SAFETY AND VIOLENCE (click  to jump to specific module section)
Updated March 2020
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Injury Prevention


Learning Objectives:
  1. List the risk factors for, and identify the public health significance of unintended injury in adolescence
  2. Identify and counsel teen about injury prevention using effective prevention programs and resources

Readings and Videos:

Readings: 
  1. David-Ferdon C, Simon TR. Preventing Youth Violence: Opportunities for Action. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014. 
  2. Safe Storage of Firearms. American Academy of Pediatrics
 
Clinical and Community Settings:
  • Adolescent Clinic
  • Resident Continuity Clinic
  • School-based Health Clinic
  • Health educator
  • Emergency department



Physical Violence and Prevention


Learning Objectives:
  1. Recognize the prevalence of and risk factors for physical violence in the community in which you practice
  2. Identify resources and programs targeted at violence prevention in your community

Readings and Videos:

Readings:
  1. Duke NN, Pettingell SL, McMorris BJ, Borowsky IW. Adolescent violence perpetration: associations with multiple types of adverse childhood experiences.  Pediatrics. 2010 Apr;125(4):e778-86. doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-0597. Epub 2010 Mar 15.

Websites and Online Resources:
  1. CDC Violence Prevention, Youth Violence Resources 

Interactive Learning Opportunities:
  1. CDC Injury Prevention & Control: Principles of Prevention 
 
Materials to Develop Educational Sessions:

Online Resources:
  1. Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Violence Prevention Initiative 
  2. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention:  Shared Framework for Reducing Youth Violence and Promoting Well Being 

Clinical and Community Settings
  • Adolescent Clinic
  • Resident Continuity Clinic
  • School-based Health Clinic
  • Health educator
  • Emergency department
 

 


Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Sexual Assault


Learning Objectives:
  1. Describe risk factors for, and identify the public health significance of IPV
  2. List resources for teens who experience IPV and sexual assault in your community
  3. Review components of emergency care for a victim of sexual assault
Readings and Videos:
 
Readings:
  1. Cronholm PF, et al. Intimate partner violence. Am Fam Physician 2011;83(10):1165-72.
  2. Crawford-Jakubiak JE, Alderman EM, Leventhal JM, AAP COMMITTEE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT, AAP COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE. Care of the Adolescent After an Acute Sexual Assault. Pediatrics. 2017;139(3):e20164243
  3. Miller E, McCaw B. Intimate Partner Violence. N Engl J Med. 2019 Feb 28;380(9):850-857. 

Websites and Online Resources:
  1. Futures without violence:
  2. Health Cares about IPV: Training kit available at http://ipvhealth.org/health-professionals/educate-providers/
  3. American Academy of Pediatrics. Preventing Sexual Violence: An Educational Toolkit for Health Care Professionals. (CD-ROM).  

Podcasts:
  1. “Why do I stay?” part of the Radio Rookies series “Crushed: Teens and Dating Abuse.” 
  2. Terrible, Thanks for Asking- episode 87 Part 3

Materials to Develop Educational Sessions:


Online Resources:

  1. Hanging Out or Hooking Up: Clinical Guidelines on Responding to Adolescent Relationship Abuse
  2. Health Cares About IPV: IPV Screening and Counseling Tool Kit.  

Clinical and Community Settings:
  • Emergency Department
  • Adolescent Clinic
  • Resident Continuity Clinic
  • School-based Health Clinic
  • Health educator
  • Psychiatry Rotations
 

 

Juvenile Justice


Learning Objectives:
  1. Describe health needs of adolescents in the juvenile justice system including recommended screening guidelines
  2. Understand the impact of recidivism on long term health outcomes 
  3. Understand police- related violence
  4. Understand how race is a modulator of violence
 
Readings and Videos:

Readings:
  1. Committee on Adolescence. Health care for youth in the juvenile justice system. Pediatrics 2011;128(6):1219-35.
  2. Barnert ES, Dudovitz R, Nelson BB, et al. How Does Incarcerating Young People Affect Their Adult Health Outcomes?. Pediatrics. 2017;139(2):e20162624 (have PDF)
  3. National Partnership for Juvenile Services

Articles:
  1. Amanda Geller, PhD, Jeffrey Fagan, PhD, Tom Tyler, PhD, and Bruce G. Link, PhD.  Aggressive Policing and the Mental Health of Young Urban Men.  Am J Public Health. 2014;104:2321–2327. doi:10.2105/ AJPH.2014.302046
  2. Maroney T and Zuckerman B. “The Talk,” Physician Version: Special Considerations for African American, Male Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2018;141(2):e20171462.
  3. Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine Position Paper. Racism and Its Harmful Effects on Nondominant Racial-Ethnic Youth and Youth-Serving Providers: A Call to Action for Organizational Change. (2018)

Websites and Online Resources:
  1. National Partnership for Juvenile Services 
  2. PBS Frontline- School to Prison Pipeline video with readings
  3. ACLU School to Prison Pipeline Infographic 2019
 
Clinical and Community Settings:
  • DYS facilities
  • Other youth detention facilities
 


Bullying and Cyberbullying


Learning Objectives:
  1. Develop skills for assessing risk, asking about, and addressing bullying online and in schools
Readings and Videos:

Readings:
  1. Aboujaoude E, et al. Cyberbullying: Review of an Old Problem Gone Viral. J Adolesc Health 2015;57(1):10-8.
  2. Hertz, MF ed. The Relationship Between Youth Involvement in Bullying and Suicide. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2013;53 (S1): S1-S54. 

Materials to Develop Educational Sessions:

Online Resources:
  1. Office of Adolescent Health - Adolescent Health Topics - Healthy Relationships 
  2. AAP The Resilience Project: Bullying and Cyberbullying 
  3. Stopbullying.gov 
  4. CDC Injury Prevention & Control #StopBullying 

Clinical and Community Settings
  • Adolescent clinic
  • Resident primary care clinic
  • SBHC

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