Marketers of sugary drinks still target U.S. children: report
U.S. children and teens are seeing fewer TV commercials for sugary drinks, but they remain a prime target for marketers through product placement, social media and other means, according to a new report. The study said teens viewed 30 percent fewer television ads for sugary drinks in 2013 than in 2010. But researchers said beverage companies continued to reach young people through websites and mobile apps. (Reuters, 11/19)
Close Friends May Be Key to Teens’ Drinking
Close friends have more influence on teens’ alcohol use than their general peer group does, a new study says. Researchers analyzed data gathered from 15-year-olds in a U.S. government study and found that the drinking habits of their close friends had a greater effect on their own alcohol consumption than did alcohol use among their peers. (HealthDay News, 11/21)
Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment So Successful in Kids That Trial Is Halted
A clinical trial of hydroxyurea therapy for children with sickle cell anemia has been halted a year early because the results show it is a safe and effective way to manage the disease and reduce the risk of stroke. The announcement about the research, which was conducted at 25 medical centers in the United States and Canada, was made this week by the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (HealthDay News, 11/21)
For Obese Kids, Health Problems May Start Early
As more children become obese, related health problems like nonalcoholic fatty liver disease may be putting their health at risk. A new study found that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was prevalent among obese children. This condition may put children at greater risk for high blood pressure than those who are obese without liver disease. A total of 484 children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease participated in this study. (Daily Rx, 11/24)
Gender Inequality in Medicine Still Exists
Gender inequality still exists in medicine, according to an article published by the AMA. Researchers surveyed women chief residents in surgery, emergency medicine, and internal medicine. Women hold lower academic positions than men; although more women are entering academic medicine than men, they are not advancing at the same rate. (Renal and Urology News, 11/24)
Eczema Cases Rising Among U.S. Children
A growing number of children are being diagnosed with eczema -- but it can usually be eased with topical treatments, according to a new report by the AAP published in Pediatrics. The treatments described in the AAP report are not new, said report coauthor. But since so many children have eczema -- and there are so few pediatric dermatologists -- all pediatricians need to be up to speed on the skin condition. (Physician’s Briefing, 11/24)
Kids’ Bag Lunches Not Meeting Nutrition Guidelines: Study
The lunches children bring from home may be less healthy than the school cafeteria offerings, a new study suggests. Researchers found that for kids in one Texas school district, bag lunches typically had more salt and fewer fruits, vegetables and whole grains, compared with standards set for school cafeterias. Nearly all of those home lunches contained desserts, sugary drinks or snack chips, according to the researchers. (HealthDay News, 11/24)
Adult-Sized ATVs Deadly for Kids, Report Shows
Riding ATVs poses high risks of injury or death for children and teens, with dangers differing by age, a new study warns. The biggest risk factors for all ages of children and teens are riding an adult-sized ATV and not wearing a helmet, both of which can have deadly consequences. Researchers analyzed all deaths involving ATVs that were reported to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission between 1985 and 2009. (HealthDay News, 11/24)
Career Women More Likely To Have Obese Children
Recent findings published in the journal Sleep Medicine show that mothers who work longer hours are more likely to have obese children. The study shows that their children are at an increased risk of sleep deprivation and an unhealthy diet that could increase the risk of obesity. Researchers also examined various additional factors, including children’s diet, television habits and sleep patterns. (Science World Report, 11/24)
Teens May Abuse Their Prescription Medications
A recent study found that teens who had received prescriptions for these medications were much more likely to abuse them. These researchers said doctors should assess teens carefully before prescribing this type of medication. “This is a wake-up call to the medical community as far as the risks involved in prescribing these medications to young people,” said lead author. (Daily Rx, 11/25)
Hookahs Deliver Toxic Benzene in Every Puff
Many young people consider hookahs a safer way to smoke, but a new study finds fumes from the water pipes contain the toxin benzene. Researchers state that “because there is no safe level of exposure to benzene, our results call for interventions to reduce or prevent hookah tobacco use, regulatory actions to limit hookah-related exposure, and include hookah smoking in clean indoor air legislation.” (Physician’s Briefing, 11/25)
Bone cells can help kids with facial surgery
Children with facial deformities who normally have to wait until adulthood for corrective surgery may now breathe easy as researchers have found that certain cells that drive bone growth can be used to treat those kids. A certain subset of cartilage-making cells, known as chondrocytes, replicate themselves, make other bone cells and drive bone growth, the findings showed. (Business Standard, 11/25)
Type 1 diabetes: a simple breath test may aid early diagnosis in children
In a new study, researchers claim to have identified a chemical marker for type 1 diabetes in the breath of children, paving the way for a breath test that allows early diagnosis. The researchers say their findings show it is possible to use a breath test to diagnose type 1 diabetes in children before they develop severe illness. The research team published their findings in the Journal of Breath Research. (Medical News Today, 11/26)
Breast Asymmetry Can Impact Teen Mental Health
A new study by plastic surgeons finds that differences in breast size have a significant mental health impact in adolescent girls. Researchers discovered breast asymmetry affects self-esteem, emotional well-being, and social functioning. The study has been published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. (Psych Central, 11/26)
Want Kids to Eat Better? Get Them Cooking
Getting kids involved in the kitchen, through cooking classes or at home, may make them more likely to choose healthy foods, according to a recent review. Cooking programs and classes for children seem to positively influence children’s food preferences and behaviors, according to the new research. The findings suggest that such programs might help children develop long-lasting healthy habits. (HealthDay News, 11/27)
Head Trauma May Up Risk of Substance Abuse in Teens
A new study found that teens who had ever had a traumatic brain injury were much more likely to smoke cigarettes and use illegal drugs like meth, cocaine and LSD than those who hadn’t had a head injury. They were also more likely to use alcohol, sedatives and ADHD medications that had not been prescribed for them. (Daily Rx, 11/30)
High School Football Tied to Brain Changes, Even Without Concussion
New research suggests that even less severe head injuries might lead to brain changes among high school football players. The study found that repeated blows to the head after just one season could cause measurable changes in the brains of young athletes who never had a concussion. The more often the athletes were hit, the more evidence they showed of brain changes that appeared abnormal, researchers found. (HealthDay News, 12/1)
Pediatricians Should Disclose Errors to Patients, Parents
Pediatric physicians should disclose their errors to patients and their families, according to an ethics rounds paper published in Pediatrics. Authors discuss the emotional and ethical issues that arise when a doctor realizes they have made an error that has harmed a patient. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/1)
Closed-loop artificial pancreas system improves diabetes management in adolescents
Research shows that the use of an artificial pancreas system helps to compensate for omission and underestimation of insulin boluses in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes. However, the researchers stress that the system cannot replace active diabetes management. Sixteen adolescents, who were aged between 13 and 17 years and using an insulin pump, participated in the randomised, crossover trial. (News Medical, 12/1)
Dating violence among adolescents seen as health risk
More than one of every 10 Indiana adolescents experiences dating violence, and victims are more likely to carry a weapon to school, be injured in a fight, suffer depression, drink excessively or even attempt suicide, says a new report. The study analyzed the prevalence of adolescent dating violence and associated risk factors from 2001 to 2011 by reviewing data from the 2011Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. (Medical Xpress, 12/2)
HPV infections common among gay, bisexual teen males
Many young men who report having sex with other young men have HPV, according to a new study from Australia. The results, based on men as young as 16, suggest that vaccination could help lower infection rates in this population. The findings also strengthen the U.S. recommendation that all children ages 11 and 12 years old receive the series of shots to prevent HPV, said one expert. (Reuters, 12/3)
Radiation Danger? Kids May Get Unneeded X-Rays
Children and teens may be getting chest X-rays they don’t need, doctors reported. A look at the chest X-rays taken at the Mayo Clinic showed that the great majority did absolutely nothing to tell doctors what was wrong with a child, while exposing the kids to radiation. Researchers looked at chest X-ray exams ordered for 637 babies, children and teens between 2008 and 2014 at the hospital. (NBC News, 12/3)
Study Explores CF Adolescent Patients’ Respiration Limitations With Exercise
A new study published tested the ventilatory response to exercise in a sample of adolescents with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF) and to compare the results with a matched healthy sample. The study helps to shed light on the exercise capabilities of those with the disease, which is crucial to maintaining health. (Lung Disease News, 12/3) 



A Quarter Of Uninsured Say They Can’t Afford To Buy Coverage
Nearly a quarter of uninsured said they expect to remain without coverage because they did not think it would be affordable, according to a poll released. That was the most common reason given by people who expect to stay uninsured next year. Forty-one percent of individuals without health insurance said they expected they would remain uninsured; about half said they plan to get coverage in the coming months. (Kaiser Health News, 11/21)
Change in Health Care Law Would Take Aim at Consumer Inertia
People who bought Affordable Care Act health plans for 2014 but who don’t go back to shop again for 2015 will automatically keep the plan they first chose, even if its price goes way up. Now the federal government is proposing that when people sign up, they should get a choice of defaults for future years: to stay in the same plan, or switch to a cheaper one in the same category if theirs gets too pricey. (New York Times, 11/21)
Parents Need to Take Lead on Teen Concussion Prevention
Parents need to take an active role in protecting their children from sports concussions, an expert warns. Parents must make sure sports-playing teens have the right protective gear and undergo standard baseline testing of brain performance, the chair of the American Migraine Foundation said in an American Migraine Foundation news release. (HealthDay News, 11/25)
CDC: Abortion rates reach ‘historic lows’
The rate of abortions in the U.S. has reached “historic lows” after dropping by double-digits over the last decade, according to a new government report. The number of women having abortions dropped 13 percent between 2002 and 2011, new data from the CDC show. That trend is likely due to lingering effects of the recession, reproductive health experts, such as those at the Guttmacher Institute, have said. (The Hill, 12/1)
Enrollment in Obamacare plans for 2015 remains strong
The second week of open enrollment in 2015 health insurance plans offered under President Barack Obama’s healthcare reform almost matched the pace of the first week, health officials said. Last week, 303,010 people chose Obamacare plans from Almost half were new customers, while the others renewed 2014 policies. From Nov. 15-21, 462,125 people chose health plans; 48 percent were new customers. (Reuters, 12/3)



Rising Sexually Transmitted Diseases in teens alarm doctors
While there are policies and awareness campaigns for preventing STDs among adults, the medical fraternity is concerned over the rise in the number of STDs in children. The central government-run medical college alone has registered a steady increase in STD cases among children over the past four years. Doctors attribute the rise to increased child abuse and absence of sexual health programmes in school curriculum. (India Today, 11/26)
Program improves diabetes control in world’s poorest children
A nonprofit program that brings diabetes care and education to some of the world’s poorest children has successfully improved control of the disease, according to an analysis published in the journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. It is the first scientific evidence to show that improvement in long-term blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes is possible in sub-Saharan African youth. (Medical Xpress, 11/26)
On World AIDS Day, Epidemic Only Getting Worse For Young African Women
Girls living in sub-Saharan Africa are behind a staggering increase in cases of HIV infections, a recent report from UNICEF shows. The remarkably disproportionate impact on young women has raised questions about whether an ambitious new campaign to eradicate the AIDS epidemic needs to do more to ensure young people are receiving preventative services.(International Business Times, 12/1)
Philippines: Youth Commission to DOH: Stop ‘Gaga Girl, Bobo Boy’ video
After public outcry over its latest infomercial on teenage pregnancy, it took less than 24 hours for the Department of Health (DOH) to take down the video from its Facebook page. The National Youth Commission urged the department to “permanently remove the said material from various official platforms” and to stop its distribution “within the health system.” (Rappler, 12/4)
UK: Confusion over UKIP policy on sex education
UKIP leader Nigel Farage has had to clarify his party’s policy on sex education in schools after he appeared to make a U-turn during a live debate. Mr. Farage told an audience of young people that children under 11 should get sex and relationship education. UKIP’s deputy leader and education spokesman Paul Nuttall had previously said it should be axed for this group. (BBC, 12/2)
Sexual health report says $25 per woman per year would reduce deaths
Spending $25 per woman per year on full sexual health services would dramatically reduce mother and baby deaths and give women the choice of smaller, healthier and more productive families, a new report found. The report, written by the Guttmacher Institute and part-funded by the UNFPA, described “a staggering lack of basic sexual and reproductive health services in developing countries” which leaves 225 million women who want to avoid pregnancy without access to modern contraceptives. (Reuters, 12/4)
Study: Half of married adolescent girls face sexual violence
The rate of sexual harassment of adolescent girls is highest in Bangladesh where one out of every two married adolescent girls (15 to 19 years of age) faces sexual violence from her husband or partner, according to a report. People from different spheres of the society were urged to stand unitedly against child marriage. (Dhaka Tribune, 12/4)
Stakeholders Canvass Better Family Planning Policies, Funding in Nigeria
Stakeholders at the recently concluded third family planning conference in Abuja have called for more proactive policies to boost family planning in Nigeria. They are also urging governments at all levels to take the issue of funding seriously by ensuring greater budgetary allocations to the practice. (The Guardian, 12/4)


Vital Signs: HIV Diagnosis, Care, and Treatment Among Persons Living with HIV — United States, 2011
The CDC released a MMWR report on the diagnosis, care, and treatment among persons living with HIV in the United States as well as the Vital Signs HIV Care Saves Lives. The topic of this year’s Vital Signs is the HIV Care Continuum in the United States, which reports on the percentages of people living with HIV in various stages of diagnosis, care, and antiretroviral treatment. (CDC, 11/25)
PCV13 Recommended for 6- to 18-Year-Olds at High Risk
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 (PCV13) should be administered to certain children aged 6 through 18 years who are at high risk of invasive pneumococcal disease, according to a policy statement published in Pediatrics. The AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases, and colleagues provide recommendations for use of PCV13 in children aged 6 through 18 years of age. (Physician’s Briefing, 11/26)
Experts Provide Guidance for Renal Masses in Pediatrics
Renal tumors are rare in the pediatric population, and uncertainty surrounding pathology complicates management, according to a state-of-the-art review article published in Pediatrics. The authors provide an overview of the spectrum of renal tumors in the pediatric population and their surgical management. (Physician’s Briefing, 12/1)


Five Adolescent Health Resources We’re Thankful For
The OAH Picks: Resources for Adolescent Health this month features resources for healthier eating, building support for adolescents and young adults, creating safer spaces and reducing violence, defending against the flu, and fact sheets on adolescent health status in all 50 states. (OAH, 11/25)
CDC’s Childhood & Adolescent Immunization Schedule
Providers can display the easy-to-read schedules for parents on their websites. See how the adolescent (7 through 18 years) easy-to-read formats will appear on a website. For instructions, see Display Immunization Schedules on Your Website. (CDC, 12/1)
CDC’s Immunization Works! Newsletter
The November issue of the CDC’s Immunization Works! Newsletter is now available online.  Highlights include global routine vaccine coverage reports and information for National Influenza Vaccination Week. (CDC, 12/3)



Improve HPV Vaccination Rates in Your Practice: Five Key Steps for HCPs
The National Foundation for Infectious Disease (NFID) and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists are hosting a complimentary webinar on improving HPV vaccination rates on Tuesday, December 9th at 11 am EST. Presenters will review the NFID Call to Action, “HPV Vaccination as a Public Health Priority,” discuss HPV vaccination barriers and opportunities, and present five key steps that healthcare professionals (HCPs) can take to improve HPV vaccination rates in their practices.
Addressing Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Adolescents
New York Promoting and Advancing Teen Health, Physicians for Reproductive Health, and the New York City STD Prevention Training Center are hosting a webinar on adolescents and STDs on Friday, December 12, 2014 from 12:00 – 1:00 pm EST.  The webinar is designed those involved in the provision of healthcare services to adolescents and will describe optimal strategies for addressing adolescent and sexual reproductive health and STI screening recommendations for adolescents.


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