Sexting in teens linked to more sexual activity, low self-esteem

Relatively few teens say they have engaged in sexting, or the sharing of nude or nearly nude photos via mobile phone or the Internet, finds a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health. However, the study found that sexting appears to be associated with being sexually active and with engaging in risky sexual behavior. (Medical Xpress, 10/8)




Strong working memory puts brakes on problematic drug use
Adolescents with strong working memory are better equipped to escape early drug experimentation without progressing into substance abuse issues, says new research. The study found that most important in the picture is executive attention, a component of working memory that involves a person’s ability to focus on a task and ignore distractions while processing relevant goal-oriented information. (Medical Xpress, 10/2)
Vitamin D Supplements May Help To Alleviate Winter-Related Atopic Dermatitis in Children
Some children suffer from winter-related atopic dermatitis - a chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin that makes victims uncomfortable and more prone to a vulnerable bacterial infection. Now, recent findings published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology show that vitamin D could significantly improve symptoms of the seasonal health issue. (Science World Report, 10/3)
Invalidation During The Teenage Years Increases The Risk Of Self-Harm In Young People
The teenager years can be a particularly trying and difficult time in life. Now, recent findings show that invalidation from a family member or peers can potentially determine whether or not a teenager may hurt themselves, based on a new study conducted by researchers at Brown University and Butler Hospital. (Science World Report, 10/3)
Hospital Charges for Adolescent Scoliosis Surgery Up
Over the last decade, the number of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis fusion procedures has remained constant, although hospital charges for the procedure have increased substantially, according to a study published in Spine. “Spinal implants may be the primary driver of increased charges. Strategies directed toward implant cost savings may thus have the largest impact,” conclude the authors. (Physician’s Briefing, 10/3)
Family Meals Could Protect Your Teen From Obesity in Adulthood
Scientists have found that family meals during adolescence were protective for overweight and obesity in adulthood. In a new study. about 51 percent of the subjects were overweight while 22 percent were obese. More surprising, though was the rate seen among adolescents who never ate family meals together; 60 percent were overweight and 29 percent were obese at a 10-year follow-up. (Science World Report, 10/4)
Experts Say Video Games Could Be Used to Promote Health
Some doctors think the games could be used to push health and wellbeing in children. Lynn Fiellin, MD, of Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut, and colleagues outlined evidence “that video games can be used for good.” In their editorial article, these authors focused on how the setup of some video games may help build skills through goal-oriented, rule-based play. (Daily Rx, 10/5)
Marijuana Research Over Last 20 Years Reviews What Effect Drug Has On The Brain And Body
Following the legalization of recreational marijuana use in Colorado and Washington, the most popular illicit drug in the U.S. has garnered the national spotlight. World Health Organization Expert Advisor on Addiction Professor Wayne Hall reviewed existing cannabis research dating back to 1993 to help shed light on the effect marijuana has on mental and physical health. (Medical Daily, 10/6)
School-Based Health Centers Can Serve As Medical Homes
School-based health centers (SBHCs) can serve as patient-centered medical homes, according to a new study. Researchers conducted a cross-sectional, mailed survey to examine how well SBHCs fulfill criteria for an AAP-defined medical home. “Policymakers and communities should recognize that SBHCs play an important role in the medical community, especially for underserved adolescents,” the authors write. (Physician’s Briefing, 10/6)
Eliminating TB By 2050: New Vaccines Target Adults And Teens Instead of Infants
New findings show that vaccines for adults and teens could potentially eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2050. Scientists found that a vaccine given to adolescents and adults in low- and middle-income countries could help to create a much larger impact on the burden of TB worldwide and be more cost-effective than more high price ones available. (Science World Report, 10/6)

Genes May Play Big Role in Academic Success, Study Suggests
Genetics may account for as much as 60 percent of academic achievement, according to a new British study. The research looked at two different things: intelligence and educational achievement. In terms of intelligence, previous research has shown that “about half of the total variance of intelligence can be accounted for by genetic factors,” said co-lead author. (HealthDay News, 10/6)
PET/MRI as Effective as PET/CT for Pediatric
PET plus MRI provide equivalent lesion detection rates to PET/CT in pediatric patients with solid tumors, according to a new article. Researchers performed a prospective study to compare the use of PET/MRI and PET/CT for lesion detection and interpretation, quantification of fluorine 18 (18F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake, and accuracy of MR-based PET attenuation correction among this population. (Diagnostic Imaging, 10/6)
Sexting by teens not linked to risky behavior over time: study
More than one-quarter of teens engage in sexting and those who send explicit photos of themselves are more likely to become sexually active a year later, according to a new study. But the study, reported in Pediatrics, did not find a link between the sending of sexually explicit photos and texts with risky sexual behavior over time. (Reuters, 10/6)
Teens With Cerebral Palsy Report High Quality of Life in Survey
Teens with cerebral palsy are just as happy with their lives as teens without the physical disability, a new survey shows. Despite facing numerous challenges, young people with cerebral palsy report having better attitudes about key aspects of their lives than teens who do not have the neurological disorder that impairs movement and motor ability. (HealthDay News, 10/7)
Makeup can improve life for children with skin diseases
Makeup works like medicine to improve the quality of life for children with visible birthmarks and skin diseases, researchers say. A new study of 38 children ages 5-18 years old in Montreal, Canada, showed that children and teenagers with disfiguring skin conditions who wore durable makeup, or “cosmetic camouflage,” were less subject to teasing and more comfortable in their own skin. (Reuters, 10/7)
U.S. Traffic Accidents Send 2.5 Million to ERs Each Year, CDC Says
Road crash injuries sent more than 2.5 million Americans to emergency rooms in 2012. And, nearly 200,000 were hospitalized due to motor vehicle collisions, a new federal government report says. That means about 7,000 people went to the emergency department every day because of motor vehicle crash injuries in 2012, according to Ileana Arias, principal deputy director for the CDC. (HealthDay News, 10/7)
Impaired Prediction Ability May Be Behind Autism
The brain is a biological machine that makes predictions. But what happens when a wrench is thrown in the works? Researchers believe such a wrench lies at the core of autism. Social and language deficits, repetitive behavior, hypersensitivity to stimuli and other symptoms may be manifestations of an impaired ability to predict the behavior of the outside world, according to a new analysis. (Disability Scoop, 10/7)
USC study links sugary beverages to memory problems
Adolescent rats that consumed large quantities of liquids containing sugar or high-fructose corn syrup in concentrations comparable to popular sugar-sweetened beverages experienced memory problems and brain inflammation, and became pre-diabetic, according to a new study.  “The brain is especially vulnerable to dietary influences during critical periods of development,” said corresponding author of the study. (Health Canal, 10/7)
Social media puts body-conscious girls off sport
A growing number of teenage girls are shying away from sports in high school because Facebook and Instagram are making them self-conscious about their bodies, a new study reveals. The study found that adolescent girls are becoming increasingly disengaged in physical activity for a number of reasons, including high levels of body dissatisfaction associated with social media. (Medical Xpress¸ 10/7)
Obese Children Have Heart Damage
Heart trouble can start early for obese children, a new study found. Writing in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, researchers compared blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and glucose metabolism in 61 obese children with that of 40 children with healthy weights. The obese group had an average BMI of about 31 while the control group’s average BMI was about 20. (HCPLive, 10/8)
Teen gaming addicts may wind up physically healthier as young adults
Teens who play video/computer games 21 hours a week or more may be physically healthier and less prone to obesity as young adults than peers who spend their time on other pursuits. But gamers who log the most screen time also may be more prone to depression in young adulthood, a new study says. (Medical Xpress, 10/8)
Safer Sex If Gay Teens Can Talk Openly With Parents
Positive relationships with family and open dialogue lead to more safe sex practices among young gay and bisexual people, report researchers. On the flip side, the study finds that disrupted family relationships result in risky sexual behaviors among this group. Overall, reported parent-child closeness emerged as the most effective influence for youth in avoiding high-risk sexual behavior. (Futurity, 10/8)
Schools are key to reaching children with mental health problems
Schools are a vital way of reaching the 10–20% of children and young people across the globe who would benefit from some sort of mental health intervention, says Dr Mina Fazel, a child psychiatrist at the University of Oxford. Dr Fazel is lead author of two papers published in the journal Lancet Psychiatry on mental health interventions in schools. (Health Canal, 10/8)
Basic yoga pose reduces idiopathic scoliosis curves for adolescent, adult patients
A basic yoga pose, done for an average of only 1.5 minutes a day, six days a week for two months, reduced idiopathic scoliosis curves for adolescent and adult patients an average of 32% in the first peer-reviewed published clinical trial studying yoga for the reduction of scoliosis curves.  All patients did the Side Plank (Vasisthasana) yoga pose, and all patients did it on one side only - the side of the curve. (News Medical, 10/8)
Teenage Girls Battle With Higher Amounts Of Stress Than Boys
The teenage years can be a time of constant struggle and confusion. Now, recent findings published in Clinical Psychological Science, show that girls are more likely than boys to deal with increased rates of depressive symptoms and troubled times. For the study, researchers examined data on 382 Caucasian and African American adolescents participating in an ongoing longitudinal study. (Science World Report, 10/9)



Biggest chain restaurants are voluntarily cutting calories
The largest chain restaurants in the U.S., including McDonald’s and Applebee’s, have significantly reduced the calories in their newest items, according to new findings. Researchers analyzed nearly 20,000 menu items from 66 of the 100 largest American chain restaurants. They found a nearly 60-calorie average drop (about 12 percent) for new items. New entrees, children’s items and beverages had the biggest decrease in calories. (Washington Post, 10/8)
Dem urges CDC to develop enterovirus treatment plan
Rep. Emanuel Cleaver (D-Mo.) urged the CDC to establish a strategy to combat the enterovirus outbreak. Although Ebola has been dominating recent headlines, Cleaver called for action on the enterovirus D68 outbreak that has infected more than 600 people nationwide. (The Hill, 10/8)
PCORI Awards Grant to Quantify Best-Quality Transitional Care
PCORI has awarded researcher Mark Williams, M.D., a $14.9 million grant to quantify best practices for evidence-based care transitions. Through the project, researchers hope to identify which transitional care services and outcomes matter most to patients and caregivers, evaluate the comparative effectiveness of ongoing multi-component efforts, and develop recommendations on best practices. (Health Data Management, 10/8)
Teens are officially over Facebook
A pretty dramatic new report out from Piper Jaffray rules that the kids are over Facebook once and for all, having fled Mark Zuckerberg’s parent-flooded shores for the more forgiving embraces of Twitter and Instagram. Between fall 2014 and spring 2014, Facebook use among teenagers aged 13 to 19 plummeted from 72 percent to 45 percent. (Washington Post, 10/8)                               



Zimbabwe’s Family Planning Dilemma
The issue of contraceptive use remains controversial and divisive in Zimbabwe, a country of 13.72 million people. Parents and educators are agreed on one thing: that levels of sexual activity among high-school students are on the rise. What they do not agree on, however, is how to deal with the corresponding increase in teenage pregnancies. (All Africa, 10/1)
Rwanda: Mentorship to Shape Lives of Adolescent Girls
The ministry of health together with partners in the promotion of women and girls has kicked off the 12+ Program, a mentorship and safe-spaces program that enables 10 to 12-year-old girls to become informed decision makers. It addresses challenges to girls’ physical integrity and overall health, self-esteem, social participation and preparation for decent livelihoods from childhood to adulthood amid pressures. (All Africa, 10/7)
Marijuana should be legalized and regulated: CAMH
Canada’s largest mental health and addiction treatment and research centre is calling for the legalization of marijuana, with strict controls that would govern who could buy weed, from where, and in what quantity.
The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health said cannabis should be sold through a government-controlled monopoly and with limited availability and an age limit. (Global News Canada, 10/9)
As Ebola Concerns Mount, Psychology Offers Guidance on Health-Risks Communication
Psychologists say that people can prepare themselves psychologically and therefore feel more in control if a catastrophic event were to occur. Psychology’s understanding of communications science will be particularly useful in light of the current outbreak of Ebola, not only out of concern for people in West Africa but because there are now cases being treated in the U.S. (Health Canal, 10/9)


Influenza Vaccine Information Statements (VIS)
The Provider Information document for the 2014-15 influenza VISs is now available.  This document is accessible along with both flu VISs. It summarizes selected information and recommendations for this year’s influenza vaccines, and may be used to answer patients’ questions and clarify information dealt with more superficially on the VISs. (CDC, 10/3)


OAH Picks: Get Ready for Fall with These Five Resources for Adolescent Health
Resources include information on emergency preparedness, relationship abuse and sexual violence prevention, tools to help schools meet nutrition standards, supporting caregivers of youth with disabilities, and the use of selected clinical preventative services for adolescents. (OAH, 9/29)
Adolescent Immunization Scheduler
The CDC’s adolescent scheduler has been updated to reflect the 2014 immunization schedule. Download it to see the recent changes. (CDC, 10/7)


Nominate a worthy adolescent health professional for a SAHM award
Tell us who deserves to be recognized by SAHM for their contributions to the field of adolescent health.
The SAHM Awards Committee is now accepting nominations for the following prestigious awards: the 2015 Outstanding Achievement in Adolescent Medicine, the 2015 Millar Award for Innovative Approaches to Adolescent Health Care, and the 2016 Iris F. Litt Visiting Professor in Adolescent Health Research. All nominations are due in to the SAHM Office by October 28, 2014. (SAHM, 10/7)

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