SAHM is pleased to announce a brand new free app designed to empower parents to begin a dialogue with their teen or young adult on important health topics, and help manage their own health. The app features an extensive library of teen health and wellness topics relevant to this transformative and often complex stage of life to help parents have important discussions with their teens and young adults. (SAHM, 9/21)





Almost 20% of High School Seniors Use Hookahs
Almost 1 in 5 senior high school students in the US report using hookahs to smoke tobacco in the past year, according to a new study. More than a third of these students say they use hookahs frequently enough to be deemed regular users. Hookah smoke contains many of the same toxic chemicals as cigarette smoke, and due to the way hookahs are used, smokers may also inhale more of these chemicals than cigarettes smokers. (Medical News Today, 9/16)
Antidepressant Paxil Isn’t Safe for Teens, New Analysis Says
A controversial clinical trial of the antidepressant Paxil came to the wrong conclusion when it declared the drug safe and effective for treating troubled teenagers, according to a reanalysis of the original data more than a decade later. This new look finds Paxil makes some teenagers suicidal and likely to harm themselves. This reassessment was prompted by the RIAT, launched by an international group of researchers. (HealthDay News, 9/16)
Do American Adolescents Approve of Marijuana?
Research suggests that adolescents have become less likely to approve of and use marijuana over the last decade when compared to young adults. The findings pertaining to younger (12-14 years) and older (15-17 years) adolescents suggests that adolescents have not become more permissive in their views on marijuana and have progressively decreased their use over the past decade. (Science Daily, 9/16)
Adolescent Abuse of Painkillers a Problem in Small Towns
Teenagers in rural areas and small cities are more likely to abuse prescription opioid painkillers than those in big cities and urban areas, according to new research. Among the likely reasons for the increased use of painkillers such as OxyContin, oxycodone, and Percocet is that rural adolescents are more likely to be treated at ERs where they receive prescriptions, as well as a lack of information about the dangers of abusing them. (UPI, 9/17)
Physical Activity, Sadness, and Suicidality in Bullied US Adolescents
A study to be published in JAACAP reports that exercise for 4 or more days per week is associated with an approximate 23% reduction in both suicidal ideation and attempt in bullied adolescents, grades 9-12.  The researchers concluded that exercise may represent a safe, economical, and potentially highly effective option in the response to bullying in U.S. schools, where 20% of students report being bullied on school property. (EurekAlert, 9/17)     
New Blood Test May Help Predict Heart Disease Risks in Obese Black Teens
A new blood test appears to help predict the risk for future heart disease among black teens struggling with obesity. The test was designed to measure changes in the T-cell status of obese teens. Increased T-cell activation reflects the kind of systemic inflammation that is often triggered by obesity. The findings may allow clinicians to better spot signs of impending heart disease long before it strikes. (HealthDay News, 9/17)
If Mom or Dad is a Smoker, Their Teenager is More Likely to be a Smoker Too
According to a new study, the more a parent smokes, the more their teenage son or daughter will also smoke, especially daughters if their mother is dependent on nicotine. The authors found that 13% of adolescents whose parent never smoked said they had ever smoked at least one cigarette, 38% of teens whose parent was dependent on nicotine had smoked at least one cigarette. (Science Daily, 9/18)
Parents Should Be Involved in Teen’s Bulimia Treatment
Teens with bulimia recover faster when their parents are involved in their treatment, new research reports. Traditionally, parents have been excluded from the treatment and counseling of teens with bulimia, the researchers said. But, the study’s authors found that having parents play a role in their children’s treatment was ultimately more effective with 49% of those in family-based therapy stopping the cycle of bulimia. (HealthDay News, 9/18)
Apples Take the Prize as Kids’ Favorite
The award for most popular fruit among children goes to apples, a new study finds. Apples accounted for nearly 20% of all fruit consumption among kids ages 2 to 19, followed by citrus juice and apple juice. Bananas were the second most popular whole fruit, accounting for 6.8% of total fruit intake. The researchers also found that children and adolescents eat 1.25 cups of fruit each day on average. (Live Science, 9/21)
Hemorrhage Post Adenotonsillectomy Less Common With OSA
For children ages 0-18 undergoing adenotonsillectomy (AT), those with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) appear to have more respiratory complications, while hemorrhage appears to be more frequent in children without OSA, according to a review published. The researchers found that respiratory compromise was the most frequent complication (9.4%), followed by secondary hemorrhage (2.6%). (Physician’s Briefing, 9/21)
Watchful Parents Help Early-Maturing Girls Avoid Alcohol Abuse
Girls who hit puberty early are at sharply higher risk of abusing alcohol as teens if their parents don’t keep tabs on them, new research shows. Early-maturing girls whose parents gave them free rein at age 13 showed a “dramatic increase in alcohol abuse” over the next four years compared to early-maturing peers who were supervised more closely, a 234% increase in alcohol abuse from 7th -8th grade, compared to an 84% increase.  (Reuters, 9/21)
Poor Executive Functioning in Girls Tied to Future Weight Gain
Poor “executive functioning” in girls at age 10 may be linked to weight gain during their teen years, and some of the excess pounds might be tied to binge eating, a study suggests. Researchers found links between their behavior and personality traits and their eating habits and weight. Girls whose parents said they were more impulsive or less adept at planning at age 10 appeared to gain more weight through age 16. (Reuters, 9/21)
Stricter State Gun Laws Tied to Fewer U.S. Kids with Firearms
Children are less likely to carry firearms in U.S. states with more restrictive gun control laws, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data on teen gun possession and then examined how aggressively each of the states regulated firearm use. In states with stricter gun laws, 5.7% of students surveyed said they had carried a gun in the past month, compared with 7.3% in states with more permissive gun laws. (Reuters, 9/21)
Kidney Stones in Children Linked to Development of Adult Atherosclerosis
Researchers in a new study established a link between having kidney stones as a child and the development of atherosclerosis as an adult. The researchers said they are unsure if stones and atherosclerosis are caused by the same mechanism, but hypothesize that inflammation may play a key role in both after studying children between the ages of 12 and 17 with and without kidney stones. (UPI, 9/21)

Adolescent Mothers At Higher Risk Of Further Pregnancies During Teenage Years
A new study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health found that adolescent mothers in Wales and England seeking abortions are likely to have had a previous pregnancy. The findings of the study showed 20 years’ worth of data implying that 33% of teenage women chose to have an abortion after a previous pregnancy. The highest rate of this event occurred before 2004 and has now remained in a steady state. (Tech Times, 9/22)
Girls Serve Significantly Longer Sentences Than Boys in the Juvenile Justice System
Females in the Texas juvenile justice system are often at greater risk of serving longer sentences and having a mental health need than their male counterparts, according to research that looked at 5,019 juveniles across three large urban counties in Texas during a two-year period. Findings also show that females with histories of traumatic experiences such as sexual abuse are kept in out-of-home care for longer periods than males. (UT News, 9/22)




Bill Would Extend Child Nutrition Programs to Indian Tribes
Native American children suffer from food insecurity and obesity at rates twice the national average. New legislation known as the Tribal Nutrition Improvement Act of 2015, would allow tribes to participate in federal programs that help supply children with nutritious foods, including the school breakfast and lunch programs, the Summer Food Service Program and the Child & Adult Care Food Program. (The Hill, 9/15)
Clinical Inquiries Received by CDC Regarding Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in Children - United States
The 2014–2015 Ebola virus disease epidemic is the largest in history and represents the first time Ebola has been diagnosed in the U.S. CDC reviewed all 89 inquiries received by the consultation service during July 9, 2014–January 4, 2015 for children under 18 years. Fifty-six children had no identifiable epidemiologic risk factors for Ebola; among the 33 (37%) who did have an epidemiologic risk factor, in every case this was travel from an Ebola-affected country. (MMWR, 9/18)
More Than 400 Illnesses Reported in Latest Salmonella Outbreak
A salmonella outbreak that has been linked to contaminated cucumbers imported from Mexico has now caused 418 illnesses in 31 states, U.S. health officials said Tuesday. Two deaths have also been reported in the outbreak, one in California and one in Texas. So far, 91 people have been hospitalized, and 52% of the illnesses reported have been in children under the age of 18, agency officials added. (HeatlhDay News, 9/15)
FDA Warns About Pain Pill in Kids
The FDA says it’s investigating the use of a pain pill called tramadol in children and teens under the age of 17 because some of them can develop dangerously slow breathing. The drug’s not approved for use in children but the FDA says doctors often prescribe it to them anyway. Tramadol is an opioid, and the body converts it to a morphine-like drug when it’s taken, which can slow breathing, often to a deadly degree. (NBC News, 9/21)
Northwestern University Offering Sex Education for Incoming Freshmen
Sex education classes are usually thought of in the realm of uncomfortable lessons in high school health classes, but one university is offering an online course for first-year students, which the school says is the first of its kind in higher education. Northwestern University, will launch its “Introduction to Reproduction” online class on September 28 to help students understand their own reproductive or sexual health. (Fox News, 9/23)




Millions of Children’s Lives Saved as Malaria Deaths Plunge
Rates of death from malaria have plunged by 60% in the past 15 years, meaning more than 6 million lives have been saved - the vast majority of them African children according to the UN. In a joint WHO-UNICEF report, experts also said that a crucial MDG  to halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria by 2015 has been met “convincingly”, with new cases of the parasitic mosquito-borne disease down by 37% since 2000. (Reuters, 9/17)
Sharp Rise in Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Ireland in Past Decade
The incidence of gonorrhea in Ireland increased fourfold while the rate of infection with syphilis and chlamydia doubled, according to the European Centre for Disease Control. Chlamydia was the most commonly reported STI in Ireland, with the number of cases growing from 2,803 to 6,230. Young adults aged 15-25 account for 14% of all syphilis cases, 39% of gonorrhea cases and 67% of chlamydia cases. (Irish Times, 9/22)
‘Sextortion’ of Canadian Teens Spikes 40%, Prompts Warning
The Canadian Centre for Child Protection says it has seen a 40% spike in teenage “sextortion” in the past six months, and nearly half of the victims are teenage boys. Predators are meeting their victims in online game chat rooms and social media sites, coercing them to take off their clothes or perform a sex act on a webcam, and then extorting the teens for money or additional sexual content. (CBC News, 9/24)



The WHO’s Call to Action to Improve the Health of Women, Children and Adolescents Worldwide
In a special supplement published by The BMJ, public health experts worldwide highlight the critical actions and investments that will have the greatest impact on the health of women, children and adolescents. The 15 papers, co-authored by WHO, outline the current evidence, identify successes as well as critical gaps in progress, and highlight key priorities to end preventable deaths and build resilient and prosperous societies. (WHO, 9/14)
What a Massive Sexual Assault Survey Found at 27 Top U.S. Universities
The Association of American Universities on Monday released their report on students at 27 universities about their experiences with sexual assault and sexual misconduct, drawing responses from more than 150,000 students. More than 20% of female undergraduates at an array of prominent universities said this year they were victims of sexual assault and misconduct. (Washington Post, 9/21)
New Report Finds 23 of 25 States with Highest Rates of Obesity are in the South and Midwest
The State of Obesity: Better Policies for a Healthier America, a report from the Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation was released and found Arkansas had the highest adult obesity rate at 35.9%, while Colorado had the lowest at 21.3%. The 12th annual report found that nationally, more than 30 % of adults, nearly 17% of 2-19 year olds and more than 8% of children ages 2-5 are obese. (Trust for America’s Health, 9/21)




A MOOC on Global Adolescent Health
The University of Melbourne is launching Global Adolescent Health in September 2015, the world’s first Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on this topic. MOOCs are free online higher education courses available to learners worldwide. The course will run over 8 weeks (September 28– November 22) and will comprise of short video lectures and interviews, readings, online discussion and optional written papers. (The Lancet Youth, 9/23)
Dibble Institute Training in Their Most Popular Programs
Increase confidence and competence in effectively presenting Dibble Institute materials through a two-day in depth training. The Dibble Institute provides resources for teaching relationships skills to teens and young adults. These trainings will include in-depth lesson-by-lesson overview, hands-on experience of each program’s essential teaching tools, tips for selecting activities, and practice in presenting the lessons. (The Dibble Institute, 9/23)



School Refusal: What the PCP Needs to Know
NYPATH is pleased to announce from the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Access Program (CAP PC) a CME evening program on September 30, 2015 from 6-8:30 PM EST. The program will be led by Dr. Wanda Fremont, and will be broadcast live to their four hubs in Buffalo, Columbia, Long Island and Rochester. It will discuss school refusal in children and adolescents. (NYPATH, 9/17)
How To Prevent and Control Pediatric Influenza
AAP and the CDC welcome you to join this free one-hour webinar on October 1 at 2:00pm ET. The webinar will describe strategies to assist in preparing for the influenza season, will identify gaps and opportunities to improve influenza prevention and control for children with chronic medical conditions, will discuss the importance of promptly identifying children for rapid antiviral treatment, and ways to improve preparedness. (CDC, 9/22)
LGBT Health and Wellness Webinar: Mental Health Needs of LGBTQ Youth
The AAP Provisional Section on LGBT Health and Wellness’s four-part webinar series is designed to educate pediatricians and pediatric health care providers on caring for transgender youth. The 3rd webinar is  on Friday, Sept. 25, at 2 p.m. EST. It will describe primary mental health needs of LGBTQ youth, the critical role of family support, successful pediatric interventions, and identify key resources.  (AAP, 9/23)



Call for Nominations: 2016 SONp Henry Barnett Award
The AAP Section on Nephrology will recognize one individual for lifetime achievement in the field of pediatric nephrology. Any pediatric nephrologist meeting the following qualifications can be nominated for this award: Dedication to teaching nephrology, contributions to advocacy for children, and distinguished service to the field of pediatric nephrology. Submissions are due by September 30.  (AAP, 9/17)

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