The Impact of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) on Cognitive Functioning in Adolescents
CFS is characterized by persistent fatigue and severe disability. Most adolescent patients report attention and concentration problems, with subsequent poor performance at school. The study suggests that CFS may be accompanied by a decline in general cognitive functioning. Given the critical age for intellectual development, a timely diagnosis followed by appropriate treatment of CFS in adolescents is recommended. (European Journal of Pediatrics, 9/3)

Smoke-free Zones Help Reduce Youth Smoking, Study Finds
Smoke-free laws for public spaces were initially enacted to prevent secondhand smoke exposure. Bans on smoking in the workplace, restaurants and bars, as well as increased cigarette taxes, have all reduced the chances of young people taking up smoking says the study. The study found that where smoke-free workplace laws were in effect, the odds of youth starting to smoke were reduced by roughly 34%. (CNN, 9/9)

Heart Rate in Teen Boys Linked to Violent Crime in Adulthood
Boys with a low resting heart rate during their teen years may be at increased risk for committing violent crimes as adults, a study suggests. A slow heart rate may increase risk-taking, either because the teens seek stimulating experiences or fail to detect danger as much as their peers with normal heart rates, researchers say. Those with the lowest heart rates were 39% more likely to be convicted of a violent crime. (Reuters, 9/9)

Fewer U.S. Teens Abusing Alcohol, Prescription Meds: Survey
There’s good news from a new U.S. government report: The percentage of people ages 12-17 who smoke, drink or abuse certain drugs is falling. The findings come from 2014 survey by SAMHSA that annually surveys about 67,500 Americans.. The rate of teenagers said who drank alcohol over the prior month has fallen from 17.6% in 2002 to 11.5% and abuse of prescription narcotics fell from 3.2% to 1.9%. (HealthDay News, 9/10)

Short Lunch Periods Don’t Serve Students’ Needs
Students with less than 20 minutes to eat school lunches consume significantly less of their entrées, milk, and vegetables than those who aren’t as rushed, according to a new study. The researchers found that students with less than 20 minutes to eat lunch consumed 13 percent less of their entrées, 12 percent less of their vegetables, and 10 percent less of their milk than students who had at least 25 minutes to eat. (Harvard Gazette, 9/11)


Money Doesn’t Buy ‘Tweeners’ Self-Esteem
Children who struggle with low self-esteem sometimes believe that they can buy their way out of feeling bad by acquiring “cool” things and striving to look good. But new research finds the opposite may be true, with materialistic behavior actually aggravating already-existing depressive tendencies. The study found that materialistic response to social problems appeared to backfire, with childhood friendships worsening. (HealthDay News, 9/11)

Constant Social Media Presence May Jeopardize Teens’ Mental Health
Teens who feel a round-the-clock compulsion to participate on social media sites like Facebook or Twitter may pay a price in lost sleep. They may also face a higher risk for depression and anxiety, new research suggests. The more teens engaged with social media and the more they were emotionally invested in site participation, the greater the risk for impaired sleep, poor self-esteem, depression and/or anxiety. (HealthDay News, 9/11)

Study Shows Half of Adolescents Misuse their Prescription Drugs
Although prescription drug misuse is on the decline among adolescents, one in two patients tested between the ages of 10 and 17 years are not using their medications appropriately, potentially putting their health at risk. According to the analysis, the overall rate of prescription drug misuse for all ages was 53% in 2014, a decline of 16% relative to the rate of 63% in 2011. (News Medical, 9/11)

Peer Pressure May Have a Silver Lining
Peer pressure might not be the bad influence that parents fear it is. So says a new study that found teens with close friends were more likely to be healthy later as young adults. Both high-quality friendships and a desire to fit in with peers during the teen years were associated with better health at age 27. The quality of teens’ relationships with other teens may influence their health in adulthood by affecting anxiety and stress levels. (HealthDay News, 9/12)

Pesticides Linked to Kids’ Cancer Risk
Children under 20 years old who have been exposed to certain pesticides used in homes may have an increased risk of childhood cancers, according to a new analysis. They found that children who had been exposed to indoor insecticides were 47% more likely to be diagnosed with childhood leukemia and 43% more likely to be diagnosed with childhood lymphoma than those who had never been exposed. (Live Science, 9/14)

Autism Diagnosis May Be Delayed With Co-Occurring ADHD
An initial ADHD diagnosis may be associated with delayed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis, according to a study. The researchers found that among 1,496 children (aged 2 to 17 years) with a current diagnosis of ASD, 20% had initially been diagnosed with ADHD. Children diagnosed with ADHD first were nearly 30 times more likely to receive their ASD diagnosis after 6 years of age. (Physician’s Briefing, 9/14)

Racial Disparities in Pain Treatment of Children with Appendicitis in EDs
Black children with a mean age of 13.5 were less likely to receive any pain medication for moderate pain and less likely to receive opioids for severe pain than white children according to a recent study. Black patients with moderate pain were less likely to receive any analgesia than white patients. Among those patients with severe pain, black patients were less likely to receive opioids than white patients. (Medical Xpress, 7/14)

Body Image Affects Weight Gain in Teen Girls, University of Minnesota Study Finds
Self-perception among overweight girls can affect their weight gain over time, according to a new study.  Researchers found that overweight girls with negative body images, on average, gained three more points to their BMI over a 10-year period. That may be because they try riskier diets and less successful weight-loss fads. This study argues parents should not use shame to motivate their children to eat better and exercise. (Minneapolis Star Tribune, 9/15)

Kids Consume 12% of their Calories from Fast Food, Study Shows
At a time of growing concern over childhood obesity, a new report shows kids get 12% of their calories from fast-food restaurants. A third of kids eat fast food on any given day, according to the report.  Teens are also more likely than smaller children to consume fast food. Adolescents, ages 12 to 19 years, old got 17% of their calories from fast food in 2010-2011, compared with 9% of children ages 2 to 11 years old. (USA Today, 9/16)

Study Links Energy Drinks and Traumatic Brain Injury in Teens
In a new study, researchers found that teens who reported having a traumatic brain injury in the past year were seven times more likely to report drinking at least five energy drinks in the last week, compared to teens who did not have a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Additionally, teens who experienced a TBI in the last year were at least twice more likely to report drinking energy drinks mixed with alcohol. (Time, 9/17)



FDA Approves Tandem Diabetes Care’s G4 Insulin Pump
Tandem Diabetes Care said Wednesday that the FDA has approved its t:slim G4 touch screen insulin pump with continuous glucose monitoring integration. The pump, designed for people 12 years and older, displays CGM graphs and trend information with current insulin delivery activity on the home screen to help patients and their doctors make informed treatment decisions. (FDA News, 9/10)

USDA Allocates $8M for Schools Struggling to Make Healthier Meals
The Obama administration is allocating an additional $8 million to help schools that are still struggling to meet first lady Michelle Obama’s prized nutrition standards. State agencies will receive $2.6 million for training programs to help school districts meet new professional standards for cafeteria. The remaining $5.6 million will go to support the department’s Smarter Lunchrooms strategies effort. (The Hill, 9/8)

A Push for More Inclusive Sex Education
Gay rights advocates are planning their next fight in America’s culture conflicts, and the battleground will be close to home for many families: the classroom. Their goal is to make the sex education classes less awkward and potentially life-saving for LGBT youth. The HRC and Planned Parenthood will embark on a new push this month to help teachers talk more openly about sexual health issues pertaining to LGBT youth (Boston Globe, 9/8)

NYU Professors Work to Improve Sex Talks Between Fathers and Sons
Two NYU professors have received a $4 million federal grant from the CDC and the OAH for their project to create communication between fathers and sons to improve sexual health in disadvantaged communities. Both co-directors of the Center for Latino and Adolescent Family Health, the professors believe that the most effective way to reduce sexual health risks is by enhancing paternal influence in the lives of adolescent boys. (Washington Square News, 9/16)

School Nurses Stock Drug To Reverse Opioid Overdoses
In most places around the country, if a teen has an overdose at school, nurses can do nothing but call 911 and wait for the paramedics. New York changed its laws this year to allow nurses to add naloxone, which can instantly reverse an overdose, to their inventory. Schools in at least four other states including Vermont, Massachusetts, and Delaware have adopted similar policies. (NPR, 9/16)



Adolescent Girls Need Iron-Rich Diet
The need to take iron tablets and folic acid supplements which are given in schools by the government on a regular basis was stressed to a group of girls in the Kalluypatti district of India  It was found that prevalence of iron deficiency was high among teenage girls in villages. More than 80% of adolescent girls in Kalligudi, Kallupatti, Vadipatti, and Sedapatti were anemic and it was severe in 9% of them. (The Hindu, 9/14)

Ghana: People Living With Disabilities Educated On Adolescent Reproductive Health
A one day workshop has been organized for people living with disabilities in the Tano South District of the Brong Ahafo Region in Ghana. The Adolescent Reproductive Health Programme created awareness of the basic necessities of Family Planning and Adolescent Reproductive Health and urged people to give respect for those living with Disabilities to enable them feel that they form part of the decision making process. (All Africa, 9/14)


International Launch of the Second Global Nutrition Report
The Global Nutrition Report is the first comprehensive summary and scorecard on both global and country level progress on all forms of nutrition for 193 countries. New findings and recommendations to be introduced include data covering all forms of malnutrition – from under nutrition in children to nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases in adults, and from stunting to obesity across the life course. (Global Nutrition Report, 9/9)

Adolescent Women’s Need for and Use of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in Developing Countries
According to a new Guttmacher report that analyzed national health surveys and published research findings from 70 countries, many adolescent women, throughout developing regions, struggle to get the sexual and reproductive health information and services they need, especially contraception. This recent report examines a range of sexual and reproductive health indicators for women aged 15–19 years. (The Lancet Youth, 9/17)



Providing Psychosocial Support to Children and Families in the Aftermath of Disasters and Crises
Nearly 14 % of children in the United States between the ages of 2 and 17 have been exposed to some type of disaster. This clinical report provides practical suggestions on how to identify common adjustment difficulties in children in the aftermath of a disaster and to promote effective coping strategies to mitigate the impact of the disaster as well as any associated bereavement and secondary stressors. (HealthDay News, 9/14)

Yerp- Young People Making Change
Yerp is an interactive toolkit that is divided into 10 topics. Each topic contains a number of articles, and generally divided into two sections: ‘For young people’ is aimed at 12-25 year olds who want to get involved in organizations and their communities, or create change with their own projects and campaigns and ‘Involving young people’ section is for anyone older (or younger) who wants help to involve young people. (The Lancet Youth, 9/17)


Improving Women’s Access to IUDs and Implants
The University of California San Francisco and the NYC IUD Taskforce invites you to attend a one day training on Monday October 26, 2015 to learn about best practices for provisions of IUDs and implants. Licensed providers can earn up to 7.25 CME/CE credit hours at no cost.  This all staff training is designed for health educators, clinicians, managers, billing specialists, and administrative staff.  (NYPATH, 9/10)

Online Registration closes soon for 2015 AAFP FMX Annual Meeting
Register online today for the 2015 AAFP Family Medicine Experience, Sept. 29 - Oct. 3 in Denver, Colorado. The role of family medicine is evolving and so is the AAFP’s annual meeting. Still committed to high-quality education, FMX will be more interactive, immediate, and customizable. That way you get exactly what you need, including the opportunity to contribute meaningfully to the experience. (AAFP, 9/15)

AAAH Youth Health Conference
The Australian Association for Adolescent Health (AAAH) National Youth Health Conference is being held in Melbourne, Australia on the 11-13 November 2015. The theme of the conference is Working Together which highlights the genuine multidisciplinary nature of young people’s health. The conference will focus on working together to improve Youth Health and service provision. (AAAH, 9/17)


LGBT Health and Wellness Webinar: Transgender Care: “Transition”
The AAP Provisional Section on LGBT Health and Wellness’s four-part webinar series is designed to educate pediatricians and pediatric health care providers on caring for transgender youth. The 2nd webinar will be taking place on Friday, Sept. 18, at 10:30 a.m. EST. It will discuss physical changes in the transition, the use of medical interventions and clinical or community resources to support transgender youth. (AAP, 9/16)

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A Weekly Digest of Adolescent Health News in Traditional and New Media


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