Novel Technique Shows How Autism Affects Social Brain
Brain areas linked to social behaviors are both underdeveloped and insufficiently networked in youths with high functioning autism spectrum disorder, according to recent research published in the journal Brain and Behavior. The findings help to show how the brains of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) might be organized differently than youths without the disorder. (Medical News Today, 10/14)

Depressive Symptoms Common Among Youths With Diabetes
There are more youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) reporting depressive symptoms than there are depression diagnoses in this population, according to a study. The researchers identified depression symptoms in 13% of T1D and 22% of T2D participants. These results underscore the need for regular depression screening and appropriate referral for youth with diabetes. (Physicians’ Briefing, 10/16)
College Students Have More Sex When They Binge Drink And Smoke Marijuana
When students decide to hit the town, they leave better judgment at the door, a new study. Researchers observed that undergraduates are more likely to have sex during binge drinking sessions, or while using marijuana. Students in serious relationships had almost 90% of the sex reported in the study, but serious partners used a condom only a third of the time, compared to about half the time among singles. (Medical Daily, 10/18)
Fewer Teens Smoking Cigarettes, But Twice as Many Using Pot
While worried parents may take comfort in new statistics that show smoking among American teenagers has dropped 64% in recent years, the same report also shows that marijuana use has doubled. And plenty of youngsters still light up. A full 30% of white, black and Hispanic teens smoked cigarettes, cigars or marijuana in 2013, according to the U.S. CDC report. (HealthDay News, 10/18)
Outreach Increases HPV Vaccination Completion Rate
Researchers found in a study of girls in Texas that a multicomponent outreach program helped increase the rate of completion of the three-shot human papillomavirus, or HPV, vaccine. They found that culturally sensitive brochures tailored for Hispanic families were more effective. Researchers also reported that follow-up calls about missed second and third shots increased the number of girls who received the full vaccine. (UPI, 10/19)
Mom's Weight Gain After Giving Birth May Increase Child's Obesity Risk
In a group of 3,367 children born in or after 1996 in The Netherlands, maternal weight gain after giving birth, not just during pregnancy, increased a child’s risk of being overweight, according to a new study. At age 14, children of mothers with high weight gain both during pregnancy and afterward had the highest risk of being overweight, the researchers reported. (Reuters, 10/19)
Preteen Girls Worry About Breast Cancer If It's in the Family
Preteen girls with a strong family history of breast cancer worry more than their peers without that background about getting breast cancer themselves, new research shows. Although the researchers found the girls with a family history of breast cancer as well-adjusted as other girls their age, the study noted that chronic fears can lead to risky behavior in adolescence. (HealthDay News, 10/19)
Emotional Child Abuse May be Just as Bad as Physical Harm
When it comes to psychological and behavioral health, both physical and emotional abuse can be equally damaging to children, a new study suggests. Even though doctors and parents often believe physical or sexual abuse is more harmful than emotional mistreatment or neglect, the study found children suffered similar problems regardless of the type of maltreatment endured. (Reuters, 10/19)
Parents Key to Kids’ Success in Therapy for Behavior Disorders
Children with disruptive behavior disorders, which impact an estimated 3.5% of kids and teens, may respond best to therapy when their parents participate, too, a research review suggests. In their analysis of previous studies of interventions, they found that while any therapy was better than none, the children didn’t respond as well to treatment on their own as they did to approaches focused on their parents. (Reuters, 10/20)
Teens Swayed by Alcohol Ads
Advertising strongly influences which brands of alcohol teens drink, a new study finds, which studied over 1,000 underage drinkers. The study found that 13-20 year olds are over five times more likely to drink brands advertised on national television and 36% more likely to drink brands advertised in national magazines, compared to brands that don't advertise in these media. (HealthDay News, 10/20)




Sex Ed Lesson: ‘Yes Means Yes,’ but It’s Tricky
The “no means no” mantra of a generation ago is being eclipsed by “yes means yes” as more young people all over the country are told that they must have explicit permission from the object of their desire before they engage in any touching, kissing or other sexual activity. This month, California became the first state to require that all high school health education classes give lessons on affirmative consent. (New York Times, 10/15)

Advocates, Lawmakers See Momentum for Mental-Health Reform in Congress
Months of deadly mass shootings are pushing mental-health legislation forward in Congress. Each bill would remove barriers for Medicaid funding of mental-health treatment, including a rule that blocks a patient from receiving physical and behavioral-health services on the same day, would fund more psychiatric beds in hospitals nationwide, establish an assistant secretary for mental health and address privacy restrictions. (The Washington Post, 10/18)




Proper Hand Washing Essential to Cut High Child Death Rate
The failure of many people in many countries to wash their hands with soap - one of the cheapest and most effective health interventions - could hinder global development, according to UNICEF. More than 800 children die every day from diarrhea caused by inadequate access to water or poor hygiene. UNICEF said that improvements in hygiene should supplement action to provide better access to water and sanitation. (Reuters, 10/15)
UNFPA Official Lauds Reintegration Policy for Adolescent Mothers  
Director of the UN Population Fund is advocating that Jamaica’s reintegration policy for adolescent mothers be adopted by other Caribbean countries. Jamaica is seen as a role model for allowing adolescent mothers to return to school to complete their education. This is done under the National Reintegration Policy of the Ministry of Education, whereby school aged mothers are allowed into the formal school system. (Jamaica Information Service, 10/21)
Over 66% Adolescent Girls Anemic in Maharashtra
Adolescent girls hitting the gyms in the quest for well-toned body seem to be paying scant attention to their diet, especially protein and vitamin intake, risking anemia and eating disorders, according to a survey conducted by UNICEF and the Ministry of Health. Skipping breakfast "for lack of time" and eating junk food have made almost 66% of the total female adolescent population of Mahrashtra anemic. (The Times of India, 10/21)



Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Coverage Among School Girls in a Demonstration Project: Botswana
This report summarizes HPV vaccination coverage among girls aged 9 years and older enrolled in grades 4–6 in 23 primary schools in Molepolole, Botswana, during a 2013 HPV vaccination demonstration project conducted by the Botswana Ministry of Health (MOH). Of the 2,488 eligible school girls, 83% received the first dose and 79% completed the 3-dose HPV vaccination series. (MMWR, 10/16)




National Teen Driver Safety Week: October 18–24, 2015
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for 14-18 year olds in the US. In fact, in 2013, there were 2,614 teen (15-19 year old) passenger vehicle drivers involved in fatal crashes and an estimated 130,000 were injured. To celebrate National Teen Driver Safety Week, the Traffic Safety Marketing organization provides factsheets, flyers, and media posts. (TSM, 10/15)
Out Now: Information on Epilepsy and Neurology
The September Issue for the Coordinating Center for Children and Youth with Epilepsy is now available. This learning tool the Center offers information on Center activities, an AAP Section on Neurology resources, medical home resources, grantee achievements, forthcoming events and more. (AAP, 10/15)
Total Number of Children Ever Enrolled in CHIP Annually
The Kaiser Family Foundation has provided data on the total number of children ever enrolled in CHIP annually both  nationally and by individual state. The data are reported by individual states and are representative of the unduplicated number of children ever-enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP as of May 13, 2015. (KFF, 10/16)
Resources Raise Awareness About Domestic Violence
The National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence has created a screening and counseling toolkit regarding domestic violence. Exposure to domestic violence and other adverse childhood experiences is associated with a multitude of behavioral and mental health consequences for children. By discussing abuse, pediatricians can make a difference for families experiencing ACEs. (Health Cares About IPV, 10/19)
Women, HIV & Intimate Partner Violence: New Campaign
One in three women in the U.S. experiences intimate partner violence. For women living with HIV, it is one in two. Having an abusive partner is associated with a higher risk for HIV and, for those living with HIV, worse health outcomes. Coinciding with National Domestic Violence Awareness Month, a campaign was launched to bring more attention to the issues and provide resources for women who may be at risk. (Greater Than AIDS, 10/20)
Interactive Module Teaches Motivational Interviewing
Change Talk: Childhood Obesity is an award-winning, interactive training simulation to help pediatricians and other health professionals learn motivational interviewing techniques to counsel families on childhood obesity. Participants engage in a conversation with a mother and her son, using motivational interviewing skills to facilitate family behavioral change. (AAP, 10/21)



Knot Yet: What Does the Rising Marriage Age Mean For Men, Women and Families
Join the Dibble Institute on Wednesday, November 18 at 4:00pm EST for a webinar discussing the age increase of marriage in men and women and its implications. The age at which women have children is also increasing, but much more slowly, and often before marriage. While this sequencing has long been true for the economically disadvantaged, it is now true for the middle class as well. (The Dibble Institute, 10/15)
Neurodevelopmental and Psychosocial Issues in Children with Congenital Heart Defects (CHDs): Expected Not Accepted
Children with CHDs are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental and psychosocial issues, and they are also more likely to receive special education services. Register for this 45 minute free webinar on Thursday, November 12th at 3:00pm EST, to learn more about current evidence, the importance of periodic screening and evaluation, and strategies to enhance outcomes for children with CHDs. (AAP, 10/16)
HPV and the HPV Vaccine in Adolescents
This webinar from NYPATH on Wednesday, November 18th at 12:00pm EST is designed for clinicians who provide healthcare services to adolescents and young adults. The webinar will describe the extent of HPV infections among adolescents, how to diagnose and manage HPV infection in adolescents, and to understand how to prevent HPV infections in adolescents. (NYPATH, 10/21)




Call for Submissions: Stories and Experiences of Young Women and Adolescents Girls Living with HIV
The Youth Coalition for Sexual and Reproductive Rights is welcoming young and passionate activists to raise awareness about the experiences of young women and girls living with HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights in their communities. They invite young people (12-29 years old) to submit original writing and artwork to their Watchdog publication by November 1st, 2015. (The Lancet Youth, 10/15)

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