New Resources for Teens and Parents from Youth Providers 2.0
Accompanying the recently published Mental Health and Substance Use Adolescent and Young Adult Clinical Care Resources, YP2.0 has also published online resources aimed specifically at adolescents and parents.  Health care providers and youth serving professionals can offer these additional resources or print a PDF one-page reference sheet to adolescents and parents looking for additional information, including support groups, peer networks, helplines, treatment locators, and advocacy opportunities. (SAHM, 12/2)
Registration Now Open for the SAHM Annual Meeting
Join the adolescent health community in Washington DC March 9-12 to explore the importance of the diverse issues outside of health and medicine that affect youth development. The meeting will highlight the importance of advocacy for adolescents and young adults. Adolescent healthcare providers, educators, researchers, or those just interested in acquiring knowledge about the unique needs of teens and young adults are welcome. (SAHM, 12/3)






Many Children with Cancer were Born at Risk: U.S. Study
Gene sequencing of more than 1,000 children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer found that as many as 8.5% were born with genes that increase their risk of developing cancer. Of the children with cancer risk genes, only 40% came from families with a known history of cancer, suggesting that family history was not a strong predictor of childhood cancers, the researchers reported in the New England Journal of Medicine. (Reuters, 11/18)

Children Largely Benefit from Medicaid, Study Finds
Children on Medicaid receive very good care, in many respects better than those on private insurance, according to a survey of health data from 2003-2012 for 80,655 children. Researchers from Penn and Johns Hopkins found that children in Medicaid and CHIP were significantly more likely to receive preventive medical and dental care than those on private insurance, especially for children with special medical needs. (The Los Angeles Times, 11/18)
Behavioral Health, Chronic Conditions Underlie Health Spending for High-Utilization Adolescents
Behavioral health and chronic conditions are behind a significant amount of health spending for privately insured adolescents, a new study funded by AHRQ suggests. Researchers analyzed 2012 data from 13,103 privately insured adolescents (ages 13 to 21) at 82 primary care pediatric clinics in Massachusetts, and found that just 1% of patients accounted for 23% of total expenses, a total of $52,577 per patient. (AHRQ, 11/19)
Factors ID'd That Predict Antibiotic Rx in Pediatric URI
Factors that relate to appropriate management of upper respiratory tract infections (URIs) in children include clinician specialty and patient race/ethnicity and age, according to a recent study. The researchers found that non-pediatrician clinicians, white race/ethnicity, and age 12 to 18 years predict antibiotic prescription. No community factors predicted antibiotic prescription. (Physician’s Briefing, 11/19)
Childhood Cancer Survivors May Suffer Physically, Mentally Decades Later
Childhood cancer survivors can have poor mental and physical health as adults, according to two studies. Because they are so young when treated, children and teens with cancer are the most vulnerable to long-term effects of treatment. In one study, researchers found that cancer survivors were more likely to be hospitalized as adults. In the other, survivors of bone cancer were more likely to have poor reading and thinking skills. (HealthDay News, 11/19)
ADHD Medications Make Kids Targets for Bullies, Study Finds
According to a study published in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology, teens who took ADHD medications such as Adderall were more likely to be bullied than those with ADHD who didn’t take medication. Students who had given away or sold their medications in the previous year were most likely to be the targets of bullying, suggesting that bullying plays into an economy of recreational use of stimulant medications. (Healthline, 11/19)

High Levels of Physical Activity May Worsen Asthma Control in Young Females
Among 526 adolescents and young adults who were asked about their exercise habits, those with asthma reported more physical activity than those without asthma. Compared with moderate physical activity, high physical activity levels were linked with poorer asthma control in females, but not in males. The findings suggest that healthcare professionals should pay attention to the treatment of asthma in highly active females. (EurekAlert, 11/19)
Air Pollution Linked to Asthma in Children and Teens
Exposure to air pollution early in life may contribute to the development of asthma in childhood and adolescence, a European study suggests. Researchers followed more than 14,000 children from birth through ages 14 to 16 and found those born in communities with more polluted air were more likely to develop asthma than other kids, particularly after age 4, linking asthma to air pollution extending into adolescence. (Reuters, 11/20)

Teasing Girls About Weight May Cause Lasting Harm
Teasing overweight girls about their weight can cause lasting harm to their self-image and might increase their risk of eating disorders, a new study suggests. The teasing seemed to trigger unhealthy eating behaviors in the girls, the researchers found, including 70% of those who were teased started to cut back on or skip meals, diet or starve themselves to lose weight, and 12% engaged in binge eating and then vomiting. (HealthDay News, 11/20)
Attention Disorder Drugs May Harm Kids' Sleep
Some children with ADHD who take stimulant medications to treat their symptoms may develop sleep problems, according to a new analysis of previous research. Researchers analyzed previous of children and teens, and found that children who took ADHD medications took longer to fall asleep, slept for shorter amounts of time and generally didn't sleep as well as kids with ADHD who were not taking medications. (Live Science, 11/23)
Review Addresses Diagnosis of PCOS in Adolescents
Consensus has recently been reached by international pediatric subspecialty societies that otherwise unexplained persistent hyperandrogenic anovulation using age- and stage-appropriate standards are appropriate diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents. The review published in Pediatrics summarizes the recommendations and discusses their basis and implications. (Physician’s Briefing, 11/23)
Hiding Tobacco Displays in Stores Might Lower Kids' Smoking Rates
Teenagers may be less likely to buy cigarettes in convenience stores if tobacco ads and products are out of sight, according to a new study. Tobacco "power walls" at retail stores have largely replaced tobacco advertising in magazines and on billboards. Researchers found that a hidden tobacco power wall reduced cigarette susceptibility by 11% and that moving the power wall to a less-obvious location had no effect. (HealthDay News, 11/23)
Melatonin Might Help Sleepless Kids With Eczema, Study Finds
Children with the skin condition eczema often have trouble sleeping. Now, a new study suggests that over-the-counter melatonin might boost their shuteye. The study involved 48 children, about 22 months to 18 years old, who had eczema. When the children took melatonin the severity of eczema dipped slightly, and the participants fell asleep about 21 minutes sooner than kids taking the placebo. (HealthDay News, 11/24)
Higher Parental Monitoring Linked to Safer Sex in Teens
This meta-analysis explores the effects of parental monitoring on teen sexual behavior. Overall, higher parental monitoring of teen behavior, rule enforcement, and knowledge of behaviors, locations, and companions were associated with delayed sexual intercourse in teens. Higher overall monitoring and monitoring knowledge were also associated with increased condom and contraceptive use. (2 Minute Medicine, 11/30)
Metformin May Not Help Obese Teens With Type 1 Diabetes
Metformin is the standby drug for millions of people with type 2 diabetes, but a new study finds that adding it to insulin therapy won't boost blood sugar control for overweight teens with type 1 diabetes. Young people with type 1 diabetes are at even higher metabolic risk if they become overweight or obese because both obesity and puberty may require higher levels of supplemental insulin, complicating blood sugar control. (HealthDay News, 12/1)




The War on Campus Sexual Assault Goes Digital
A nonprofit software start-up called Sexual Health Innovations has developed an online reporting system for campus sexual violence. Students at participating colleges can use its site, called Callisto, to record details of an assault anonymously. The site saves and time-stamps those records, allowing students to decide later whether they want to formally file reports with their schools or take it directly to the police. (The New York Times, 11/13)
Drug Overdose Rates Soaring Among U.S. Youth
Drug overdose deaths have skyrocketed among teens and young adults in the U.S., with rates tripling or quadrupling in 1 out of every 3 states, a new report says. Nationwide, the drug overdose death rate has more than doubled during the past decade among people aged 12-25, rising to 7.3 deaths per 100,000. These deaths are largely due to the epidemic of prescription drug abuse, and a subsequent rise in heroin use.
City Councils Pass Ordinance that Raises Smoking Age to 21 in Kansas City, MO
The Kansas City, Missouri, City Council voted in favor of an ordinance raising the minimum age to tobacco products, rolling papers and alternative nicotine products including e-cigarettes or vapor products to 21. The Unified Government of Wyandotte County and Kansas City, Kansas, also voted on a similar measure. Neither city's ordinance changes the legal smoking age of 18. (KSHB 14, 11/20)
States Lead Effort to Let Pharmacists Prescribe Birth Control
Groundbreaking laws in two Western states, California and Oregon, will soon make access to birth control easier for millions of women by allowing them to obtain contraceptives from pharmacists without a doctor’s prescription. In California the new law has no age restriction, and in Oregon, the law requires that teenagers under 18 obtain their first contraceptive prescription from a doctor. (The New York Times, 11/22)
Rise in Early Cervical Cancer Detection Is Linked to Affordable Care Act
Cancer researchers say there has been a substantial increase in women under the age of 26 who have received a diagnosis of early-stage cervical cancer, a pattern that they say is most likely an effect of the ACA and the new provision of the health law that allows dependents to stay on their parents’ health insurance until age 26. About 84% of women ages 21-25 had an early-stage diagnosis in 2011, up from about 68% in 2009. (The New York Times, 11/24)




UNICEF: AIDS Now Top Killer of Africa’s Teens
A new report from the UN found that AIDS is now the leading cause of death for Africa’s teenagers, a stark statistic that AIDS experts say is a huge setback in the fight against the virus. Half of the world’s HIV-positive teens between the ages of 15-19 live in South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, India, Mozambique, and Tanzania. Only 1 in 3 of the 2.6 million under the age of 15 living with HIV is on treatment. (Voice of America, 11/27)
In Asia, Mobile Dating Apps Contribute to Increasing Adolescent HIV
The changing social landscape brought on by new technology has helped create a ‘hidden epidemic’ of HIV among adolescents in the Asia-Pacific region. Although new HIV infections in the region are falling overall, they are rising among teenagers. In 2014, there were at least 220,000 adolescents aged 10-19 living with HIV, with major cities like Bangkok and Hong Kong hubs of new infections. (UNICEF, 12/2)




Reducing Teen Substance Misuse: What Really Works
According to this recently published report, 24 states scored five or lower out of 10 on key indicators of leading evidence-based policies and programs that can improve the well-being of children and youth and have been connected with preventing and reducing substance misuse. Four states tied for the lowest score, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi and Wyoming, while two states achieved 10 out of 10, Minnesota and New Jersey. (Trust for America’s Health, 11/30)

Updated National HIV/AIDS Strategy Federal Action Plan
On World AIDS Day, the White House released the National HIV/AIDS Strategy: Updated to 2020 Federal Action Plan. It builds upon the 2010 Strategy, the first-ever in U.S. history, emphasizing the importance of sexuality education for young people. It also addresses the role that parents, communities, and schools play in providing sexual health information and tools within “safe, inclusive, and destigmatizing” environments. (The White House, 12/1)

Global Child Health Advocacy: On the Front Lines
This first-in-its-field resource inspires and equips care providers to join together and work for positive change to improve children’s lives. It offers an inside look at the innovative strategies, tools, and techniques today's advocates use to promote health, deliver targeted care, and implement policies to improve children's lives. And it gives field-tested guidance for advocacy efforts. (AAP, 12/2)

A Call to Action: LGBTQ Youth Need Inclusive Sex Education
SIECUS shares a new issue brief highlighting the dearth of inclusive sex education programs and the missed opportunities to support all youth, encompassing all gender identifies and sexual orientations. It urges educators, advocates, and policymakers to take immediate, concrete steps to provide LGBTQ-inclusive sex education by becoming an advocate and ensuring that school is a safe and accepting space for all. (SIECUS, 12/2)




Materials from NCSD 2015 Annual Meeting Now Available
Meeting materials and presentations from National Coalition of STD Director's Annual Meeting, Advancing STD Prevention in the 21st Century, are now available. The conference provided participants with information and practical insights into STD prevention and control with a focus on topics such as DIS Training and Certification, PrEP, STD AAPPS, and Testing and Treatment, and STD Surveillance. (NCSD, 12/2)
Resources for Obesity Prevention and Education
The AAP Institute for Healthy Childhood Weight addresses the complex problem of childhood obesity from prevention through treatment. The Institute leverages expertise to move policy and research on pediatric obesity prevention, assessment, management and treatment, from theory into practice in American healthcare, communities, and homes. (AAP, 12/2)




Teen Health: Preventing Pregnancy & Promoting Healthy Youth
The NIHCM Foundation is hosting a webinar titled Teen Health: Preventing Pregnancy & Promoting Healthy Youth on December 8, 2015, at 3:00 EST. The webinar will explore strategies to reduce teen pregnancy and improve adolescent health and will address topics including Colorado's efforts to expand access to LARCs, targeted outreach to 18 to 19 year olds, and a concentrated focus on youth empowerment. (NIHCM, 12/2) 




ICATCH Call for Proposals and Global Health Funding
The International Community Access to Child Health Grant Program announces its 2015 call for proposals. ICATCH empowers pediatricians and child health workers in some of the poorest regions of the world to put into practice their own innovative solutions to the child health challenges they face every day. ICATCH provides $2,000 per year for three years (total $6,000) for projects or programs that improve child health. Deadline for applications is Jan. 18, 2016. (AAP, 12/2)
Abstract Deadline for the 12th National Conference for Immunization Coalitions and Partnerships
The 12th National Conference for Immunization Coalitions and Partnerships will be accepting abstract submissions until December 11. The conference, Ready. Set. Vaccinate!, will take place in Indianapolis, May 25–27, 2016. This is a great opportunity for coalition leaders to learn from expert speakers and network with members of immunization coalitions from around the nation. (IAC, 12/2)

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