Kidney treatment for young patients may improve with methods that help them stick to their medication schedules
For busy teens who have a chronic disease and require regular medication, remembering to take that medication can be a challenge. New research found that smartphones may help young adults with kidney disease take their medicines as directed. About 30 percent of the teens said they used their cellphones to maintain their medication list or schedule. (Daily Rx, 11/14)
Antibiotic use in children linked to juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)
In a new study recently presented at the American College of Rheumatology Annual Scientific Meeting, researchers have linked antibiotic use in children to increased risk of JIA. The researchers found that children exposed to antibacterial antibiotics - not antifungals or antivirals - were at higher risk of developing JIA than those who had not been exposed to these antibiotics. (Medical News Today, 11/16)
Schools’ preparedness for kids after concussion can vary
When kids are ready to resume classes after being out for a concussion, schools’ preparedness to handle them can vary widely, a new study suggests. The study found variations in high school principals’ resources and management strategies for students returning to school after a concussion. “We have a lot of guidelines for returning to (sports), but we have no guidelines for returning to school,” said study lead author. (Reuters, 11/17)
Many Teens Suffer ‘Cyber’ Dating Abuse, Study Suggests
Many teens are abused online by the people they’re dating, a new study suggests. This abuse can include being monitored, stalked, threatened and harassed through hurtful comments, the researchers said. The findings were based on surveys of teens who visited northern California school health clinics, and don’t hint at how common this kind of abuse among teens is overall. (HealthDay News, 11/17)
Home Cooking Helps Keep the Calories Down
New research on healthy eating has found that home cooking is better than restaurant fare, and that kids who are offered more nutritious food in school cafeterias rarely eat it. These findings come in two new studies presented at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association. Researchers found that people who eat the most home-cooked ones end up eating healthier, on average, compared to other people. (HealthDay News, 11/17)
Racial disparities in ear infection treatment may contribute to antibiotic overuse
Black children are less likely to be diagnosed with and less likely to receive broad-spectrum antibiotics for ear infections than white children are, a new study has found. But the discrepancy in prescribing fewer broad-spectrum antibiotics means black children actually are more likely to receive care that aligns with the recommended guidelines for treating ear infections. (Medical Xpress, 11/17)
More HPV Legislation May Not Result in Greater HPV Vaccine Uptake
The presence of legislation that encourages HPV vaccine uptake does not correlate with increased vaccination among young men or women, according to new research presented at APHA’s annual meeting. On average 27 percent of adolescents initiated the HPV vaccine and 37 percent received a recommendation for the vaccine from their primary care provider in states with no history of HPV legislation. (Infection Control Today, 11/17)
New research finds prevalence of obesity among teens with disabilities
Teens with physical or mental disabilities are more likely to be obese compared to adolescents without disabilities, according to new research presented at the American Public Health Association’s Annual Meeting. Researchers found that the prevalence of obesity among adolescents with a disability was 16 percent compared to 10 percent for adolescents without a disability. (News Medical, 11/17)
Study Ties Teen Smoking to Risk of Severe Menstrual Cramps
Women who started smoking at a young age may be at increased risk for chronic, severe menstrual pain, a new study suggests. The researchers found that current smokers who started smoking by age 13 were more likely to have chronic, severe menstrual pain, as were women who were unemployed, began having their periods at a younger age, were obese and spoke a European language at home. (HealthDay News, 11/17)
High-fructose diet may contribute to anxiety, depression during adolescence
Consuming excess fructose may worsen depression and anxiety in teenagers, new research suggests. In the animal study, presented at an annual meeting for the Society for Neuroscience, found that fructose can alter how the brain responds to stress. People develop these brain processes during adolescence, which suggests that teens may be most vulnerable to fructose’s potential effects. (Fox News, 11/18)
Teens who mature early at greater risk of depression, study finds
Youth who enter puberty ahead of their peers are at heightened risk of depression, although the disease develops differently in girls than in boys, a new study suggests. Early maturation triggers an array of psychological, social-behavioral and interpersonal difficulties that predict elevated levels depression in boys and girls several years later, according to the research. (Medical Xpress, 11/19)
How do teenage boys perceive their weight?
Almost one third of male adolescents inaccurately perceive their weight. This can influence their eating habits and, consequently, their health, according to a new study conducted with 600 teenage boys from Barcelona and surrounding areas. Up to 25% of the boys reported trying to lose or control their weight in the past year. (Health Canal, 11/20)



The Future Is Uncertain For The National Children’s Study
What was once considered a ground-breaking U.S. study to track the health of children from birth to adulthood may be stopped before its official start, causing alarm for advocates and researchers who say its findings are crucial to developing prevention strategies for childhood illnesses. Researchers for the National Children’s Study say the study could eventually influence a range of parental choices. (Kaiser Health News, 11/13)
FDA: Two Generic Versions of ADHD Drug Not As Effective
Two generic versions of the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder drug Concerta may not work as effectively as the brand-name product does, the FDA said. The agency analyzed available data and conducted laboratory tests on the two generic versions of Concerta (methylphenidate hydrochloride extended-release tablets) made by Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals and Kudco Ireland Ltd. (Physician’s Briefing, 11/14)
Few schools adhered to USDA nutrition standards before 2013
Before the USDA set strict standards for nutrition for federally reimbursable lunch programs, less than two percent of middle or high schools would have measured up. The absence of certain standards was associated with youth obesity, according to a new study. Full implementation of the program may have a notable impact on adolescent health, though this study did not address implementation of the program, the authors write. (Reuters, 11/17)
Obamacare 2015 Sign-Up Under Way With Few Glitches
Obamacare’s second year of enrollment began with only scattered glitches, buoying U.S. officials who seek to further reduce the portion of Americans without health insurance. The federal enrollment system was working well enough that 100,000 people submitted applications on the first day, Nov. 15, U.S. health secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell said. It’s a dramatic turnabout from 2013. (Bloomberg, 11/17)
Pfizer launches meningococcal group B vaccine Trumenba in US
Pfizer has launched Trumenba (Meningococcal Group B Vaccine) in the US for active immunization to prevent invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B in people aged between ten and 25 years. The FDA approval of Trumenba is based on the demonstration of immune response, as measured by serum bactericidal activity against four serogroup B strains representative of prevalent strains in the US. (Pharmaceutical Business Review, 11/19)




Almost 30% of teenagers (15 to 19) are mothers in Latin America
Nearly 30 % of young women in Latin America are mothers before they reach 20 years. The majority of them are underprivileged, which fosters the reproduction of poverty, hinders women’s autonomy and their life projects, and underscores the need for public sex education and reproductive health services. (Merco Press, 11/15)
How Prioritizing Women’s Health Can Lift Countries Out of Poverty
Countries can tap the potential of the world’s historic number of youth and adolescents. There are currently 1.8 billion young people between ages 10 and 14, and about 600 million are adolescent girls. Their needs, if addressed, could help countries achieve rapid economic growth, according to a new report from the UN Population Fund. (Time, 11/17)
Gambia: ‘Cervical Cancer, Second Leading Cause of Cancer Deaths Among Gambian Women’
The First Lady of the Republic has stated that cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among Gambian women, calling for collective efforts against the deadly disease. She expressed conviction that under the President’s leadership and herself championing the fight against cervical cancer, “we can prevent our women from this dreadful disease and reduce the number of untimely deaths down to zero”. (All Africa, 11/17)
WHO call for action to prevent deaths from drowning
In their first global report on drowning, the WHO reveal that every hour, more than 40 people around the world lose their lives by drowning, with young children at greatest risk. The total number of lives lost every year worldwide to drowning comes to 372,000, says the UN health agency. Over half of deaths by drowning occur among under-25s, and men are twice as likely to drown as women. (Medical News Today, 11/18)
Violence against women needs to ‘come out the shadows’
An estimated one in three women worldwide will be assaulted in their lifetime, say researchers, who have joined former U.S. president Jimmy Carter in calling for urgent global action to prevent the violence. The medical journal The Lancet published a series of five papers on violence against women and girls. (CBC News, 11/20)
Canada: Self-harm trend among teens worries health, school officials
A new national report from the Canadian Institute for Health Information shows the number of girls aged 10 to 17 who are hospitalized for self-inflicted cuts has jumped by 90 per cent in just five years. The report found the majority of self-harm hospitalizations are still the result of intentional poisoning with prescription drugs, illegal drugs, alcohol or chemical solvents. (CBC News, 11/20)



USPSTF Releases Fourth Annual Report to Congress on High-Priority Evidence Gaps for Clinical Preventive Services
In this report, the USPSTF has prioritized evidence gaps related to the care of children and adolescents in preventive services. More research in these areas would result in important new knowledge that may improve the health and health care of young Americans, with lasting benefits through adulthood. (AHRQ, 11/14)


Health Care Innovations Exchange
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality announces the November 19 issue of the Health Care Innovations Exchange.  The featured Innovations describe a sexually transmitted disease prevention program for young minority women that offers a free, at-home test kit; an inner-city hospital that uses health care providers to routinely offer all eligible patients an HIV test as part of their visit; and a methadone treatment center that enhanced access to hepatitis assessment and treatment. (AHRQ, 11/19)

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