YP2.0 Releases Two New Adolescence and Young Adult Resource Guides
Youth Providers 2.0 is excited to announce the release of two new Adolescence and Young Adult Resource Guides in the following health topics: Mental Health and Substance Use. These Resource Guides are intended to provide adolescent and young adult health care providers and youth serving professionals with easy access to existing clinical care guidelines, training materials, and a wide variety of resources that are free of cost and specific to adolescents. These new Adolescence and Young Adult Resource Guides follow up on the previously released guides on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Confidentiality.  (SAHM, 10/29)





‘Green’ Public Housing May Help Families Breathe Easier
Low-income families living in “green” public housing, which improve indoor quality may have fewer problems with asthma and other respiratory conditions, a new study finds. Researchers found that children living in Boston’s newer, greener public housing had fewer asthma attacks, hospital visits and missed school days, compared with their peers in standard public housing. (HealthDay News, 10/20)
Adolescent Stem Cell Donors: Benefits, Burdens, and Risks of Being a Lifeline for a Sibling
A team of researchers reported in an article in the Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology that potential adolescent donors of hematopoietic stem cells for siblings need support and information throughout the process. Sibling donors are recruited in 39% to 48% of pediatric bone marrow transplants, according to the report, and donors should be aware of the possible side effects. (Oncology Nurse Advisor, 10/20)
Study Links Antibiotics With Weight Gain in Children
Children given antibiotics gain weight more quickly than those who don’t take the medicines, and their weight gain can be cumulative and progressive, new research shows. The study, which tracked nearly 164,000 children, concluded that healthy youngsters at age 15 who had been prescribed antibiotics seven or more times in their childhood weighed about 3 pounds more than those who didn’t take these medicines (The Wall Street Journal, 10/21)
Many Teens Knowingly Ride With Drunk Drivers, Survey Finds
Many U.S. teenagers have willingly accepted a ride from a drunk driver within the past year, a new survey reveals that polled 600 people ages 15 to 20. Nearly one in three teens surveyed said during the previous 12 months they had accepted a ride from someone who’d been drinking alcohol. Further, one in four said they’d be willing to ride with a driver who has been drinking. (HealthDay News, 10/22)
Many Doctors Discouraging HPV Vaccination
A national online survey of 776 US pediatricians and family physicians revealed 27% didn’t strongly endorse human papillomavirus vaccination for adolescents, while 26% didn’t offer timely recommendation of the vaccine for girls and 39% didn’t for boys, even though is recommended that girls and boys receive the full 3-dose series of the HPV vaccine at the age of 11 or 12 in order to protect against cancers related to the virus. (Medical News Today, 10/22)
High-Dose Metformin Linked to Increases in Child Height
Metformin use at high doses seems to be associated with increases in height among children, according to a recent review. Canadian researchers reviewed 10 studies of 562 youths younger than 19 years and found studies using the largest cumulative metformin doses showed a 1.0 centimeter increase in height while studies providing the lowest doses had a -0.1 cm decrease, compared with the control group. (Physician Briefing, 10/22)
ADHD May Have Different Effects on Brains of Boys and Girls
ADHD manifests itself differently in the brains of girls than in the brains of boys, new research suggests. A study of 120 children with and without ADHD, ages 8 to 12, showed differences in the white brain matter of those with ADHD, with boys showing differences in the primary motor cortex and girls showing differences in the prefrontal regions of the brain, compared with children without the disorder. (HealthDay News, 10/22)

Smoke Exposure in Infancy Ups Sensitization to Food Allergens
Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) in infancy is associated with increased risk of sensitization to food allergens up to age 16 years, as well as eczema in combination with sensitization, according to a recent study. The researchers found that exposure to SHS in infancy without exposure in utero correlated with an increased risk of food sensitization at age 4, 8 and 16 years. (Physician’s Briefing, 10/22)
Bullied Teens Face Roadblocks to Mental Health Services
Nearly 1/3 of American teens are bullied, but fewer than a quarter of them get mental health help, a new study finds. Victims are at risk for problems such as anxiety, depression and self-harm, according to the researchers.  The researchers also pinpointed 28 barriers that prevented bullied students from accessing mental health services including lack of adequate screening and counseling by health providers. (HealthDay News, 10/23)
Health Food Stores Urge Supplements to Underage Teens
Many health food store employees recommend muscle-building supplements to teens, even though doctors warn the products should not be used by anyone younger than 18, a new study says. Posing as a 15-year-old football player, the researcher found that 67% of health store sales clerks recommended creatine. Nearly 29% recommended it when asked about it and about 38% recommended it without prompting. (HealthDay News, 10/23)
The Long and (Financial) Short of Fixing Leg Length Differences
Typically, a child whose legs are different lengths has the longer leg shortened, which results in a shorter height as an adult. Lengthening the shorter leg is less common because it involves numerous surgeries and higher risk of complications. But the researchers also found that each extra inch of adult height was associated with an average increase of $1,193 in annual income, using 2010 inflation-adjusted figures. (HealthDay News, 10/23)
Kids in Foster Care Have Tripled Rates of ADHD
A CDC study found children in foster care were three times as likely to have been diagnosed with ADHD, compared with the general population. The findings revealed that more than 1 in 4 foster care children, ages 2 to 17, were diagnosed with ADHD, compared with 1 in 14 of those not in foster care, and about half of foster care children with the disorder also had anxiety, depression or oppositional defiant disorder. (HealthDay News, 10/23)
Research Suggests Canine Companionship Helps Calm Children Undergoing Cancer Treatment
Therapy dogs have long been suggested to provide tangible benefits, and early results from a study presented at the annual AAP provides new evidence to this belief. The study found children recently diagnosed with cancer who had weekly therapy dog visits had more stable heart rate and blood pressure levels compared with children who didn’t visit weekly with the dogs. Parents benefited too, the study found. (Science News, 10/23)
Limiting Tackling Limits Concussions
Limiting tackling during high school football practices can significantly reduces players’ concussion rates, a new study indicates. Full contact was banned at the first week of practice, and limited to 75 minutes for the second week. After, full contact during all practice was capped at 60 minutes. The number of concussions that occurred during practice was more than twice as high during the two seasons before the new rules began. (HealthDay News, 10/24)
Unexpected Severe Allergic Reactions Strike Many Schools
More than one in 10 U.S. schools reported at least one student who suffered a severe allergic reaction during the 2013-14 school year, new research shows. And 22 percent of those students had no previously known allergies, the researchers added. The most frequent triggers were food at 62%, followed by insect stings at 10%. Of the 919 severe allergic reactions reported by the schools, 75% were treated with epinephrine. (HealthDay New, 10/24)
Study Suggests Autism Is Being Overdiagnosed
Autism may be overdiagnosed in as many as 9% of children, a CDC study reported. It might be because autism covers such a broad range of symptoms and behaviors and is difficult to diagnose, and because increasing awareness about autism means there are resources to help kids who get the diagnosis, The survey also suggests that up to 4% of children are helped with early therapy, or outgrow their symptoms. (NBC News, 10/26)
Too Few Boys Get HPV Vaccine, CDC Study Finds
Most boys in the United States aren’t receiving the cancer-preventing HPV vaccine alongside their other scheduled inoculations, largely because doctors fail to recommend it or adequately explain its benefits to parents, a new U.S. government study says. Experts warned that without vaccination, these boys may face infection with the sexually transmitted human papilloma virus, a leading cause of multiple cancers. (HealthDay News, 10/26)
Flavored Tobacco is Popular among US Teen Smokers, FDA Survey Says
Candy, fruit and other flavorings are hooking America’s next generation of nicotine addicts, a new FDA study finds. Among kids aged 12 to 17 who had used tobacco, four out of five said the first product they tried was flavored, whether it was hookah, e-cigarettes, little cigars or smokeless tobacco. In addition, most current teen tobacco users said that they had indulged in a flavored tobacco product within the past 30 days. (Reuters, 10/27)
Online Videos May Aid Obesity, Nutrition Counseling for Teens
A study showed 100% of physicians from 28 family medicine practices in Vermont reported the use of online videos were very or somewhat useful for assisting with nutritional issues for adolescents, while 89% said these were very or somewhat useful for counseling on physical activity. The findings also revealed 89% of physicians said the videos were very or somewhat useful for teaching healthy lunch choices. (Healio, 10/27)
Cutting Sugar Improves Children’s Health in Just 10 Days
Children showed significant improvements in blood pressure, cholesterol and other metabolic measures in 10 days after foods with added sugars were replaced by other types of carbohydrates, researchers reported in a study published in the journal Obesity. The study participants were paired with dietitians who crafted diets aimed at swapping sugar-heavy foods for starchy foods without reducing body weight or calorie intake. (New York Times, 10/27)
Narcotic Painkiller Use in Adolescence May Raise Risk of Adult Addiction
Teens who are given prescription narcotic painkillers may run a higher risk of abusing narcotics after high school, a new study suggests that tracked more than 6,200 high school seniors until they were 23. The study said teen painkiller use was associated with a 33% increased risk of later abuse. And it was seen mostly among those with little to no history of drug use and those who strongly disapproved of illegal drug use. (HealthDay News, 10/28)





Heirs to the Sexual Revolution
As part of a “Sex on Campus” package, New York Magazine polled more than 700 college students around the country about the hookup and sex cultures on their campuses. They spoke extensively to dozens more about their sexual histories. These stories are, as much as possible, a record through their eyes of what it means to be young and in college and sexually aware in 2015. (New York Magazine, 10/18)
Funny Or Die Videos Highlight Glaring Need For Sex Education
A few weeks ago actresses and comedians partnered with nonprofit healthcare organization, WomanCare Global, to release a digital series discussing forms of contraception. The videos are just the beginning of the partnership, with hopes to discuss topics ranging from puberty to more comprehensive contraception. By educating young people about how their bodies work they hope to destigmatize these conversations. (Forbes, 10/28)





South African Teens Share Their Dreams And Their Slang
Some 500 high school students from across the country gathered in September for the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) Johannesburg Model United Nations Conference. They talked about everything from climate change to their dreams for the future. Along the way, they shared a bit of their slang. (NPR, 10/29)

Number of UK Children Seeking Transgender Treatment Quadruples in 5 Years
The number of children seeking help because of confusion about their gender identity has increased by more than 400% in the last five years. The UK trust which offers services to help young people experiencing difficulties in the development of their gender identity says that in the 2014/15 period a total of 697 under-18s sought help, compared to 139 in 2010/11. (The Mirror, 10/29)
Health and Safety of Women and Children in Disaster-Prone Areas ‘Must be a Priority,’ says UN Relief Wing
Disaster response specialists, including from the UN and other organizations, gathered in Suva, Fiji for the annual Pacific Humanitarian Partnership meeting, where the focus has been on high rates of preventable mortality and morbidity among women and children in the disaster-prone region. With El Niño threatening 11 Pacific countries, the health and safety of women and children must be a priority consideration. (UN News Centre, 10/29)  
HIV/AIDS Deaths are Down in South Africa, But Most are Still Unacknowledged
After peaking in 2007, AIDS mortality in South Africa has decreased with the widespread introduction of effective antiretroviral therapy, according to updated estimates. But HIV/AIDS remains the leading cause of death in South Africa, especially among young women, age 15-29. Mortality rates for young women (aged 15 to 29) have more than double the rates for men in the same age group. (EurekAlert, 10/29)




Evaluation of GLSEN’s Safe Space Kit
Evaluation of GLSEN’s Safe Space Kit: The Utility of an Educator Resource for Improving School Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth reports on an evaluation study of GLSEN’s Safe Space Kit. This evaluation was designed to better understand how educators are using the Safe Space Kit and to examine the impact that it has on their ability to address LGBT student issues. (GLSEN, 10/22)
The American Academy of Pediatrics Tackles Youth Football Injuries
The AAP released a policy statement urging football coaches to teach proper tackling techniques to young athletes, as well as how to absorb tackles safely, and for officials and coaches to implement a zero-tolerance policy toward illegal, head-first hits. The recommendations also include the use of athletic trainers to monitor player safety during games and practices and to teach players neck-strengthening exercises. (AAP, 10/25)
AAP Opposes Youth Exposure to Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems
The AAP advises pediatricians to screen youths regarding their exposure to ENDS such as e-cigarettes and provide youths with counseling and education about the dangers of using such devices. The policy statement also recommends providing resources on tobacco-cessation counseling and pharmacotherapy to parents and patients who use ENDS and restricting the sale and use of such devices to those older than 21. (AAP, 10/26)
Raise Smoking Age to 21, U.S. Pediatricians Urge
The minimum age to purchase tobacco products and e-cigarettes should be raised to 21 across the U.S, according to the AAP’s new policy recommendation. The strong statement was among more than 24 recommendations aimed at tightening regulations on cigarettes, e-cigarettes and other tobacco and nicotine products, to reduce youth smoking and nicotine addiction. (HealthDay News, 10/26)
MenB Vaccine Recommended for 16- to 23-Year-Olds
Serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccination is recommended for adolescents and young adults aged 16 to 23 years to provide short-term protection from most strains of serogroup B meningococcal disease, according to a report published in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The authors also reported that the preferred age for MenB vaccination is 16 to 18 years. (Physician’s Briefing, 10/26)

AAP Calls for Protecting Children from Climate Change Effects
The AAP urged doctors and policy makers to help protect children from the harmful effects of climate change, which could increase a child’s exposure to Lyme disease and other threats such as natural disasters and food and water supply problems. The policy statement also said that climate change cause an additional 48,000 deaths due to diarrhea among children younger than 15 by 2030. (AAP, 10/26)

New Guidelines for Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension
The AHA and American Thoracic Society released the first-ever guidelines for diagnosing and treating pediatric pulmonary hypertension. The guidelines, published in the journal Circulation, include information on the different types of the disorder, suitable and approved treatments and dosages, and the role of pulmonary hypertension centers that offer specialized treatment. (Medical News Today, 10/27)




Helping Pediatricians FACE Poverty Through Advocacy Campaign
The profound effects of childhood poverty prompted the AAP Section on Medical Students, Residents and Fellowship Trainees to focus its next advocacy campaign on the issue. Called FACE Poverty (Food security, Access to health care, Community and Education), the campaign empowers pediatricians in training to address many facets of poverty at the community, state and federal levels. (AAP, 10/22)

SHPPS 2014 Data and Results are Now Available
The School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS) is a national survey periodically conducted to assess school health policies and practices at the state, district, school, and classroom levels. The results from 2014 are now available on the CDC websited, and include characteristics of school health, a look at the people responsible for coordinating each school health program component, and key policies and practices. (CDC, 10/29)

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Global Health Funding Available
The International Community Access to Child Health Grant Program (ICATCH) announces its 2015 call for proposals. Designed for pediatricians and other providers in developing countries, ICATCH provides $2,000 per year for three years (total $6,000) for projects or programs that improve child health. Deadline for applications is Jan. 18, 2016. (AAP, 10/29)

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