy and being overweight before pregnancy. The study concluded that smoking during pregnancy and being overweight during pregnancy accounted for about 40% of that difference. (HealthDay News, 5/10)

Study Links Parental Depression to Brain Changes and Risk-Taking in Adolescents
Parental depression contributes to greater brain activity in areas linked to risk taking in adolescent children, likely leading to more risk-taking and rule-breaking behaviors, a new study concludes. While previous research has found associations between clinically depressed parents and their teenagers’ risk taking, the new study is the first to find corresponding changes in the adolescents’ brains. (Science Daily, 5/10)

Low Birth Weight ‘Increases Death Risk’ to Adolescence
Babies with a low birth weight are at an increased risk of dying all the way through to adolescence, researchers have found. Deaths in babies and children of very low birth weight - under 2.5kg (5.5lb) - were 130 times more frequent than those of normal birth weight babies. Nerve and lung conditions were the leading causes of death in that group. (BBC News, 5/11)




Lawmakers Vote to Let N.J. Pharmacists Prescribe Birth Control
A state Senate panel approved legislation that would allow pharmacists in New Jersey to dispense contraceptives to women and girls without a doctor’s prescription. The bill (S1073/S2060) would permit pharmacists to sell self-administered, hormone-based birth control pills after completing a training program developed by the N.J. State Board of Pharmacy. (NJ.Com, 5/2)
Military Women Face Serious Challenges When It Comes To Birth Control
Despite access to medical care, women in the military have higher unplanned pregnancy rates than the general population, and one-third of deployed servicewomen were unable to access the birth control they wanted. Allergan, the pharmaceutical company that manufactures the IUD Liletta, has created a program with the goal of changing that, offering the IUDs to 700 U.S. military bases at a cost of $55.83 per device. (Huffington Post, 5/2)
FDA to Regulate E-Cigarettes, Ban Sales to Minors
After years of debate about the health risks of electronic cigarettes, the federal government made it final. The U.S. government issued a tough set of rules for the e-cigarette industry that included banning sales to anyone under 18, requiring package warning labels, and making all products, even those currently on the market, subject to government approval. (The Wall Street Journal, 5/5)
Arizona Restores Health Program for Children of Working Poor
A health care program for children of the working poor that had been left out of the budget approved by the Arizona Legislature this week was resuscitated on Friday, after Democrats and moderate Republicans agreed to attach it to a bill expanding disabled students’ eligibility for school vouchers. (The New York Times, 5/6)
Clinical Trial Underway for Treatment of Sleep Apnea in Adolescents with Down Syndrome
An FDA-approved clinical trial is underway at Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Massachusetts General Hospital for Children to evaluate the use of a hypoglossal nerve stimulator, a technology currently available to adults with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that stimulates the upper airway to facilitate breathing during sleep  in a select group of adolescent patients with Down syndrome and OSA. (EurekAlert, 5/9)
Maryland Governor Signs Bill to Make Birth Control Cheaper
Gov. Hogan (R) signed a bill that advocates say will provide “the most comprehensive insurance coverage for contraception in the country.” No other state has a law that includes all the provisions in Maryland’s “Contraceptive Equity Act,” which prohibits insurers from charging co-payments for contraceptive drugs, procedures and devices approved by the federal government. (The Washington Post, 5/10)




Chinese Adolescents Grapple with Depression
The Lancet report on health challenges facing the world’s young people showed that depression for 15- to 24-year-olds in China is on the rise with almost 1.2 million Chinese young people aged 15 to 24 having depressive disorders. Prevalence rate among 15- to 19-year-olds increased to 0.46% in 2013 and for 20- to 24-year-olds, the rate increased to 0.62%. (The Sixth Tone, 5/10)
Think Before You Let Them Drink Campaign Targets Teenage Binge Drinkers
A campaign aimed at stopping adults in Vancouver from buying alcohol for minors is focusing on the risks underage women face when binge drinking.  The most recent B.C. Adolescent Health Study found 37 percent of all underage teens who had tried alcohol had drank heavily in the past month. (CBC News, 5/11)
Unprotected Sex is the Fastest-Growing Health Risk for Teens
Unsafe sex has become the fastest-growing risk factor for ill health in both males and females aged 15-19 years old, rising from 13th place in 1990 to second place in 2013, says a new report. The findings should serve as a wake-up call for major new investment for the 1.8 billion adolescents worldwide -- the largest generation in history, 89% of whom live in developing countries. (Economic Times, 5/11)




The Hamilton Project: 12 Facts about Food Insecurity and SNAP
According to a Hamilton Project report, almost one in five children lived in a food insecure household in 2014. The Hamilton Project considers the relationship between food insecurity and nutrition assistance programs for teenagers, and states that children and teens need access to regular, nutritious, sufficient meals to address food security and obesity simultaneously. (Brookings, 4/29)
New WHO Report Outlines Risks of Pediatric Imaging Procedures
A new report from the WHO details the risks associated with pediatric imaging and calls for increased awareness and accountability by physicians, caregivers and patients. Radiation from medical procedures has led to an increase in Americans’ average annual radiation dose since 1987, with approximately 11% of all CT scans performed in the U.S. being conducted on children. (Health Imaging, 5/4)
Our Future: A Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing
Today, adolescents and young adults face unprecedented social, economic, and cultural change. This new Lancet Commission report argues that there are both current threats, if inaction continues, but also tremendous unrealized opportunities not only for the health and wellbeing of young people themselves but also for the future of society and future generations. (The Lancet, 5/10)
Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy, and Practice
This report evaluates the state of the science on biological and psychosocial consequences of bullying as well as the context, scope, and impact of the problem. The report also outlines next steps in prevention for policymakers, parents, educators, healthcare providers, and others concerned with the care of children. (The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 5/11)




Talking With Teenagers About Marijuana
Parents of teenagers face a confounding crosscurrent. While the legalization of marijuana in several American states now bolsters the common belief among adolescents that the drug is safe for recreational use, research documenting marijuana’s diffuse and possibly permanent harm to the teenage brain continues to pile up. (The New York Times, 5/11)




Sport Concussion Webcasts
The CDC estimates that 250,000 youths visit ERs each year for sports-and recreation related traumatic brain injuries. To help improve the lives of our members’ patients, AAFP has created a series of webinars addressing the impact of head injuries in sports. These webinars, which address different topics concerning concussions, are hosted by a panel of AAFP and other experts. (AAFP, 5/5)
Female Genital Mutilation & Cutting: Strategies for Education and Prevention
Join ASHA on Tuesday, June 7th at 2:00pm EST to address the rapidly growing number of girls in the U.S. at risk of FGM/C, especially in certain cities. The webinar will discuss warning signs, the four types of FGM/C, the federal and state laws that apply, and ways to discuss FGM/C with girls and families. (ASHA, 5/11)
Age of Opportunity: Lessons from the New Science of Adolescence
Join the Dibble Institute on Wednesday, June 8th at 4:00pm EST for a discussion on the teenage brain’s potential for change, the elongation of adolescence as a developmental stage, and the implications of each for how we parent, educate, and understand young people. (The Dibble Institute, 5/11)
Teens, Health and Technology - How Teens Search for Health Information in the Digital Age
On Tuesday, July 19th at 3:00pm EST ASHA will present a webinar to help professionals articulate where teens seek health information (both digitally and with traditional sources), understand how digital health information impacts teen health behavior, and analyze how to reach teens, considering their preferred sources of health information. (ASHA, 5/11)

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